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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 24, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday, April 24, 1973 Why the disparity in freight Close-at-hand wonderlands Albertans are fortunate that five of the 11 new parks recently created by the B.C. government border Alberta affording people in this area a tre- mendous opportunity to enjoy and ex- plore unspoiled areas close at hand- each featuring outstanding examples of differing landscapes. While most of the 11 parks are in the northern half of the province, where few parks practic- ally straddle Southern Alberta with one edging the B.C. Alberta-Yukon border- Three of the parks lie just west of the Crowsnest Pass within easy reach of Southern Albertans and one adjoins Banff National Park. St. Mary's Alpine Park Top of the World acres) and Elk Lakes Park (21 square miles) within the front ranges of the Rocky and Purcell mountains north- east of Kimberley, just west of Natal, are studded with lakes, glaciers and mountains rising to 9500 feet and house such species as elk, mountain goat, sheep and marmot. Mount Assiniboine Park, on the B.C.-Alberta boundary adjacent to Banff National Park has been in- creased from to acres. For many years the federal govern- ment has pressured the province to enlarge this park. For sheer scenic grandeur the Kwadacha Wilderness Park, 110 miles southwest of Fort Nelson, near the Alberta Yukon border, straddling the Rocky Mountain Divide between the Kwadacha and Muskwa Rivers, is unsurpassed. These acres include the Lloyd George icefield, the largest north of the 54th parallel plus lakes and towering mountains. One cannot help but feel the park thrust stemmed from the brief pre- sented to the B.C. legislature by the Earthwatchers, a group of dedicated conservationists interested in preserv- ing much of eastern B.C. for recrea- tional purposes. Statistics indicate people are turn- ing to the quietness of wilderness parks as their preferred vacation site. Provincial park visitors in B.C. jumped from to eight million in the past 20 years. With holiday time approaching families should con- sider such a holiday close at hand where children and parents can en- joy firsthand the soft fragrance of the Indian paintbrush, the crackling of fallen leaves underfoot and the thrilling discovery of an isolated lake shimmering deep in the jaws of tow- ering peaks. It is simple and inexpen- sive, requiring only a sense of ad- venture, a tent and a willingness to rough it. The benefits are immeasure- able. Halting arms trade In an unusual joint statement, the French Catholic and Protestant churches recently condemned the government's trade in arms. The statement said the exported arms spurred local wars and increased the possibilities of new conflict breaking out- Although no reference was in the United Press story at to last month's reported sale of French arms to Uganda, that event could not have been far from the minds of the church spokesmen. To put President Idi Arnin in a position to cause further uneasiness in East Africa appears to be an irresponsible act on the part of the French gov- ernment. It ought to rest heavily on the con- sciences of those who determine gov- ernment policy in this business of dealing in arms that the sale of wea- pons has already made possible sev- eral wars and insurrections. The booming trade is also reprehensible because poor countries are buying arms at the expense of development. Governments tend to answer their critics if they deign to make reply at all by saying that arms sales are strictly controlled. No sales are made to dubious buyers who miri't prove to be an eventual enemy. Once arms are sold, however, the seller ceases to have control. In the early 60s, some F-86 aircraft (of U.S design, but manufactured under lic- ence in Canada) became surplus in West Germany, were sold to Iran, and finally turned up in Pakistan during the 1965 war with India at a time when the U-.S. had suspended arms deliveries to both combatants. It was a Soviet and Chinese equipped army which destroyed the Indones- ian Communist party a few years ago. Such instances as these make the stock defence of selling arms sus- pect. This is becoming transparent- ly clear to increasing numbers of people so that more groups like the French churchmen can be expected to be putting pressure on their gov- ernments to get out of the busi- ness. But halting the arms trade will not be easy. There are too many financial and political implications. The casseroie The frequent use of such phrases as "In- dia's teeming millions" seems to have given people the idea that India's popula- tion density is a crushing burden, respon- sible for all hsr manifold problems. Cer- tainly her population is immense, and that very immensity must cause some serious problems. But there must be other causes, too. At 550 millions. India's population is sec- ond largest in the world, but it must be remembered that India is a large country, BO while there is serious crowding, it is by no means the worst in the world. Accord- ing to recently released figures on world population density, no less than eight coun- tries China, Netherlands, Korea, Bel- gium, Japan, West Germany, Britain and Italy in that order all have peo- ple to the square mile than docs India. again recently, when the story came out of CP Air's bitter struggle with its arch rival Air Canada for rights to the lucra- tive Toronto-Milan air route. As evidence that it will go to almost any lengths to ef- fect savings, CP Air has even consid- ered substituting Chilean or Australian wines for the more expensive European vintages. Any thought of cutting it out entirely and reducing the fare? Don't be silly! It is entirely possible to be driven "buggy" by tho jneat boycott if we can be- lieve a report of a St. Louis businessmen's luncheon featuring "bugs" because of the meat boycott. When the caterer refused "to have bugs in his kitchen" the con- venor hired Otto Riese who has cooked in the White House for several presidents. The menu included fried silkworms, grasshoppers, caterpillars, butterflies, tur- tle soup, chocolate-covered ants and bxs, ice cream for dessert. And to create the proper atmosphere, a violinist -was hired to perform Flight of the Bumble Bee. It's a comfort to know that when rising competition requires that costs be cut to the bone, Canadian firms can cut the best of them. This vcas confirmed There's a bit more proof that the girls do have a legitimate complaint about the way they're treated in the labor market, even in the country generally believed to treat women most fairly. According to the latest figures published by the U.S. Census Bureau, a woman with high school education is paid 56 per cent of the wage paid a man with similar ed- ucational standing. With four years of col- lege, the disparity is slightly larg- er: women at that level receive 55 per cent of the earnings of men with simi- lar education. A number of, drawings by A. Y. Jackson, undoubtedly Canada's most famous land- scape artist, were presented to "the people of Alberta'' recently. They are to be on display at the University of Calgary for a lime, then one third of them go to the Banff School of Fins Arts, one third to the Southern Alberta Institute of Technology, and the remainder will be hung at the University of Calgary. That is certainly a nke arrangement for Calgarians, and for those who visit Uw Banff Centre. Birt it's an awfully nar- row definition of "the people of Alber- ta." Discounting Dad By Dong Walker Our lady of the kitchen produced another of her patented soppy dishes for the big rncal of the day recently. The reception from the other members of tlie family wasn't enthusiastic. Although the appearance of Ih? cwnroc- tion v.-asn't aesthetically satisfying to me I did appreciate the taste of the stuff so any prompting from my spouse I offered a commendatory remark. there's somebody who knows a gixjfl thing he cats it." Elspcth said. coijnurcd Paul, ''Dad's 1aj. 1e buds have gone dead." note: in the light of recent remarks by Alber- ta Premier Peter Loughecd, this editorial reprinted from an eastern paper should be of interest to readers of The If Premier Peter of Alberta is now aiming his natural gas cannon at Eastern Canada, if Manitoba, Saskatch- ewan and British Columbia are joining with Alberta for what they say is not a showdown ses- sion but is with Ottawa, then why is sur- prised? Way back in 1939 the Royal Commission on Dominion-Pro- vincial Relations found that Canada's tariff structure shift- ed the benefits of prosperity from West to East, and left the West to bear the brunt of hard times. Before that time and since that time Western political leaders have been telling Otta- wa and the Eastern provinces and Eastern business that the West was getting a raw deal on tariffs, on freight rates, on banking (which capitalizes Eastern in preference to West- ern on immigration, on industrialization (10 out of 20 of Canada's largest corpora- tions have their head offices in either Toronto or Montreal, Canada's largest companies From the Toroi t Globe and Mail draw only six of their 151 di- rectors frim Western on federal spending policies. Can it then be surprising that Premier Lougheed, having found a weapon with which he can beat the East about the head and shoulders, should be hefting it? Western dissatisfaction final- ly penetrated the federal Gov- ernment's consciousness after the October election. The Throne Speech committed the government to a meeting with the four Western provinces on Western economic opportuni- ties. Specifically it proposed discussing "the possible estab- lishment of new regional based financial institutions better able to serve the financing needs of business enterprise and industrial development in Western "improve- ment in the total transporta- tion system so basic to over- coming the problems of dis- tance in the region, from other parts of Canada and from ocean "the Western Cana- dians' wish to industrial strength on top of their re- gion's great resource and en- ergy base a greater mea- sure of decentralization of in- dustrial activity will be neces- sary." Mr. Lougheed is particularly Nixon meeting Watergate head-on By William Safire, New York limes commentator WASHINGTON The pres- ident did it his way. He did not stand in front of the cameras, bruised and em- bittered, apologizing about Wa- tergate, saying he was misled by his subordinates or other- wise pushing an alibi. He ne- ither submitted to cross-exam- ination nor requested television time for a long explanation. Instead, he wrote out his an- nouncement, read it in a cold, stern voice, and left no doubt that he had stepped up to the situation and engaged it front- ally. The reaction is one of relief. Supporters of the president are happy to see him take charge and take action; critics of tha president feel profoundly satis- fied about their vigorous pur- suit of the Watergate affair, but not many of them want to see the presidency itself splat- tered with mud. A few will gloat I-told-you-so, and by their mis- reading of the public mind will help rally opinion behind the president. Plenty of juicey headlines and personal tragedies lie ahead. Once a case begins to break, it breaks wids open, and when the president joins the press, the courts and the senate in getting to the bottom of something, we can expect to hit new bottoms every day. A few points to keep in mind as the cloud named Watergate fi- nally begins to burst: 1. We wuz wrong. Our politi- cal enemies and media critics, from Larry O'Brien and Frank Mankiewicz to the Washington Post's Ben Bradlee and Philip Geyelin, were right to keep the heat on the Watergate; we who at the White House, who were certain that nobody at a responsible level could be so stupid, BOW appear likely to be proven mistaken. Hats off to you fellows for hanging in there, which is more than any of you ever said to any of us when the president's bombing of Hanoi brought the North Vietnamese back to the ne- gotiating table. (Why can I never admit a mistake gra- 2. No Dolchstosslegende can be made out of the Watergate. There was no "stab in the back" that changed the course of history in any of this. Nixon would have swamped McGov- ern with no help from zealots; indeed, the Watergate incident provided Democrats with their only useful 1972 campaign is- sue. 3. Not every hardball is a beanball. Let's wait and sea if a connection is proven between the Watergate crime and other political activity that may bs shady but is not criminal. Let's also watch out for ex post facto morality, condemning tactics in other campaigns. We would be better off without such "hardball" but we should not pretend it never existed. 4. Beware of linkage! The word in this unfolding story that should concern civil lib- ertarians is "linked" "so and so linked to Watergate." Link- ed by what, linked according to whose sworn, first hand testi- mony? In the long run, the expe- rience of swinging wide the Watergate should prove to be uplifting. In future campaigns, some idiot may be found stuff- ing a suitcase full of laundered credit cards, but such behavior would be treated as aberrant and worse impractical As we flip over this flat rock we call politics, Americans of different parties and ideologies new do so together, thanks to the president's action last vresk; we need not don a man- tle of national guilt if we see some thing scurrying around. Political standards are getting higher, which is something to ba proud of, not ashamed of, and as we make dirty politics too costly a game to play, cleaning the augean stables be- comes a snap. This is not a tragic moment for Nixon, nor a sad day for democracy; on the contrary, for people who want all pres- idents to succeed, this is a mo- ir.ent to take heart. For all players in the game of politics, as well as for Richard Nixon, this is comeback time and w h e n it comes to comebacks, the world's leading expert has just made his appearance on the right side of the Watergate investigation. BERRY'S WORLD conoarned with freight rates: "There are clear inequities here that are holding back of Western he has said. Premier Ed- ward Schreyer of Manitoba is equally concerned. There is, ha said, "amazing difference be- tween the cost of shipping pro- cessed food as opposed to ship- ping commodities such as live- stock. Western Canadian freight rates are riddled with inconsistencies and we .want to get most of those, if not all, re- moved. Every one of them militants against industrial for- mation in Western Canada." Premier Allan Blakeney ot Saskatchewan said, "We are now suggesting in the firmest possible terms that perhaps the best vehicle for remedying re- gional disparities is the trans- portation system of Canada." Premier David Barrett of Brit- ish Columbia supported his col- leagues in demanding Im- proved transportation facilities. In the communique issued last week after the four Pre- miers met to discuss their ap- proach to Ottawa they were in fact, united in stating that freight rates could be the single most important issue to be dis- cussed with Prime Minister Pi- erre Trudeau. And no wonder. As the Lib- eral Leader of Saskatchewan has pointed out, it costs more to ship canned goods by freight from Toronto to Regina than from Toronto to Vancouver, thus nicely dampening the em- ergence of prairie secondary industry. As the Liberal Lead- er cf Manitoba has pointed out, the average rail rate paid by Manitobans is almost SO per cent over the Canadian aver- age, the average truck more than double. Or, as Alberta brings it to specifics: 'to ship a basic steel product from Hamilton to Ed- monton costs per 100 pounds, while to ship it from Hamilton to Vancouver (and export markets) costs structural sfcael from Hamilton to Calgary is from ilton to Vancouver Rapeseed, which is grown In Alberta, can be snipped raw from Lethbridge to Montreal for 81 cents per 100 pounds; but if it is processed into oil and meal, it costs pef 100 pounds to ship the oil to Mon- treal. Alberta would like to know if there is cost rela- tionship between the differing rates for the raw and process- ed product which it sus- pects thepe isn't or if the railways are setting industrial policy through their rates. The railways refuse to give any cost relationship information. All this has so annoyed Alber- ta that it has produced its own transportation policy, covering air international as well as domestic highway and rail. It may all sound ambitious; but the political facts of Can- ada demand that federal parties listen and Mr. Lough- eed's control of most of Can- ada's natural gas demands that the whole of the East listen. What happens to freight rates could have a great deal to do with what happens to gas rates. Law limits even the president Dy Anthony Lewis. New York Times commentator LONDON Cambodia prc- scBts the most extreme ex- ample so far of an American president's claim of absolute power to make war. It goes well beyond the confines of the long debate about Vietnam, since the bombing cC Cam- bodia lacks even a colorable basis in specific congressional authorization or prior treaty commitment. There has never been a Ton- kin Gulf resolution on Cam- bodia, a congressional expres- sion addressed however vague- ly to the question of authority. Nor is the Scnrtbeast Asian treaty arguably relevant; Cambodia is not a membsr of, SEATO, and in 1970 the nn- dcr-sccrcl-cry of state, Elliot Richardson, rightly said t he treaty had ''no to th; Cambodian situalian. Nixon long ago gave an ex- plicit undertaking that is vio- lated by his current bombing. As his 1970 invasion of Cani- bodia drew to a close, lie said: "The only remaining activity H Cambodia after July 3 will bo air missions to inlrrdict the nrivemont of enemy troops and materials where I find this necessary to protect the lives and security of our forces in South Vietnam." Tcere are no American forces in South Vietnam any more so that excuse for bomb- ing Cambodia whatever its legal weight is finished. What else is offered? Elliot Richardson, now sec- retary of defence, said the week that '-'we are en- gaging in air strikes only at the request of the Cambodian He seemed to argue also that the Paris agreements on Vidnain gave the president some kind of in- feren'.ial authority to go on bombing in order to force a ceasefire in 1his "lingering of the Indochina war. Legally, that is patticlic s'uff. Putting 1o one side any tiaestiftTis about the ratur-2 the government in Phnom Penh, no foreign governments re- quest can by itself add to an American presidenrs w a r- making power. Is it seriously suggested Uiat Nixon could l.r.vfuHy tomb Uganda if pres- ident Amin asked him to? Xor can a ceasefire agreement never presented to corgress provide any icdepsndent legal authority. On the most expansive mod- ern theory of presidential power the bombing of Cam- bodia has not been shown to have any legal basis. Even the Ecor.Dmist of London a faith- ful supporter cf the American war in Indochina over many years, has said that in Cam- bodia "President Nixon ap- peats to be short of a legal or constituJonal julification for using Perhaps some Administration lawyer has a theory. If sa, JTO high official has bottiercd In argue it, and that is almost worse. For the prevailing atti- IMJC to be one of con- lempt for the whole idea of law as it alters presidential Docs it really matter? After all, the bombs are falling on a litOe far-off country, and as yet no Americans are being killed or captured. But those who founded the UniNed Slates van'cd its very character lo in the principle that law Jimsls. the authority of every American, to the highest. 8 "Atajrfte Dad's a secret agent! Mom says fte hat to ban while te's a ttvt vitk a tertaifl 1040J" The LetKbridge Herald SM Tib SL S., teUfcrifige. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD LTD., Proprietors and Publisbert Published 1905-1954, by HOB. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clan No. 0012 The Canasien Press nw Canadian Anotiallon fht Audtt Burcso CLEO w THOMAS H. ADAMS, GerwrM Manager DON P11UWS Will AM HAT anting eanar HOT f. M1LES DOOftlAi 1C. "THE HERALD SEWES THE SOUTH' ;