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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - April 25, 1913, Lethbridge, Alberta I IPaae 10/ THE LETHBRIDGE 3)AILy HERALD fi-iilay, April 25^1913 fit.- Kjames McCaig's Address on the ' Science of Education ViirSdmonton , ' jMbena--Albona is Xell m the foreti/ont of the s;?len-tl.flc reconstni'r.tiou of tlio Csbiic of the .e^iiciational worlq, said .lames McCaig, euperinf.endent-of.aoUools or Kdraonton-ill! liis presidfiiltEai'address at Jht;'an-nual conventiom ol tl>e Alberta Teachers' association ui Edmonton', Marcli be, deveioping into a standartl aud common occupation among men of thought as well as men of action. Its appeal to the great thinking power of the world is universal. Education is being studied in relation to every science, whether biological, mental or social, which bears upon it, or perhaps r should say rather every science is being studied in relation to its 24 to an, when 700 teachers represent-j bearing on education. Ins .ill parts of ihe province v.ere gathered toge"me(r. The system, lie added.' is satufl-atied with new ideals cud mellotved b.v a new baptism of kihdneijs. The fujfl text of ths address lollows: "I amtUankful 'to say that I have at all timer enteittaned a simple and jCheerful .opllnnism with vespect lo the eduo�|tionaL' work and the educational pjwgregp .^or the province, and U Is nottbag sktrong today than it has . been. JS this \optiiuism is simple in tbti s�na� tjbac'it is without warrant, 11 :*rust MU thtkt no one will take It I a-way fijoin mm. \l have hope la the re-aiizatjon �f the ttest things educatiou- .Uy for ivilJoitfc We do seem snib mtf^e^ at aJl Clmes with the v\�ork :0f. ofwuaan day. with petty de-'t�tla wtijt TOullQe and anuoyance, so 1 tjiafc Ilia BigH^WKCe of our efforts is j Ip^tk&.'ioiirael^B. We are so busy put-l^lAnciqntithe gaocl� t|iat we hiiv� not . *i^|;^>Ic�!�>. t^o}^ oV take stock. TVe ' "^''-V, perSape, that govern-Ifl'briag'ingtg:oo4'thisgs .or'^tot'tUe profession is not VftdgpAuB �B sudh, or that the rc^oairde that are traditdou-,t0^u|ibar. are not coramensur-. register sJ^by making contribu-|iioi}*8t'! effort to the hring-j,lBg^>t j(odd thkigB to pass. Though ' j �i(r-wirffc may aeem hard, the only ^iivdrlc'tiiatiii &njF'good, either for results or for. the individual himself, I i�ili^rd\wbrk. It is a good rather than :�v^, lipkewise, that educational Udeals. should be crystallzed into legi.s-slowly- rather than haw^tily. V',Tlloush this teacher's office is one of > pubficso'rt, which of fen subjects him' i .toannoyanee, the eduoatlonnl senti-iiM(at of the province as a whole is generally actiye and- sound and co-' pgeratiTe in tendency. Though the. V te'i&poral rewards , in teaching seem 'timkll, the; ones who measure tlieir : ciervice� ia the llEbt of temporal re-�w�rdd have uo right to be teachers. "iVe get out of life only what we "The science of biology is enforcing our work. The emphasis given by I he science of biology to the long period of infancy, e.^tending as it does over 21 years in man,, gives new force to the principle oC extended compulsory education, togetlier 'with state obligation with respect to providing service to a point beyond where it has yet gone, and gives significance to a movement which is now dominant in our communities In favor of providing a type of secondary education more diversified than we haT6 yet had, and such as will give efficiency to the highly complex industrial type of life which characterizes western civilization. "Wiiaf would ituieaii to our civilization in comfort and intelligence and in the evolution of higher man type if the period during which we at present make conscious effort to improve mankind were doubled-it hoys attended school from seven to 21, instead of from sevon to 14? We may not be conscious of the working or a|)plic8-tion of this biological truth in our efforts' toward securing a more diversified type of education, but the leaven is -working just the same in the extension of the period and the diversifying of the tiualit> of education. "The application of the science of physiology is equally far-reacliing and peri'asive. From She stamVpoiut of physiology play is the normal func-tfoaing for the sake of growth, and in consequence of this the primary life of our schools expJicitely balance with 1 play activities, and the play impulse | is besides the mainspring of mucJi of j our primary teanhing. The developing.j of the brain hi the child is a matter of motor and manual exercise of expression, rather than of acquisition in ihe old sense. Tlie effect on.the woric-ing of the mind of good nervous and CLARKE This Mid-Season THE LADIES Phone 453 STORE Acadia Block & CO. Clearance of Millinery and Ready-to-Wear An nimsiial buying- event-u most opportimc Having' Event of Pai'ticnilai' and Bressiug" importance to every wojinan in Lethbritlge ^vllo rtesires to i^aina-SvibKStantJal Reduction in her new .Spring- Outfit. And an Extraordinary Satisfactory Selling Event from our point of view. The splendid reductions I'l-om origijifil t'osts. toi>'(>lh(;i' with t'oniprt^liousivo fi.ssortiiioiils from Avliicii to make seloetioiis,.-are alone vosponsible for iviakliig tins salc.tliG success it.;is,ii.iul if yoii liave not already profited by {he splendid saviiio-s, .^^o,\i slioiiid lose-no tiipe iii taking advan-age of the opportunity that here, for cleai'aiicc-v price.s , , � ,, .u offer the biggest monev's worth you've ever bougJit ai'tV-;-tjh^;4)i- any other season of the year throughout thti ver^' choicest lines of;present need wearthings., , ; ' ' . .'I^t^^n^ Including newest Suits, Newest Coats, Newest I)rej:i>�e�il Wewest Xinderskirts, Newest Kimona.s and Newest American Triatiiiedaiid Pattern Hats. ; Hat Sale S3.4S � Worth up to $6.50 Hat Sale Worth up to 5^10.00 Worth up to $13.50 Suit Sale SI 3.50 Worth up to $25.00 Suit Sale 7.j Worth up to $25.00 Goat Sale Worth up to $16,50 Coat Worth up to $22.50 Worth up to $25.00 Dress Worth,up to $15.C0 Worth up to $2.50 Worth up to $2.50 In the Yardage Ciearauce Sjile Yaj:d. goods ol" various kinds and de^eriptipliit ; going on sale at really, ri-diculoiis prices -for tlieir final and ab-solute,-clearance. THIS 10c SALE INCLUDES ALL 15'c- 'and ' 20c. VALUES � IN " PRiriitS ', AND GING-, HAMS, TOWELLINGS AND LIN.ENS,. FLANNELETTES AND WRAPPERETTES, DENIMS AND SATINS, WASH SUITINGS,. GALATEAS, OX-PORDS, LAWNS, MULLS, CAMBRICS, LONG CLOTHS," ETC. ' put into it, and monej' only guards us against one evil-that of jiovertj -| and'iliere are many worse ills than J povertj-. This is not saying that ein-i "Perhaps Uie greatest coutributiou t;iency and the suttable reimineratioii i of the science of physiologv- to our -of teachers are not interdependent j educational practice Is fonud in the frotn the standpoint of school boards..! free physical culture idea ,for the sake if drfes seem to mo that looking over! of physical development. This is, 1 rediscovered the function of ayiupathy. susceptibility and understanding as j the condition and medium of right pro* j J I sress and development in secondary I physical condition set down by -1 "veu-i ejuoaUon just as they are iu iinmaij ' al in his demand for a sound mind ia I education. a sound body is as good today as it I -Tiiese science-s of which I liave' was in his day. We have ^ver sone; been speaking in relation to thsiv in ' beyond by demanding a sound hody fori ti^gnce ,on our edacatioaal tlihuvms its own sake. It is at the call Of thp j ^.^^ edneat'ldtiAl practice are i physiologist that we appouit iu ourigciences pertainin? to the indiv.uuiil towns and cities medical inspectors of,^aiglit proceed to Jeal ;w;th tho couu-1 schools, and there seems to be no valid.! g^, afforded ns in the social seiencea, 1 reason why such inspection should not, 51.5.^ ^3 sociolosv itseli, tor examule, ba applicable to every child in tUej^.jji,!, regards education as an iustru-province. j mest for the total regeneration of so- Physical Culture i ctcty-iviiich cuts away heredity aud Latest Photogi-aphs of the Pontiff and.Sortie of the Possible Candidates for the Pope.'s Chair the .whole field of our educational in-...terpts, we can. count very suhstantial -^proiSpeas; r.ot only in the admiuistra-v'tlonj.and general provision of good \ conditions to educational wortc, but likewise; that the progress of ideas yu^ypii'.wWoh the progreas of civilization ' rfependsiVls suitably exemplified m the sillrecttonand in the purpose and in-'Kte&t'of; our educauonal effort. It is my (hope for this province not sinaply ithat .we may have as good schools as '%ey-have any place, but that we may jicontribute creditable effort to the .-�'libientlfi^c reconatractlon of ihe whole iitabriojof educational w-o-rk. l may not '?6i�I yiailB )gi our hope, but 1 say that iWevhaVe already made some progress toward this end. l-fe'la "iiu expersaion of the wholesome :i^;.and''aettveMi:L,.. 9jp(iyclties-i: to organize: administrative Ki^orjt for the -liighest-possible etllci-/^ic^', after the fashjon of ot'her well f' '' ittilzed'huataosB, aad' to roorgaalze eriisin In 'echool administration. lj{}^so;thjp'^8 relate._piove'or less to tj;^V!;ipdlcate' th'p �gfnergl atti- fo^vbot fiui)inerg^ t;i piactice, ;i*luitt|T)M|fe't-ia0#>if:-^ 'the ' * f'3�io fi u' BoIe^tlBo' arooonstrjuction fj. id H4H*Bi If^it^D^jtuna erieeilvely epoi itlvt N'p:aeBs:4ii!:Xl,berta. thun ni ^iljt'r 'J Mir esjI'e'difctttiojii-Atpears to believe, as effectively and con. known in the experience of those wljo have spent a lifetime in. high school viork, -and if thereiis any placcin the. .world where the democratic coP,ceptiot) of education can lind its rciiUzuifon at thfe' behest of sociology it is rtglit here in Alberta. 'Why is it Uiua? Idou'lkuow. They say that new conditions induceisusceptibilities and responses to Characteristic, fundamental and permanent human impulses. ShaU I ascrlbo u: to the initiatory impulse; to teach which Is based on the idea that our bairns DR. L. W. HOPPtNi ' Of Kingston, OntaVio, Wjlp -caused which deals with the high school boy i>'=�"'=''''"'3'''6 excitement by his'mys-tind'Blrli 'J)r. Hams has given a totallv new ioutlook 01} this period 01 hocIuI teriou* disappearance In New YoYk city. He has just been; located' by his Dr. Hoppin practiced In lntaucyi;foi:thc boy and girl, l-le has] friends accepted and regarded the psycholoyi-j Swift Current, Sask., aeveral 'years .cal .basipot social fecllns or ot the.'ago. He io a graduate of Arts and social feotlngh ard imptilse."-, and lias Medicine in Queens' IJnivarsitw. ing clouds of glory otit of the absolute, lavry v/itii the world but for a little v/hile and iiass .into the. infinite for which wc mirture-. thiem,- making of them spirits from � good-man types, producing'here and'thcTe'a-'f3ante, a Pasteur, a Goethe; a DarWiu,'a Wordsworth, an Edison or';Shakespeare'? But all teachers have this.' Is the impulse to right- tunctiohJng.-Stiecial in iour case? - -V � v >�;.��'� � ' � \ "Men have come-Into this open aiid BUii-fiooded land out-'of'the' din of the Eeltlements, some'will.iiay commonly, to better their cottdltibn. They have v,'all;ed by tho _creaking, ox, cart by day and huve lam by nigUt witit brow open to tlie great heavens in .a great but vital stillness. Do men get their inspirations in the janple of mankind, or doss the Great Spirit Ot the universe whisper inspirational truths to man ill the Silences and solitudes'? � Is au onvironmeut of human beings natural? 'We say so, but is not the environment of nature most intensely htiman aad iiispirattoiml and great, and good? Have we here a new'-chance to whisper back and forth with the voices m the great dccips of the universe, and �are we heeding these voices? "Listen to these ,5v.ords from a jiralrle Indian, 'a poor savage,' we say, who btifoie passtng was asked what things in the world, were great and cignlficaut to'hiiiXr ' " '1 havo fought j�i battle; the white iuau liaij been my friend;i I have loved a woman; the Great .Spl^lt.^has talked to me by the camp IlrSj an.d in the sounds ot the calling water-and I have understood'." : ' , : "It Is not my Intaation to go beyond' the mater of reglaterlng my Im-,pUdt faith in what we are. doing from the standpoint of commdn/publlc effort repreaented ,In external^ thfngs and and matters ot u'dnjgilBtratiOu froin the standpoint of tljiw^dsai''science or philosopihy underlying dur work, and mv boiler likewise In thetslcns. ot la- SDlration to good things wliich are,, after all, the great essence ol our accomplishments, . 'We'havo prooloms to holve oi^ thf side- of organi'/.ation and expansion which seem to Ipom large. Our country. 1^ starving tor toiicherB and our high: schools, which make teachers, arc'Ptarvlng tor nourishing. Our traln-ing work Is &ufteilng lioni arrested de vBlopment In that the forces of higher eductttjou, represontod In our university arfl not-' boliiK exuUcltly broken and harneHsed to this v;ork. Perhaps thoy may come when political expediency and exigency may require the estah-llshmeut of a branch podugogical Institution in Eonie such growing place as Edmonton. . "AH are ondeavbrlng to solve the problem of glvlns the light o� science to the A'C 'of iisrlcutture. So far as this aasociatiou Is concerned, it is an obligation, to gauge; Intelllgintly whethtst'i-OR. not ihls^work lb a 'legitimate extotisloh of �the t unctions of our education department or simply in;ex-i: tension ot the functions of agrlculttire.-) trust that: those- matters may on-i, gage your interest and �'attentions; atidr that thoy will be solved. aittlsfactQr/ly, In the end. I trust'that' ,ve*'may 'be abletoixopserve and nourish*for'ouz'-solvoB and �Cor each other the idaUS' n'nC InBpIraUon's -thaf ljay� i;i�'l'''u�,' thUB I'ar," ' ;