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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 27, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta __ Ihuritlav, April 17, 1975 THE IFTHBRIDGE HERAID 33 People's Lihernlion Army member claims in diary Turkish guerrillas are described as being sloppiest, in the world? By llAU'll JOSEPH C'P Corresputulcnl TEHRAN (Cl3) "We must be the sloppiest guerrillas in the wrolc a member of Ihe self-styled Turkish People's Liberation Army in his diary while he and members of lii.s group were trying lo gel away from troops hunting them in the easlern Anatolian mountains last year. Passages from the diary of Uaci pronounced Ilaji) Tonak were read during his trial with oilier guerrillas al an Ankara military court after his arrest. Mobility is the guerrilla's most important weapon, he in a moment, of self-examination, "but we arc not even as mobile as arc ignorant of the area. The friends directing Ihc group am not very good al their jobs." Tonak, a 20-year-old former student al a teacher's sL-hool who was sucked inlo the fiery Turkish urban jini'mllti movement, is one. of the 17 persons who were lu death by Ihe court along willi Dcniz (lezmis last October, Whether (he sentences are ultimately to be carried out has become a subjccl of intense political controversy. Indeed, fear Hint three top gum illns, (Jyzinis, Yusuf Asian and [hisryin Inan. were about lo dip led to the dramatic kidnapping and ultimate death of three innocent foreign technicians, and Iwo UrUMi, and Ihc end of nine guerrillas in Ihc March ill shoulout at Ki-zlidcrc HAD VICTORIES Tonak's "sloppiest guerrillas" lag could not have been more thoroughly borne out by incident. 'Hie Turkish urban guerrilla movement, has turned mil lo he the most inept in the Middle East, and pitted the professional Turkish army, also one of the weak-esl. The rjunrrillas have succeeded in absolutely none of the ofojcL'livc'i they set themselves. CoiisidLTing lhat their total number was probably no ust moment, they appear lo have had liltle chance from the beginning, Starling out originally as a group of sludcnt activists calling themselves Ihe Revolutionary Youth Movement, or Dcv-Genc in Turkish, they ap-. pear in retrospect to have lieen more successful as agi-lators than as guerrillas, making sufficient noise on the campuses from 19li8 onward lo attract world attention, Gezmis first appeared on (he scenu sporting a Caslro beard as a 21-ycar-oUl student of the Istanbul Law School. He was not immediately identified as a potential police noticed students were beginning to arm themselves with (le.nlly weapons about Ihis time. On Dec. 29, 1070, the first real "guerrilla" action licgan two policemen guarding Ihci American Kmbassy in Ankara shot by unidentified youths rushing past in a car. The policemen escaped with their lives, but (jn Jan. U last, year an. Ankara bank was robbed nl 121.000 Turkish liras (about bj youthful-looking bandits. Another bank robbery on Die snmc lines followed shorliy af lor word, and Cezmis was spotted as the loader of Hie gang responsible in holh cases, The temporary success of the bank robberies led Iho guerrillas on lo Tupamaro-style kidnappings of U.S. airmen stationed in Turkey. The lirst, taken on Feb. 21, was released after he was fount! to be a Negro. For the next four, however, the terrorists demanded n ransom of SJOO.DM. They never got the money as they abandoned the airmen and fled in panic when they thought police had sniffed them It was (luring this kidnapping incident that they first publicly styled themselves Ilia "Turkish People's Liberation in the ransom in to official Ana- lekin. both killed at lulian agency. In Iho I hen ils series of daring iidc tliev also claimed rcspon- tragic exploits aimed at shiliiy for Ihe hank robberies frwi-ig Tlic guerrilla ar.r! a whole string of previous chief slaved in custody, but incidents. the scries of kidnappings by in Hie dcalli of Israeli Consul-Tin- military now moved. c n t. r a Kphraim IClrim, ousung Premier Suleyman thrcn ,1IU, Canadian Domrel eight days alter the ami ciRht gnorril-ku napping and arresting Ciez- mis and Asian six davs later. lls" A ecOl, in Istanbul, letl by lerronsl came out Mahir Cayan and Ciiitin Alp- alivo from Kizildcre, was al one lime president of Dev-CJcnc v, Alp-Ickin Gmin's, Asian and company. Ihi; sctms to lake care of 1 be top leadership I hi.1 guerrilla organization, hut il is probably too early tn say v.hethc'T Ihc As my, which nrov' pllt flf Dev-Cc'ir, has been crushed Evidi'iUly, (he Turkish pnv-ernmenl is taking no chances, and has put special guards teelmlciil personnel I I hi1 country, Though a total o almul guerrillas have bee put on trial, Prime Ministc Krirn, .subsequent has indicated tha anciix-r 200 may still be o the run. V. H snrprisitip is that pv.ifi >o puitill, composeti o yinults a-i aviTEge age o about '1 1, could have sue iraicd in making so nnic trouble. why! real thing.