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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 26, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGI HERALD Thursday, April 26, 1973. An election in Ulster As proposed in the White Paper presented to the British Parliament by Mr. William Whitelaw, a new as- sembly is to be elected in Northern Ireland. An election will be held June 28, with voting by proportional representation, as a means of improv- ing the prospect that final results will give Roman Catholics some mea- sure of power in the new assembly. This is or could be a most important event in the long history of bitterness in divided Ulster. It could mark the beginning of mean- ingful co-operation between Protes- tants and Catholics in attempting to find solutions to their age-old differ- ences. Note the phrase "could there is real and growing doubt about the Irish electors permitting this initia- tive to work. Until the last few days there was considerable optimism concerning general support far the idea of a new and representative assembly. Endor- sations, albeit cautious ones, had come from the Protestant Unionists and from both the Social Democrats and the Labor party, that have much of the Catholic voting strength. The bi-sectarian Alliance and Northern Ireland Labor parties, too, had regis- tered carefully worded approval. In fact, among those thought of as gen- erally non-violent, only the United Loyalist Front of the Rev. Ian Paisley and Mr. William Craig was deter- minedly opposed, and its most widely publicized rally drew only Ul- stermen. Recently, however, evidence has appeared that opposition may be stronger than had been thought. The Paisley-Craig alliance seems to be gaining support, and there is increas- ing restlessness among Catholics, as the realization grows that even though they may be more fairly represented than ever before, they could still be facing a two-to-one Protestant major- ity in the new assembly. And however the moderates may wish it otherwise, there is still the voice of violence, the IRA and its Protestant counterpart, with the irra- tional conviction that the shedding of blood will perform some crazy kind of alchemy and make all men agree with them. Almost any idea no matter how enlightened its conception, is vul- nerable to malicious opposition. No one knows better than the Irish that the electoral process, and govern- ment itself, can be made unwork- able by a few reckless men who practice violence- The reckless and violent men are there, and won't dis- appear because there's to be an elec- tion. Yet, what else is there? Only the alternative of having British troops permanently stationed, to police Ul- ster in accordance with the dictates of Westminister. So for better or worse the election must take place, and will- It is to be hoped the forces of moderation will have the strength to make it work, to show the people of Northern Ireland it doesn't much matter who else how numerically small is the faction that wants sectarian strife to go on and on, that places its own aims above the needs of the rest of the population. The best of all possible results would be a ringing endorsation of those candidates who most vehe- mently condemn violence as a means of gaining attention or power, and an equally overwhelming rejection of every candidate who admits to a will- ingness to countenance violence in any circumstances whatsoever. That is the first and greatest is- sue, and perhaps in the present cir- cumstances the only really important one- On the question of violence, and the determination to renounce it ut- terly, every candidate must be com- pelled to make himself or herself unmistakably clear. Then let the electorate speak, and if it chooses with any sense at all, the other prob- lems will be solved. Protests continue There is continuing pressure on the French government to halt its pro- gram of nuclear testing in the Paci- fic. Unfortunately the agitation over the testing comes mostly from out- side whicfo means that very little political leverage is exerted. Two recent developments are of in- terest because they may lead to fur- ther protests and an eventual mas- sing of the world opinion against the French tests. That might result in the arousal of concern among French voters which would be the kind of thing that could produce a halt. The fourth annual session of the South Pacific Forum, a regional grouping of Pacific nations, has con- demned France for its failure to abandon nuclear testing in the Paci fie- In addition these nations have accused the French government of "deplorable indifference" to the well- being of the Pacific peoples. In support of such a contention Australian Attorney General Lionel Murphey has been to Paris to press his country's demands that all nuclear testing in the Pacific cease. He re- leased details of a report by the Australian Academy of Science which said French testing to date could al- ready have produced cancer cases and genetic mutations in the Aus- tralian population. The Australian government has ap- pealed to the International Court of Justice at The Hague for action against French testing. Even a de- cision to pursue the testing under- ground instead of in the atmosphere would not satisfy the Australian gov- ernment and would not result in a withdrawal of the appeal. Protests against nuclear testing by the U.S. and U-S.S.R. have had very little effect. The new thing in the protests against French testing is that they are coming from governments and not simply from small groups generally lacking in political count. Something may come of the protests yet Early education revisited By Bessie M- Annand Two facts regarding early education, i.e. the development of children from birth to y-z years, in Lethbridge are apparent. (1) There are not enough nursery school and kindergarten facilities to accommodate all of these children even if their parents de- sired this sen-ice, and (2) the provincial government does not intend to pour huge amounts of money into providing nursery school and kirdergarten programs for all chldren in the very near future. Therefore, the onus is on the parents of young children ia this area to provide all of their children's pre-school experiences. The quality of this pre-school experience be directly related to these parents' knowledge of and interest in children. While most parents are equally endowed regarding biologically producing children, they are not all equally equipped nur- ture these children physically, intellectual- ly, or erootionaJiy. The vocational training of some people, e.g. nurses, schoolteachers, doctors, psy- chologists, social workers, and m a nV others, gives them some training in child development. But many people train for jobs which do not require any understand- ing of the development of young human beings. Yet these people become parents and expect to raise their children to be well-adjusted people ere able to man- age their own lives as well as contributor in some way to society as a whole. How do these people learn to raise chil- dren? Some people have natural ability to do what Is best for their children's de- velopment, and these parents are the bpst teacher? Seme people attempt to ruve their chj'drfn 35. ihcir Dairv.-. them, impossible since change from generation to generation. Oth- er people learn by trial and error, with the oldest child bearing the brunt of the most errors and subsequent children, hope- fully, enduring fewer parental errors. Regardless of a parents' natural ability in I believe that all parents and prospective parents which includes the majority of the population should be encouraged to take instruction regarding child development and in providing activ- ities which they could cany on at home with their young children so that these children would be better prepared social- ly, emotionally, and intellectually for the formal school situation. This instruction for parents might be pro- vided through: (I) experience gained white giving volunteer help at an existing private kindergarten or in a preventive social ser- vices kindergarten program: (2) instruc- tional experience programs at the com- munity college where care for their OUT) children learning strat- egies for providing developmental experi- ences for young children: (3) high school courses, for boys and girls, which provide a combined Ijboratory-ciassroom situation and hence prepare joung people to more adequately carry out the child-rearing re- sponsibilities which they vill likely be faced in few years. There is, I posit, more likelihood of the above programs being carried out than of goveminenl-sponsored universal nursery fdiool-Tsmdergarten programs being start- ed. KWWCICT, no early education pro- eraTfis of any will ever get off Dv crwund unices coixerned press itr hew ihrnnselveg their oaklren. "We're celebrating a record 10 per cent drop in unem- ployment Herbie found old Joe a summer job." Only the young unemployed By Anthony Westell, Toronto Star commentator OTTAWA Few people seem to have noticed, but the econo- mic problem of unemployment has been solved. What remains is the familiar and possibly in- soluble problem of regional de- velopment and a new social problem of how to occupy young people who probably should be in school instead of seeking work. The figures which catch the headlines every month, when Statistics Canada surveys the labor force, are the gross esti- mates of national unemploy- ment. But these figures can be a most misleading guide to the state of the job market and what is required in public po- licy. The gross rate of unemploy- ment last month, for example, wa 6.8 per cent, which appears to be very high. After seasonal adjustment to allow for the fact that we are merging from the long cold winter when some in- dustries are shut down and others run at reduced rate, the figure was still per a long way from full employ- ment which is usually set at 3 to 4 per cent. But now look at the different rates which go to make up the gross total. The actual rate of unemployment for men and wo- men aged 25 and up was 5.1 per cent in March. Some of that was more or less permanent unem- ployment in the Maritimes and elsewhere, and the actual rate in Ontario was 3.6 per cent. Seasonally adjusted, the na- tional rate for adults was 3.9 per cent, which is full employ- ment or close to it. In Ontario, the figure was obviously much- lower, although details are not yet available. With the rapid expansion of the economy now under way, it is probably true to say that as much as possible has been done to provide work for adults, except in the slow-growth dis- tricts which do not respond to normal stimulants. By summer, we may well have a severe and inflationary labor shortage in Ontario and other industrial regions. It makes no sense in these circumstances for politicians to talk as if we still have a gross unemployment problem. If anybody has new ideas on how to solve unemployment ia areas where there is no indus- try, or not nearly enough to employ the available labor, they would be welcome. The alternative is to hope patiently that the Department of Regional Economic Devlop- ment will make progress in rather less than the 15 years forecast by the former minis- ter, Jean Marchand, or that labor will drain away to On- tario and other centres where it is in demand. The area of unemployment which does seem open to at- tack is among youth. The sea- sonably adjusted rate in March for the age group 15 to 19 was 13.4 per cent, In the 15-24 group, it was 10.3 per cent. While these figures are down substantially from a year ago, they arc ctil! very high and tend to distort the gross figures. The number of young people seeking work has been growing fnr two main reasons. One is the famous baby boom in the years after the Second World War and it is rather late to try to do anything about that. The other 5s the participation rate is, the proportion of young people who enter the labor force. With the growth of education, one might have ex- pected that fewer and fewer youngsters hi their teens and early 20s would be seeking work. But the trend seems to be in the other direction. Two years ago, 46.7 out of every 100 people aged 14-24 were in the labor force, work- ing or unemployed. Last month, the rate was up to 49.3 an increase of 2.6, compared with a rise of only one in the parti- cipation rate for adults. In the past few months, the youth rate seems to have been accelerat- ing. This is the other side of all those reports about youngsters dropping out of school or fail- ing to register for university. They are showing up in the lab- or force and keeping up the un- employment rate. It may be argued that young people have as much right to work as adults, and where a person is qualified, this is cer- tainly true. But what about the teenagers who finish their edu- cation at 15, or the youngsters who drop out of university half- way to a degree? Many of them seek unskilled work which may be satisfactory in the short- term, but is not likely to pro- vide a career, and may be phased out in the years ahead by automation. There is of course still a place for some temporary, unskilled workers and there probably al- ways will be. But we should not be too concerned if there is not enough demand to employ all the youngsters who seem to want it now, and who turn up as unemployed. The best solution would be to make education more attractive than it is. and to provide more in the way of sensible Oppor- tunities For Youth programs for youngsters who insist upon tak- ing time out for work. These measures, coupled with the tougher attitude on unemploy- ment insurance, would probab- ly reduce the unemployment rate much faster than general stimulation of the economy. Schreyer's conservative nature By Peter Desbarats, Toronto Star commentator Now that the possibility of a federal election this spring has been all but eliminated, the at- tention of all parties is turning toward Manitoba where NDP Premier Ed Schreyer will call an election this year, perhaps as early as June. durability in Man- itoba politics is related to his essentially conservative nature. Unlike Barrett of British Co- lumbia, he doesn't flaunt his socialism in the face of his critics: and in a recent conver- sation in his office at the Man- itoba legislature, he recognized that "She imajrc wmiW he one. perhaps, on the conservative suppose I'm in the same position as Walter Lippmann." he said, referring to She Ameri- can writer and political theo- rist. "In his younger years, he was rceardpd as a very obvious liberal in the American sense of the word. "But after 50 years, one by one. the things that he thought important for society to do, through 'tic instrumentality of the government, gol dww. "Then he found himself in the position of wanting to ensure that these things would be con- served. So. in a precise of the word, he became a cojjser- alive can see the kind of bappeouog in nay said Premier Schreyer, quickly adding, "but you know, there are still a number of things needing to be done." "While I would like to keep the Crown out of small business activity." he said, "we must be willing to take risks to ensure that resources get developed for the public domain. "My own preoccupation now is the fact that, in the last gen- eration, we have been com- pletely negligent as a nation in the way in which our resources have been developed, particu- larly our non renewable re- sources. "Through timidity in both the private and pubBc sectors, have allowed foreign based ownership with an investment of about billion, most of which has already been repat- riated, to acquire ownership to about 55 billion in proven re- and urtw knows how much more in terms of esti- mated reserves. "There's where the great pre- occupation should said Schreyer, "and not so much with the tax treatment of the manufacturing sector." In his whole approach to the "corporate Schreyer seems to be a blend of NDP Leader David Lewis and Fin- ance Minrcter John Turner. "M> own he "is 1hat the corporate rap-off was too general m issue. "In the real world, there is a corporate rip-off but it is taking place in certain sectors of the corporate economy, not all of it I would say that there sure as hell is a corporate rip-off in the resource development sector, a tremendous one, but would you say that there is one in the manufacturing sector? "I doubt it very much." Pre campaign speculation about the Manitoba election has focused on Liberal Leader I. B. Asper, despite the fact that Hs four-man group in the legisla- ture is far smaller than the member Conservative Opposi- tion. Asper's energetic western attack on Canadian financial and political structures has stimulated speculation about a resurgence of Liberal strength in Manitoba. "I regard Jha! as completely out of the question." Schre- yer in a rare venture into politi- cal "The nature of Manitoba's political make-up is such that there is wo way that the Liber- als will replace the Conserva- tives. The Liberals have no standing in rural Manitoba. The Conservatives are not about to lose their support in the south end of Winnipeg and we are not abmrt to lose ours in the north end. Liberal move into second place is just not io Ue cards." Letters Warning re west side I was elated when Mr. Loug- heed was elected premier. I thought that at last the Prov- ince would get some efficient management from a truly suc- cessful business executive. It is cause for great regret to discover we have only another politician. By what standard of business acumen does he justify a further use of money (n a ra e 1 y for a bridge) in supporting the at- tempt by the city of Lethbridge to build a. utopia on the west side of the river? Twenty years ago Leth- bridge was the envy of Canada. A clean, friendly city, well kept moderate growth, prob- ably the lowest per capita debt cf any city in Canada. Now with a mad desire and Impetus to be the "Edmonton" of Southern Alberta, it has be- come mired in debt, (the Mon- treal of the The tax base and population along with the rest of Southern Alberta is not great enough to support the ambitious plans of a few city fathers. If economists have ever anal- yzed the situation perhaps they can inform me where the affluent people" are going to come from to populate this dream city. If you move every soul within the city's trading radius of 75 miles you cannot get people. I suppose the theory is two white elephants are better than one, namely, the great Social Credit railway to the north, now the great stone monument of the south "politicized" into being by Social Credit, to be perpetuated by the Conserva- tives. I urge the premier to forget politics (Southern Alberta votes Social Credit) and examine this decision on merit and need. Lethbridge is our city and I do not want to see it bankrupt in 10 years or so, nor do I want to support the ego of a few dreamers. If the government must spend money in Southern Al- berta to win votes take a good look at highways No. 3 and No. 5 (a practical EARLE TOMLINSON Magrath. Stiffen corporate taxes I wish to comment briefly on Imperial Oil Co. (ESSO) that noble American institu- tion which is no stranger to Canada. This year again these fine folks have spent millions of dollars ostensibly to spon- sor the National Hockey Lea- gue play-offs. What is new this year, however, is that they are no longer pushing tires, batter- ies, extra-special supers and "tigers in the tank." Rather, their money is now spent 'ad- vertising' what is known by economists as the multiplyer effect. Briefly, the argument is that if we allow Imperial Oil to make money hand-over-fist by selling our resources, while permitting them to pay little or no taxes (which we most certainly they will spend it, creating jobs, stimulating the economy, etc., etc. In oth- er words, Imperial Oil is be- ginning to worry that Canadi- ans are listening to David Lewis, when he tells them about the corporate rip-off. Well, what about this so-call- ed "multiplyer Any first-year economics student will be able to tell you it is of questionable validity to begin with, but in Imperial's case, it is a downright lie. Allow me to make the fol- lowing points: 1. In spite of nearly mil- lion dollars profit and mil- lion in new investment in the last three years, Imperial Oil had a net drop of 497 jobs. 2. Imperial oil pays taxes en its legacy at an average rate of about 19 per cent. This is slightly higher than average for oil companies, but far be- low what the average wage earner pays. Come on Imperial, how stu- pid do you think we are? JOHN McINNIS Lethbridge Praise encourages I would like to comment on file recent review (April 17) of Carousel by Miss Lynn Van Luven. Finally, here is what high school students want to see in a review about their production. She took notice of character portrayal, special ef- fects, dancers, costume co-or- dination, orchestration, direct- ing, choreography and late ar- rivals. The reviewer's use of "don't miss and "charming" were eye catching. The most important point she maua that cer- tain things such as an over- powering orchestra may be minor details in a superior production. Let's hope that the calibre of this review shows through in future reviews. BRENDA KOSAKA Lethbridge. port of tfw MW rasjKctioii Herald _ iM Ttt St. S, LetUbndge, UTHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1906-1961, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Meana am wan RcgunvHon NO. tan CansJIm Prm tna the PKWMitrr AtwcUThm tme AvOtt Btircni or CLSO W MOWERS. Editor fna fOWVhtr THOMAS H. ADAMS, manager DON PILLING WILUAV HAT Associate HOY f DOVStAi K WAtKW MiMgtr BOTorol Page Etfttar THE HERAID fflVES THE SOUTH- ;