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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - April 26, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta Mr. A NEW DEMOCRACY AFTER THE WAR Clynes, ihe British .Labor � Leader, Makes Interesting Predictions. SidcligKis onMciv and Voitveiv Sv ike F\jib]ic Eye UNITY IS WATCHWORD No One Class Must Fight for Itself, But All for the Whole People. V.y IIAKOLD BEGBIE. X t-pito cf all the suffei-ins," lie slowly, nud the f.icc of J. i;. Clyncs, rarliamentary gec-retnry to tho British Food Conti-ol-I Ic:, t X p r c s s e (3 au intense re.ilis-atioii of what tlii? o r (1 siifCering means, "in spite of all the ruin, anil waste, and de.-ith, I believe that a great lui-maii iKirposo i.s FERDINAND FOCH, GENERAUSSIMO Greatest Genius the War Has Produced on the Side of Entente Allies. A SUPREME OPTIMIST Will Never Admit Defeat-Was the Genius Who Won the Battle of the Manie. HAT the appointment of Gcn-as ffpner-od forces on the western iroiit slioiild be received with siieii iinivcrsal acclaim in ! THAT the apponitment . era! Foixlinand Foch a alissimo of all the allic J. Ji.'CUjncs working ttself out j Britain, France, Italy a!ul the Fuitcd States if certainly a remarkable tribute fo the penius of the man. Kvcn Col. Kepinyton. who has been one of itthe leaders of the oppcsition to the appointment of a generalissimo, joins in the chorus o� praise, and says that nothinfr v.-ill be wanting- on the British side to promote the success of his heavy task. "Ahiays he has been a pood comrade to us and has always understood us." adds Col. Rerin.cton. "He has the spirit of the offensive pushed to its extreme limits and if after all the gaps in tK% allied lines are filled, troops remain over tor a great counter-offensive, no one can bo better trusted to deliver it." Only a fev." weeks ago to an inter-viev.-er General Foch declared that it was impossible for the permans to break Jhrough, as the allies were stronger than they ever had been before in mci!, guns, mifliitions, cir-planps and last, but decidedly not least, morale. And one may depend ui)on it that tlie events of the last two weeks have not causetl him to change his opinion that liie advantages ail lie with the entente allies, and that success^ is inevitable. Fifteen years ago at the Kcole de Guerre. General I'oeh was tond of quoting Joseph do Maistre's remark, "A battle lost is a battle which one believes to have lost; for battles tire Tiot lost materially"; and of adding, 'Battles are therefore lost morally, an^i it is therefore morally that they are won." The aphorisni can be eKtended by this one; "A bat.tle won is a battle in which one will not admit oneself vanquished." And this is how Fpcli has won his battles in the past and v.-ill win the one now being wa.ged. 'General Foch is the grc.Tt general the war has prodiicefl in Franco. He hc!S intuition and tho power of divination. He is s^reat in his instant gra-sp of a situation, his !>erccption of tho needs, his vision of the ne.xt hour. Genera! Joffre is his warmest admirer," so spoke a gre;it Frenchman. The Modern D'Artagnan LIKE Joffre, Foch comes from Iho Pyrenees, and h.e is "gallant, picturcsquo and ricarcsque, e.xtraor-dinary, fascinating-^D'Artaa-nan and Turenne." General Foci; isoiily five feet six inthes in hcig-ht. What first irapressoa the person v.ho looks at him is his eye. He has a large, well-shaped head, rather thin iron-grey hair, and a broad, high forehead. FIi.s no^:u is large, his mouth wide and .straight. Flis mdUEtacho comes dowii over the c-jrncrs of his mouth and then points Kiraight up to his eyes. From any point of view his chin i.s massive. His eyes are grey, set wide apart, an'i liave that tipiiear.'ince of boring through one, and while they lioro they burn, and all the time tiiey smile. Truly, wonderful tyt.=. At his headquarters, �.iomewbcrc in i'-rance" there is no f iJssincs.'-:,, no trappinga to warn . the interviewer that he is in the neighborhood of one of the great directors of the mighty struggle. If it were not for the .Holi-tary sentiT pacing up and down in front one would imagine that (he house where headquarters has been c'titblLsiicd was vacant �'Ijuring a battle," says Mr. Pitney in the >,'tiv York Tribune, "General Foch is to be found in hhs big room, at headqi^artcr.---. He stands before one of tiio.se largo scale maps'with �'. pencil in hi." hand, and the telephone recciA'cr at his ear. His staff .stands In a .-jemi-cii'de behind him. There is', perfect ."ilrnoe, and the onlj* mo^-orncnts is of the f,'ener-'-irs pencil on tho map as hf- follows the battle and ponders tho det.d! of the district wliich the. fighting is in pro-gre.ss. He has two g-csturrOne i.'s porsi."itent and constant. It is' tlie hand rhsins to the end of the big-moustache, riot to fondle it, but to t-ug at it slowly and strongly. The other is .seen when the door opens .softl}' and an officer enters on tiptoe. 'M'hPio have you b,--on?' the general ask.i abruptly. 'When he is answered one ha.nil raises the pencil to the point on the ma)) and thi- in this war, and that the world is making- itself even now n better world for everybody." Then he said, "I have been conscious during the -jiast six months of a great enrichment in the term Democracy. !My own suffering as a factory lad, and the sufferings of all about me in the Ijaneashire of those days, made ine hate Industrialism. I hated it with my whole soul. language can exaggerato the detestation I felt for a s.vstora of trading, ;i social system, which degraded human beings wholesale. I used to say the law V must put this right. ^ly hope was for a \vorking-cIass, movement against the other classes-what is called class warfare. I was religious; but I hated the classes which de-pressetl the masses. I wanted to make some sort of war on them. This feeling modified itself as 1" .grew older, and a little wiser. 1 saw that the true weapon of progress is education. But right down to the war my definition of the word Democracy was a class definition. I never quite lost the feeling that it .^tood for Uie masses, and stood for their opposition to the cla.sses. I don't say I thought the nntagonism. between the two irreconcilable. But I did think that the way tp Eet�n,jifi.t.fe.'.:.\vorui..'.'.a3b.y-tJi� multitude pressing forward in mass against the people of the community v.-ho enjoyed privileges denied to the multitude, and foi-cing them to see -.he justice o� laljor's demand. '.J>nd now?" "Well, during .the las-t si.K months r have been seeing that no class goal i- !;:,' e.-;ough for the suffering of I'-is v.-.ir. - Tile goal is a new world -.-friiri;;.' and righteousness for the I'^.'IUL' the wliolo world. Our na-II fraEmenl. Ouv classes and ssv:s are fragments of that frag-in:?:!-. Outside us and beyond us are the classes and masses of all na\lons, and it is those classes and masses plus our classes and masses who L-ompose Democracy. To get a better world the whole of this D_emo-cracy must act as a single forceTand to get it to act as a single force nil classes and sections in the community must come together, inspired by one g-reat idea. The watchword for tjse nation sliould be Unity. And the watchword for the world �Jiould be irnitj-. And this "Unity should be inspired by the realization that Democracy is only another word for Humanity at its best." Food Scarce After War MP.. CLYNES is a man who carries weight in the labor world because of the two qualities to which, bappily for Brittiin. our workers in-� " ttinctively and generously respond- courage and sincerity. The physical fragility o.f the man, brought about by inhuman toil in childhood, does jiot obscure thi.s great inward ilrongth. A wind might blow his body away, but no legions of un-jighteousness could shake his soul. It is not too much to say that the Government has absolutely depended � on this one little frail man to per-.suado the workers of the country ihat its efforts to control,food sunplios are sincere and honest efforts to ron-trol them fairly. .Some s�iy that tliere is no other man in the country who could havfy saved the critical situation of a few weeks ago. *I .asked him hoiv far in Ws judgment Government control of so vital a matter as food'had smoothed the way for Socialism. "The word Socialism,'' he replied, "is rather a risky one. I prefer to !-Ey that the community effort forced upon as by the war will continue after the war. This great co-operative effort will go in the nation's in-lore.ut. For two or three years after peace comes there will be a serious .shortage of food. It will be impossible in such a highly dangerous condition of affairs to return to tiie old haphazard efforts. The Food .Ministry will have to go on with its work. The hopeful thing to realize is this: llurc ha.s been a great mingling of all classes ill, prosecuting the war. and this mingling has , done inucli to equalize the social status. ^ That's the bedrock of real co-operative effort. The other classoF, begin lo .see that the workman has :i. right to .'^ometliijig more than wages, that hj has a ri.giit to a i Members Who TaH^ Freely Speeches as a Rhle are Short. N Waiter Too Fresh A N A.rneric-yi. .loldicr from the wild backwoods of tho far wes^ was in a city for the fir�,-t time, and v/ent into y, restaurant. All' went well until the waiter Jjrougnt him a serviette. The eyes of the backwoodsman flamed, anfi, pulling- a six shooter from his hip pocket, he told thttt waiter bis mind. "Vou take that blamed thing away at once," he aaid, evenly. "1 reckon I knov.- when to u.'=e a handkerchief �without having any darned hints thrown cut,".:_ _ ''^^ By HORACE SPRING. EVER have there been so many new mcmbG�5 of the House of Commons as in thi.s session, and never have the new members apparently felt so much at home, and been so little afflicted with bashful-ness and stage fright. At a bound, many of them have liiaped into the work of the House like old-timer.s, and with ev�n some'improvement on the methods of older men. In one afternoon and evening, on the sevenUi day of the session, no fewer than nineteen ' new members took part in the debate on daylight saving. Surely this is a high commendation on the "innate friendliness" of our system of legislative Government. ^ And these new members, most of them, aro not pro|^c men, but come bringing with theiS all the glamor of romance, so that this new House of Commons offers promising material for an Antiiony Hope or a. Philip Gibbs. Among them is Joseph Read, member for l-'rihce, F.E.T., who has been the captain of an ocean vessel, talks breezily in term_s of knots instead of miles, and lets a whiff of i-alt sea air into the House. Another, S. W. .Jacobs, K.C., of Jlontrcal, a Jew, and the first one of hi.s race to roach the Canadiat-i Parliament, brings wit and learning, and a crushing verbatim acquaintance with the Old Testament. And memlier after member, including Major Goorge Andrev.-s, D.S.O., of Centre -Winuipeg; Capt. P.. J. Manion, M.C, of Fort William, and Capt. Peter McGibbon, M.C., of Mus-koka, have been gallantly engaged in the I'jrcatest jomance of ail, the war. Active' jiarticipation in tho business o� the House has occurred at the very period Avhen complaints have been loudest a.-j to lieating arrangci-nents unfavorable to private members, and other makes a quick, backward, un-1 ^on I^uelow flyingln retreat. dorhand sweep close to his body and high up, .as though he were imnat-i(-ntly brushing .a .speck from, his tunlis untler his^arm." The Coup at the Mame FOCH -ivas one of the heroe.s^if the Battle o� the Marne. 1>. v,-as he who sf-nt that historic report to headquarterji: '-.My rigiit is crushed: my left i.? in retreat. I am attacking v.ith my centre." IJa did. indeed, do some such impossible thing; and not since the war l)i'gan has an.v gi-neral on (:ithi-r side nuiflc ii lyoru brilliant, a. more desperate, a more succesi.lul and une;:pectcd manoeuvre. He was oiiviosing Von Buelbw and the I'rurKsian Guard v.ith si.-c divisions. Three times the Prussians forced back his centre. His left v.-as held by thoi2nd divi.^ioii. As his centre wa.s fi?rrcd hack he ;;ct at defiance -�vlia.i everyone had ..�uiijio^jcd was an ab.'-ajlute rule of w:,i{;,y; withdrew the i:'i!d from tli- fni;;:.; on another general to fill the gap, marched the .12nd half-way across Die field behind the line, drove it into the flank of tho Prussian Guard, broke the German centre,''and .sent This was a stroke of genius; and such strokes fly from Foch in times of de3))eration. But he does not rely upon his wonderful intuitions and in-sjdrations. One of his remarkable qualities is a good memory. He has been Icnown to recall the circum-Maiiccs of his meeting with under of-ficcr.s- years afterward, lo tell exactly w-herc they sat at trible, for instance, and the neiK.'ib.-Jra on eitl:(-i- .'dde. The order of tho day in which tho (.irand Cross of the IjCgi.in of Honor was bc-:itov;ou on liini said: "He has shown in .all circumstances, both in defensive and offensive operations^ .a strategic ability v/ilhqut parallel. Thanks to his indisputable authority and the adroitness of his counsels, ho has contributed in a. great part to the co-ordination of the efforts" -of the allied armies, and thus has I'endered most eminent service to the nation." Ho the next lime somebody .s.ay.s that the war has developed no military genius. It might bo well to call at-trijtlon to Foch, t.ijo D'Artagnan of line in the full tide of battic, caWcdJ t!jD>'jencj! vUTJy. r> also at a time wdien the House of Comi-itons, in,its temporary quarters, lack.s that'lagc-long tradition and dignity associated with such legislative chambers. Perhaps it is the very lack of those trapping^i which helps the nev,- men to get off to such .a good siart. It in not only dur>tig tho discussion on the estimates, always a scattered r-"l desultory period into which pri-e members Can easily slip, that ...0 new men h.ave been finding their voice. They have d-iscus.sed the separation allowance, shipping facilities in the Eastern provinces, the treatment of returned soldiers, and have taken part in such "full dress" debates as "Woman � Suffrage" and "Daylight Saving." Make Six-Minule Speech�a THh3 new members are revealing their wisdom by not speaking too long. Ottawa cynics all say that the newcomers will speedily be corrupted, butlaccs the rcspon.sibility foV tho conflict upon the German nii,lit,ary party, and pays tribute to tho' good faith and earnest efforts of Sir Edward Grey to - prevent hostilities. Tho memorandum, It is explained, was written by LichnowsUy elgl\tccn months ago for tho purpose of explaining and Justifying l>w position to liis personal friends. Only half 11 dozen typewritten copies were made. One of these copies, through bctr.ayal, reached tho Kaiser and caused 'a great scandal. How it happens that a copy got across the German frontier remains a mystcr.v. Xeedless to say, tho Prince is not ptirtlcularly popular in military circles in Germany at the present timo, for his c.-indid confession ot Germany's 'guilt has greatly disturbed the German people, who have boen told that tho war was engineered by England for the destruction of Ggr-many. His prophecy that Germany would be beaten has not tended to cheer them up either. The London Times says that this' testimony of the Prince is good evidence of bis own truthfulness: "Ho did not appear to liavc any Inkling of the larger cn-vbitions which led Berlin to egg Austria along the path of aggression. The Prince was merely tho dupo of Berlin himsell'." Man of Modem Type PRINCE LtCHNOWSKY, iviio was i:ent to Lontlon In 1912 by the Kaiser as Ambassador, I.s essentially a "diplomat of modern method and point of view. Tho German Embassy at London under bis predecessors, Prince Hatzfeldt and Count "WolCt-Mcttrtrnlch, was almost a hermitage. For years it - was socially non-existent. Jhiny students of tho psychology oi; Anglo-German tension ascribe it to the fact that the wire oetwccn tho German Embassy In London and the great thought-moulding ciicles oS British life and S9cicty liad long been out of working 'order. Prince Liclinowsky, finding the wires down proceeded to put them up. J'orlhwith he set himself tho task of moving about and of seeing and knowing people. ..^ Public ppinlon rides In England, nnd he conceived it his business to lioep in touch with those who make it. Ho .'icccpted invitations to ad-ilro.'^s public dinners of the R�yal Society, the Lord'Mayor and the Ciiambers of Commerce, and cni-liraced the opportunity of the Kaiser's birthday dinner of the German "colony" in London to discuss his mission and ttio ambitions ho-cherished for it. Supported by a particularly brilliant consort, tho Princess Morhtliilde Llchnowsky, nee Coun-y tcKS Arcij von und r.u JJinneberg, be caused it to be kno\u-i that the all-important social phafto of diplomatic life was to him a thoroughly congenial .obligation, and that he purposed living up to it. He is tremendously fond of sport .ind hunting, and lost no time in letting ICnglishmcn know that in him they hild a kindred spirit. It w,-..s no iiisighiricant tribute to tho security and rapidity with which Prince and Princess Lichnnwsky won their .spiir.s in exclnsive London that fhr-y were'.honored, wiihln^'bur months of their arrival, with tTie preseiu'c of the ICing and Queen at their dinner table. An AfTecting Farewell TITF'-) declarations of war ovcr-^�.-hcIrred the Prince and Princess. They saidgood-byc to London MACPHERSON MAS IMEORTANT POST Is Spokesman for the War Office in British House of "Commons. ' HAS DONE ADMIRABLY Only 37 Ye^rs Li Age, He Has Climbed Far, and Should Go Still Higher. 'NOTABI. /\ Gcor.ge *� Ian Mai Prince Lichnoivskt/ to call him Little German; he hns stood firmly for Gcrmtrn national in'-terest.s. But ho has always taken tire view that no particular national qu.'irrrl is beyond clearing ui) satisfactorily, given the precedent condition that the fjuari-eicrs respect one another's points of view." /la the AVestmin.stcr Gazette wcro w'riting to-day it probably wouljj. not change a word in that i)aragrapb. Daniels Doesn't Mind Crmcism Secreiar^ of ihe U, S.^ NoMf * Dep'arlment Goes On His Wei's Smiling. H' OW, docs it feel to bs criticized by newspapers day after day, to" rend public'demands for your resignation, to see yourself branded as unfit in one editorial column after ai^other'/ How does it feel to'endurc that for three or four years, and then suddenly to have tb.o newspapers turn around and begin to say that, after all, you aro a good folltAv and have made a. very credUable record? An American interviewer put this question up to Secretary Daniels in Washington and tolls about his talk with Daniels as follows: Tho la.st time I had s^een him -was on tho day foliowing his famous order m.aklng the navy "dry-" The new.spapers had been full of criticism of him that morning. I expected to find him considerably worried. Instead lie was briglit and smiling. 'Aren't you troubled by what they're .saying about your order?" I asked him. "Oh, no," bo ai-iswcred. "The clerks are classifying the letters and telegr.ams, and the.v tell mo that they're aljput fifty-fifty. For every one denouncing me there's one tell-. ing me that I've done a bravo and proper act. So they offset each other pretty much. A man can't allow himself to be v.-nrriPd by criticism in a. place lilto this: it's part of tho price." So for four years he had gone, alie_ad. War had come us, and t\ie navy he had been accused of .allowing to go to seed was called into immediate service against the submarines. To tho auprlso of Mr. Daniels' critics and the delight of the country^ it began to get resiiits almost from tho very fir.it day. IC there is anything the matter v.'ith the equipment of our own .sl-iips and the marksmanship of their crews tho commanders of the submarines have not discovered it. FRY'S BEST JUMP ^OMM.\NDEU C.B. FR'V.who has temporarily relinquhshod athleticism in order to train boys for tho navy, described tho other d.ay how hp By I'OLl'L'lCUS. 'NOTABLE figure of the Lloyq Ministry is Mr. James acpherson, tlic , Under Keci-otary for War. OC tho junior niombcrs oC tho Government ho ha.s probably made the most- pronounced �success. Many of Mr. Lloyd George's appointments to Mi;iisterinl offices liavo been ^ good deal criticized - particularly those of Lords North-clifo and Beaverbrook. Not all of tho criticism hti's been devoid of sound reason. But, beyond dispute, Jlr, JIat .Kherson has justified his selection for a post which-nithougli technically a minor one-is yet, in present circumstances, ono^ of tho most exacting and important in thu I'rlme Minister's bcstO|Wal. Jlr, Alacpherscm is a young man of thirty-seven. He is a native o�'Inverness, and v.as educated at.Georgo Wat.son's College and at Edinburgh " University, where he had a very distinguished career. After two unsuc-ccs.sful .attempts (in January and Do-eomber of KHO) to enter Parliament, ho was electe4 for Koss and Cromarty at a'bye-election in 1911. In the old! days;of p.trty politics ho was a ^ery forcible defender of Freo Trade. Tic was a keen land reformer, and had made a very special study of land'conditions