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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 26, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta FINAL EDITION Weattier FMNMM! CLOCDT, WUfDT .VOL. 114. LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, FRIDAY, APRIL 26, 1946 16 PAGES EUROPEAN PEACE ENVOYS OPTIMISTIC Rf m Separated uss Troops Quit Harbin But Breakdown in Communications Move' of Chinese Communist Forces Into North Man- churian Railroad Centre Political Settlement Sought NANKING, April forces today presumably occupied Harbin, important north Man- churian railroad a breakdown in communica- tions obscured the situation. The government's Central News Agency said destruc- tion of communications between Mukden and Harbin made it impossible to ascertain whether the last Soviet units had left Harbin, as scheduled. j The grand old man of earlier reports to the Nanking newspaper Connie 33. has separated Takangrao said the Soviet had begun the withdrawal of their rear guard yesterday, the same day Marshal Rodion Malinovsky, commandant of Russia's Far East forces, quit DeftllOCk Sign Russo-Iran Accord Looming In Conference the city. 200 SOLES AWAT The newspaper speculated that Communists had cut communica- tions outlets as a preliminary to taking Harbin in the -wake of the Soviet -withdrawal. The nearest government troops were more than 200 miles to the south. An official spokesman in Cnungking indicated the govern- ment was in no position immediately to challenge the Communists for control of Harbin. A party spokesman said the Communists will not surrender Har- bin, nor recently captured Chang- chun, the Manchurian capital, until they effect a political settlement the government. They demand a share in the provincial government of Manchuria. Nanking, meantime, prepared to assume its role of China's capital Wednesdav. President Chiang Kai-Shek is scheduled to fly in Sunday. Cabinet ministers, foreign embassy heads and lesser officials are arriving daily in this already badly overcrowded city. DIFFICULT FOR GOVT. CHUNGKING, April The Chinese government acknow- ledged its second major defeat in Manchuria within a week, conceding that Communists were seizing un- opposed the northern metropolis of Harbin. A Communist spokesman said he believed Communist troops occupy- ing 'Harbin, and Changchun would resist all outside pressure to "sur- render these cities to the Central government." _ _ have beaten them into Harbin and Changchun after fighting it will be most difficult to turn those cities over to the Kuornintang (govern- ment A dispatch from Nanking quoted 3jt.-Gen. Chao Chia-Hsiang, gov- eminent chief-of-staff in Man- churia, as saying there several days ago he would tell Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek that his generals Very Difficult to Reach Ses- sion Mondav Soviet reply, the state department did not disclose its nature. How- ever, it was learned that the first official reaction was that it was unsatisfactory. Some authorities suggested that it even amounted to i a rejection of United States com- plaints against Russian handling of the properties. REPLT UNSATISFACTORY LONDON, April The Soviet Union has replied to British protests of last month of removal of Japanese industrial equipment from Manchuria, it was learned in official quarters today. But it was reliably understood that the Soviet reply was not completely satisfactory. from his wife because of financial disagreements. His Trite disclosed that Mack had divided more than half of his stbck among three of bis j sons, and there are four other sons and his vif e Expect Output Of Newsprint Higher (By MYER NEGRU, Canadian Press Staff Writer.) MONTREAL, April ada's newsprint manufacturing in- dustry, now humming along at 92 per cent of rated capacity, bids fair to reach a 1946 outbut of tons, well above original estimate of a record tons, it -was learned today from authoritative sources. Production for the first three months was tons, at a yearly rats. Assuming availability of suffic- ient pulpwood supplies and opera- tion at 96 per cent of feasible a. the second half of the vear, it was expected the figure would be realized. ShiDinents in the first quarter of 1946 totalled 92LS75 tons, witn tons going to Canadian consumers, to the United States and mat ms generals 130.230 to overseas users. were losing their stomach for the diHvertesTrunnin? in a j excess of the monthly al- location set at the beginning of 1946, were at the yearly rate of about 225.000 tons as comoared with settlement. W U.S. DISSATISFIED 2 United States officials, dissatisfied with a new note from Moscow, re- ceived yesterday, cast about today for a fresh approach to the urob- lem presented by Soviet claims to Japanese proDerzies in Manchuria. The main problem involved is the disnosition of Japanese properties, including valuable industrial equip- ment, as war reparations. Along with the properties is the question of control of such mines, power plants and factories as remain in Man- churia after reparations are settled. While announcing receipt of the The Left Hand Corner. A Tommy Church Story Don't Get Ex- ercise Enough Cock- __fighting-. SENATOR CHARLES BISHOP, in his reminiscences, which are appearing in the Ottawa Citizen, after recalling the Winni- peg convention thas nominated the then R. B. Bennett as Conservative party leader, had this story to tell! Hon. E, N. Rhodes, presided, admirably. Once, when Tommy Church spoke, the attention was not what you could call rapt but negligent, with everyone in the great hall talking. Mr. Rhodes, bespeaking a hearing for Mr. Cinirch, called out "Order! over the mechanical installation that makes it easier to follow the speakers' trains of thought. Mr. Church, whose hearing is not good, turned to the loud speaker mechanism, behind him, and shouted "Shut Up! You're not even a 3tP.'s LIFE AT OTTAWA ( Globe ar.d despatch from Ottawa) Dr. James J. McCain, minister of revenue, has taken an interest in the health of members fince he was first elected 11 years ago. Dr. Wil- liam Gourlay Blair (P.C. Lanark) has only observed members in this light since he was elected last summer. Both come to the conclu- i that the chief menace to a regular habits and exercise. Some members become exhaust- ed, but Mr. McCann figures that comes from hearing too many speeches, a condition that can be cured by slug of rye or a brisk walk, according to the. patient's preferences. A composite summary of the two doctors' reports would go some- thing like this: A member's first trouble is that his ordinary living THE LEFT HAND (Continued on Page 1EJ 200.000 for 1945 and original esti- mate of tons for this year. SLIGHT INCREASES Allocation controls in Canada dis- appear effective May 1, but the sources consulted said, assuming adequate pulpwood supplies and continuance of deliveries to the United States at the present rate, Canadian shipments now are at a minimum of "what is expected for the full year, with possibly even some- slight increases. Canadian consumers will pay a ton for news- effective May I. when the domestic price ceiling is suspended in virtue of a recent prices board order, it was learned. This will luing the price to S63 a ton laid down in Montreal and Toronto, and proportionately higher elsewhere in accordance with contracts. Price to the American user is per ton in United States dollars, laid down in New York. SO HELP ME! TALLAHASSEE, Fla_ April 23 advertisement in Thursday's Tallahassee Demo- crat: "JJotice Democrats. Unless I can find a place for my family to live by election time. I will vote Republican, so help Rail Wreck Tollls44 Charged XAPERVTLLE. IIL. April 26, least 44 persons -were killed, -when the Burlington railroad's fast exposition flyer, racing through Chicago's west- ern suburbs at more than a wile-a-minute, ripped into the road's advance fljer yesterday. Thirty-one of the 123 persons injured remained in hospitals. Some were in critical condition. All but 10 of the dead had been identified. The Advance Flyer carried 150 to 200 passengers in nine coaches. The Exposition Fiver, made up of 11 coaches, carried 175 to 200 persons. Two minutes after the Advance Flyer made an unscheduled stop in this village of a terrific crash roared through the countryside as the Exposition Flyer plowed into the rear of-the stalled-train. Coaches were "strewn across torn tracks, some in tangled wreckage. Cries of the dying came" mostly from the rear coach of the Advance Jlver, where tjsssengers were trap- ped. Others groped in bewilder- ment for escape-from the mass of steel wreckage. Eleven coaches were overturned or left the rails six on the Advance Fiyer and five on the Exposition Flyer- Through ins night search con- tinued for additional bodies, but this was discontinued at dawn when searchers were convinced all casual- ties had been accounted for. MANSLAUGHTER. CHARGE State's Attorney lee Daniels of Da Page County, said a warrant charging manslaughter had been is- sued for "W. "W. Blaine, 68, Gales- burg. HI., engineer of the Exposition lEljer. Mr Daniels said the action was taken to insure Elaine's appearance at an inquest later into the deaths. Mr. Daniels said he had interviewed members of the train crews and found no evidence of laxity. Daniels quoted the engineer as saving "we were going too fast." and that his train was travelling 85 miles an hour when, he noticed the first of two warning signals. The engineer anplied the brakes at once. Daniels said Blaine related, but "it was too late." THREE CHILDREN DIE IN BLAZE NORTH BAY. Ont., April children died in hospital here early today and then- mother is in critical condition following a fire last night at their Powassan district farm home some 25 miles south of here. Burned fatally were Teresa, three; Alfred, two, and Norman. 11 months, children of Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Savage. Cause of the fire has not been determined. Hospital authorities said life of the 21-year-old mother is despaired of. The bouse was partiallv des- troyed. Australia Moves Probe Resolution U.N. MAY TAKE VOTE ON SPAIN ON MONDAY By FRANCIS W. CARPENTER. NEW YORK, April United Nations Security Council charter and the Security Council has been asked to declare that this situation has led to international today received a new proposal from friction and endangered intema- Australia that a five-man sub- committee be named to inquire into the Soanish question and then de- ferred" further consideration of 'the case until Monday afternoon. The council then adjourned at a-m., C.S.T. Immediately after Lt.-Col. W. R. Hodgson, of Australia, of presented Rafael de -la Colina, Mexican dele- gate, suggested that a vote be de- layed until Monday to permit time to "study the proposal and allow the delegates to gel new instruc- tions. ACSTRALLVS MOTION The text of the new Australian proposal follows: "The attention of the Security Council lias been drawn to the situation in Spain by a member of the United Nations acting in ac- cordance with article 35 of the tional oeace and security. "Therefore, the Security Council, keeping in mind the moral con- demnation of. the Franco regime in the Security Council and the reso- lutions concerning Spain which were adopted at the United Nations conference on international organ- ization in San Francisco and at the first general Nations and of the views expressed by the members of the Security Council regarding thtf Franco re- gime, hereby resolve: "To make further studies in order to determine whether the situation in Spain has led to international friction and docs endanger inter- national peace and security, and if it so finds, then to determine what practical measures the United Na- tions may take. "To this end the Security Coun- ujr. MAY VOTE (Continued on Page Three) OTTAWA, April fed- eral government and the provinces are making little headway in the clearing away of difficulties ia the new financial relations and taxation agreements among the governments. It was learned today. As the co-ordinating committee of the' Dominion-provincial conference rose for its luncheon adjournment, one of the participants told The Canadian Press that "it will be very difficult to reach an agreement of any kind." It was learned the federal au- thorities stressed on those attend- ing the conference the need for se- crecy in matters discussed at the in camera meetings. As a .result reporters found contacts more re- ticent than usual. It appeared that the first concrete picture of goings on at the com- mittee meetings would be given Monday when the first public ses- sion since last August will be held. IX OPEN MONDAT the Dominion-provincial conference, which has been attempting since last August to reach agreement at closed meetings, decided yesterday to bring discussions into the open Monday. The talks today will con- tinue in camera, ONTARIO-QUEBEC MOVE The move to make the talks pub- lic was understood to have been sponsored by Ontario and Quebec. which have been most opposed to the federal proposals presented to the conference at its opening nine months ago. While speculation was to the effect that the move meant a break- up or a final showdown. Premier George Drew of Ontario had this to say: "The motion to go into open con- ference was made in the hope of increasing the possibility of agree- ment." The Ontario-Quebec motion fol- lowed on the heels of Mr. Duples- sis" release of a brief commenting on federal proposals and of Do- minion, replies to a series of ques- tions asked by provincial premiers (Continued oa Page Two.) Ontario Liberals To Delay Choice Of New Leader TORONTO, April Ontario liberal Association at its annual meeting Thursday unani- mously approved a recommendation that "the time is not vet to set a date for a convention to select a provincial leader for the party, drastically reduced membership of its management committee and passed resolutions supporting an eight-iiqur day and five-day work week irithout reduction in pay. "With some of the approximately 400 delegates indicating privately that ths leadership convention might be delayed until next spring, the meeting adopted a report by a special committee that no specific date should be set to choose a suc- cessor to Mitchell Hepburn, who re- signed last fall as provincial leader. Earlier Farquhar Oliver, leader of the Liberal group in the Ontario legislative, told the meeting that the "rejuvenation" of the party is under way and said Liberals must "become the leaders of reform." Russian Note On Manchuria Unsatisfactory Is Applauded Molotov's Agreement to France Talcing: Part in Balkan Discussions Raises Hopes That Moscow Will Be More Conciliatory on Other Issues "LOUIS PARIS, April (A.P.) Secretary Ernest Bevin and State Secretary James F. Byrnes conferred for more than an hour today as deputy foreign ministers met at Luxembourg Palace to discuss the afternoon agenda for the Four. Both Mr. Be via ?nd Mr. Byrnes declined comment as they emerged frcwn their conference to attend a luncheon given for the foreign ministers by French President Felix Gouin. Russia's decision to allow France to- participate in. discussions on the Balkan treaties created a fresh atmos- phere of optimism as the ministers buckled down to their task of writing a new peace for Europe. TTALIAX TREATY i final texts of the peace treaties- Italian oeaee j 3. The 21-poTer peace confersnca ggnda of" tee to be held, here muss approve SoYies Ambassador M. Sadchikov (left) and Premier Ahmad Qavani. of Iran, as they signed an agreement for establishing a Rus- so-Iranian oil company. The oact is to last 50 years, with the Soviets holding 51 per cent control for the first 25 years. It was also agreed at meeting thai the Soviet would begin evacuation of Red army troops from Iranian soil within six weeks from March 24. i Lethbridge Gunners Were "Dis ting u ished Visitors Discussioii of the second-day meeting of ters- of the United States, Britain, j Russia and Prance, scheduled at 4 j pjn. ajn. The deputy; foreign ministers meet at 11 ajn.; ajn. C-S.TJ to prepare the; groundwork on this pact. Foreign Minister V. M- Molotov of Russia, unexpectedly reversing a decision he had armouficed last i year as the london foreign minis- i ters' conference, said yesterday he t had no objection to French, observ- ers attending discussions of sreaaes the 3alkans and Finland. REDS' ACTION on Pass Tstx> 112th Bty. Entered Alaska May, 1942 First Canadian troops to be mored into Alaska, in 1942 are believed Save been "G" Troop of the 112th LA-4. K.CJL, mobilized in Lethbridse. The troop was commanded by Lieut. C. E. S'ne Calgary, formerly of Lethbridfft. The battery was rushed to Prince Rupert. B.C., from Fetawawa, Ontario, on the entry of Japan Into the -war. At the time, U.S. forces lacked adequate anti-aircraft units. Jfumbers of district boys -were on the strength the first troop moved to Alaska in May, 1342. Eventually the entire battery, commanded by Major K. W. Phipps. was transferred tj> Alaska. -In September the 112th to Alaaka by a home battery and the local wilt U England. OTTAWA, April designate the Canadian forces who troops were admitted into Alaskan Y are or may later be operating in territory in 1942 as "distinguished I Alaska in association with, the ana- foreign visitors" in order to get around American customs regula- tions. Health Minister Claxton said today. In an address, he recalled: "When Canadian soldiers were moved up to Alaska to assist in the defence of our continent against the threatened Japanese attack, there didn't seem to be any specific provision in the American customs tariff for the admission of this equipment and personal effects. "However, the ingenuity of the United States state department found that there was a pro- vision under which they could be passed. They were permitted entry into American territory under the authority of a letter dated June 13, 1942, from Cordel! Hull, then secre- tary of state, which now is made public, I believe, for the first tune. The letter reads in part: 'As a result of the informal con- versations between an officer of the department of state and officers of the treasury department I have been advised that your department considers that the only -war in which free entry can be accorded to these Canadian troops in Alaska is for them to be designated as 'dis- tinguished foreign visitors', by the department of state. FIRST SINCE 1A FATETTE "'It gives me mush pleasure to ed forces of she United States as distinguished foreign visitors. These gallant Canadian forces are; I be- UETTHBBrDGE (Continued on Page Three) BIG WOLF TRAPPED ROCKY MOUNTAIN KODSE. Alta., April settlers of this town are breathing easily following the trapping of a huge black timber wolf that had been haunting the district for over Canadian Mayors. Make Proposals MONTREAL. April Recommendation that a thorough going study of "the whole matter of Dominion-Provtnciai-Muracipal re- lations in the light of present day conditions" immediately be insti- j tuted is made in a brief submit- I ted by iha Canadian Federation j of Mayors and Municipalities to the Dominion-Provincial conference on j reconstruction and made public bv f the federation Thursday. Tha federation asxs ttiat a special continuing division of the Domin- ion-Provincial conference be set up to conduct the suggested study. It urses that, pending results of the study, the following recommen- dations bs given immediate consid- eration and action takan thereon: 1- The federal government relieve the. municipalities of the full of all future aseaploynient relief for employables. 2. Ttie federal and provincial gov- ernments pay municipal taxes, or grants in lieu of such taxes, and improvement or betterment The United States also wiQ sit in i without a vote on the discussions 1 on Finland, which originally -sere 1 restricted to Britain ari Russia. j 1 Delegates to the conference said i that M. MolotoVs action ruigh; in- dicate that Moscow would prove to be more conciliatory on other is- sues. i SOVIETS PLANS By SYLVATN MANG3OT PARIS. April (Heuters.) The Soviet Union, determined to achieve all her main foreign policy aims and desirous of csing the legal instrumentality of the United Na- j tions so lar as possible, will seek to have the former enemy satellites. i Bulgaria. Romania, Hungary ana i Finland admitted to United" Nations i membership before tBe general as- sembly convenes in New Yorit la September, political observers here believ- after fise opening session ol the Bi? Four foreign ministers' con- ference. To teprove her chances of being. sole to count on the United States as an lively to imple- ment. rather than frustrate, Soviet policy on controversial issues, the Soviet Union will continue to press for the eariv admission of all states possessing "friendly according to these obssrvers- The three Balkan countries and Finland for which, with Italy, the foreign ministers deputies' are draft- Eager To Go Down Under In O.C. a month. The animal, firsi noticed last March, was trapped by Donald MaeDonald. Fanners, fearing that their spring crop of calves and lambs might suffer after a report that a sheep had been killed had set traps and carried guns. The settlers fear, however, that others may follow the trapped wolf. BRITISH DEFENCE UNDER DISCUSSION WASHINGTON, April 835 The state department received from Moscow Thursday a statement of Russian policy on Manchurian in- dustry which American officials regard as unsatisfactory, it was reported on excellent authority here. The note came in response to an American message to the Russian foreign ministry early last month which asked the Russians what was going on in Manchuria, advised them what the Chinese said about it and in effect protested the.Bus- CanOCUl S Strength Assessed sian actions and policies. The re- ply was regarded by some suthoii- j ties as virtually a rejection of the j American protest over the richest j and most highly developed area in Asia. Others regarded the note] initially as being but studied it carefully for pos- j sible openings which could lead to I a satisfactory solution of the Man- churia problem. The problem is fundamental to future peace In Asia. The United States in effect had; accused Russia of removing all sorts j of industrial equipment from Man- churia curing the period of Red army occupation. The Russians were accused of having tried to work out exclusive ownership arrangements with Chir.a covering vital mines, power plants, and iron and steel industries. In a note in March China in effect con- firmed these charges. Text of the Russian note was not made public. ALBINO CARIBOO TELLOWKNTFE, N.W.T., April 26 pelt of an albino a type which veteran bushmen say has not been seen in this district previously. wa.s included in a bale of prime furs valued at more than received at a local trading post. charges, on all crown lands within municioal corporations. 3. The Jederal government eract i an adequate natiocs! iow-rent housing and slum-clearaEoe act. i 4. TSe federal anS provincial i emments a definite-arid early statement their policy with re- 1 spect to financial assistance to municipalities for public works pro- jects. the United Nations general assem- bly. This leaves only three months for completion of the other essential preliminaries. 1. The foreign :ataisters mast reacc agreement on outstanding dif- ferences during the present con- ference. 2. Their deputies must oral; ice Wffl Name New General For Salvation Army SUN3UHY. Middlesex, England. April Forty-seven members of die Salvation Army high council from evsrj continent are assembled here for the firss meet- ing of a lO-day session to select a new general to'succeed Gen. George Carpenter, who has retired- Each nominee will be expected to answer fully to on policy and will be asked to niake a state- ment: for, once ejected, the general is supreme and the high council has no more authority over hira. Bv JOHN DATJPHESrji, Canadian Press Stall Writer. LONDON, April The British, people, Trio far almost during the war, are queuemg BOW for new homes next tralia. In Melbourne Place, the Strand, ex-servicemen and other civilians Une np outside Aus- tralia. House to.ask for mforrna- HOB about the CojnawmweaBn, prospects of a good lirins then and migration plans. Australia's aim is TO.GCQ i arants a year, British subjects pre- ferred, in, a "Population, for De- fence" campaign. Tfee response cas been so great IjOndoc immigration offices iiavs just been opened, Zariy in March Australia becama first dominion ta sign migra- tion agreements with tie {government. Since then more than i British men. and wpsiec. caTe I asked in person or by mail for mars If acts. Tha record number ot irt- I QUiries was is a cay. If shipping Is avatfahle the firsc 1 post-war settlers can sail early lit and their de- pendents 'will be transported frse- j other British adulrs can go for each, and their children, even less. [WELCOME DQUGKAXTS 1 'Wide ctiier doraiaicES' landort i offices givfe scant encanrsssneia to would-be immigrants, Asscralia House hands cut pamphlets, answers questions issues preliminary application, farms oa whlcit Brinsh. subjects caa describe sheir qualifi- cations and abilities. "If Australians have learned one EAGER TO (Continued, on Page T REPORT LOSS ON BEET SUGAR TOROXTO. April and Dcnumoa Sugar Company Limited has safesn a sabstasaai loss on its beet sugar operations- over the last three-year period, W. J. McGregor, president of cha com- pany, tcld shareholders at an- nual meeting Thursday. While the cess c-f labcr, fuel, supplies astl packages nss risen steadily, refined bees sugar and molasses have re- maiasG at ceilicg prices, entailing a savere loss for the compacy. la the same period ihs Dominion gov- enncent. collected more than OOO excise tax on the eoznpaay's production, 5e acded. By JAMES McCOOK (Canadian Pres? Staff Writer.) LONDON. April Cable) representatives at their current corsultations have in- structed their advisers, including chiefs-of-Jtaff, to prepare a paper consolidating proposals thus far heard for new defence machinery allowing closer, speedier consulta- tion. A spokesman said late today the paper probably would be available Monday. Foreign Secretary Bevin may re- turn from the Paris foreign minis- ters' meeting next Monday or Tues- day to hear further details of the viewpoints of the dominions. The Commonwealth representatives also expect to discuss the peace treaties and trusteeship of mandated ter- ritories, along with genera! Euro- pean questions. The delegates are engaged m an assessment of the Commonwealth's defence resources and tills inevit- ably emphasizes Canada's strength in fee post-war world, A conference spokesman said the United Kingdom. Australia and New Zealand agreed thai the cost of defence in snen, materials and money must be shared differently in the future, mainly because Brit- ain now is short of money and hard-pressed to regain her vita! export trade. Uniied Kingdom limitations prob- ably will make the dominions look Jo the production capacity of Can- ada for more defence requirements. If Australia and New Zealand were unable to provide all the equipment they needed it is unlikely they would be able to receive much from the limited South African production. SECURITY NOT ASSURED Papers presented by the chiefs of staff bluntly discussed defence needs and the conference recognized that BRITISH DEFENCE (Continued on Page Two.) NEWS BULLETINS SEVERE STOKM PROMISED A severe dust storm is scheduled to in 5 o'clock Friday afternoon, coming from the according- to a. report from the weather boreaa at Ksnyds Field early Friday after- noon. Teraperatore nigh reached 70 above, today. Friday, wito, irjml velocity 68 ni.pJi. At 2 pja. the temperature had dropped 56 and will conttnae to lower. Very Bjht showers are early in the erenias iritn weather clearing aad -wina Ibattuj fcr nine o'clock. GRANTS SHOULD BF. BASED OX FISCAL XEEO OTTAWA, April 1. C. Doojlas of Saskatche- wan today presented a fcrfef the in which, it was