Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 27, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Mounted Po ice saved West for Canada Thundny, April 17, >971 THE IHHBRIDfir HtRALO 3 lly Wilfrid Kgglcslou, In Tlic Ottawa Joiirn.il years ago I was lalk- ing to a European jour- nalist, who had been stnlioncd al Stockholm during the thir- ties ami I asked liim what lie knew about Canada at thai linic, wbal images (lie word "Canada" brought up when it was encouuterccl. "Very lillle, very lie re- plied, thinking back. "Only the Mounted Police and Uic Ottawa Tnule Agreements of ho added. (The latter bad marie It more difficult for countries like Sweden lo sell lumber and wood pulp and paper to the British The Mounted Police will Boon be celebrating their cen- tenary. The famous march west did not occur until the Bummer of 1E74; but it is al- ready a hundred years since gome of the events which led the way to the creation o( the Mounted Force. History hooks tend to over-simplify such ev- ents. A number of factors were at work. The first Kiel Rebel- lion, llic departure of the Hud- son's nay Company as owner and "policcr" o( llic great plains, the whiskey traders from Montana and the Cypress Hills massacre were all in the Jninrb of Sir John A. Mac- donald and his cabinet and party when they introduced the legislation into parliament set- ting up the force. (The mas- sacre occurred while it was go- ing The imporlance of "showing the flag" in a vast area which was becoming far more a c pos- sible from the United States than from Canada was not the least of (he motives behind the move. It may have been muted in (he press, hut it was con- stantly In the mind of Ihc policy makers. Just as the American Civil federation, it spurred Uic Ca- nadian Government into creat- ing the province of Manitoba mid in occupying the (i r e a t Plains between t h c Red and the Itockies. The 49th parallel of latitude is a purely imagina- tive line, and it cuts through and across an economic unit. The Indians and the bison paid no attention lo this imaginary line. Neither, for (hat matter, did the Metis and buffalo liunl- crs who operated from lied Hiver. From about 1SGO on it was much easier and quicker for Americans lo visit (or occupy) (he region around Fort Garry or the plains of southern Alber- ta than it was for Ihe "Cana- dians'" of Upper or Lower Can- ada. And, as a result in part of Hie Cii'il IVar there was an in- creasing capability on (he pail of llic North to take on any ob- stacles to empire-building, or "Manifest Destiny." In the iBGO's, during the Civil War or just after it, any Cana- dian desiring lo visit Fort Garry country could lake a (rain at Toronto nnd proceed to Chicago and La Crosse on the Mississippi. Then he could lake a steam boat lo SI. I'aul, and a train to Georgetown on (lie lied River. Then he bad a choice of a canoe or 3 steamer down the fled to Forl Garry. All of which was much (aslcr and more comfortable than a trip through the Prc-Cambrian Shield on an all-Canadian route. The American route was be- coming much more feasible for what is now southern Alberta nnd southern Saskatchewan, also. The first transcontinental railway was the Union Pa- cific, which was completed at Ogdcn in nortlxrrn Utah, i n But a rlecade earlier than lhat a commercial route was vigale the Mississippi nnd the Missouri. They could advance up the Missouri as far as (lie "Great Falls" of what is now northern Montana. Here a pioneer ouljtost o f very considerable importance came inlo beinp Fort Ren- Ion. The levee where the load- ing and unloading took place was, in due course, a mile long. trains starting from Forl Bcnton fanned out through the American empire of the Norlh-Wcsl. Solllo of these wagon trains crossed the in- visible 49th parallel into Cana- dian territory and ttie drivers were not aware of any differ- ence. The only inhabitants they encountered were. Indians, who also did not see any difference as they crossed the imaginary line. The "whiskey" traders of MonUma began Lo do a thriving busi.uss along the Bow and Ihe liclly and Inlo the Foothills of the Ilockies. The story of the o( the American West is full of violence ami bloodshed. Some historians have wondered why the winning of the Canadian West was so lame. One answer would lhal Canada, (oo, had a "Wild but that il last- ed only r.bout five years. It be- gan in 18G9 when Foil Up, was built, and it ended in 1874 with the arrival of Colonel Maclcod and his Redcoats. The wildest episode in this brief "Wild West" was the Massacre at the Cypress Hills, in which about 40 Indians are said to have been killed. Paul Sharp, an Ameilran historian, not notably pro-Canadian or an'i- American, says bluntly in his "Whoop-Up Country" (19351 that "Only Ihe limcly arrival of the Mounted Police In 1871 pre- vented the complete destruc- tion of these northern Indians." I visited Forl Benton during one of my motor tours across Montana. The terrain between Fort Benton and southern Al- bcrla is easily negotiated loday and apart from a coulees would present no great ob- stacle lo the wagon trains of 1070. The American invasions of what is now the rich prov- ince of Alberta would have been a "wulkever." Assembly line 'battle fatigue' By Don Oakley, service WREATHES there n car own- er who never lo himself has said, "They don't huilci 'em like they used And it's a good thing they dont. If they still built cars Lhc way they used to, practically by hand, very few people could afford them. But while mass production techniques have made mass ownership of automobiles pos- sible, it has been al a price. That price is the loss of Ihe Helping families Department of Health and Social Development annual report ALBEKTANS are vitally in- lerestcd in helping fam- ilies stay together. Lay family counselling is an innovative pre- ventive social services method of helping individuals in trou- ble. Counsellors are trained by ami have an on going consul- tative arrangement wilh a Doc- tor in Psychology. They act in areas where no professional family service agencies aro 31 funded projects In seven areas. These figures are not complete but indicate the high level of citizen participation in (he 25 municipalities, or groups of municipalities, that have ap- proved preventive social ser- vices projects. Over one hundred thousand dollars were allocated lo day- care and family service and ,X Trnrf drZht steamboats could 1 na- to help meet out-of-pocket and 8 training 70 per cent of the day-care facilities. Approximately a thousand children were given a good start in school through 23 Head Start (Parent Development! projects. One hundred and twenty-eight total projects were approved for 25 municipalities, or groups o! municipalities, in 1970-71. Up (o 00 per cent of the costs of these projects Is returned lo the municipalities- PART 1: PART II: PART 111 are the ANSWERS for your NEWS QUIZ l-Trje; 2-False; 3-b; 4-a; 5-a 1-b; 2-a; 3-d; 'o leave Hie land in the next three years. But lo this end the ministers propose tn spend only at most ?285 million a year, us against the billion now being spent on support prices, Improving engineering education The Stanley Report, named aUer Chair- man D. H. Stanley of tlie Special Commit- tee on Enginecrini! Education, has pro- posed the establishment of a provincial board of engineering education with rep- resentation from the [acuities of the Uni- versity of AltxirLa and the University of Calgary, Uic students bodies of the uni- versities, and tile Association of Profes- sional Engineers, Geologists ajld Geophys- icists, The exclusion of representation from in- dustry may have been an oversight. II could also have been a deliberate omis- sion. Nevertheless, the report is opposed by Ihe engineering (acuities of bhe univer- sities, perhaps because having been ini- tiated by the association it calls for ma- jority representation from the association "at least equal in number to the total of the university and student reprcscntalion." One finding of the committee is. con- trary lo previous belief, that Ihe demand for professional engineers will not more Ihan double by Ihe year 2000, and the num- ber of engineering graduates is now meet- ing the demand. A further finding is that (he industry finds postgraduate students no more efficient than graduates. One reason for Uie decreasing demand for engineers is thai technologists trained by technical colleges ore taking over a By Joe Ma greater portion of the actual engineering practice. Tlw demand for engineers a s management personnel and specialists i? necessarily limited. Tiie commillcc there- fore recommends greater emphasis on tha humanities for engineering undergraduates and "course conlcnt designed to develop an appreciation of Die social, ecological and economic consequences of engineering undertakings Anolhcr point of irritation lo the univer- sity faculties is that the report implies Ibat some academic staff, will) lillle or no practical experience outside the tlniversity, may not be the best teachers and recom- mends more representation of professional engineers on the faculties. This jnay ha true. This may be what is required lo bring university engineering training closer lo the industry's needs. I-'ar from Utopia, modern technology has given us Hiroshima. Unless man learns to love his fellow man, technology will not bo man's useful servant but his master. This is why education in the arts is essential Co mankind. The report's recommendation for niore humanities education for engi- neering students is a sound one. Ths tech- nical college approach fulfills a society need, but it cannot subslituto for univer- sity education. And universities cannot sland apart from the society. JIM FISHBOURNE Because it's there? D N but apart fro'n your uhfll Mini have you ha'J, 0 you wonder occasionally why man should wish to go out inlo space? I do. Probably I've heard most of the mora persuasive arguments for spending billions on a space program, and while (mosl of the lime) I'm among lliosc who can believe it's worlluvhilc lo invest in the continued advancement of science, I'm still more than a trifle dubious about n system ot priorities that places the collection of moon rocks, al several millions of dollars a pound, at the top of Ihc list. Nevertheless, man goes to the moon, and sends his un- manned unquestionably his ov.ii forerunners lo the nciphboring planets. So he's headed Ihe (Jn a sen To somewhat less grand, man also seems impelled lei climb mouiUains, and again one Bonders It can't, be simply to attain the height; a hundred" airlines routinely fly higher Ihan Everest, and it should be comparatively simple lo put a man on a mountain top by helicopter. YcL man pcrsisLs in enormous resources, and then risking his life and lliaL of his companions, to climb moun- tains. Vv'hcn you come Lo think of it, quite a few of Ihc games man plays arc dangerous, and if almost seems that the more danpir invokcd, Lho more expensive the Sky-diving, auto racing, under-watcr syorls, hig-game hunting and a dozen other spoils all seem characterized by danger lo the participant and. also by substantial ex- pense. On Ihe face of it, it does seem n bit odd (hat man, considered (o more or less rational, should wish to make such a great effort lo risk breaking his neck, and lo spend so lavishly for Ihc privilege. But perhaps it isn't odd al all; perhaps just the result of (he way we live, the na lural outcome of what our Civilization has done lo mnn, If the anthropologists and Ihc archranln- gists and others who dig into the past, are lo believed, there was a time when lifp was a prelly simple proposition. When called Ihc tune, before what uc call civilization, those who survived those who could find, catcti or hike from someone else enough lo cat, and who wcrn strong, fast or wily enough lo deal with all Ihc adversaries, human and otherwise, that came their way. Civili7alion, licitip thn counter lo niitmc's rule of surnval of the fittcM, changed all thai. Slcadily, over Ihe years, man worked oul a .system of beliefs and prncodurcs to ensure Ihnl survival o( any individual was not decided by cilhcr nature or man himself. suspect (he change is still not quite com- plete. Man may have been more or civilized for n few thousand years, but he has existed for millions of years, if can Iwlievc Uie cxpcrls. For mosl of thai lime, he lived or died by his ability to com- pete. It seems at least quite likely thai, during l.ha thousands of generations in- volved, the iTHpulse lo compete unuJd br- come pretty deeply ingrained, ftomclhing it would take a long liniR to completely erase. So perhaps UK- classic phrase "Tlocaii.sft it's there" may be considerably more Ihno clever repartee, whether mountain, moon or something even more remote is the object. Maybe as long "it" whatever "it" may be is there, man will have lo go there, or admit he's become something: less than he was. Nature is still a force l'i hp. reckoned with.