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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 29, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta SUNNY HtGH THIWSOAY SS The Letkbridge Herald VOL. LXII1 No. 116 Pollution: IVo. 3 LETHBR1DGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 29, 1970 PRICE NOT OVER 19 CENTS THREE SECTIONS 40 PAGES Neies Comes As Bombslwll Civilization, soviet Pilots In Mideast Skies Pollution Go Hand In Hand By JIM WILSON Herald Staff Civilization and pollution seem lo go band in hand: we get richer and live softer lives, we more pollutants. The abbreviation which usually means Gross National Product the measure of a country's economic wealth has also come to mean Gross National Pollution. In efforts to grow -more food in a small area ana to improve health and living standards, we tend to forget we are tampering with the rather precarious balance nature has established over countless millions of vears. And nature is easily upset. 'The World Health Organization sent pesticides to Borneo to kill mosquitoes, but DO thought was given to sideeffecU the pesticides might cause. The mosqui- toes killed, but other creatures were also affected, All it did to the roaches it came in contact witft was waken them. They accumulated the poiswos m their livers, and were soon eaten by lizards. Pftiode poisons thus transmitted to the lizards, which had not been sprayed, and it slowed them down. Cats ate the poisoned. lizards, and. died. 'with the cats gone, rals moved in carrying tna threat of plague. In addition, the pesticides killed a harmless type of 'parasite that lives on caterpillars. The caterpillars multiplied rapidly and their main food source was roof [hatchings in the Borneo peoples' homes: the roofs WASHINGTON (AP) -Presi- dent Nixon today ordered "an immediate and full evaluation of all intelligence reports" re- garding use of Soviet pilots in the Egypt-Israeli conflict to de- termine their effect on the stra- tegic balance in the Middle East. White House press secretary Ronald L. Ziegler said Nixon is keeping "a close watch" on the situation in the Middle East in view of the request of Israel for U.S. airplanes. The latest reports of Soviet pi- lots, charged by Israel to be flying operational la defence of Egypt, is one of "se- rious concern to the United Ziegler said. In making recent dectskn on Israeli requests for arms, Zieg- ler noted Nixon said he would keep a watch on any matters which might affect the strategic balance of power in the Middle East to determine any future course there by the U.S. MESSAGE RECEIVED In response to a question, Ziegler said Nixon has not re- ceived a personal message from Israeli Prime Minister GoMa Weir. Earlier, VS. of ficials re- ported they have no rewon to doubt the accuracy of the Is- raeli assertions regarding the Soviet pilots. The Israeli government said Russian pilots are not yet active along the ceasefire Suez canal in air com- bat, but their involvement has "already enabled Egyft to in- crease its aggressive acts against Israel." Observers assumed that the Soviet pilots must be providing umbrella cover deeper bride Egypt, leaving Egyptian air- craft freer to mount raids E gainst Israeli-held territory. Mrs. Meir's message was cos- sidered a direct reference to Nixon's rejection for the time being of Israel's request for 23 more Phantom jet fighter-bomb- ers and 100 additional Sky-- hawks. Announcing the rejection last month, U.S. State Secretary William Rogers said Wasting- ton would renew the decision if it felt the balance of power in the area was being upset. Mrs. Meir was reported- to have toU Nixoo that the latest Soviet involvement, following close upon the supply of SA4 missiles manned by Soviet mili- tary technicians, should by ho means be considered to be the last step in Russia's growing physical penetration into the Middle East.- At the same time Mrs. Mer was believed to have asked Washington to make the strong- est representations to Moscow over the intervention of the So- viet pilots. In Moscow, a Soviet foreign ministry spokesman said he bad no Scfonratioa on the Israeli charges. EXPRESS CONFIDENCE Israeli military commentaton today expressed confidence that Israeli pilots could handle tie Soviet flyers, if a political deri- sion was taken to confront the Russians in the air over Egypt But observers here noted that Defence Minister Moshe Dayan has frequently said Israel will do everything in its power to avoid getting directly involved with the Russians in combat in the area. NewYorkMarket In Longest Dive Since The War U.S. Backs Vietnam Thrust In Cambodia rc scientist Rachel Carson's book. The Silent Spring, was ignored several yeas ago when it called for an immediate and total revision .of and herbicide use. Suddently what she said about pesticide pollution is no laughing matter. Family Horror Story A farmer in New Mexico fed methyl-mercury treated seeds to pigs; his family eventually ate the pigs. Within days after their first port dinner, tte farmer was living in his own private horror His eldest daughter's brain is darcaged so badly she'll be a vegetable for the rest of her life. His youngest daughter has been bunded and badly paralyzed. i His oldest son lies in bed screaming m agony because his nerve endings are constantly tormented by me methytmercury his body can't get rid of. Hen likely die after a few years of agony. The fanner's wife is pregnant; for several months he and-his have to wonder what tnetr baby will be like, and there is a better than even chance there will be chromosomal damage. But we continue to develop and use new pesticides K fast as we reject the ones proven dangerous through tragedy, or because the bugs have become immune v> them. Garbage Winning Race We are producing more garbage than man and nature acting together can handle: the amount of garbage we spread out on the earth's surface- and pour into the water and air, is getting ahead of us. As price of progress it is becoming too great.- Arr pollution costs Canadians about million year in terms of health, cleaning bills, maintenance of. buildings, depressed real estate values and other factors. In addition, it'ls about 35 per cent of respiratory problems and deaths. Since this cost is eventually passed on to consumer in the form of his own cleaning costs, increas- ed cost of goods and higher taxes to pay for subsidies, it means every Canadian loses about ?60 a year and perhaps a relative. Surface garbage costs to a ton to V.f or dispose of adequately; Canadians produce pounds a year each, or 19 million tons nationally which should cost about million a year for disposal. Sewage about 19 cents per gallons to process properly in secondary treatment; within few years most cities and industries should use a third treatment stage, jumping the cost to 55 cents per gallons. And without purification the water becomes lifeless, poisonous and useless. If all sewage is re-processed the cost should drop substantially. But even so, with North American sewage production now standing at 55 trillion gallons a year (expected to double in 20 years) its purification cost boggles the mind. New methods of purification and disposal and re-use at the results, must be found before the bill becomes ridiculously high. By THE .CANADIAN PRESS The New York stock market slump, which has wiped out an estimated i n paper values during the nearly 17 months of declining prices, is the longest since the Second World War. Although there is little optim- ism on Wall Street that the slump will end soon, President Nixon Tuesday predicted that the U.S. economy will pick up steam this summer after a pain- Liberal Party University Costs Spiral TORONTO (CP) University students will soon have to pay for more and settle for less, a leading university spokesman told the Canadian Club here. David W. Slater, dean of g r a d u a I e studies at Queen's University, Kingston, and a member of Ontario's committee on university affairs, said uni- versity costs have been doubling every four years and "the colossal size of the burden. Is beyound our means." He said a portion of the increasing costs could be met by raising tuilion (ccs. But sludenls would have In have an educational bank from which to borrow. Such loans could be reapaid through a system such as income-tax surcharges geared to income. Mr. Slater also suggested integrating colleges of applied arls and technology, which now do not give degrees, into the system of hlglier education. They could handle, at lower cost, students in firsthand second-, year college, EDMONTON (CP) Promi- nent southern Alberta Liberals are expected to be among ob- servers at a weekend policy meeting here of the Social Credit party. Jack King, a director of the Alberta Federal Liberals and president of a Social Credit Constituency Organization in Calgary, said' in an interview 1 Tuesday the Liberals are dis- appearing as-a force in prov- incial potiUcs. "As the Liberal party dies in Alberta, people who want to be active are going to have to de- cide whether to join another Mr. King said. The weekend Social Credit meeting might help some Liberals make a decision. Among those attending the Edmonton meeting will be former provincial Liberal lead- er Jack Lowery, who resigned from his party's lop provincial post after a public storm over political affiance talks he had had with SociaJ Credit premier Harry Storm. The Liberals now ha'.-e. no members in the provincial leg- islature. ful levelling off process, and that it is bound to help stock prices. "Frankly, if I had any money I'd be buying stocks'right Nixon told a visiting business group in Washington in an infor- mal chat. The president told UK group he will make a major report to the American people dealing with the economy and other matters in about two weeks. Meanwhile, Dr. Paul Mc- Cracken, chairman of .me Coun- cil of Economic Advisers, said in Dallas the economic slow- down that begac last year should mean price increases will begin'to lev-el off this year. WALL STREET.GLOOMY. But in contrast to the admin- istration's optimism, the gloom on Wall Street confirmed. The stock market dove again Tues- day and reached the lowest point in sir years for the second day in a row. The Dow Jones industrial av- closely watched ot the market ioiicators-rdropped 10.82 points to 724.33, the lowest since the day President Ken- nedy was assassinated in Nov- ember, 1963." It bad fallen Moo- day by 12.14 points. The market slump has been blamed in part on the business community's growing concern about the Nixon administra- tion's ability to bring inflation under also over g e n e r a 11 y poor earnings by major companies. Brokers also cited high inter- est rales, spread of the war m Indochina, a tense Middle East situation and social unrest ana consumer caution in the United States 'as factors depressing the market; Drops in productivity also have blackened the picture. Analysts and traders saw ut- tie that could change the down- trend. -However, they noted there apparently was no panic selling and the situation seemed to some to be typical'of what happens in late stages of a dropping, market. FOREIGN MARKETS DOWN Li London, stock prices slipped lo their lowest level in years Tuesday and the Fin- ancial Times index dropped by 10 points to its lowest level since November. The Tokyo slock exchange, dosed today for a holiday, rec- orded the third largest decline in its history Tuesday and a downturn was recorded at Am- sterdam, Brussels, Milan, Frankfurt, Paris and Zurich. The Toronto exchange was sharply lower and the Montreal exchanges showed slight dec- lines. The Dow industrial average has been on a decline-inter- rupted briefly last spring-since its bull market peak of 895.21 Dec. 3, 1968, nearly 17 months ago. MOVE INTO CAMBODIA O pen.arrow indicates where South' Vietnamese with U.S. support launched new operation into Cambodia. Meantime, heavy fighting be- tween Cambodian and Communist troops continued at Chh'Iohg and Senmooonorom. Red Deer Opposes Air Application New Strategy Plan Revealed WASHINGTON defence department, an- nounced today the United States will send advisers, tacti- cal air strikes and other support for South Vietnamese army operations in Cambodia. It called the move "a necessary and effective measure" to save U.S. lives and those of its allies. was made that the action is a necessary arid effective measure to save American and o'ier free world lives and lo strengthen the Viet- namization program." Thus'the. defence for the Nixon admin- istration-cast the new develop- ment in terms of supporting the over-all objective of shifting the Vietnam was burden to the South Vietnamese and gradually withdrawing U.S. troops. Senator J. W. Fulbrlght (Dem. long a critic of w involvement in Southeast "as it relates to both Cambodia Asia, took a different view, call- and to U S. forces in Vietnam." ing the action "a great mis- take" and a "major escalation" of the Indochinese warfare. If the reports are true, Ful- bright told reporters, "it would be a great mistake, a great tragedy, directly contrary to what we have been led to be- lieve." Fulbright is drill-man of the Senate foreign relations con> The departrcent thus con- firmed an announcement by the South Vietnamese defence min- istry-in Saigon of U.S. combat and other-support for a major operation in the Parrot Beak area of Cambodia jutting info South Vietnam about 35 miles from Saigon. NIXON TO EXPLAIN President Nixon moved quickly to explain the move. The White House said he has asked the television and radio networks' for 'air time Thursday evening to discuss the situation Red Deer city council ami chamber of commerce are jointly opposing Pacific West- ern Airlines' application for the take-over of the bridge air service. Red Deer and district will be without a scheduled air service if the PWA application .is grant- ed, council said when authori- zing' the preparation of the brief to be sent to the Air Transport Committee. The council said Time Air of Lethbridge would be forced out of business by the approval of the application and the sched- ule for PWA does not allow for a touch down at Red Deer on the Calgary-Edrr.onton run. Time Air presently serves Red Deer on the north-south run.' Medicine Hat, which Is also served by Time Air, will dis- cuss the possibility of officially opposing the move at the May 4 city council meeting. The gas' city would be left without any air service if Time Air is forced to leave Leth- Time Air took over the Med- icine Hat Calgary run when Mel Air of Swift Current lost its licence about two months ago. Assistant Defence Secretary Daniel Z. Henkin read a state- ment to reporters'saying: "The United Stales -Military Assistance Command, Vietnam, in response to the request of the government of Vietnam is pre- pared to provide support" for the South Vietnamese opera- tions. "This support will take the form of advisers, tactical air support, air co-ordinators, medi- cal evacuation, and some logis- tics assistance. "Before the. Republic of Viet- nam armed forces launched its current operations on the Cam- bodian border, the United States government was fully consulted. mittee. Noting that State Secretary William P. Rogers indicated to the committee Monday that the Nixon administration had not reached a decision on Cambo- dian requests for massive mili- tary aitt, Fulbright said: "It if they weren't very candid." Anticipates Moon Colony By End Of The Century Trains Halted HOME (Reuters) Italians were without train service to- day as railway employees join- ed millions of other workers on strike for economic and social reforms. LOS ANGELES (AP) Dr. George Mueller, former direc- tor of the U.S. manned space flight program, anticipates a permanent colony on the moon by the end of the cen- tury including "fairly nice residences there" by that lime. Mueller, now vice-president of McDonnell Douglas Corp., made the prediction Tuesday before an address to a confer- ence of Ihe Institute of Electr- ical and Electronic Engineers. He told reporters the moon colony could be established with the aid of space shuttles. The next step toward this goal, he said, would be devel- opment of a "skylab" in space. He described this as a kind 'of "space motel" in which sci- entists could live and work for long periods. New Document On Mixed Marriages Cow's Belch Affects Milk WASHINGTON (AP) Scien-, lists have found that when cows belch they can set up a chain reaction which can produce olf- flaraed milk, an agriculture department report says. Tests were conducted in which cows were fed onions and leeks. The belched gases were found to be partially absorbed into the bloodstream from the lungs and within a few minutes caused off-flavor in Ihe milk. A mature cow can belch more lhan halt a gallon of gas a minute, and Heard ABOUT TOWN of Ken Astl hav- ing a good time with "I told you so" after he found out there is fine for jay- walking in Lethbridge Sandra 8, hoping aloud to her dad that she too would achieve "fame" by having her in this col- umn Coray Martens re- ceiving congratulations on his a bronze statuette of Jerry PoUs be designed (or the Travel and Convention Association of Southern Al- berta. VATICAN CITY (Reuters) A Roman Catholic still may not marry a non-Catholic without a special dispensation by his church, Pope Peul ruled today. But the Pope said in a new document on mixed marriages that such dispensations would be granted in the future by a local bishop instead of by the Vatican. The document, published by the Vatican today and effective Oct. 1, reiterates most other ex- isting restrictions affecting mixed marriages. It obliges the Catholic paruwf lo promise to have all children baptized and brought up in the Otholic Church and says that the non-Catholic party must be made aware of these promises. The Pope also specifically for- bids the joint celebration of the marriage ceremony by a Catho- lic ted non-Catholic minister, It Is also forbidden to have another religious ceremony be- fore or after Ihe Catholic cere- mony, the Pope said. LEi'DS TO DIFFICULTIES In a preamble lo the docu- ment, the Pope said there are many difficulties inherent in a mbieo1 marriage since it intro- duces division into Ihe Christian family. "For Ihcse reasons the church, conscious 'of her duty, discourages the contracting of mixed marriages, for she is most desirous that Catholics be able in matrimony to attain to perfect union of mind and full communion of the docu- ment said. "However, since man has the natural right (8 marry and beget children, (he church, by her laws, which clearly show her pastoral concern, makes such arrangements that on the one band the principles ot di- vine law be scrupulously ob- served and that on the other the said right lo contract marriage be respected." The new rules mixed marriages were re- quested by a synod of bishops in Rome nearly 2V4 years ago, and the lask of examining the prob- lem was entrusted by the Pope to a special commission of car- dinals. In Ihe document's J7 articles, the main innovation is that all questions regarding interpreta- tion of the laws on mixed mar- riages arc entrusted lo the bish- ops rather lhan the church's central authority in the Vatican, LESS RIGID The Canadian Catholic Con- ference in Ottawa said in a statement that the papal docu; nient "opens the possibility of i more exchange between the future partners, their hot lies and religious ministers" when a mixed marriage is cele- brated, without ignoring the in- litrent difficulties of such a union. The conference, the associa- tion of Canadian bishops, says that it will soon establish regu- lations which would, allow a local bishop in some cases lo authorize a Catholic wishing to marry a non-Catholic to cele- brate, his marriage before tba minister of another church or of another religion, or a represent- ative of the civil stele. "This is a slop towards the decentralization which Pope Paul VI wishes gradually lo es- Ihe statement said. The statement also said thai this !s the first time a Roman document makes such a precise invitation to Catholic minislers lo collaborate with non-Catholic rniBistcrs lo care for families maed marriages, ;