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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - April 25, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. LETHBRIDGP:. alberta. I IUKSDAV, APIUL 25, 1018 NIMHKK 111 GERMANS FAIL IN NEW NSIV f lElBLE FIGHI lEN MARINES . RAIDED BASES "fMany Exciting Stories Told of Daring Naval Raid on Submarine Bases ' ACCOMPLISHED OB}ECT IN SPITE OF TERRIFIC FIRE OF HUN GUNS London, April 24.-Air observation Bliows a clear break ot 20 yards in i^^widtli in the Zeebruggo Molo at the � annnr end and that a sunken object blocks the greater part of the channel ' in the harbpr o( Ostcnd, according to )y :in olficial bulletin issued by the ad-\, miralty. \ V. - A Terrible Fight >,^\ London, April 25.-British marines vho landed on the Mole at Zeebrugge, /.jjjucording to a narrative printed in jMtlie Daily Mail, .say that when the jmtiniaer Vindictive got alongside the Jlole it was found that of the fourteen 'Mgangv/ays aboard all had been.shot to 'H^'jjioces except two. which were damag-',i)ed and shaky. Nevertheless, the men, - Vlieaded by. Captain Edward Bamford ' ?' and Lieut. G. C. Cooke, dashed over 'f jind landed on the first ledge of the ' -Mole but lost severely from the terr-'^f iljle shell fire. From tlio ledge there ^ ^ was a wall to be climbed and then a vned and a number of others are missing, according to some of the workmen, who were alibwed to leave the pier Five of Che known dead were laborers, and one was a member of the ship'e crew. ACTION OF CLERGY' A GRAVE THREAI Roman Catholic Hierarchy in Ireland is Defying Imperial Parliament London. April 2.").- (Via Reuter's Ottawa Agency)--The Times, in a leader referring to the Roman Catholic Hierarchy of Ireland. placing themselves at the head of the anti-conscrlptionist movement, says: \ "It says much for the forbearance of the British people that so little protest has been made in public agivinst this action which raises an issue of (i>�?faendous gravitj'. It goes far deeper than the mere question of expedience in enforcing military service on Irishmen. It is nothiiig less at the bottom than the bid claim ot a powerful religious organization to defy the law of the land in a matter v/hich is not ove)! remotely religious." The Times proceeds to say that, the respoiisibiliti:ot the Irish Roman Catij-olic Bishops is incalculably serious and must not be forgotten. "It is throwing down, a challenge to the Im-periiil parliament," the Times continues. "The Roman Catholic Hier-ai'chy has done far more than to repeat their old obscure intervention as individuals in the Home,Rule controversy. They bave openly assumed the right to interfere as a church in politics and by so doing they have shaken to its foundation the whole edifice of religious toleration in these islands." KE UP MEETING OF IN FEINERS San Francisco, April 24.-Agents of the department of justice broke up a meeting being addressed by Mrs. Hannah SheohySkeffington, widow ot a leader of the Sinn Fein rebellion, forcibly removed her from the platform and detained the chairman of the nieeting. Wm. Shortt, formerly a United States marshal. Resentment on the part of jijrs. Skeftington's auditors against the officers became so threatening that it was necessary to turn in a hurry-up call to disperse them. The police scat'-' tered several gatherings of persons before threats to rescue Mrs. Sket-i'ington and Shortt could be put into execution. PARIS BOhlttARDED Paris, April 24.-vTlie bombardment of Paris by long rnnite cannon was reaiinied . today. There v^ere no casualties ... ... . THIS EXPLOSION Hamilton, Ont, April 25.-Thre.e men we.re killed and a nuinber injured this morning, *in~ an explosion at the plant of the Hamilton Tar and Am-raenla Company. The dead are: Alfred Ingram, supt.; Harry Sylvester, George Cameron. The cause ot the accident is unknown. The' force of the explosion hurfed two of the men through a brick wall. WIMNS WERE PREPARING OR y Papers of Von Papen Reveal How Huns Were Getting Ready CLAIM OF INNOCENCE IN STARTING THE WAR SEVERELY SHATTERED Washington, April 25.-Repeated declarations ot the German emperor and Hlndenburg and Ludendorff that the war was forced on Germany and itesertions from the same sources that Germany was take nby surprise by tlie German.v was taken by surprise by the ular interest to, certain papers taken from captain Von Papen, iate military attache at Washington, Were Pneparing For It Among the papers which have been published by the British government in a White Book appears a letter from K. Von Wild ot thfe German war ministry In Berlin to Von Papen seeking information regarding the best meauf^ of blowing MP railroad trains "in the event of an European warj' The significant point is that this letter was written March 32, 1914, about fiyc months before the outbreak of the war. This letter says:  ".\ccording to ne�ai)aper reports .several railway trains were blown ui> by revolutionaries during the troubles in Mexico. In order to form an opinion, whether, in the event of an European war, explosions of this kind would have to be reclvoned with, it is requested-that if possible, information should be obtained as to how these attacks have been carried ouL Were mines and explosives placed on lines Which were little ^ guarded, or were the attacks carrietf out on- the trains by igniting a charge of dynamite, or by the employment of infernal machines?" _^ ^Capt. Von Papen replying from Mexico, where it is now known that he was industriously planting the seeds of German propaganda, did not regard the operations of the Mexican revolu-tioiiarles as ot an.v particular value. Four mouths later he wrote from Mexico City: "I am convinced from personal evid-encfes that all the recent cases of destruction of railway lines by explosion were brought abo^it by burying dynamite under the line itself and then igniting it by an electric current as soon as the train had reached the appointed place. I consider it out of the question that explosions prepared in this way would have to be reckoned with-in ail European war. They aro only possible on lines that are ill-guarded, which, as In this country often pass for miles through i-evolution-ary districts and have no protection other than a pilot train. Infernal ipachlnes, so far as I know, have never been employed." \ Great Preparations. Another letter to Von Papen from the manager of the Potsdam branch of the Disconto-Gesellschaft, has this postcript: "Wo have never before seen such preparations for war as are being made at present. German government stocks teH today one per cent. Kind regards." ' (Signed) "R. Mimell." This letter was regarded as of particular/ interest by the British compilers of correspondence in view of its date, July 2.'), Iiil4, while negotiations were still iu progress to avoid war. INCORPORATE CRIMEA ^ WITH UKRAINE LORD ROTHERMERE RESIGNS HIS POST London, April 25.-Lord Rotlieri mere, brother of Lord Nortlicliffe, lia* resigned from the office of ecretary of ttate for the air forces, It is announced today. Lord Rothermere said that his resignation was du� to increasing ill-health as the result of inso'n;!-onla and the burden of respohii-bilit^ In his work. Amsterdam, April 2.5.-A deputation from the Crimea has arrived at Kiev to urge on the Ukrainian Rada the incorporaUon of the Crimea in the Ukraine, according to a despatch from Kiev to the Lokal Anzelger of Berlin by way of Vienna. Tlie government of Minsk and the district ot Homel also have sent deputations requesting union with the Ukraine. The German official statement of Wednesday said that .German troops had reached Simteropal, capital of the Crimea. A great part ot' the government of Minsk has been under t'ennan control for some time as has Honiel. FIRE BOSS KILLED Fernie, April 24-While supers intending the placing of a heavy timber in one of the mines of the Crow's ;Nest Pass Coal company -at Michel today, Fire Boss William Ounn>was caught,by the stick WHtoh fall on Mm; and'so crusVmd,,, hint ihat he�xpirkd at two o'clock ' tMf aftornoofi. . \ iritish and French Heavily Engaged Before Amiens, But Repulse The Enemy Germans Again Knocking at Door of Amiens But Have Made Little Progress-New Offensive Is On a Smaller Scale Than That of Few Weeks Ago. JOHN McfilARTIN, noted miner, lunibei'nian and contractor, member of parliament tor Glengarry, died at his home !) Redpath Cresent, .MoHlre.iI, April 12th. Mr. J. McMavtin, M.P., for Glengarry, in the Federal parliament was . successful as the only Unionist candidate to be elected in Ontario by acclamation at the last election. He was able to take his seat in parliament but following his return, to Montreal a few days after the Mouse opened his condition took a grave turn. Watch Germans As They Fight And Report Every Movement r'rench Headquarters, April 21.- (Via Reuter's Ottawa Agency)-In the recent battle, our airmen were assigned a new role. Our high command had foreseen that the enemy's advance would follow tlie roads leading toward Amiens and consequently aerodromes of buttle squadrons were distributed so as to flank and not .face the enemy's progress. Immediately battle was engaged our air squadrons not only reported the movements but delayed them by attacking troops and trains. During the first two days of Die battle, mists -prevented activity, hut on March 2;i, there followed the most severe air battle � yet fought. -The Gennaii air service was thought to have been defeated, and until March '.'SI we had had unchallenged mastery of tlie air. For a week the German army was without eyes or ears. On the latter date Baron Von RichtholT's squadron appeared on the battle held, but it was then too late. The delay in the air service caused the Germans loss of valuable time. liEE FIRES IN Are Suspicious-Destroy Much Material- One Arrest Lima, Ohio, April 2:"i.-Federal agents today aro investigating three fires which broke out simultaneously in the Lake Erie and Western railroad shops licre last night and practically destroyed the plant, valued at $500,000. One arrest has been made and it is said others may be made during the day. Property loss included at least ten locomotives urgently needed in war work, a new train of troop coaches, just completed, and a score of other coaches. Ten thousand (Jollars worth of Liberty Bond subscriptions were burned in the office of the shops, l^or some time a considerable part of I-iiina was threatened by the fire. BREAKS WIIH HUNS Amsterdam, April 24-The Het-volk announces that the German minister to the Netherlands has left The Hague for I3erlin and that the Dutch minister to Germany is on his way from Berlin to The Hague. SERIOUS PROBLEM The Hague, April 26.-Speaking today In the first chamber of The Netherlands parliament on the sand and' gravel questions with Germany, the Dutch foreign minister decla^red he could not and must not conceal from the chamber the fact that the question was a very serious one. He 'said he could not say any morp . about it- BRITISH REPULSE SEVERAL ENEMY ATTACKS, INFLICTING HEAVY LOSSES; FRENCH LOSE VILLAGE, BUT HOLD LINES ,With the British Army in France, April 25.-(By the Associated* Press.)-Vigorous British counter, attacks towards Vil-lers-Bretonneux apparently resulted in the reclaiming of a considerable part"of the territory lost to the Germans yesterday. The battle is still raging and it is too early to make claims. London, April 25.-Heavy fighting continues on the sector east of Amiens, Reuter's correspondent at British army headquarters reports. The Germans obtained a footing In D'Aquenne Wood, west of Villers-Bretonneux, but the British counter attacked and drove them back to the fringe of the wood. At several places the British have retaken ground and their position has improved considerably. Both British and German tanks participated in the fighting around Villers-Bretorineux. Two British tanks, the correspondent says, got dmong a mass of Germans and did great execution. The.Germans made a detero)'n: ed attempt to rush toward, Kem-mel Hill, but, without appreciable effect. The French, counter-attacked and restored the position. HEAVY LOSS London, April 25.-Severe fight-, ing was in progress all night in and around Villers-Bretonneux and still continues. Heavy casualties have been inflicted on the enemy there. On the Bailleul sector the battle is continuing over a "wide front. TAKE HANGARD Paris, April 25.^-The Germans have captured the village of Han-gard on the front southeast of Amiens, the War Office announced today. The battle continued with violence throughout the night in this region. ,. The French lost Han^ gard, recaptured it, and finally were S^ain forced out of the town, but are holding the ground immediately around It. of the German offensive seems on a much smaller scale than formerly. Its objectives in yesterday's attack were exclusively limited. It is possible that this is dui: to the realization of the great slaughter which has been attending the Teuton headlong rushes but the enomy has huge forces assembled in the neighborhood and if local thrusts like that which captured Villers-Bretonneux yesterday can . be repeated the enemy is sure sooner or later to take advantage of those gains to push on to the utmost at the best moment. As in the case of the attack , which captured Armentieres, the enemy made two thrusts against Villers-Bretonneux yesterday. One was made against Mount Kemmel and was repulsed. The other was launched against Villers-Hangard where the Germans were evidently anxious to wipe out a salient and capture high ground on iToth sides of the road leading to Amiens before attemftiing another general advance. The other enemy attacks yesterday were clearly dfv-ersions. Correspondents at ' the ' front stats that ho British tanks have been in action for two or "�, three weeks. ! London, April 25.-Three attacks made by the Germans on British positions east of Amiens have been repulsed, it is announced officially. On the Flanders front late yesterday, the Germans attacked French positions northeast of Bailleul and were repulsed. Early this morning after an intense bombardment they renewed their attacks in this sector and again at British positions farther east. The British regained ground around Villers-Bretonneux by counter attacks and took prisoners. ON SMALLER P-^Are London, April 25.-(By Reuters Ottawa Agency)-The 'resumption LY REPLACE OFGUNSIOSI London, April 26.-The British have lost nearly one thousand guns, between rour and five thousand machine guns, arid the total manuff^cture of ammunition of between one and three weeks tinoe the present battle in France began, Winston Spencer Churchill, minister of munitions,' told the house of commons today. All these losses have been made good. ' The munitions ministry, said Mr. Churchill, placed at tha diapoaal of air and ground services more than twice the number of guna lost or destroyed in the battle in France. 'There were now, he added, actually rhprt aerviceable guns aa a whole and mere of every calibre than there were at the beginning of the'battle. Mr. ChurehitI . said airplanes were being produced more rapidly than trained pilots were and . that every tank lost was replaced J by another i^nd better one* . ' With the British Army in France, April 24.-(Two KM.)-Hard fighting developed this morning on the southern' battlefront'the enemy attacHlng south of the Sonime, along the Ifueof Viller.s-Bretonneu.x-, Hangard, Hailles and Castel. Early developments indicated that tJhe Germans were trying for only limited objectives. On the British sector Villers-Bret-toneux which nestles on a ridge overlooking the long stretch of the Sommo Valley, was the storm center and liere the-enemy for the first time since the yar began had tanks In action. Three of these engines of war accompanied the storming infantr>\ which at latest reports had battled forward into the eastern outskirts of the town, whwo severe fighting took place. From the French sector came word that the Germans had made very slight progress. The assault was preceded by a heavy bombardment about Villers-Bretonneux. At the conclusion of this preparation the Germans surged forward along the whole British front from south of the Somme, although it seemed evident that they had Villers-Bretonneux as their ultimate goal because of its dominating position. The- fir^ attack was thrown baclc. but the enemy immediately came forward again, and this time mot with more success. In the face of heavy machine gun and rifle fire the Germans pushed on toward the town, their three tanks lending. The Brit--ish gave way slightly, and the enem.v got a footing in the eastern fringe of the town. Further nortli, a little above the Albert region, the British infantry put up an "S. O. S." for artillery protee-jtion about four o'clock this morning and what appeared .to promise a serious attack began to show. It turned out to be nothing more preteiitlou.'j than an attempted raid, and the. British artillery smashed the enemy infantry as they were leaving their trenches. Between Robecq and Givenchy thero was also considerable enemy shelling this morning and the Germans made a small attack in an attempt to take a post near Givenchy. But this movement was quickly stopped by Brltiah tire. The British carried out iniuor operations 'at Givenchy which resulted in the recapture .of a strong pOHt whicli the enemy held. South ot the Clarence River tour Germiin companies which essayed a locai attack were repulsed., Resume Hammering " London, April 24.-After three weeks of preparation iu the Somme. during which time they launched an offensive in Flanders, the Germans have resumed their hammering at the front door of Amiens. For days there has bee:^ heavy artillery firing along the northern sectors ot the Somme salient, and finally the German infantry began their attempts to advance on the line passing Viliers-Bretonneux, Hangard, Hailles and Castel. The first attacks were , repulsed, but, subsequent attacks centered about ViUers- , Bretonneux, Ukve caused a British withdrawal from this village, according to a report from Field Mars^hnl Haig. This mai-ks u German gain oC (CONTINUED ON PAGE SIX), ?9113411 3 1?52 ;