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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 25, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Thursday, April LETHDHIDQE j TOKYO; Safe city after dark TOKYO People in Tokyo rarely cross the street against a red light They do not scrawl graffiti on subway walls And they do not commit many murders either Indeed, the world's most populous city 11 6 million people has the lowest crime rate Tokyo had 196 murders last year, New York, with a population of almost 8 million, had nearly nine times as many That Japan's capital is the least crime-troubled of any big city in the world is in itself not news Tourist brochures regularly make the same point "Even on dark, lonely streets in the dead of night, you need not be afraid of lurking shadows But seldom does anyone here try to explain why, for law and order is a condition of life the Japanese have come to take for granted Though the "why" is not some oriental mystery, neither is it simple to explain, for it involves a mixture of social and legal factors that go to the heart of the national character Severe laws Consider a few of them, the gun-control and drug laws are severe, and they are enforced by an efficient police force Public respect for law and authority is traditionally strong Arrest is a deep disgrace both for oneself and for one's family The level of education is high Unemployment is low The country is ethnically and culturally homogeneous, with virtually no racial strains Finally, the Japanese, living close together on an isolated and densely populated island group, have developed an ability to deal with stresses and an adaptability to others, as well as a sense of obligation not to trespass on the lives of their neighbors "In Japan most people agree on what is right and what is said a young businessman who had just returned from several years in the United States "In America different groups have different ideas about right and wrong Are the Japanese less criminally inclined than other urbanized people, or are the Japanese police simply more effective in controlling and preventing crime9 Probably some of both although the police are more visible and easier to explain than the intricacies of Japanese psychology They are also one of the few vehicles through which an outsider can get a glimpse of that psychology at work Mr. Walkaround The Tokyo police are recruited from all over the country in a search for the best men which gives them added prestige in a nation where prestige is important Here the neighborhood policeman is known respectfully as o-mawan-san Honorable Mr Walkaround He earns about a year after three years' service, compared with the of a New York policeman with the same experience And he does walk around, for there are many more foot patrolmen here than in New York Sprinkled every few blocks throughout the city are Koban or police booths, manned by one to a dozen or so men who patrol their neighborhods constantly There are such booths, which vary in size depending on population and crime rate Every Koban policeman has responsibility, on the average, for about 150 households, each of which he is required to visit at least twice a year Moreover he must provide his headquarters with data on the occupants of each household and what they do for a living There is also a voluntary civilian crime-prevention organization, set up under police aegis, with an unpaid block captain for every 30 households, the purpose is to encourage co-operation with the police and the speedy reporting of crimes and traffic accidents by use of the police emergency telephone numbers, 110 In these ways and through patrol cars and a modern communications system, with a computerized control room at headquarters the police cover virtually every square foot of territory and usually know as much about each resident as any nosy neighbor in a small American town This helps explain the high arrest rate It also provides occasional surprises for residents The other day an American businessman living here received a call from his o-mawan-san, who reminded him that his dog was due for its rabies shot The police are unusual in other ways Their restraint impressed an American reporter who spent a night on the streets with them in Kabuki-cho the neighborhood with the worst crime rate in the city A district of garish and often sleazy bars, cabarets, coffee shops and amusement parlors, it used to be thick with organized criminal gangs, but has been somewhat cleaned up Birch Bayh dubs oil deal 6a fraud' WASHINGTON (AP) Senator Birch Bayh has called plans to sell Alaskan oil to Japan 'one of the all-time greatest frauds perpetrated on American consumers and called for a United States Senate investigation into the proposal The Indiana Democrat said in a Senate speech Wednesday that exporting oil from the Alaskan oil pipeline to Japan could cost U S consumers as much as billion through 1985 An opponent of the pipeline, Bayh said his "worst fears were realized" when a federal energy administrator acknowledged last weekend that the U S would probably have to export substantial quantities of Alaskan oil because West Coast refineries would be unable to handle the pipeline s capacity of two million barrels of oil a day Bayh said he is asking the Senate permanent investiga- tions subcommittee "to conduct a probe into the entire matter He also said he is introducing legislation that would prohibit the exporting of any Alaskan oil that would, in turn result in higher oil costs to American consumers Bayh said oil companies ex- porting oil to Japan would be able to secure prices sig- nificantly higher than the U S to price for oil Meanwhile, he added, help prevent a decrease in oil available to U S consumers, the oil companies would bring in foreign oil at an average of a barrel more than the do- mestic price "In what will no doubt rank as one of the all-time greatest frauds perpetrated on American consumers, it appears that several major oil the tacit approval of the admin- preparing for substantial international swapping of crude he said Wallace support upsets Negro boss Man uses Chinese water torture on wife BURLINGTON, Ont (CP) A man admitted in court here this week that he used a version of the Chinese water torture and other tortures on his wife because he thought she was unfaithful James McKenzie, a resident of this Hamilton-area commu- nity, pleaded guilty to assault causing bodily harm and also to threatening his wife and two teen-age sons with a gun Testimony was that McKenzie tied his wife Constance's hands behind her back, lashed her to a block and tackle above her head, then for two hours dripped water on her forehead from a bucket suspended above her He also lit flares under the woman, scorching her clothing, court was told On another occasion, saia Defence review LONDON (AP) The Labor government is in the midst of the "most severe examination" of Britain's defence commitments ever mounted in peacetime, Defence Minister Roy Mason said today At the same time, the defence ministry in London said reports that Britain plans a military withdrawal from Malta, Cyprus and. Singapore are "entirely speculative" and said the examination will take months to complete He said the government's aim is to bring Britain's defence expenditure in support of NATO into lire with that of Britain's major NATO allies Britain is spending 6S bil- lion on defence in the current year A defence ministry spokesman said 90 per cent of this expenditure is in support of NATO SMALLEST ORCHID The smallest orchid flower is the Bulophyllum minutissium found in Australia the testimony, McKenzie tied one of his sons to a pole and beat him because the boy said his mother had been promiscuous McKenzie was ordered re- turned to the Clarke Institute in Toronto for another 30 days psychiatric observation, and sentencing was deferred by Judge William Sharpe Litter Ottawa's Rideau Canal provides a less than- scenic view these days because of the garbage winter left behind Thous- ands of paper cups and other litter dropped by winter skaters will be cleared after canal locks are opened and water rises to its summer level EXPENSIVE FLOWER An orchid was sold for more than at a London auction in 1906 By D. DRUMMOND AYRES JR. New York Times Service SELMA, Ala the soft-spoken Negro leader who was beaten to the ground here nine years ago during the voting rights struggle, came back the other night to denounce some now enfranchised blacks who are talking about re-electing Gov George C Wallace to an unprecedented third term Lewis said that Negroes all over the United States would be watching on May 7, the date of the Alabama Democratic primary, "to see if you will destroy the dream that was won by blood "Amen1" cried many of the 150 persons who heard him speak in the Green Street Baptist Church The church is only a few blocks from the bridge where Lewis and hundreds of other blacks were whipped and clubbed on Mary 7, 1965, as they tried to march from Selma to Montgomery Cameras recorded the brutality, and an incensed congress approved the Voting Rights Act of 1965 a few months later DISTURBED Lewis, who now heads the Atlanta based voter education project, came to Alabama with a number of civil rights leaders who had been deeply disturbed by reports that Wallace might win significant black support, including the votes of at least one Negro mayor and one Negro judge Among those accompanying Lewis were Julian Bond, the Georgia state representative, Leon Hall, an education specialist for the southern regional council, and the Rev Hosea Williams of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference In speeches Monday and over the weekend, they told black Alabamians in half a dozen cities and towns that a vote for George Wallace was a traitorous step backward As Lewis whose head still bears club scars, put it, his voice rising and falling with phythmic feeling "I am a little disturbed and a little disappointed that here in this community where some of us struggled, some ol us went to jail, some of us were beaten, I'm a little upset that some of us tend to forget "Too many people have died Too many people have suffered for us to sell our votf for 30 pieces of silver, for an opportunity to sit in the state capitol or visit the governor's mansion A few days ago, Wallace drew at least 50 blacks to a rally here Some came out of curiosity, but others wore Wallace buttons In Tuskegee, the predominantly black university town that was the scene of a number of civil right demonstrations in the 1960's, the black mayor, Johnny Ford, has announced that he will vote f6r the governor and has predicted that Wallace will get substantially more" black votes than the handful garnered in previous elections Asked why he was supporting the man who John Lewis and others charge "created the climate" that led to brutalization of blacks, Ford said "Our citizens have come to realize that voting for people is one way of insuring that their community will get at least its fair share of resources That's what it's really all about The state's only black probate judge, William M Branch of Green County, has .also come out in support of Wallace, saying that the governor's re-election "will be good for the state and good for the nation, too He added "He is a fine man, and no one will beat him" MAIN REASONS Together, Ford and Branch may have summed up the mam reasons for Wallace's new found popularity with some blacks It is a political fact of life in Alabama that the governor wields unusual power because of his control over state and federal funds It is also a political fact of life in Alabama, and elsewhere, that many people like to ride with a winner and no one is likely to beat Wallace this year However deep black support for Wallace might run, and for whatever reasons, a certain amount of support is suddenly there, where it never was before, and the governoi seems more than happy to have it He has toned down his racial rhetoric though Lewis and others doubt that he has changed in his heart and his aides now count the number of blacks he draws to each rally Since he almost surely could win re-election without olack support, observers wonder why he seeks it The answer most-frequently heard is that he wants to impress national politicians with his ability to draw votes all across the political spectrum a prerequisite for running for national office THE FINEST RETIREMENT AND RECREATIONAL COMMUNITY Blind Bay, B C 50 miles east of Kamloops on Trans Canada Please mail me a free brochure NAME ADDRESS PHONE LH Immigrants boost London lifestyle LONDON (AP) Less than half of London's million-plus immigrant population is non- white, an official report said Wednesday The report, issued by the Greater London Council the British capital's chief law-making body, said 1971 statistics showed immigrants from such countries as India, Pakistan and the West Indies totalled Immigrants from Australia, New Zealand and the Irish re- public numbered GLC Leader Sir Reginald Goodwin said "This study disposes of many of the myths which exist about London's immigrant population Goodwin said London has al- ways benefited from its cosmopolitan population and continues to benefit from "our latest wave 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