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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 25, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta THuncMy, April LETHBRIDQE Economic differences in British Isles When a people have the law against them for centuries, or belong to the wrong religion and tribe, it is almost certain they will fall far behind others economically. There is no way to swim against such forces. There is a notion abroad that the Irish are lazy, dirty, troublesome and more or less stupid. This is far from true. It is the "Hamlet" posture; a pretence and those who see otherwise are but bloated bigots. All one has to do is to read a selection from the British Code of Penal Laws, to find reason for the Irish posture. A peasant who fixed his fence or house found his rent increased when the bailiff inspected his lord's property. He was charged extra if he possessed more pigs, sheep, or cows over the previous year's tally. The Irish were given the worst possible pieces of their own land and expected to pay high rents. These were known as "rack" rents. Thus, did the Irish peasant fall behind economically, and in northeast Ireland, he is still behind, though catching up. In that part of Ulster, the laws, both written and unwritten, are designed to keep the Nationalist in his place, on the lowest rung of the social ladder; his rightful place as some would honestly believe. What started off under the guise of religion became the art of undisguised economic discrimination in our time. One might be tempted to use the term "the Nationalist as When Ireland broke away from Britain in the 20s of this century, she was punished economically.The British JERRY'S WORLD retaliated with high tariffs against Irish goods. Lamb from Australia and butter from New Zealand after a journey of miles was cheaper than Irish produce when they reached English tables. Danish bacon, hundreds of miles away, cost less in British stores than in Irish. Ireland is only 70 miles from many centres of large population in England. During the 20s and 30s, British interests withdrew businesses valued in the millions from the infant republic. They even tried to move the famous Guinness Brewery from Dublin to Liverpool. Ironically, it failed because they were unable to duplicate the water supply from the St. James' Wells which gives the brew its special taste. They deliberately set out to wreck the embryo economic state of the new nation. The Second World War brought added twists. With a wrecked economy, there existed no jobs in Ireland, but Irishmen from the Republic volunteered for the British forces while nearly men and women manned her factories. It was not till the 60s that the Irish economy began to recover and emigration ceased to be a flood. Meanwhile, Irish Nationalists in Ulster province took severe punishment for their ideals. They were cut off from all but the most menial jobs and though they paid heavy taxes indirectly, they received no funds to finance schools for the education of their children. By Louis Burke, local writer Almost all commerce was in the hands of Unionists who had no intention of sharing it with any other than their own. The Belfast shipyards which, produced greats from the Titanic to the Bonaventure has a work force of men and women. Of these, less than 500 are Catholics or Nationalists, yet Belfast is a city more than 40 per cent Nationalist. The corruption was not confined to the merchant: the politician was also deeply involved. In Derry, a city two- thirds Nationalist, nearly three quarters of the councillors belonged to the Unionist group.' There is only one way to explain that kind of situation. Fermanagh County has a population 53 per cent Catholic. It has a county council work force of 275 workers. All of 240 of them are Unionist Protestant. There are 77 school buses driven by 75 Protestant drivers. There are only two 'Catholic bus drivers' in the county. Extraordinary! Not that all Protestants in Ulster are Unionists. Nor are all Catholics, Nationalists. But in the Republic, the country has seen four presidents in the last 50 years and two of them were Protestants: the first, Dr. Douglas Hyde and the present encumbent, Mr. Erskine Childers. In Ulster over 50 years, the record is quite dismal. There has never been a Catholic member of the Unionist cabinets and the unwritten, unspoken rule or law was that there never would be. Perhaps time has changed that, especially very recent time. There is overwhelming evidence related to economic discrimination practised for 50 years by Britain and the Unionists against all parts of Ireland. What started off as tribal differences grew into religious persecution which was a mere cloak for severe, unjust and vicious economic discrimination. The tragedy lies in the fact that a few in the British Isles latched onto the idea of empire. Like the Romans, they conquered the world savaging many peoples including their own in the endeavor. Like the Romans, they must pay the price. The empire lies in dust and nations all over the world are sucking blood. It is likely Britain will be a nation beggared by the end of this century. Not that the solution in Ireland is to steal from the Protestants to give to the Catholics. The problem today is very much one of jobs, housing, bread and butter, and the fight for a dignified way of life long denied those who are Nationalists. Economic aid will be needed for decades to come in Ulster where human relations have been allowed to decay for half a century. (Third in a series) Book reviews Biography of religious leader 'Mohammed" by Max- ime Rodison translated from the French original by Anne Carter, (Penguin Press, 361 pages, There have been many biographies of the Islamic Prophet. Maxime Rodison gives a very lucid portrayal of this undeniably great leader from the vantage point of her own atheism. The book is enjoining one to examine Mohammed, the man (in the book called more correctly, from the view of the theological, political, social and military animal that he was. Correctly, she does not attempt to support his Christian and Jewish critics, nor does she fall into the trap of his Muslim apologists by glossing over the Machiavellian aspects of his character. Atter all, he pointed the way to so many political assassinations as to make Cesare Borgia look a saint by comparison. However, he was a man of his time and place and, perhaps, a little less imbibed than his contemporaries with the traditional "thar's" (which, translated, means: endless vendettas) that leads the Arab to the most sickening excesses of torture and mutilation. It would seem Mohammed was, in some part, a man of God, or thought himself one. Certainly he had visions as lucid as those of Joan of Arc or Theresa of Avila. Unfortunately, his "recitations" uttered in those moments and copied by his followers on to whatever was handy, were rather hazard. When, in later life, he arranged them into "suras" chapters some of this haphazardness has remained. Maxime Rodison has arranged sections of these "recitations" known to us as the Koran into some semblance of order, and from these has produced the "bones" from which she clothes much of her book. What errsrges is Muhammad ibn 'Abdullah of the tribe of the Shark a man like other men with the strengths and weaknesses of all men, possibly a messenger of God, definitely our brother. I should perhaps add that this book is rather a scholarly version and could be difficult to digest to the average reader mainly because of its innumerable footnotes and appendices LEN TOPE Answering the adoption question 1974 by NBA, Inc "Hey, wow! Look at that old "The Search for Anna Fisher" by Florence Fisher (Clarke Irwin and Co. Ltd. 270 pages, This is the poignant story of one woman's search for her identity. Florence was born in a time when adoption was very secret and children were not told they were adopted. Sensing throughout her childhood that there was a mystery surrounding her birth, she was finally able to confirm her adoption in her 20s, following the birth of her son. Thus began a 20 year The Easy Choice. The smooth taste of quality that is unmistakably Seagram's. Seagram's FIVE STAR Canada's largest-selling rye whisky. Blended and holllcd by Joseph F.. Seagram Sons, Ltd., Waterloo, Ont. search for her natural parents. She was told repeatedly that because she was adopted she had no right to know her biological origin. Of the three parties to the adoption, the rights of two (the respective parents) apparently cancel some of the rights of the third party (the Not every story would have as happy an ending as Florence's, who found a father who had a deep longing to know her and who had been prevented from finding her by the same laws which prevented her from finding him. In the course of her search Florence discovered that there were thousands of other adopted persons with the same longings as she had. They didn't want to be disloyal Books in brief "New Wives' Tales" by Lendon H. Smith (Prentice- Hall, 202 The author of The Children's Doctor, and The Encyclopedia of Baby and Child Care has written another extremely helpful book for parents. Lendon Smith has used common sense, understanding and a cool wit, to help explain many of the physical and emotional problems of raising children, and the result is a readable, funny reference book for times of need. Parents of children from birth to college age can benefit from reading the book, if only to get the main message raising a child should be fun! JOANNE GROVER "Knife on the Table" by Jacques Godbout, translated from French by Penny Williams. (McClelland and Stewart Limited 128 pages.) A very fast paced book devoted to separatism in Canada. It is essentially the tale of a student of the times who is torn between factions and the two women who represent them. The inevitable result is murder. An interesting form of writing but one I wouldn't care to read too often. SYLVIA JOEVENAZZO toward or unappreciative of their adoptive parents. They just wanted to know what every one else takes for granted. To help others in their search she founded ALMA, Adoptees' Liberty Movement Association (P.O. Box 152, Washington Bridge Station, New York One of its principal goals is the opening of records to any adopted person over 18, who wants to see them. In Scotland adoptees are allowed the right of access to all records and information concerning their adoptions at age seventeen. Florence's story is filled with suspense, heartbreak, joy and excitement. The reader is carried along on a wave of emotion rising and falling as her search continues and rejoicing as her persistence finally leads her to the fulfilment of all her hopes and dreams. How much there still is to learn about the whole phenomenon of adoption. Even today, when most enlightened adoptive parents tell their children about the fact of their adoption', many feel resentment and personal failure if that child asks questions or actually goes out on "The Search." "The fact is that an adoptive child has two pairs of says Dr. R. G. Deibel, Director of the Federation for Unmarried Mothers in Holland: "those who were unable to take care of it, and those who do have this privilege. Give the child this positive view of its status and you will give it a basis for integrating the existence of two pairs of parents into its life in a well balanced manner. Then it will be able to find its identity." The human heart is not small it can always make room for one more loved person. BEATRICE MEINTZER So They Say I have not seen a situation like this in my 28 years in overseas assistance. It's going to be disastrous. -Fred W. Devine of CARE, on the effect of U.S. food shortages on world relief programs. Reading: joyous but strenuous By Peter Hunt, local writer To teach great literature today and to encourage the young to read it on their own is no easy task. Indeed, it is almost the biggest challenge facing schools. Of course, as has been said again and again, the real nursery of good readers is the home. There atmosphere really means something; there the enjoyment of great books by parents has a force that the school cannot rival. But schools have a special role in this field because the home is, in many cases, no longer what it was. It has been invaded by TV, has lost its community life and its influence is largely taken over by the much-reverenced "peer-group" and the teen-age underground. Moreover, the "best-seller" of today is, generally, not literature. It may have some degree of literary skill, but sells because it appeals to the lazy, self-indulgent and conditioned mind. Conditioning is very potent; people tend to accept those things they have been stimulated to accept from the cradle, and, like Pavlov's dogs, they can so easily respond, almost without thought, to mindless, pornographic movies and books. When parents salivate at the typical best- seller, what hope is there for their children's reading tastes? All good literature requires concentrated attention. It is not easy. It is, however, full of riches for those who act humanly, that is, make an effort. Like all worthwhile achievement, the reading of good books, is strenuous, and like all worthwhile achievement, it offers rewards in proportion to effort. The joy of reading literature may be compared with the joy of discovering new lands. After a long voyage, Columbus felt joy in discovering America. After years of practice, Stevenson discovered that he could write, and so provided the world with immortal adventure stories and deep fables. Conrad strove to learn English and strove for depth and artistry in his writing, and so we have his masterpieces such as Youth or Lord Jim or the Shadow Line. I like Robert Hutchins' essay in the Gateway to the Great Books Series in which he shows that to the "fun" society, the reading of great books is very difficult because it requires hard work. But Hutchins also shows that to embark on the adventure of reading the classics is to enter a world of wonder and brilliance and truth. We are made for that, and great authors are simply people who see more, find the words to express the more they see. We share the riches of their vision when we read. It can be shown that all great human achievement results from the interaction of minds and hearts. All splendid cultures grew from association of apparently ordinary men with greater men. One thinks of those little boys apprenticed to great Florentine artists, mixing paint, seeing the master at work day by day, attempting to imitate his drawings, getting a sense of color into their blood and bones, as it were, aspiring to express their dawning vision under the radiant glow of men who had grown to mature artistic powers. One thinks, too, of those clubs and societies in Johnson's England or Douglas Hyde's Ireland where many minds coming together, and influenced from many streams both old and new flowered forth in works of poetry, oratory and prose and drama. Reading can offer a similar sharing. The genuine teacher of literature today swims against, rather than with, the current of the time. For the current is against effort and for shallow effect. Patience is minimal. Thus, to teach the classics requires more than ordinary powers. It is true that great literature has, above all, the power of interest. It does deal with those things which interest human beings most. It does charm, a vision, a magic which illuminates and brings to warm life every thing it touches. And it is true that all the great writers, Shakespeare, Dickens, Wordsworth, Milton, Emily Bronte, Hardy, Conrad, Hopkins, T. S. Eliot, use simple words rather than difficult ones to express their vision. But it is simply not true that this simplicity in words means that great writers are always easy to read. One of the commonest experiences of seasoned teachers is to hear students say that a great writer's style is difficult; that a modern best-seller is clear. Any great novel his passages of some com- plexity, in which what the young today call long words, abound. Great writers do not merely give "the action." They create atmosphere, develop characters, throw light on situations from many angles and aspects. But the diction is always relative to the author's purpose. It thus varies greatly in degrees of complexity. Many young people have trouble enjoying, on their own, the opening chapters of Great Expectations or Oliver Twist or Wuthering Heights because these require patience, discipline and imagination. To help them to acquire these qualities is the work of an English teacher. It simply does not help this purpose, esp .daily in today's confusion, for a professor to say that the classics are all made up of short, simple words. Outside poets, novelists and dramatists, there are, of course, the great prose writers such as Gibbon, Burke, Johnson, Newman, Chesterton. One needs an extensive vocabulary to understand them and an appreciation of the complex riches of great style. But clarity is always there, for clarity is only relative to the depth and complexity of the truth these writers utter. Only the half crippled literacy of undisciplined minds confuses verboseness with a condensed and rich literary style. Some of us like our writing, like our soup, strong and nourishing. Creative and sound teachers of English will lead their students step by step, but will also challenge and stretch them. The latter is best done quite early, for once the habit of good reading is formed, the child can more readily grow into a person who enjoys the strenuous and joyous adventure of reading masterpieces and avoid the bloodless trifles which make money for hucksters. History repeats itself By Marie Sorgard, local writer IRON SPRINGS Coyote Flats, a rough triangle of land bounded on the west by the Black Spring Ridge, on the north by the Little Bow River, and on the south by the Oldman River, was very aptly named by the early ranchers who came here at the turn of the century. With its lakes and grass and an abundance of animal wildlife it provided the ideal habitat for the wily coyote, which, incidentally, is still very much in evidence today. In Centennial Year the Coyote Flats Historical Society published the book Coyote Flats which traced the history and development of the area from 1905 to 1965. As I compiled and edited material for this book I learned much about the history of Coyote Flats. Shortly after the turn of the century there was a great land rush and one of the larger concerns involved in the early period of colonization in Southern Alberta was the 0. W. Kerr Land Co., with headquarters in Minneapolis. When Mr. Kerr heard of the wonderful country in the land of the Chinook where the temperature could climb from 30 degrees below zero to 30 degrees above zero in 30 minutes he investigated, purchased several tracts of land, and opened a land office in Lethbridge. In places such as Michigan, Iowa, and the Dakotas people were alerted to the great potential awaiting them in this agricultural haven. In due time trainloads of people seeking land arrived in Lethbridge. They were taken out by Mr. Kerr's agent, 0. T. Lathrop, to view the crops and the vast expanse of undeveloped land. Many who decided to stay had been engaged in other types of endeavor and found the life of the pioneer much more rugged than they had anticipated. Some stayed only long enough to prove up on their homesteads. A few solved their financial dilemma by getting a mortgage on the land and leaving, never to return again. The majority remained here, thus in many instances sentencing themselves, perhaps sometimes inadvertently, to a life of hard labor. However, their fortitude and determination enabled them to cope with their problems, some of which must have seemed almost insurmountable at times. Data recorded on the back of titles in the Land Titles Office at Calgary revealed that in many instances homesteaders were paying eight per cent and sometimes as high as per cent interest in order to keep operating. This month we started on another book, and I feel quite certain that some of the data I am recording will become outdated within a very short time. History has a way of repeating itself, and the first phase of the cycle has appeared. The great land rush is on. People are even coming from foreign countries and are paying astronomical prices for land. If you think that gold is expensive these days just try to buy some Southern Alberta farmland. Under good conditions the land is productive, and the development of agricultural technology and the advent of irrigation have taken much of the gamble out of farming. However, this is being offset by the accelerated costs associated with the farming industry today. As the cycle repeats itself it looks as if the beginning farmer of today, saddled with high interest rates, expensive equipment costs, and a shortage of farm help, may be sentencing himself to a lifetime of hard labor, as did his predecessor of 70 years ago. Book review The banking business "The Bank Book" by Morgan Irving (Little, Brown and Company Limited, 246 pages, I know a lady who keeps her savings in her girdle. If she reads this book she might continue to think body is safer than bank. She's wrong of course, but if you've any doubts read The Bank Book and make up your own mind. You'll learn about cheque kiting, forging, how not to rob a bank, and banks that sink (into the You're something special you say, and want to be a bank president9 Keep reading and find out about salaries, fringe benefits, Old Boy's network, best universities to attend, and the placement service (for those whose parents have at least one million dollars on deposit) You're worried about that overdraft? One bank lost on a credit card caper and just wrote the loss off. Mr. Genius who thought up the scheme got a promotion. One romantic loan representative persuaded attractive lady applicants to finalize their loan applications in his bedroom. His active extra-curricular life ended when he was fired not for seduction but for accepting financial kickbacks on loans. Hilarious, informative, and revealing, this book poses one crucially important question. How much freedom should wo allow an industry whose assets amount to almost one trillion dollars? TFRRY MORRIS ;