Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 26, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
_ THE IE1HBRIDGE HERALD Wodneiday, April 76, 1973 Josepit Kraft, The right answer in oil There ciin be liltlc quarrel will] Iho new plan of the Alberta govern- ment to levy a special tax on oil and pas reserves, inilt'eil, it is belter than the government's first intention to royally, lor which lliis is a subsiitule. It is iiupnrtant to remember lhat (lie I'nnm dots not own all the min- eral rictus in the province. Many millionsV acres of rights (especially in me soiniii vvc-re ceded long ago lo to the Hudson's Bay Company, the CPU, and to thousands of original homesteaders. It was not until early in this century lhat ownership in perpetuity was retained by the Crown, and only leases given to developers and operators. How- ever, most of Ihe big discoveries in the last few years have been in the north, where the Crown owns nearly all the rights. Development of non-Crown oil and gas has been of little concern or benefit lo the frown, although there has been a nominal lax on all free- hold minerals. The government's bo- nanza has come from (a) the sale of rights to explore for Crown-owned oi! ami gas; (bi the sale of leases to produce the oil and gas; and (c) royalties on the oil and gas produced. Apparently the previous govern- ment put in its leases that the royal- ties would not be more than one- sixth of production. It was this that the new government wanted to in- crease, and then expressed surprise last week that it found it could not be increased. How a matter so funda- mental lo Ihe financing of this prov- ince escaped Ihe attention of the Progressive Conservative party (so far as we know there was no attempt to bide it) is hard to understand. Yet more revenue is needed, and so the government lias come up with an alternative plan, a better plan. U will simply raise the tax on all proven oil and gas reserves, thus hilling freehold as well as Crown ownership. The industry will natural- Iv squawk, bill Ihe results will be fairer lo all, especially to the people of Albeda. Some of the details an- nounced by lion. Bill Dickie, minis- ter of mines, may have to be adjusted, but the basic plan is sound. The industry, no doubt, will pass the extra cost on to Ihe consumer, but since Alberta consumes such a small part of the production, the net bene- fit to the people of ihis province will be substantial. The government should be given full marks for arriving al the right answer, if not necessarily for its method of finding it. Space exploration Popular interest in moon explora- tion has undoubtedly declined, but among the experts excitement still runs high. The drama of space travel, which appeals so strongly to the great majority of people who are by- standers, has tended to recede with each succeeding success. On the other hand, additional information gleaned from the latest trip only whets the appetites of the investiga- tors for more. Only one more manned flight to the moon is planned by the Ameri- cans. Pressing needs within society have forced the curtailment of the ex- pensive space program. Exploration of the moon simply does not carry the same implication of urgency as is the case with some other high-prior- ity concerns. Nevertheless it is a mistake to as- sume that the visits to the moon have been worthless. There have been very significant technological spin offs, some of them already apparent in communications, medicine and food. Mankind's material life on earth will be improved as a result. More im- portantly, perhaps, are the prospects for a deeper understanding of the cosmos and a richer appreciation of the earth and man's place in it. Disinterest in moon exploration may root in disappointment that this body has not been found to be habit- able or that it does not apparently offer the opportunity to glean untold riches. The real purpose in venturing into space, however, transcends such practical interests it has to do with seeking to unlock more of the mysteries of the universe and ful- filling an indefinable urge of the spirit. ANDY RUSSELL Drywood creek 'pHIS was my creek the Drywood. It nurtured me. The ranch home where I grew up was on a bench overlooking the country where the forks of this creek swreep down through wooded valleys past the rugged flanks of Drywood Mountain with Us great shoulders hunched as though in a shrug of endless pa- tience, with time, the elements and the stu- pidity of men. The clear cold water of the creek provided me with a place to fish tor Ihe pastel shaded cul-throat and Dolly Varden trout; its pools a place to I left my tracks on the sandhars with those of deer, hears, heaver, mink and and many other wild things sharing its secrets with me; each of us acfding a sen- tence to this story of the wilds. It was there on the edge of a leaver dam at the gnarled feet of the some great cottonwoods lhat I met my first grizzly face lo face, the great hear towering at full height over me, while I stood frozen in my tracks, scared, small and very impressed with this liugc animal that chose to turn and leave without a hostile move. It was there I came to know something of the mysteries of life supported by the stream; life that ranged from the tiniest larvae of various hugs to the great Dolly Varden trout as long as my leg; one de- pendant on Ihe other. It nurtured me phy- sically and menially, for f caught the Dolly Varden, and learned from rooking into the stomachs of Ihe smaller fish in its belly that my feeding on its pink delicious flesh started with the caddis larvae, the fresh- water shrimp, the paddle beetles, acquatic plants and a host of other things making up the wonderful, mysterious patlern of life within the waters of the creek. In winter the creek ran under snow and ice, shackled by the elements, murmuring sleepily in its hwl while storms tore at the trees growing along its hanks. In spring the ice thawed and it roared with boister- ous delight at being free and fed uith the run-off from melting snow. Then it was dangerous to fawns, cub bears and small hoys; sometimes tragedy struck among snags and rocks where the fierce water threw manes of sprrvy into Ihe air and roared in utter savagery. In summer it was serene and beautiful, harboring hordes of liny fish fresh hatched from its clean co- lorfui gravel beds, feeding them small tilings needed in their struggle to grow big Nixon's theory of 'linkage' not workable WASHINGTON Viclmmii- zation is not the only ca- sualty of Hanoi's latest offen- sive. Great power diplomacy built by President Nixon around (lie Ilicory of linkage lias also been knocked into a cocked ha I. The president's aim Mas to use his connections with Rus- sia and China to advantage in Vietnam. Instead, he finds that the burden of Vietnam now strains his lies with the great powers of Communism. Link- age has heen stood on its head and turned against him. Mr. Nixon never concealed his intenlion to try Ihe great power game in Vietnam. All through the campaign ho spoke of using the resource of "total diplomacy" to make peace. In particular, he cited liis notion of how President Ei- enough for me to catch. In the process some of them marie feed for the Dolly Vardens. To a boy engrossed with watching this life, wondering and wailing for what could happen next, a day seemed short, time purely something starting when the sun came up and ending when he slept. To Ihe stream and its fostering mountain time was endless as its patience with all liiings; the fierce storms, wind, summer heat and win- ter cold. Bui there was no way of ac- counting for the ambitions of men. For one day men came. They had no feeling for what it means to live with the land only how to tear a living from it. They knew not the virtue of patience, for if Ihey had, the could have taken the things they wanted without the festering scars to mark their trails. They drilled holes away down past ages of rock two miles or more toward the heart of Ihe earth and found there the residue of things long dead. They hurried, for this was gold, poison gold gas .sulphur and other things to offer the greedy maw of affluence and riches. And in their hurry they poured effluents into the Drywood killing every living thing with- in its waters for miles, even (he old trees along its banks. They transformed it from a thing nf beauty lo a twiiled tortured wreck as dearl and lifeless as the body of a snake rotting in the strn. Even a dead, snake supports some kinds of life, but Ihe creek supported none, except streamers of greasy algae turning brilliant colored rocks into featureless lumps of slime. It was dead, this stream. The fish tliat once thrived there could not even be brought back by replanting for there was nothing for them to eat; the once pure waters stank. Can the Drywood be revived and brought back lo semblance rrf a place where trout can live? It is a question depending on how much people care and how much they are willing to pay. nut there really isn't much choice, if ne dairn intelligence enough to manage our ov.n technology. To leave it like it is, a monument to waste and carelessness, is a threat lo health, tha careless acceptance of a scrofulous scar on Ihe face of a beautifuf tand. This was my creek, but il also belonged to nature. the bright hucd dragon- flics no longer tolerate it as a fitting place Co lay their eggs. senhower had stopped the Ko- rea war namely, by passing the word la Russia and China that nuclear weapons would come into play unless Ihey made peace. Once in office, Mr. Nixon player! the hand wilh great skill, lie let the Russians know he would not deal wilh them OH arms control unless Ihey be- haved tn a peaceful way all over Ihe globe. The Sovlel Union was (bus promoted to the role of co-policeman of the world, wilh special responsibili- ty for the Communist precinct. The linkage theory had, in ef- fect, been deployed. For three years thereafter Ihe president worked Moscow against Peking in a master- piece of careful staging. By the beginning of this year he had powerfully frayed Hanoi's lies wilh Us principal allies in Ihe Communist world. Russia was engaged in two sets of negotiations critically important to Moscow the German treaty providing for a boundary settlement in Central Europe and Ihe arms control negolialious providing for stra- tegic parity with the United Stales. Both were due lo come to a head in a summit meeting with President Nixon set in Moscow for this May. The Rus- sians had to know their treaties would be in jeopardy if peace was violated in Southeast Asia. China, too, had been drawn Into negotiations with the United States. The president's chief foreign policy aide, Henry Kissinger, had visited Peking Iwice. He had come away con- vinced lhat China did not sup- port North Vietnam's designs lo lake over Soulh Vietnam by force. Not surprisingly, the admin- istration began lo feet a lillle cocky about Vietnam. Hanoi, it was said around the White House, either hud lo come to terms with Washington or risk the danger of becoming a "foot- note to history." And in that mood, Mr. Nixon, just before off lo Peking, surfaced Ihe story of his secrel negotia- tions wilh Hanoi, thus breaking Ihe dialogue with a kind of lake-our-offer-or-leave-it shrug. Only the scenario never play- ed out as expected. Despite Mr, Nixon's visit to Peking and what he called ('the week that changed the the Chi- nese did not modulate North Vietnam's behavior. On the "Change channels if you've seen one moon Irip, you've seen them contrary, Prime Minister Chou En-lai met wilh the Norlh Viet- numu.se leaders immediately after the president's visit, and backed them on tlieir basic de- maud for withdrawal of Ameri- can troops and a change in Ihe Saigon regime, With their Chinese rivals eg- ging Hanoi in, (he Russians were hi poor position to assert a rust raining influence. Mos- cow seems to have chickepl some warnings just before Ihe Norlh Vietnamese offensive got underway. But (he Russians conki not, stop the offensive, and once it was rolling they had to back it up. The administration Is still going through the motions of great power diplomacy based on linkage. The president, Sec- retary of State William Rogers and Secretary of Defence Mel- vin Lnird are all blaming fhcir troubles in Vietnam on Ihe Rus- sians. But the complaints have a distinctly hollow ring. The United Slates has made South Vietnam the fourth great- est air power in the world and the third greatest naval power. Washington has given Saigon millions of dollars of sophisti- cated material for conventional ground warfare. This country is currently using in Indochina more B-.S2s than at any time in the past, more carriers and more ships. Compared to that, what the Russians have done by way of supply is a mere bagatelle. It is, in fact, hard to imagine how they could have done much less. And insofar as Mr. Nixon presses the Russians, he merely jeopardizes the Moscow summit meeting. For the basic fact is that the band Mr. Nixon set out lo play the band of great power di- plomacy in Vietnam was un- playable. Not because of (he players, hut because the cards just weren't there. The govern- ment of South Vietnam is a losing proposition. No diploma- fEc combination can change that. Even the designation of Russia as a co-policeman of the world, responsible for its pre- cinct, won't work. The only thing that will work are negotiations with North Vietnam based on recognition of the fact that Hid regime of South Vietnam cannot be sus- tained in Hi present form. The sooner Mi1. Nixon settles to such negotiations, the sooner he stops playing diplomatic games, the better for every- body. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Carl Roivan Hippies, drugs, sex, destroy U.S. image as power SINGAPORE When Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew talks about "social deteriora- tion" in the United States, he puts his finger on a notion that has become pretty widespread in Asia The U.S. is becoming an unreliable world force be- cause it is becoming a coun- try nf lax morals, utter per- missiveness and weak will. The stream of "hippies" roaming Asia on the cheap air- lines "youth fares" has done a lot to lend credence to Ihis no- tion. In fndia I rode wilh a top government official as a male with long, dirty blond hair wearing a dingy dhoti padded by in hare feet. "Why do they do Ihe official said to me. at once showing both his revulsion and his assumption that the offend- er was an American. In every country I have visit- ed, officials view hippies as an unwelcome plague as a threat to the manners and morals of Asian youth. Some countries have adopted un- siibtle ways of showing Ameri- can youth they are unwelcome. Lee. who can he both puri- fancial and arrogant, as.so- c i a tes hippiedom with 'cop- ping-oul nn responsibility, even on and in1 is quick lo say lo intimates lhal. those young people who defy all normal so- cial conventions (such as refus- ing lo bathe or making love in public) are symbolic of a Uni- ted States which is copping out on its international responsibili- ties. Lee has almost made long hair synonymous wKIi hippie- dom. So even a businessman or journalist who shows up at Hie airport here wilh long hair may be showrn a barber and told, "Get it cut, or go on to the next country." The campaign against long hair and the "decadent life- style" of the West has gone so far here lhat even some Chi- nese girls have been forced lo cut their hair so short they look like fuzzy fireplugs. In Indonesia, when teen- agers' motorbikes are seized for some traffic violation, offi- cers generally will return the vehicles only to youngsters who show up with neat haircuts. Leaders out here also asso- ciate drug abuse with long hair and s h a b b y dress. They say they must guard their societies against Ihe drug culture (hat has caused so much havoc in the U.S. Asian leaders know from Lenin onward, Commu- nist leaders hint- said that communism would triumph be- cause Ihe capitalist West is "decadent." Perhaps Lenin, Stalin and Co. were unconvinc- ing, but the young Americans who traffic in marijuana, LSD, heroin, goof pills and whatever have left much of this part of the world believing in the weakness, the decay, of U.S. so- ciety. One result is a growing dis- dain for "too much liberty" of any sort in these Asian coun- tries. Leader after leader out here has ciied 'the Pentagon pa- pers" and "the Anderson pa- pers" as bonifying proof (hat "the press is loo free in Am- erica." So there is a strong trend loward suppression of press freedom in almost every country I have visited. Here, where Lee runs a very Unit ship, troublesome news- men and editors are locked up indefinitely. In fndia, newsprint restrictions, threats of harsh new press laws and, in rare in- stances, jailings serve as effec- tive curbs on press liberty. In Indonesia and Thailand a news- man who becomes too critical of the governing regime may find himself arrested as a threat to "security." In Indonesia, students prn- testing a park project of Prcsi- idenl Suharto's wife havo been suppressed in a masive dis- play of army and police strength. Even foreigners with no sympathy for the students have accused t h e government of "using a sledgehammer to kill a gnat." "We just aren't going to let these young punks get away with what your students got away with in the United one general told me. "If (hey can get away with Ihis protest, enemy forces will soon exploit them to stage a bigger protest. And Indonesia will be in political trouble again." Most of us Americans have been thoroughly inculcated wilh the belief lhat freedom of speech, of protest, of the press are virtues imbued re- wards lhat exceed any tempo- rary inconveniences. It is dis- concerting, (ben, to hear the U.S. cited again and again as Ihe horrible example of de- structions caused by "loo much One notes that these indict- ments generally are based on scant knowledge. A magazine article about "the VD epidem- ic" is lakcn as proof that Am- ericans are more sexually promiscuous than Asians, a theory of doubtful validity. An article about Haight-Asbury in San Francisco and the sight of four 1 o n g-haired Americans alighting from a jetliner lend credence lo the silly notion that Ihe majority of U.S. young are "hippies." Bui a nalion's Image re what people think it is. This thought, so prevalent out here, lhat the U.S. is decaying from within has been ground into Ihe real, ity of withdrawal from Viet- nam. Ihe Kixon trip to China, the "lower U.S. profile" in Asia. What shakes out in Ihis part of the w o r I d is increas- ing doubl thai (he political wave of the future is wilh the United States. (Field F'lDtcrprihcs, Inc.) Looking backward Letter to the editor Questions posed by unemployment The television program pre- sented Sunday evening was an excellent one lhat indicated some of the personal problems encountered by an executive Mho has been eliminated by his company of econo- mic conditions beyond his con- trol. !t is unfortunate, however, Ilial a program such n "The Ooldcn Handshake" cannot probe further Ihe emotional, social, and economic factors involved in this type of unem- ployment The program did pose some unanswered questions. The questions posed were: (U What responsibility must Ihe business enterprise accept for future events that Irefall such a displaced employee? (2) Can individual.'! like Can- trell (the executive) beller cope with non work in a soc- iety of increasing leisure and increased competition for ex- isting work? (3) Can social agencies con- cerned wjHi welfare, counsel- ling, and unemployment really succeed using shallow, imper- sonal responses and handouts of money? (4) How can government respond lo unemploym e n t while it is charged with care of public interests that conflict with interests such as Idling a "free market" system func- tion and under the constraints of money and the declining job situation? The program was discon- certing because it implied that we, as a society, do not have any workable solutions. Per- haps we can apply our intel- lectual capacities, collectively, to reconcile society's need for labor wilh the individual's need for making a meaningful contribution to society and re- ceiving a tangible reward for such efforts. If the answers are. not forthcoming, we will in- deed face social change; not progressive but certainly des- tructive. Lcthbridge. "IIUSS" Through The Herald A recent investigation marie in the city of Calpary has shown lhal the great decrease in the infant mortality rale in lhat city has come about through enforced pasteurization of all milk within Ihe city limits. 1932 G. ftlonahan, general manager of Canadian ilaybestos Company and D. Pocock, west- ern representative, were in the city Monday. In connection wilh (he visit a showing of a talking picture depicting the manufacture and testing of Itayhe.slos products wa.s ex- hibited. mci II is important (huh housewives lake exceptionally good care of (heir kitchen uten- sils. Then Inn it is essential thai as soon as any metal utensil becomes unservicfiblc, it is turned over to Ihe salvage col- lector. 1952 Lady Baden- Powell will lay the cornerstone of the new Scout Hall on Sun- day afternoon. The Lethbridge Herald SOt 7th St. Lothbridgc, Alberta LETHBRfDGE HERALD TO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1903 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Man RegrstraTfon NO. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Daily NewsnaMr Publishers' Association and tna Audit Burcnu tif CirculaHonj CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and THOMAS H. ADAMS, General DON PILUrlG WILLIAM HAY Managing Edilcr ROY F WILES DOUGLAS K WALKER Advertising Manager fcdiicriaJ Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"