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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 27, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IE1HMIDOE HSWIO Monday, April 27, 1570 Joseph Kraft New Confrontation On Vietnam Shaping.' Slight Improvement Black Africa will not be holding any celebrations over the results of the recent election in South Africa. If there seems to have been a slight improvement registered in the radical climate that is largely because it might have been worse. If the Herstigte Nationale party had made good its bid to assume power things would undoubtedly have been worse. This party took a stand that the apartheid policies were not being pressed hard enough by the National party. That no candidate of this extremist viewpoint succeeded in getting elected, however, merely in- dicates that for the voters the dose of apartheid is not too little. The United party gained ten seats. It campaigned for a more moder- ate brand of apartheid. Some doubt can be expressed over whether the gain really reflects a slight change of heart among voters. The United party tends to be supported by the English while the National party ap- peals to the Afrikaners so that plat- form differences may not have, been of much significance in the voting. Besides, the gain of seats may only have been the consequence of the National party giving its campaign energies mainly to the purpose of de- feating the Herstigte Nationale party. Racism still reigns supreme in South Africa. Apartheid policies as set out and policed by tiie National Government have substantial major- ity support among the voters. In ef- fect the voters have said the dose of apartheid is not too much. WASHINGTON The In- gradients for a new con- frontation on Vietnam are com- ing together again. Omens of trouble abound. But the highest figures in the ad- ministration are convinced that they art oo tie right track milit- arily. So they are foregoing chances to develop the aker- nate track of negotiating out. And peace will probably re- quire a new burst of public pressure. This time even the numbers foreshadow some of the dan- gers. According to the Gallup Poll, public approval for the president's Vietnam policies has been steadily dropping since January. Those -in favor are now below 50 per cent. While no ooe can pretend to read the exact meaning of this dwindling approval, it signifies at the very leas'- that is a limit to American patience with the continuing war. But other sets of numbers snow no reason to believe that the war will soon be slacken- ing. The enemy has finally ad- justed to the spoiling tactics of the American commander, Gen- eral Creighion Abrams. As a result, the Communists are in- creasing the pace of their ac- tivities. Last week, lot exam- ple, they killed m South Viet- namese soldiers the highest loss by the Saigon regime since the spring of 19W. But at the same time, tha Communists have learned to cut their own tosses. The enemy killed in action fig- ure was estimated at monthly for 1968 and monthly for last year. La the first quarter of this year, the figure was running at an an- nual rale of monthly and still coming down. No one can be exactly sure of the meaning of these num- But it looks as though tha Anti-Economic Colonialism Trinidad has had a taste of 'Black Power" militancy. The recent rebel- lion came after nearly two months of demonstrations begun in protest against the trail of ten Trinidadian students in Montreal. Although the upheaval began as a. racial protest, the heart of the mili- tancy cannot be racist. Almost all the people in Trinidad, in fact, are black the Prime Minister and his cabinet colleagues the revolt is not really a black-white affair. The militancy is basically directed against economic colonialism. For- eigners dominate the economic life of Trinidad as is the case in most of -riie islands of the Caribbean. There is a desire on the part of the militants to have their country freed from foreign economic control so that an essentially black way of life can be developed. It would be a gross error to see this as Communist- inspired. Some Communists may be involved but the desire to be free of foreign domination is everywhere in the world. Canadians should be sympathetic to this desire. The takeover of Canadian banks in Trinidad in principle is not much different from the Canadian action to block transfer of control of a uranium mining company to Amer- ican interests. Both reflect a wish to end or confine foreign economic dom- ination. It is not desirable that foreign cap- ital be excluded from countries such as Trinidad 'so what is needed is the development of some sort of joint ownership. A concept that would satis- fy both interests is worth pursuing. No More Moratoriums There will be no more massive anti war marches in the United States. At least there will be no more of them organized by the Vietnam Moratorium Committee. And this almost certainly means there will be no massive marches since none of the remaining demonstrating groups is likely to be able to attract the large numbers of concerned people whs are disposed-to peaceful meth- ods. The shutdown of the headquarters of the Moratorium committee has come about for a number of reasons. Abandonment of the goal of ending the war is not the basic factor as some might suspect or wish. That goal remains for a large part of the American people but its accomplish- ment through marches has ceased-to be expected. Marching in protest of the war served a significant purpose. By means of the marches the extent of the opposition to the war was im- pressed upon a hitherto unresponsive administration. In consequence the escalating of the war was arrested and subsequently the aim of disen- gaging from it was accepted. Even though the goal of ending the wan has not been reached it is a consid- erable achievement to have reversed the direction in which the United States was heading. It has become apparent to the or- ganizers that something new is re- quired. In comparison to the mas- sive demonstrations last fall, the spring one was a fizzle. But the num- bers who participated were never as important as the influencing of pub- lic opinion thereby. So it cannot have escaped the notice of the leaders of the anti war'movement that Presi- dent- Richard Nixon has been losing public backing because of the slow- ness of disengagement and has been losing it without benefit of demon- strations. Effective opposition to the war now comes from within the political process. Elected officials are apply- ing a more telling pressure than con- glomerates of people could do. This suggests that organizers of anti-war marches could employ their talents better in working for the.election of candidates who share their philoso- phy. Perhaps this is what Uiey al- ready have plans to do in the Con- gressional elections slated for this fall. Unless there is such a re-direction of .energies the country could be- come the loser. Great numbers of young people are still disillusioned. If there is not some other embodi- ment of their antt war sentiments they could be captured by the prac- titioners of violence. Then those who deplore demonstrations will really have something to denounce! On Tour In Japan By Beth GUlii, HeraM SUf! Writer (First In a series) 47 hairpin curves. It is nol recommended for the faint hearted, but the Japanese are Eipo 6T7, when the first signs of "See Expo 70 in Japan" were encountered. A chance remark and I was oft and running, study- ing literature on Ihe country, attending Ja- panese night classes to gain a little knowl- edge of this most difficult language and saving diligently. I travelled with the Oriental Cultural So- ciety, leaded by Rev. Leslie Kawamura oL Raymond. The group consisted of 153 per- sons who came from farms, ranches, small towns, Alberta cities, the Crowsnest Pass, Femie and Nakusp, B.C. and a lone repre- sentative from Saskatchewan. We were also a cross section of the work-a-day world. The group included a doctor, a member of the P.CMF, machinery dealers, bank employees, secretaries, house- wives, fanners, a printer, a baker, a cham- pion potato grower and many other voca- tions. Ages ranged from Nao, daughter of Rev. and Mrs. Kawamura to 80-year-old Mrs. Jlaru Okugawa, who stay- ed with the four and made some of us look like pikers. Mrs. Okugawa travelled with her daughter Kay and the only things that fazed her were the numerous flights of steps to shines, which always seti-ned to be half- way up a mountain. A tour to Nikko National Park, north o( Tokyo is a must for all travellers to Japan. The weather was not hind this day. A coM rain made it quite uncomfortable when we visited the shrines. Back into our buses we began climbing an ascent road, to the ft. level with 36 hairpin curves, where we found about three inches of wet snow. Here we saw Kegon falls and beautiful Chuzenji Lake, We descended by another road with other side has settled to a strategy that features keeping up the pressure at a minimum loss for a long, long lime. And that impression is renrforted by enemy actions in Laos and against the anil-Communist re- gime which recently ousted Prince Norodom Sihanouk a Cambodia. These enemy actions have brought a sounding of alarms a many quarters. President Nguyen Van Thieu of Vietnam has called for a slow- down in the withdrawal of Am- erican troops and a more rig- orous assault against the Com- munist forces in Vietnam. His views are plainly shared by some of the American military in Washington, and not a Jew of the soldiers and civilians in Saigon. An almost opposite been advocated by civilian officials in the State D e p a r t m e n t and Pentagon. They have pushed for1 new moves lo get the Paris pace talks off dead centre. Using the outburst of fighting in Lin and Cambodia as a peg, they called for revival of the Ge- neva Conference covering all of Indo-Cbina. But these pressures hare made almost no dent on the administration. Rather they have surfaced for a day or two as news stories 'and'then disappeared. For at UK highest levels the administration: ia more and more tending to a fixed view. In this view the right poficy is the steady passing of mili- tary burdens from American to South Vietnamese namization. The theory is that the American public win sit still for this policy as long as there is a continued movement of Americans out of Vietnam. The other side, it is argued, will see the withdrawal as serious and evesihiaUy negotiate with Washington on favorable terms than waiting to have to make a deal with Saigon. The fighting in Laos and Cambodia, by overexlending Hanoi, will only put more pressure on the Communists to. come to terms. In short, the Nixon adminis- tration is on the verge of be- ing hooted by its ovra prescrip- tion. In the process it is losing the chance to move toward ne- gotiations. And those who feel clearly that the American inter- est lies in an across-the-board diplomatic settlement are more and more obliged to move in the one way that makes a through public pressure. (Field Enterpriser lac.) Walter Sclncarz Israeli Demonstrations In Search Of Peace buses seemed to be hanging on the edge of a precipice at times, we had no mishaps. A bonus jaunt to visit the world's largest fish auction was organized by Harry Wat- son, Bernard Niebocr and Joe Juris. These three had been to Japan before and seem- ed to Inww where the action was. We were to assemble in the hotel lobby at the un- earthly hour of a.m. Many of the group had difficulty adjust- ing to the time change and as 1 had risen no later than a.m. each morning, did not set the clock and wouldn't you know it I missed the action and the auction. Here the night's catch is brought in to be auctioned off, in much the same manner as a lively auction is held in these parts. Rose Balas of Edmonton, reported it a highlight and that they had breakfasted at a Japanese restaurant on the waterfront on seaweed and raw fish. Also that raw thin silvers of fresh tuna were delicious. Or evening lour of a typical Japanese Geisha House, we were served a sukiyaki dinner. It proved hilarious with everyone having to use chopsticks. Some of the boys enjoyed the Geisha girls feeding (hem, as in Jsfian men come first so most of the vomen had to manage on their own. Entertainment followed by singers anil dancers. A volunteer was requested from among the bachelors so that they might portray a typical bclrrthal ceremony. Pcler Maik of Edmonton was finally pre- vailed upon to assist. By the time this ritual was over and refer had been decked in beautiful embroidered robes, given sake and had smoked a kind of peace pipe, all the while in Ihe squatting position, we won- dered if would ever get him on his feet again. E R U S A LEM For Israe- J lis to burst into their Prime Minister's front garden to protest about her policy to- wards the Arabs, as happened earlier this month, is a new de- parture. They do not normally demonstrate against the gov- ernment where security is con- cerned. Yet this was Jerusa- lera's second demonstration within a week. In the first one, motorists held lip by sitting Demonstrators overcame their irritation and joined in the ar- gument over the official for- eign policy. Some were for, oth- ers against. It was a typically Israeli way of doing things. But on both occasions things be- came imlypically nasty later on with some heads haltered by truncheons and some dem- onstrators ending up in police custody. Israel is also accused of spurram! a peaceful gesture from Egypt in the shape of a mysterious imitation lo Dr. Nahum Goldmann, President of the World Jenish Congress, to visit Cairo and accused again of bombing Egyplian school-children. However, only the first ac- cusation was taken up by the Israeli critics (who on Ihis oc- casion seemed lo be in a ma- The matter of Ihe 30 dead Egyplian children arous- lelter To The Editor ed no controversy whatever. I spoke to the Hebrew Uni- versity's Professor Joshua Ar- who leads a permanent protest movement against what it calls the "rigidity'' of Israel's stance towards Arabs. He had called the handling of the Gold- mann affair "catasUophic." But about the Egyptian children he fully shared the official view that bombing the canal zone is not a policy of "reprisals" but one of elementary common- sense. Its aim is to prevent an Egyptian build up behind cease fire lines which Presi- dent Nasser openly repudiates. Israelis are convinced that the bombing saves Israeli lives ev- ery day of the week. They are satisfied that what was nil on that occasion was a military camp and that if children were in it, perhaps being trained, thai was not Israel's fault. The Goldmann row was not It was as if President Nixon had" been asked to send Epock as his negolialor lo Hanoi. But Dr. Goldmann had the last word, pointing out that'there was no question of his negoti- ating, or even medial ing: all he wanted was lo try a "sounding- out mission." It was precisely because Dr. Goldmann is an old establish- ed critic of government policy towards Ihe Arabs that the af- fair became so fiercely contro- versial. As soon as the govern- ment's "no" was made final, he released for publication in a leading daily paper here a sa- ries of articles in which he de- tailed his criticism. His points were not particularly new; they had been made for months by dissident professors, parliamen- tarians, left wingers and in- dividualists of various kinds. Bill this-was the first lime the criticisms had been made from high up, by a respected Zion- No Danger In Smoking Thai was a very interesting letter written by Lorraine Christie, alxmt "A safe ciga- rette" (April I agree she has some very good points but 1 disagree wilh her about ciga- retle smokers. There at'c mil- lions and millions of people that smoke, and some of tlrese people are medical doclors. About (our-fiflhs of these ciga- relte smokers believe that it does not endanger your life. To illustrate my point, there are a number of people who have died from coronary hearl dis- and cancer of the lung. Some of these people haven't touched a cigarette in Iheir lives, and to of just over the rights and wrongs. 1st veleran. What gave them of the government's decision, still more weight was that, as Even Goldmann himself agreed titular leader of world Jewry, Dr. Goldmann could claim to speak for some at least among the Zionists abroad on w h o m Israel largely depends for its funds. In essence, the crilicism is that the Israeli leaders havs failed to understand tbe psy- chology of Ihe Arabs. Dr. Gold- mam pointed oul lhat Ihe fail- ure was aplly summed up in' General Dayan's famous phrase aflcr the Six-Day War: "We arc waiting for a telephone call from the Arabs." The Gen- eral assumed llial Israel's crushing victory would have taught Ihc Arabs a lesson. Bui Dr. Goldmann pointed out lhat far from accepting Israel, they was no peace by then the Arabs would win. Somehow, Israel had to give out clearer signals thai a genuine peace bargain was available to the Arabs. Nothing is more crucial to this argument than the policy of "creating facts" in the occu- pied territories by setting Is- raelis there. The government sees such settlement partly as a security measure, partly as a creeping acceptance of the fact that since no peace is in sight the occupation is here to stay. But this is what angers the critics more than anything, and the marchers who broke into Mrs. Meir's garden were protesting precisely against that. The occasion was the gov- ernment's decision to allow 250 Jewish families to settle in Hebron, in occupied Jordan. After the march one of the or- ganizers, the student leader of the Israeli New Left, nursed a bleeding bruise on his head and held a pavement Press confer- ence. He explained the New Left did not advocate handing bade the occupied territories at once. But they were Israel's bargiirnDg counter for eventual negotiations: to settle them with Jews was to push peace further away than ever. "Goldmann to Cairo, settlers to the Negev desert and Mrs. Meir lo an old people's said the students' banners. But while most Israelis felt the Goldmann affair nad been bad- ly handled, the critics of the government's basic tine remain a minority. Most Israelis evi- dently agree that the have shown no convincing sign of being ready to accept Israel on any lerms, and that since peace is not in sight, Israel must make the best of the se- curity and other advantages of- fered by the territories it holds. (Written lor The HtraM The Observer, Lndtn) that probably not much would have come out of it. The end result was nothing graver than a propaganda point handed to Egypt, since Israel had seen to refuse. Where the gov- emrocnl seemed to have erred was in laking the affair loo ser- iously. Depirty Premier Yi- gael AUon remarked sourly that LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE "Keep off the boule- vards" is lo be strickly enforc- ed by police as cily crews are busy seeding on the bald spots, utere people have been mak- ing "short cuts." that's all the proof they need lo convince Ihem that ciga- relte smoking does nol cause cancer, and furthermore no other disease. BETTY FREDERICK. Tabcr. Support Time' Now, in a year or less, seeing ourselves 'acing seri- ous risk of losing all air ser- vice, it is high time that, most strongly, we support "Time" a no more deserving pioneer of air service, general and am- bulance, lo our little cily. C.I i Lethbridge. _ saw it as once they saw the medieval Crusaders, establish- ed for a while in a hostile Arab work! only to be finally defeat- ed. One day, Dr. Gold mann argued, Ihe Arabs would calch up with Israel. And If there So They Say It is a ridiculous situation when the minister responsible for eivil aviation is also the minister responsible for ail- craft noise. You cannol be both poacher and gamekeeper. Mr. Peter Hofdcrn, British MP. service from Edmonton, laking in Calgary and Lethbridge end- ing in Grcal Falls, where it will connect with the U.S. routes to Chicago and Ihe east- ern states and the Pacific coast. IS10 The department of transport has announced that 24 airports in Canada have been designated for direct or indirect use for mililary pur- poses. Macleod, Gramim and Pearce in sou'hern Alberta are included' in the list. A sharp climb in beef prices has been reported screw Canada in the last few weeks. Advances of between five and 12 cents a pound have been re- ported. The cause is attributed to off-season scarcity. 1JM The new home for aged is expected to be complet- ed by the end of May. The 50-. bed home is being built under the provincial government's five-year plan, which began in 1959. The home is in the Gait Hospital area on 5th Ave. TheUthbridge Herald 504 Tib St. S., LethorWgs, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1903 1934, by Hon. H. A. BUCHANAN Second Clatt Mrt Number Mtt Member rt TTM Car.adta aftd Hit CiAadiie Daifr Ntwiptfw nuiuwtt' tt> Birtia of CirnlllMi CLEO w. Momnu, UMT ud THOMAS H. ACADS, GtttraJ MinjfiT JOB WILLIAM RAY M.iraging Associate Kdnor HOY F. XII.F.5 nODOUS K WAI.KF.l Admlin-j Mtnaier ttlitttbl r.i. "THE HERAtD SERVES THE SOUW ;