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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 28, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IHHSBIDGE HtKAlo Tuesday, Apiil 58, 1970 Joseph Kraft Positive Stance On Arms Race Slowdown Tactics Could Backfire It is impossible not to share some of the suspicion of Quebecers that late developments in their election are tactics designed to sway the voters. Yet if there were such de- signs, the persons responsible have taken a great risk of. having their tactics backfire. There is an almost fiendish delight in proving the experts wrong and in upsetting the pools. One only has to remember the U.S. presidential election in which Harry S. Truman won against the odds-makers. Quebec Liberal Leader Robert Bour- assa understands the subtle effect of tactics designed to sway voters. He was rightly annoyed by the news- letter circulated by Federal Liber- als. Even if the figures showing Quebec's dependency on the federal government should prove correct, the psychological effect of introducing them at this stage will likely be to lose votes for the Liberals. The withdrawal of capital from Quebec just before the election has the appearance of being a thinly- veiled threat. If it was intended as a means of scaring voters away from the Parti Quebecois it will not work. .Mr. Rene Levesque has already been able to work on sentiments of resentment and is likely to reap some dividends from the stupid tactic. Nobody really knows whether the results of surveys create or retard bandwagon effects. Voters are just as apt to want (o waste their vote as win. The under-dpg has just as strong a pull in politics as in sport. So it probably doesn't much matter whether Premier Jean-Jacques Ber- trand is right in his accusation that the newspapers were trying to sway the voters by their surveys. The sur- veys may be a boon for the Union Nalior.alc. All of this simply means that Ihe election outcome is in greater obscu- rity than ever. Canadians will have to wait for .the actual results tomorrow night. It should be more exciting than some of the hocky games played re- cently. WASHINGTON As an off- w set to the disappointment cf Apollo 13 there comes nice- ly to hand the opening of the Big Two arms control talks in what could be a meeting as his- toric as the other Congress of Vienna. For contrary to what has been widely repotted, the Uni- ted States is ready to serve 'up a comprehensive and outgoing proposition for the Vienna talks. And without even know- ing the Russian position, the feeling in Washington is that an agreement to moderate the arms race may at last be in the works. The American position for the outset of the talks was general- ly figured to be a stance de- pendent upon a lead from Russians. But those of us who made that assessment based it on a misreading the bu- reaucratic in-fighting that pre- ceded the formulation of the fi- nal terms. It is true that Gerard Smith head of the Arms Control Agency and chief of the delega- tion in to offer proposal for mutual suspen- sion of new developments in de- fensive and offensive strategic weapons. That would, in effect, have meant a cut-off on the ABM, of anti-ballistic missile, Give Pedestrians A Break Motorists in Lethbridge :niay be belter mannered than in some other cities, as a couple of flattering let- ters to the editor some time ago as- serted. There is room for improve- ment, however. A man was recently .observed standing on the north-west corner of an intersection. An east bound car stopped well back of the cross-walk to permit the man passage but six cars vvesl bound went by before he got his chance. There was no ex- cuse for this: the man was clearly visible and it was obvious that the car stopped in the opposite lane was waiting for him to cross. One motorist failing to give the pedestrian a break might be consid- ered an exception. Six in succession might still be exceptional but it would scarcely be offered as proof of an overwhelmingly courteous citi- zenry. When the weather is bad, as it has been latterly, the pedestrian needs a break. In this pollution conscious time he deserves a break for doing without a car. And by general con- sent he ought to have a break. Let's give it to him. Non-Partisan Issue Earth Day, the special.day to call attention to the need for vigorous anti-pollution measures, came in for tome unexpected criticism. What is really surprising is that the criti- cism came from both extremes of the political spectrum. A spokesman for a militant group on the left has called the organized expression of concern for the environ- ment a trick of the Establishment. It is, according to him, a way of divert- ing the attention of the nation from such pressing issues as the spreading war in Indochina and intractable social injustice at home. On the right, the Daughters of the American Revolution saw something sinister in the fact that Earth Day and Lenin Day coincided. They label- led the environmental movement "subversive" and said it is "distorted and exaggerated." One of the speak- ers at a BAR gathering said, "sub- versive elements plan to make American children live in an environ- ment that is good for them." Neither of these reactions can be taken very seriously. They can be considered to cancel each other. Most people will subscribe to U.S. President Richard Nixon's observa- tion that the movement to save the environment of which Earth Day was a part is "a cause beyond party and beyond faction." The pol- itical extremists arc going to have a hard time making a partisan issue out of anti-pollution. On Tour In Japan By Beth Gillis, Herald Staff Writer (Second of a series) A LEISURE morning in Tokyo found Tosh Ibilci of The Herald Job Printing De- partment and myself at Ihe Asahi news- paper. We were told that the tours did not start until 2 p.m., but when we ex- plained that it was impossible for us to re- turn then, were given a lour on the spot by a very gracious Japanese girl, who spoke some broke info his Japanese and we were off. To editorial staff who are used to Ihe clickity-clack of many typewriters, the sound could best be described as a "rustle of paper." All news is written in long- hand by some reporters, 26 of whom work on the English edition, which comes out in the evening along with a Japanese edition. The Asahi (Morning Sun) has a circula- tion of printed offset in Sapporo on the northern island of Hokkaido and transmitted there via microwave. Conducted along a walkway above the pressroom we saw the presses being readied for th; next run. Twenty-four o! these monsters were lined up in two rows and Ihe din when they get rolling must bo were told all pressmen wear earplugs and masks. This plant, one of five Asahi has throughout Japan, runs off copies per hour. The least cosily space in Ihis newspa- per U a two-line classified ad 600 yen in the Hokkaido evening edition. A full page ad in black and whito costs, for both morning and evening editions, yen or It requires newsboys (o deliver all the Asahis, of them under the age of 18. Actual distribution is carried out in many back-country newsboys wearing heavy wooden gcta (Japanese clogs) to Asahi's 11 aircraft, which are used to distribute newspapers to otherwise inaccessible places. A very rewarding morning for two of us with printer's ink in our bloodstreams. Saying goodbye to Tokyo after five days, we left !or Kyolo by Bullet train (with an excellent view of Fujiyama en This train has a top speed of 130 ir.rih and an average speed of 110, wilh the 360 miles being covered in three hours awl 10 minutes. We were lined up in pairs for boarding as only ono minute is allowed "A Manhattan on the iii the defence field, and the MIRV or multiple indepeo1 dently-largetabte re-entry ve- hicle, in the matter of offen- sive weapons. It is also true that these pro- posals were vigorously opposed by the military. The armed ser- vices came out strongly for con- tinuing MIRV development on the grounds that is was needed as a penetration device against Soviet defences which might be suddenly improved through clandestine upgrading of anti- aircraft weapons into anti-mis- sile weapons. They also argued ABM deployment was neces- sary to defend land-based mis- siles against a knockout first strike by Russia's blockbuster SS-9. These mil i t a r y views were not modified by Defence Secre- tary Melvin Laird; nor serious- ly opposed by tee State De- partment. Neither were they overruled by the White House. Which explains why so many of us concluded any American proposal in t h e Vienna talks would have to wait on a lead from the Soviet Union. But at the very end of the long internal bicker in Wash- ington, there happened some- thing unexpected. The White House, while not sustaining the Anns Control Agency against the Pentagon, did develop a way around the confrontation.1 The details of the proposal that emerged are still closely heW. But the guiding principle is not in doubt. The guiding principle is to move toward a phasing-out of land-based mis- siles in favor of missiles fired from submarines. Agreed limits would be placed on the number of submarines, and then the problems posed by ABM and MIRV would tend to wither away. The ABM has been pushed in this country chiefty as a de- fence of the land-based mis- siles. So as these missiles were phased out, ABM development would be levelled off. In effect, there would be a trade of limit- ed ABM development by this country against limited ABM development by Russia. As to MIRV, development would go forward. But it would not present the overwhelming problem of giving each side un- told numbers of missiles the other side could not count For submarines can be tracked. Each side's pearls, so to speak, would be in a limited number, of oysters. And each side would know exactly how many oysters were available to the other side. Before presenting the practi- cal details of their proposal, the American negotiators will want to have some sense of bow the Russians are thinking. So there will certainly be some prelim- inary sparring at the Vienna talks. But there is no doubt that the Nixon administration is now prepared to make an offer. The White House no longer acts as though the strategic arms talks were just something handed on by the Johnson administration. The President and his chief se- curity adviser, Henry Kissinger have developed their own ap- proach after hard pondering over many months. They now have a stake a very big stake, given the rising Congres- sional opposition to military ap- propriations in making it work. How the Russians will react to the more positive American attitude remains in doubt here. The latest remarks of Party Secretary Leonid Brezhnev are regarded only be- cause they imply that Russia, like this country, has numerous internal problems which could usefully absorb resources spent on armaments. But Washington does fear that the arms control talks might become a political football in the leadefthip struggle now felt to be going on in the Kremlin. Still even there the implica- tion is positive. For the implica- tion is Hiat the prospects are now so good that it will take some untoward disturbance from the outside to get in the way of agreement. (Copyright Field Inc.) Tim Traynor Complex Explanation Of Vietnam Withdrawals WASH fie WASHINGTON It was dif- ficult to tell what lay be- hind President Nixon's state- ment on Vietnam. On the face of it, he was pressing forward wilh a new .confidence and poise. Adding troop with- drawals to date to the man pullout projected for the coming year, he was able to speak in terms of a quarter- mill ion-man force reduction without prejudice to a "just peace.': Which was finally "in- sight." But it was not clear whether this was the whole story. Letters To The Editor Service Lacking In Transit System for each stop and the Japanese are punc- tual. It the (rain schedule says 8.24 you can depend on it leaving not a second sooner nor a second later. Incidentally we had our "pushers" as there was no shortage of big men. The ride is smooth, with no sensation of speed. From Kyoto we were taken with a guide via railway and bus to Ihe Expo site, about midway between Kyoto Osaka, lurried loose to reassemble at the East Gale at the end of the day, to be guided back to Kyoto in order that we would be able to find our way there on our mm. An abusing incident occurred on the way back, when our guide "Missy" got us on (he wrong bus at the 'gate and we had tn return, to start all over again. She look our joking graciously and made many apologies for her mistake. Expo 70 cannot compare with 07 (my personal but then after only three days perhaps comparisons should not be made. The reason might be that we were celebrating our Centennial and docp down were very proud of the lad that we had grown up enough to host a World's Fair. I found that laughter was rare and Ihe "joie de vivre" that was so evident at Expo 67 was lacking. This cannot be at- tributed to the cold weather, because it was bitterly cold in Montreal in early May and anyone who braved that biting wind off the SI. Lawrcrco will not need to bo reminded how uncomfortable it was. One reason for the apparent lack of en- thusiasm could be that the fair closes at 9 p.m., whereas the pavilions at Expo 67 did nol close until 10 and La fionde stay- ed open until 2 a.m. I also found that ll-.e Japanese were rushing through the pavilions in waves, but lliis could bo because once or twico will be all that some nf the less affluent people can afford nnd llicy plan lo see all they can while there. The entrance fee is 800 yen Meals, conlrary lo all that has been written, arc reasonable if you walcli whcra Ihe Japanese arc caling and like their food. Of course, all budgets do nol run (o dinners and how anyone, as one re- port read, could eat a gourmet meal al the Russian pavilion which cost for one, is beyond thinking to me, when so many in our world arc going hungry. I was appalled by the motion of Alderman Kofch to operate the bus system only at peak hours (to and from work) as I believe it is the duty of govern- ment to supply essential ser- vices that cannot be underta- ken by private industry at rea- sonable cost. I do agree that an In-deplh study be undertaken of the en- tire transit system because as it is operated now it will con- tinue to lose if ser- vice is further curtailed, it will lose even more. The entire bus system must be up-dated and made lo operate more efficient- ly. As Mr. Kotch knows, people are willing to pay for service but this is sadly lacking in our transit system. The system has lost touch with the needs of lo- cal residents. There are many year Detergent Pollution Please allow me to comment on the article headed "No Pol- lution Phrase Dropped" which appeared in The Lethbridge Herald of March 9. For a number of years "hard" detergents caused foaming problems in our rivers and lakes by Hieir ability lo pass unchanged Ihrough sewage sys- tems and s e p I i c tanks. This gave rise to the term "deter- gent pollution" and Amway led the f i e I d in producing biode- gradable detci' gents which break down to their constitu- ent elements in sewage sys- tems and thus arc no longer detergents when they pass inlo our rivers and lakes. High levels of phosphates in our water supplies result main- ly from municipal sewage, in- dustrial sources and agricul- tural run-off and this problem bears little or no relationship to the "detergent pollution" re: f erred to on our SA-8 package. Here the field is much more broad and contentious, involv- ing responsibility in every seg- ment of our community. Regardless of the interpreta- tion placed on the telephone convers a t i o n with oar Ken Smith, no decision has been made to remove what is a per- fectly factual statement from our package. Amway incident ally does make a completely phosphate- free detergent which any Am- way distributor would be happy lo demonstrate lo interested parties. FRANK General Manager, Amway of Canada Ltd. Ontario. This h Justice! This is justice? Al the beginning of 1070 Ihe old age pension was r.iiscd from to a month be- cause Ihe cost of living index had jumped five per cent. The pension now stands at a year. Just the other day Mem- iWs of Parliament voted them- selves a pension scheme that works something like this: after six years service the MP gels a year for life; eight years service qualifies him for" a year for life, alter 10 years fif he is defeated or quits) he will have a year. If he puts in 25 years in the House he will get a year for the rest of his days on earth, Think of it for a momenl: Ine JIP who puts in 2.; years in Ihe House gets a year. The ordinary citizen who slugs it out for a lifetime and in many cases serves his country in many practical ways is now en- titled to a year. Here in Ihe west we are very conscio'js of the contribution of the pioneers whose (oil and ef- fort made Ihis country a great placo to live in, over a span of not much more tlvm three quar- ters of a century. How much injustice can Ihcrc be in a Just Society? W. WYROSTOK. Coalhursl. functions going on all round thai people have to s_up- ply their own transportation, e.g. Little League Ball games on the north side, minor hockey, concerts at the Yates, night classes at the Junior College and University lo name just a few. There should be more co- operation with the downtown merchants, and those 'in the shopping centres, and theatre owners, to provide better ser- vice during their promotions and children's matinees. Hav- ing sufficient buses on at peak hours so they operate on time and not 10 to 20 minutes late. A detailed look at operating and maintenance of bases and the obsolete ones replaced as the cost of operating is more ex- pensive than replacing them. Having sufficient buses to pro- vide 100 per cent school bus ser- vice. Feasibility studies should be conducted to provide additional revenue e.g. selling up charter and sight-seeing lours as car- ried on by other cities. Wilh Ihe expansion of Ihe cily to the west, bus service will have to be provided, or are we going lo lease this lo a private carrier and lei him operate it on a profit? Service is the only thjng the transit system has lo offer, so let's see where we can be of service. This being a growing community, lei's look al all the avenues of our future needs and do something constructive. TAXPAYER. Lelhbridgo. He's Human Reporters nowadays must be hard-tip for a news story if they have to go into someone's personal life and affairs. If Prince Charles had any brains cf his own be wouldn't let peo- ple write stories of him in his private life. So he lakes a girl oul to a show; havcn'l any re- porters seen lhal before? Why don'l they lake a picture of an ordinary couple? The boy's tak- ing a girl out. So Prince Chartes is heir lo Ihe throne! He's a human being, he should be allowed some privacy without a reporter flashing his bulbs for a couple of pictures. ANNOYED. Tatar, The approach was different than expected. It was thought the president would announce another cutback of about men over the coming four months, avoiding a specific committment for the longer term. he has an- nounced z cutback figure three limes as large, representing the total for ths coming year. In explaining the shift, the president cited gains in the pacification of South Vietnam. Progress had "substantially ex- ceeded" expectations. Though Communist force levels had risen in the neigh, boring area of Indochina, they had declined in South Vietnam. The level of American casual- ties over the first three months of 1970 was Ihe lowest for a comparable period over five year. The U.S. approach had been "cut and but advances made it possible DOW to fake a longer-range approach. The timing and pace of cutbacks would depend on the over-all military situation. The with- drawal total might be higher if the deadlock in negotiations was broken. The implication was that the U.S. could increasingly stand aside for the South Vietnamese fighting forces. There was now no point in the North Viet- namese leaders stalling a set- tlement in hopes of South Viet- nam falling into then' lap. Mr. Nixon explicitly declared that the North had "failed to win" militarily, and bad been thwart- ed politically in South Vietnam a n d in attempts to undermine the war effort in the U.S. Such is the outward pattern, but Mr. Nixon's approach al- lows of a more complex ex- planation. It is known that U.S. mililary is pressing for a slow down in withdrawals on the basis of doubts 'about the ca- pacity of the South Viet- namese to meet sustain- ed Communist challenge. By projecting withdrawals over a year, Mr. Nixon has avoided committing himself to force reductions in the months immediately ahead. This takes on added signifi- cance in view of the deepen- ing confrontations in Laos and Cambodia. Newly released con- gressional testimony has sharp- ly outlined U.S. involvement in Laos and the new Cambodian regime is looking lo Washington for aid against Communist in- surgents. An altogether different view of Mr. Nixon's approach is that it is designed to put pressure on the Saigon regime to move toward a settlement. Sig- nificantly, Mr. Nixon said noth- ing thai had been put forward for negotiation was on a "lake il or leave il" basis. Herald Washington Bureau) LOOKING BACKWARD THHOUGH THE HEBALP 1920 More help for the soldier-farmer has been asked of the settlement board. An add- itional allowance is being sought as many of Item are unable lo buy seed. Nearly a billion cig- arettes were smuggled across the American border at Wind- sor lasl year, according (o au- thorities. Many Windsoriles work in Detroit and many Wind- sor homes on tha waterfront are closer lo downtown Detroit than many Detroil residences. Maprath woollen mills have received a large order for blankets. The plant is row equipped to turn out blankets per month. The wool outlook looks bright and ranchers are urged lo increase Iheir flocks. The Lethbridge Sports Centre was officially opened by Kmil G. Sick, son of the industrialist who donated 000 toward Ihe project. The government of Turkey proclaimed martial law following an outbreak of stu- dent rioting against Premier Adnan Mcnderes. At least four persons were reported killed in Instanbul. The Lcthbridge Herald 504 7lh SI. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisfcen Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Swnd Claji Man ftrtfsiratta Number ter TtM Canadian Prta >nd the Canadian Dill; Nnnpnw FltUrttri1 AmcfltM