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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 25, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta SoluriJoy, April J5, 1HE UTHMIDGE HEtAlD 5 Margaret Luckhurst "Remember The Days Of Thy Youth" The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MONEY AT A rant youth during wtfch debate .re- volTed around the problem ol cummer employment for stu- dote, several disgruntled adults complained that there plenty of work to be dona through my mind u I tried to (el her out of there. But achtev- ifiC this successfully without getting caught was an exercise in guerrilla warfare. Armed with a handful ol peb- bles, I'd quietly crawl ale the if kids really wanted to do it prden from the rear and pelt There were lawns to be cut, routine dean up jobs avail- able and household tasks by the store. Lamentations OB the lazi- ness of today's'kids were kud aad prolonged, and a great deal rf harking hack to the stout- ness of their own keg-gone yoalh was enjoyed. Frankly, I was somewhat unused, for it is quite obvious that one of the privileges of pueathood is that of recount- ing with exaggeration, unagma- tioa aad a notable lack of ac- curacy all the hardships and deprivations we have experi- enced in our own lost youth. We engage in this in an effort to aopire initiative and respon- aibirry in our children, and ev- er; generation since Adam has bees subjected to tales of bow hard Mum and Dad had to wok in the tough life back in the Olden Days. Although everyone ubder- ctaads and appreciates that parents are allowed poetic li- cence in this traditional rite, anyone under major age also posfects that most stories are embroidered several times over in the telling and have completely lost their origin. That our children remain un- impressed at the number of rnfles we had to walk to school, through snow and sleet, that they dare smirk when we fist off iQ the back breaking ehom we had to do from day- break to sundown, that they when we claim we did ironing and baby sitting for nothing, all indicates either that the kids are as shiftless as we suppose, or that they are a highly suspicious lot. As a youngster I swore up and down that I would not fan into the futile rehashing of all my. life's struggles in order to get my own kids hustling. I hare to admit however, that there have been times when I have fallen into this habit which'I was so determined avoid.'; I also must admit too. that the kids have reacted il typical fashion politely at- tentive, but wondering uncom- fortably when I was. going tc stop sounding like the .down- trodden Little Hatch Seller. Somehow they couldn't equate that-poor little tyke struggling school to do chores, with the 'woman who finds H a struggle to walk a couple of blocks to mail a letter. The fact of the' matter is, t WM a conspicuously lazy child- Let me hasten to say huwevn, mat indolence was by no means peculiar to me; many- of my. contemporaries were equally lazy and I am forced to smile in recollection when they complain about then- own lazy kids. True, imhke parents today, who are hard put to find hon- est chores for kids to do, we all bad designated ones ready and waiting to be done daily, aad .very often these jobs were interdependent. If the wnjudbui wasn't fiDed after supper then aister couldn't properly light the fire for breakfast and if that >neal wasn't on time then the kids were late for school or work, 'nod the whole day slow- ly got behind. Early on in life I establish- ed the philosophy that the eas- iest way lo deal wilh a prob- lem was to see it through as soon as possible so that I al- ways set about my chores with drive and eueigy mat set the house rocking. In no time at aD I'd whizz through the essen- tials having in my wake my Mother sweeping and mopping and straightening as she beg- ged me to slow down. No matter however, there was always one last miserable chore to be done, and it hung like an axe over my head. It was my chore to round up Roa- mer, our cow. Long on adven- ture but short on brains, Roam- er defied fences, cow gates, gardens and any obstruct i o n smaller than a stile or taller than a illo. There were no herd laws in those days, not that anything could have cooped Roamer' up for long, 90 that I could, and did, very often search in a 3 to 5 mile radios for that cow every night of my young life. I did not regard her the sentiment for- Innately was mutual. Tor reasons theological minds may be able to analyze but which completely escape me, one.of Roomer's pet haunts was In and around the church- yard and marae. Our minister at that time was extremely dour, of the heDfire and damn- ation persuasion, and not noted for his popularity wilh little girls. He was also a dedicated gardener; inordinately proud of hb corn which also happened to be a delicacy Roamer favor- ed. Naturally, when I spied the cow in Ihe com, visions of hell- tire and damnation fUdrtred atones at the enemy hoping she'd withdraw and sensibly head for home. Sometimes she did, and I figured my prayers were working for me. More often however, my attack would drive her into the beans where she was easily visible from the minister's study. In which case it was open battle. Naturally enough, the. good man was distressed; be could see bis lovely corn slowly be- ing transposed from his gar- den to our.milk and was un- derstandably resentful. Inex- perieixed in (lie ways of hu- man frailties, I was never just certain what form the old man's annoyance would take. Sometimes he wasn't too he'd just boUer unpleasant epi- thets quilt unbecoming to bis profession, but at other times he'd become downright an- tagonistic; there was just no accounting for his moods. If he got' very angry, 'which was about half the lime, then I was in for iS. In Ms study he kept a wick- ed looking sawed off shot gun which, even at my tender age I fell was not a suitable in- strument of the Gospel, but which he used threateningly acd without remorse on tramps, gypsies, and me. As far as he was concerned, he had small intention of forgiv- ing his trespassers, and if the meek really did inherit the earth, tt jolly well wasn't go- ing to be bis section of it. As I grew older, to the relief of the minister and myself, my chores becarce house- bound. I learn to cook ard sew, to wash and iron, to become a good housewife who could work with organiza t i o n and neatness. It was no longer acceptable to tidy my room by the simply expedient of pitch- ing everything under the bed. I wish I could say that I work- ed hard, with pleasure and in- dustry, always looking forward with PoUyama delight to the many jobs Mother would dream up for me just as I was ready to gn out to play. But I must be honest. I was lazy and I nil corners. When the sun didn't shine I skipped dusting be- cause Mother couldn't see the dust .without, her glasses on. When the sun did shine, I care- fully 'mislaid' her glasses until she became preoccupied with other tasks. I have always held UK pri- vate opinion (cot shared by loo many of the middle aged) that hard work does not always build a strong, good character, and I support my theory by listing all the renowned people in the- workt who have never done a lick of physical work in their lives. They have nude no- table contributions to sac i e t y without chasing Roomers or filling wood-boxes. Nevertheless, as a parents' .prerogative, we shall continue our attempts to inspire initia- tive and industry in our off- spring by recounting and fan- tasizing our personal hard hick stories. Recovery Of The Apocrypha Nature's Example IT was my great good fortune that tie family Bible in our home included the Apocrypha and ES a boy I delighted in the battles of the Maccabees and the gory treachery of Judith in lolling Holofernes, which the circumstances record as a very patriotic act. Daniel and Susanna was my first and most delightful short detective story. The Wisdom o[ Solomon and Eccte- siasticus I have always found magnificent. That they should be excluded from the canon and the vengeful book of Esther and the mournful book of included teem still to me unfair. The rejection of the Apocrypha by the Protestant church has been a great toss and il was a delight to find it added to the Old Testament of the New English Bible where, while it will not have the authority of the canonical books, H will be read. The exclusion of the Apocrypha dates back to Jerome (A.D. who was commissioned by Pope Damascus to make i translation. The Roman Catholic church added the Old Latin Version of the Apo- crypha and interspersed the books through- out the Bible, where they evidently have equal authority with the canonical books. Wycliffe's Bible the first complete English Bible, included the Apocrypha. The Coverdale Bible (1538) included the Apo- crypha, but with a note: "The bokes and treatises which among the fathers of olde are not rekened to be of like authorite with the other bokes of the bybk, nether are they founde in the Canon of the Hebrew." The Genevan Bible, which became tremen- dously popular and influential, was the work chiefly of exiles to Calvin's Geneva in 1560 and dedicated to Queen Elizabeth. The Apo- crypha was first included and then dropped. The Thirty Nine Articles ol the Church of England states their value "for life and the instruction of but yet il doth not apply them to establish any doctrine." The, Westminster Confession staled that i they bad no more value man any other human writings. This attitude ol rejection and sus- picion continues today and the British and Foreign Bible Society until recently would not publish them in any language. There are solid arguments against the in- clusion of most of the books, though it must be confessed that similar arguments can be pressed against some books in tbc canon. But some have inspired great art, as Toblt, Judith, and Susanna and the Elders In- spired RembraDut. Is not any man the poorer for not reading "The Wisdom oJ wilh its superb statement: "God created man for immortality and made htm the image of His own eternal Then follows the famous passage recited at fu- neral sen'ices: "The souls of the righteous are in the band of God." But the Beck of EcclesUslicus is a never- failing delight, full of good things and bril- liant wit. "HOY: can a man be hard on him- self and kind to "Until the right time comes, a wise man restrains self." "Defend yourself against wrong and do not be over-modest in your own cause; for there is a modesty that leads to sin, as well as a modesty that brings honor and favor." "Do not resent manual labor or farm work, for it was ordained by the Most High." "Refuse ever to tell a lie; U is a habil from which no good comes." CO beautiful maxim, so derided "Des- pise no man for being old; some of us are growing old as well." "Call no man happy before-he dies, for not until death is a man known for what he is." "How can a jug be friends with a "Catfroat your neighbor; be may not have said it Confront your friend; it wiU often turn out to be slander." "Fools speak before they tWri; wise men think tint and speak after- ward." "There are three sights which de- light my heart-. concord among breth- ren, friendship among neighbors, and a man and wife who are inseparable. Thera are three of men who disgust me a poor man woo boasts, a rich man wfo lies, and an oM fool who commits aduhV- ery." "As bright as the light on the. sacred larnpsland is a beautiful face in the set- tled prime of life." "Birds of a feather roosl together." "Curses on me gossip and the tale bearer, for they have been the ruuvof many peaceable men." Ecclesiasli- cus is filled with worldly prudence, but it is more profound than that. It contains the of God. Criticism Of The Pill? By Don Oakley, NBA Service -Pholo by Walter Kerber Book Revieivs Raising Children Without Controls Tie the tie Child oy Alaa DeWltt Bottea, (Ran- dom Rcnse, 245 pp. IN A TOREWORD to this thought provoking- book on child raising the author states that it is not 'bow to' book. Rather, be it is a ptea for the abandonment of the 'how to' approach, with its rigid guidelines for conduct which simply do not work, in the' interplay of parents and their children. "If we are to be authentic persons and if our children are to be authentic, we must cast aside our need to be told what to do and how to do he claims. He Is convinced that what gives parents real confidence, is their understanding of their own humanism, by which they can affect their children's lives positively. He Is pers u a d e d through his own experience with Ins children and also hia profession as a clinical psychol- ogist that controls merely hurt children by denying them their own good sesse as well as humaasm. In the development of the authentic child, the author states, the most important in- gredient a parent can give him is love. Admitting that this philosophy is by no means new, he points out that while most parents are profoundly aware of the Golden Rule, and insofar as it applies to them- selves il receives a hearty vote of approval. However, there is a paradox in parental behavior in that so very often we ignore its application in bringing up our children. According to bbe author, ev- ery child is born authentic. What makes him inauthentie then? The author argues that traditional patterns of child- rearing, whether rigid or per- missive destroy his ability to develop his dignity, to become free in his decisions, and eware of his role in society. "Children have a natural dig- nity so impressive thai it seems vicious for an adult .to dam- age it with humiliation, punish- ment and talking down the author stales, "it is a pity that we adults have to deprive them of il by whatever undignified means are at our disposal." Dr. Button claims that doing violence to a child, through abuse, spankings and neglect is at the root of our present dis- turbed, brulal society. "I be- Angels: Vestigial Remnants? Mea and Aigeli by Theo- dora Ward (Vikiig. 2U P. KJS, distributed by Macmll- In A .PERSISTING SYMBOL IN the Judaeo Christian da- drUon and hence in Western culture is that of the Theodora Ward has made a study of angels through the cen- turies and has( recorded her findings in a book characteriz- ed by sensitivity. What people bare heaered BI various per- iods nnpty reported without judgment ard in a felicitous fashion. In the begining found hi the Genesis stories angels were masculine. Female an- gels made a late appearance. Although the author doesn't mention it, this accords well with the exclusively masculine language used by the Jem for deity. Biblical Hebrew has ro wnrii for' goddess so com- plete was the repudiation of the fertility cuKs of the ancient world with their devotion to femininity. Angels being aeents of God were naturally males. The author couM not be fault- ed for missing this point. In her preface she' remarks that the retejrch (be did took her into fields of learning in which she could not daim even amateur slanting. Judging by her han- dling of Biblical Criticism it can be said that she has coped very well indeed. Winged a n g e Is were appar- ently absent from Ihe earliest traditions. But every mythology contains winged beings so it is not surprising, that In later times people forgot the fierce insistence on keeping separate from the and practice of the other Eastern Eventually the ubiqujtousneiM of wings on divine creatures was bound to influence the Ju- daeo Christian tradition. So Jacob Epstein's representalkjo of Saint Michael, the Archan- gel, on the wall of the new Coventry Cathe d r a 1 features outspre ad wings people would not recognize the figure H an anwl nnr without them. It is rather remarkable that an angel is found thus on a modern church structure. An- gels persisted as a symbol In literature an) art but had large- ly faded from religious thought In Protestantism. Lulticr never really repudiated the idea of angels but his en- deavors to datler from the path d the Christian brought them into neglect, Eventually under the influ- ence of the rationalist-scientific temper, angels became almost an embarrassment. Anyone who claimed to see angels or as- cribe events to take place as a result of them was likely to be dismissed as kooky at worst and naive at best. Today, however, there seems to be a new openness to the symbolism of angels. They are not accorded objectivity, though, because people have be- come too sophisticated for that always have been. One of the most intrigu- ing observations in Theodora Ward's book is that "celestial beings were seldom er.c6imter- ed by those who wrote about them. As long as man has been recording his past he has look- ed back to an earner age In which the happenings in the world appeared to be of a dif- ferent order from those of his own time." If the looking back goes far enough it is possrbie it would be. found that the definition of angel.1; as "the vestigial rem- nanls of polytheism" is as ac- curate as any that can be found. DOUG WALKER, lieve that unless any present or future Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Vio- lence looks deeply into the childhood antecedents of this sickness in our society and is brave enough to attack tbt old ways of raising children, the final report wiU be worthless." be states. Dr. Button attacks the time- honored institutions such as tha church and the educational sys- tems, denouncing them as out- moded, restrictive and (Tight- ening, the direct cause of many emotional disorders in our youth, and the breakdown of their authenticity, As an example of an authen- tic p e r s o n, the doctor selects the late U.S. President John F. Kennedy. "He lived with hon- esty, responsibility and with courage; he was sure of him- self and of his influence on oth- ers." As a parent who subscribed lo the gospel according to SpocV, I have to admit this book gave me a sense of guilt We loved our five children, but we spanked without, too much poking of the conscience. We set rules and guidelines and we gave orders. Indeed, we did about everything Dr. Button condemns in dnW rearing, in- cluding I think upon occasion, neglect them. I was convinced that, from time to time, a lit- tle intelligent neglect, when love Is ever present in the home, wasn't such a destruc- tive thing. The world admires President Kennedy and likely always will. But to be chosen to exemplify Dr. Button's trje authen 11 c person, gives me cause (o pon- der. In the essays on John F. Kennedy'] life. I have often read that his father was de- manding, pushy, and inflicted on his children an irreversible need to succeed. Surely these tactics could. inhabit a less de- termined individual. They cer- tainly typify the Victorian pro- totype father to T. This bock needs to be read widely, by more able persons than 1, for basically the auth- or's propositions on cKW-rear- ing are sound. MARGARET UlCKHURST, recent U.S. Senate inquiry into the effects of birth control pills is begin- ning to have its own side effects. So claim a number of doctors and birth control pro- ponents. A string ol expert witnesses at the hear- ings linked use of the pills with such di- orders as blood clots, strokes, heart at- tacks, diabetes, high blood pressure, can- cer and arthritis, Cornparalively little was (aid in favor of the pills. Doctors are beginning to see "Ihe first round" of unwanted pregnancies among women who stopped using the pills in panic because of scare talk in past months, says Dr. R- Elgin Oreutt, president of the San Francisco Planned Parenthood Asso- ciation. These women, he says are ex- periencmg the most serious side effect of all. "Many are coming In for therapeutic abortions, many are going to England and many others are getting criminal abor- be claims. An estimated nine million American women are using. birth control pills. Acr cording to the statistics presented at the Senate hearings, several thousand of nine million could be expected to encoun- ter the above-mentioned physical side ef- fects. Yet without me similar num- bers would run the risk of complications in pregnancy or death In childbirth or in botched abortions. Something else met be weighed In tin balance the intangible benefits of physi- cal and mental well-being, family stability, and the freedom from fear which this simple and effective means of contracep- tion has brought to millions of wives and husbands both. It is an extremely pertinent question whether all the adverse publicity surrounoV ing the pills may not, in the long run, have caused more harm than good. Transient Youth From Toe Ottawa Journal Canadian Welfare Council's recent report on "transient youth" provides a detailed look at the kind of young people who have taken (o the road to become the "new-style vagrant." The picture comes from interviews with 119 young people in five cities from Montreal to Vancouver; 72 males and 47 females were interviewed. The largest number of that group, 69 in were 18 to 24 years of age; 39 others were 16 or 17; and 11 of those spoken to were under 16. Thirty-mne were from On- tario, 23 from Quebec, and the smallest group was made up of only four young people frorc all the Atlantic provinces. The majority did not come from broken homes. Only 20 per cent of (hose interviewed said they left borne to get away from an unsatisfactory situation; while 51 per cent left "to gain new experiences and under- standing of oneself arid other people and places." Their families were slablc: 27.5 per cent of them said their parents had never moved, and an equal number lived In fami- lies that had moved only once .or twice. Only 2.1 per cent of the youths had laborer fathers; 28.4 per cent had fathers in the professional or technical fields, and the fathers of 26.3 per cent were managers. The young people had not broken away from their families completely: 54.3 per cent of them said they had regular contact with Iheir parents, though the report notes that "communications between parents and you are less than satisfactory." The picture of the "average" young transient could almost fit mat young chap or girl down the block, but for one disturbing paragraph: "AH respondents with three exceptions claimed to have used drugs, and for the majority of them their first experience bad been with marijuana. All but seven or eight were currently using 'soft1 drugs, almost always Including marijuana. Ap- proximately 20 per cent said they had had some experience with 'hard' drugs. About a dozen said they had pushed (sold) drucs." Save The Saplings By Margin t Larkhirsl DOBCVS ARE bade, seed catalogues are out and the lilacs are budding; in spite of unsettled weattier, spring is defin- itely here. It's paint up, clean up again. Lethbridge is a pretty city, at any season 'of the year and early town planners must be given credit (or the way it has been laid out. The streets are wide and the boule- vards spacious, which adds to that clean look .residents like to brag about. So why do people go about destroying trees in an area where a tree al one lime wai as hard (o grow on our barren prai- ries as an orchid In Ihe arctic? Perhaps we have not instilled in our chil- dren a respect (or Ilio hurr.bler segments of our environment. This fact is well evi- denced ia UM area around Ihe YMCA. A row of your.g saplings has been vandalized to the point where they will have to be replaced. Some have already been replaced and are splintered twigs again. Children today are more and more be- ing made aware of Ihe destructive forces of pollution. It has been suggested that an ecology course be included in the curricu- lum al all levels, Wilfully destroying bushes and trees which, if. left alone would some day give shade as well as beauty, is surely an ecolo- gical problem, as well as a disciplinary one. Those of us who deplore wilful destruc- tion of any kind are probably justified when we consider how many svilches could be made from the broken branches, and (o what good end (hey could be usedl ;