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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 24, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta April 24, 1973 THI IETHMIDG! HERALD 5 Western ways under attac n the East By Dennis Bloodworth. London Observer commentator SINGAPORE As rival powers with axes to grind nnob- ly step forward and offer to put a shattered Vietnam to- gether again, aid is in danger 'of becoming a dirty word. In- vestment is already suspect, for today many Southeast As- ians fear a neo-colonial take- over economic, cultural, per- haps political by a West that has made a miserable mess of Indochina, built up multi-na- tional corporations that could buy and sell the national econ- omy of many states in this re- gion before breakfast, and de- veloped in the hippy cult a psychosomatic ulcer that be- trays its own sick condition. Asia is edgy again about the man from the wicked West whose baggage can be equally dangerous, whether it contains dollars or decadence. Expatriate academics from Europe and America have come under fire, and the Uni- versity of Singapore is not try- ing to recruit staff from other Asian countries. The 19th-cen- tury acronym once coin- ed by the West from "Wily Or- iental Gentleman" and used as a disdainful epithet for Arabs, has been deliberately amended to mean "Westernized Orient- al Gentleman" and adopted here as a disdainful epithet for "brainless young" Asians who ape "negative Western styles of life." Governments are meanwhile taking defensive action to pre- serve "Asian moral values." South Koreans can be jailed for wearing hot-pants, for secretly teaching dancing, spitting in public and jumping queues, while in Thailand women can be arrested for wearing back- less dresses and men for not wearing shirts. Miniskirts are banned in the Malaysian Parli- 1973 If NU, Inc. "Listen, my job is just as boring as yours on the line, and I have no identification wiifc our. finished product. ElTHERl" ament, and loud shirts and tight jeans in Malaysian schools. In Manila and Bang- kok, drug traffickers have been publicly executed by firing squads. However, the announcements of the curbs themselves often disclose that local abuses can be as pernicious as the im- ported variety. Thai officers who take bribes from youths anxious to avoid military ser- vice are being thrown into pris- on, and Filipino civil servants are now forbidden1 to accept presents of any kind on any oc- casion. Malaysian o f f i cials promise to stamp out corrup- tion among the police, but meanwhile a senator in Kuala Lumpur somewhat revealingly .deplores the heavier penalties imposed for traffic offences on the grounds that drivers will simply have to pay heavier fines to traffic cops. The most enthusiastic re- sponse to the call of the some- what puritanical Singapore gov- ernment for a "rugged society" that leaves vice to foreign vis- itors has come from those eager to learn the martial arts of the Orient Kung Fu, Tae kwon- do, Karate, Aikido and the rest of rougher games they play in this part of the world. The re- sult has been an uncontrolled proliferation of pugilistic acad- emies, the emergence of the black-belt buUy-boy, and a spate of brawls that has alarm- ed the government. It is not Western films prim- arily that come under the guil- lotine for excessive blocd-spill- ling and brutality, but Chinese films made mainly in Hong Kong, and the sword-fighting, stone-fisted stars of these en- joy the hero worship else- where reserved for buE-fight- ers or centre-forwards. Violence in films, partly blamed for the recent rise in mayhem in this mini-republic, has now been banned, but I see that despite the self-righteous outcry ab'out the export of decadent Western culture to the East, one Chinese studio is now exporting its mar- athon saquences of maiming ard mutilation to the West. Nor is the West for infamous rackets like the Chap-Ji-Kee numbers lottery run by Chinese who pocket 80 per cent of the pittances they rake in from housewives and humble wash-amahs hooked on this daily gamble, giving only 20 per cent of their take in prizes. Three syndicates in Singapore have been making more than million a year of housekeeping money and hard earned wages out of the fraud, which flourishes along with the extortion, drug pedd- ling, gang war and pimping that so profitably fill the work- ing day of sworn-in members of the islands' secret societies. The government, accused of .running its own numbers game has protested that its wholly laudable object is to tempt the public away from illegal gamb- ling swindles like Chap-Ji-Kee by offering an official short-cut to wealth. Pious arguments are also advanced to explain why Western pornography is filth but Eastern pornography is only morally uplifting the Kama Sutra teaches a wife to make herself eternally exciting to her husband, so that he wiU not be tempted to stray. The Chinese novel Golden Lotus, is a stern lesson on the bitter wages of unbridled lust (the bitter wages nevertheless come after four volumes largely fill- ed with blow-by-blow accounts of titillating bedroom acrobat- But the Western way of life has also been blamed for the break-up of the family, the re- bellion of the more restless young who no longer wish to live in the same house as their Book Reviews parents and grandparents. Min- isters plead for continued re- spect for the ancient traditions of lhc East, which make the co- herent family the basis of a stable society. And it is easy to sympathize with them when one sees a harmonious Chinese home in which some still defer to their fathers, and grandma lives out her years with her progency around her. There is another side to the coin, however the hapless, post-graduate youngsters nag- ged by.parents who still want them to account for every min- ute of their day, the arranged marriages, the ruinously expen- sive wedding ceremonies, the semi-slavery of young wives and the tyranny of mothers-in- law in this game of so-called "happy families" the West once played but gave up for club canasta. Racial and religious chauv- inists w h o pontificate about the glories of oriental society and the degeneracy of the West are members of a conspiracy in hypocrisy that covers up much home-made misery in the Far East the original heartland- of the opium pipe, the lethal chop, hippy philosophy, tjorn, concubinage and cumshaw. They obstruct the attempts of perceptive Asian leaders to es- tablish a valid position for their continent in the world to- day, for this cannot be done until they stop blaming then- troubles on the all-too-obvious shortcomings and sins of the West, and take a good, long, cold, hard look at the East. Hard to stomach "War Without End" by Michael T. Klare (Random House of Canada Ltd. 464 pages, In one respect this book is a shocking indictment of the rea- sons the U.S. entered the Viet- nam war the protection of the dollar as reflected in this state- ment, "The making of foreign policy has been the exclusive prerogative of the business elite." An explanation is given wClti Taw-Cwwte TtlepfcMw Sjtitm t x your long djstance business calls may be costing your company too much. But you can change all that, starting right now! During the day you can save money by making DIRECT DISTANCE DIALING a business economy policy, rather than calling person to person. And after 6 p.m. most DDD calls can save you even more. Dial Direct calls go at the low station-to-station rate, and save you a lot of time in the bargain. Even if you only make a few long distance calls, the savings can add up to dollars a month. Why not have an AGT Service Adviser conduct a DDD seminar for your staff in your office? It need only take 20 minutes. But it can make a L difference to your company's phone bill! DIAL SAVINGS DIRECT of how it was the policy of the U.S. that their "forces system- atically destroy the rural socie- ty of South Vietnam." The mil- lions of dollars spent, largely wasted, on speeding up this pro- cess is given in deteil, fs are the multitudinous committees, sub committees and projects which, at one time or another, got favorable recognition from the Pentagon. Theories are expounded why It is "necessary to exterminate peasants in the Third World so that the resulting climate of stability will give capitalists the chance to become richer." A large part of the book re- lates the efforts being taken by the U.S. to train members of foreign police forces and mer- cenaries as: "American armies ought never again have to sub- mit to the dangers and discom- fort of non-nuclear combat." The huge web of the CIA is explained and the reader can oerceive an "electronic, auto- mated battlefield" within 10 years. American counter insurgency measures involving Latin Amer- ica, Asia, India, and Africa, are explained and involve U.S. bases from Australia to Can- ada. The Vietnam conflict is only a small part of the protection by the U.S. of her interests global- ly. There are some firms now drilling off-shore oil and many more poised to get into this sphere of operations. This "oil field" is believed to extend roughly from the coast of Japan down, round the Southeast Asia coast. Preliiuiaarv esiimaies put this as equivalent in volume to present known Middle East sources and, re- markably sulphur free, a bon- anza to a pollution-conscious America. There are many voluminous appendices of tables regarding break-down of U.S. expenditure on foreign countries, as well as a considerable bibliography and books for further reading. "War without is a book worth reading if you have a strong stomach and appreciate detail J. R. B. Books in brief "Still a The Best of Eric Nicol" edited bv Alan Walker (McGraw-Hill" Ryer- son Limited, Eric Nicol is usually a de- IscM to read. Even his ool- unw.s Jhal bomb cat have clev- er twists of wwds or Jurns of phrase that mate them worth At his best. Eric Xicol can be an astute comsnentator along wish being tony. The judgment of the editor of this collection of Nicol col- umns is different from mine. 1 thought some of QIC fspociaHy from early <3ays in career, was only 3115- lificd in that il showed how mndi he has improved. Some tWngs in this collec- tion have appeared in previous JCicol boofcf. I had FOTHC of Oirtfe books yet found al- st nothing that seemed fanv r. This might disturb ETJC it meant thai I could enjoy the enotwmrter all over again. DOUG WALKER No return to old bail system The Toronto Slar Who or what is responsible for the fact that dangerous criminals are frequently turned loose under Canada's new bail re- form law? Police say the law itsslf is at fault. Federal Justice Minister Otto Lang claims police are not administering the law properly. Ontario Justice Secretary George Kerr blames the courts. The acuteness of the trouble is shown in a recent report made by Chairman C. 0. Bick to the Toronto Metro Police Commis- sion. In 1972, with the new law in effect, police released about persons charged with various offences on their un- dertaking to appear in court on a specific date. Of these or nearly 31 per cent failed to appear; were later arrested. These figures have been challenged by A. Alan Borovoy, general counsel for the Civil Liberties Union, who claims that of the defaulters in Metro were only charged with drunkenness. He cites a study in Hamilton showing that of 191 persons charged with indictable offences and re- leased on their own undertakings, only 31 failed to appear at the scheduled time, and 16 of these appeared voluntarily later. This would mean a default rate of only 8 per cent in serious cases. But whatever the con- flict of figures, there is little doubt that under the new system some people are being released who should be kept in cus- tody. Before the present law is condemned, however, it must be remembered thst it was intended to remedy a long-standing abuse the practice of holding an accused person in jail until trial unless he could put up bail in cash or property to an amount set by a judge. Bail is not sup- posed to be a punishment but under the old system it frequently became one for needy people who couldn't raise bail and spent weeks or months behind bars waiting for trial. To correct this, the new act authorizes police, when they arrest anyone for a rela- tively minor offence, to release him on Ms undertaking to appear on a specified date unless they have reason to believe that he will fail to aopear or will commit an- other crime while at large. The change has ended most of the old discrimination against the poor, and lew people are now languishing in jail simply because they cannot raise bail money. Justice Minister Lang says the new law provides ample power to hold people who don't intend to show up for their trial or who on the basis of their record should be locked up until trial. What is clear from recent cases, how- ever, is that in many instances the arrest- ing officer is forced to make a decision on the spur of the moment without having any opportunity to find out anything about the accused. One remedy surely less in fuller use of modsrn methods of co'.rimunic-afo.n. By em- ploying computers, it should be possible to build an infci'malion bank on every person who has been in the hands of the police. An officer would be able to call this office and find out in a minute if the accused has a previous criminal record, or if he has previously skipped bail or de- faulted on an undertaking to appear. Armed with this information, the officer would be in a position to make a reason- able judgment as to the risk involved in releasing the prisoner, and there would be fewer mistakes. The bail problem would also be greatly simplified if the federal and provincial governments would take effective action to end the congestion and delay in the crim- inal courts. If speedy trials were the rule, there would be less pressure on police to release a suspect on his own undertaking even when they have some suspicion about him. But whatever improvements are neces- sary in the present procedure, there shnuk be no return to the old bail system, which operated less as a safeguard for the public than ss an added punishment i'or the poor. Nature's little helpers From The Wall Street Journal Sludge-eating germs successfully c'eaned up oil residues in an Israeli tanker during one of the most delightful experiments we have read about in recent days. Two microbiologists at Tel Aviv University ap- pear to have discovered a strain of bac- teria feeding happily on the oil slicks along the Tel Aviv beach. They found that with proper care and feeding, these garms could be made to devour the residue oil in the supertanker's balast waier. When discharged into the sea, this oily ballast is .a major cause of oil slicks. The scien- tists hope, not only to reduce polluting dis- charges, but to harvest the bacteria for animal-feed protein. This plan is marvelous in its simplicity. The industrial countries sometimes seem so intoxicated with technology that we will devote more time and money to replacing a natural process than to putting it to work. Gardeners will buy endless mixtures of chemicals before they would place a pitch-fork to a manure pile. Tnese microbes remind us again of wonderful resiliency of nature. Ecologisti sometimes get so excited about the threa to the natural balance that they forget how strong and enduring it is. Human being: can certainly contrive to make life dread- ful for human beings, but the living work will outlast us. Like the sludge-eating germs, it will probably evan thrive on our residue. Report to readers Doug Walker more important than A continuing criticism one that reach- us anyway is that there is too much American content on the editorial pages. On a couple of occasions I have attempi- ed to refute this charge by pointing out that year by year my records show only about onetiMrd of the articles to be by U.S. authors. But apparently this is not convincing. Recently I undertook to measure the space al'oiled on the editorial pages. I thought a three-month examination might give a fair indication of what was hap- pening. The research project broke down, however. After spending three hours one night measuring the 40 editorial pages in March I gave up the idea of doing more than a one-month sur- vey. The results of the aborted study fol- low. The heads and the white space around them, plus the masihead on page four ev- ery day. occupied 17 per cent of the space on the pagL-s. the ads appearing on page five twice a week took up five per cent: the photographs on page five on Satur- days used tvro per cent: the cartosms filled 33 per cent. This sdds up lo 37 per cent which is not tcxl- Herald staff writers' compris- ed 20 per cent: Idlers and articles by local people .-dried to 16 per cent; col- umns by Canadian writers outside Ihc area toKalted J9 per cent. THs meare; that 55 per cent all the CTare m 1V ial riajcs is with material ivrillen by people in Canada. Only