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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 24, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 1HI UTHBRIDOE HEKAIO Friday, Apcil 24, Anthony Westell Road To Economic Doom Western Canada could be tak- ing the road to economic doom if it to become independent. Western Canadians may soon start paying a price in terms of more unemployment and poverty if talk of Western separa- tism does not cease. These are warn- ings given by A. L. Boykiw of Cal- gary, vice-president of a consulting firm. He has argued that an examination of We s t e r n Canada's major prob- lems, that is, the sale of grain, oil and potash, and (he level of tariffs and freight rates, shows that all of these problems would be more diffi- cult to solve if there should be an opting for independence. This is be- cause the small state would mean inadequate bargaining power in con- sequence of the restricted market. Mr. Boykiw conceded Western Can- ada might be able to exist as a separate country but contended that the economic picture does not en- courage such a view. A good indica- tion of the weakness of the West, he contends, is found in the equalization payments made as a result of Federal Provincial fiscal arrangements. The most telling argument made by Mr. Boykiw if his mathematics are correct is that the people in Ontario are paying approximately 60 million dollars more a year for their oil requirements because they are buying Western Canadian crude oil instead of imported crude. As a separate state, Western Canada would not continue to enjoy that kind of advantage. It appears as though Mr. Boykiw has made a contribution to the discus- sion of separatism of a somewhat stunning nature. He has stood the old argument about the West subsidizing the East on its head. There will be plenty of scurrying around to find the ammunition to shoot down Mr. Boykiw's case. One part of the case is plainly ir- refutable. This is the fact that it is more advantageous to be a member of a larger economic unit than a smaller one. What has happened in Europe demonstrates this positively while in Africa it is being confirmed negatively. It seems hard to believe that Western Canadians can be any- thing but worse off outside than inside Confederation. Cultural Encouragement Few events involve as many peo- ple as the annual music festival. In addition to the hundreds of partici- pants there are the planners, the teachers, the officals and the audienc- es. There must be very few people in the area who are not touched in some way by this cultural event. Nothing can match the music festi- val as a means of cultural encourage- ment. It is hard to imagine how young people, especially, could be kept at their practising without this goal of competing in the festival. Music teachers, too, might not be so keen about their mission if it were not for the stimulus the festival affords. The serious purpose of stimulating interest in music should not obscure the fact that there is wonderful enter- tainment value in Ihe whole program. Watching and listening to the per- formers as well as llio adjudicators can prove to be very rewarding. Those who expend their time and organizing abilities in putting on this major event deserve great commend- ation. It is remarkable that .there have been people dedicated to the promotion of culture for 40 years in this area. Now that. the 40th annual Leth- bridge and District Kiwanis Music Festival is under way, The Herald offers best wishes to participants and promoters. Sit-In At Sen Last October considerable protest was directed against the American nuclear test on Amchitka island off the coast of Alaska. Even the Can- adian government voiced strong ob- jections. At some undetermined at least unannounced time this year there will be another explosion in the Aleutians. This second underground explosion will be three times larger than last year's one-megaton blast Although the fears expressed by protesters were unrealized in the first explosion, there are protests being mounted again against what is considered a highly dangerous exper- iment. A major concern is that the blast could trigger off an earthquake followed by a tidal wave. Because it did not happen the first time is not considered by the protesters to be. sufficient reason for thinking it will not occur this time when the blast is so much greater. One of the forms of protest this Art Buchwald Positive Step To Parliamentary Reform (Fifth in a writs) role of Parliament ,as the focal point for national debate on the issues of the day had always been matched by its less glamorous but equally irqwrtant duly to scrutinize spending and examine legisla- tion. While many observers today rncurn the decline of the Com-- moos as a national forum, they ignore the gTOMlh ol its vigor and competence as a law- making assembly. WASHINGTON There's this fellow It the National Press Club bar and he's always briefing me on what is going on in Southeast Asia. "Did you hear that President Nixon is going to pull more Americans out of "That's I said. "Well it's not exactly the fellow leplicd, "because be didn't indicate when he was going to do it. He did say it would be within the next year." "That's r.ot bad." "It could be bad for the "How's "He might pull out 50 soldiers now and just before the elections in Novem- ber." "I I said. "No you don't.' Although the president said he would pull out the troops within Ibc next year, he also said be would be influenced by what happened in Cam- bodia and Laos." "That's I said. "It could bo bad. It the war spreads into Cambodia and Laos, we might bo ob- ligated to slay mil there." "I should hope so. Hey, why are the Cambodians killing the Vietnamese civil- "Because they hate them." "But doesn't that make it very embar- rassing for us, since Cambodia is asking for U.S. mililary "It tJoesn't help." "I would Ihink if we gave Cambodia military aid and they used it to kill Viet- namese civilians, the South Vietnamese wouldn't be loo happy about Prime Minister Pierre El- liott Trudeau may scandalize Ihe crilics by preferring TV to the Commons as a channel at communication to the public, and by showing more iotorett in dialogue with students aad farmers and 'protest groups' than answering Opposition MPi at question lime. But he is also encouraging Parliament to be a more ef- fective auditor and scrutineer of Ms government, sad he done more than any prime min- ister for to assist his The centre of parliamentary activity has shifted from the CunmoBs to the com- mittees witch an flourishing as never before. The parliamentary .staff Is growing by over 1W this yew, an increase of almost 10 per cer.t at a time govern- ment payrolls are frozen. Sev- enty two of the new jobs are to support the work of the coin- mil lees, reflecting the startling time will be a sit-in at sea by a group of Canadians. They plan to send a ship carrying 200 people into the danger zone to try to force the United States to stop the experiment. In this they are following the prece- dent set by the Quaker ship Golden Rule which was sailed into the area where the first hydrogen bombs were to be tested in 1952. The protest has been gathering momentum since President Nixon re- vealed in February the plans for the second test. There is hope that oppos- ition to the test will receive a boost when the effects of underground tests come up for examination by thn Muskie congressional sub-committee on air and water pollution. it seems incredible, in face of mounting evidence that man has been inflicting irreparable damage on the environment by doing things with- out knowing the long-range conse- quences, that this sort of experimen- tation should be allowed to continue. "They aren't dancing in the streets ol Saigon. But killing civilians is Ihe price you have lo pay for freedom in Southeast Asia." "What can the Americans do to slop Ihe Cambodians from killing the "The best thing we can do is bomb Ihe Ho Chi Mnh Trail in Laos." "1 was going lo ask you about Laos, What the hell are we doing "We weren'l doing anything until Sena- tor Symington's committee shot off Ihcir big mouths. Our slory now is we're pre- venting Ihe Viet Cong from using Laos lo get the upper hand in Cambodia." "Thai's good." "The only trouble is that Ihe Royal Laotian Army Is not very well trained at the moment and so we have lo use Meo tribesmen as "That's interesting. If Ihe Mco tribesmen light for Ls.cs, won't the other Laotians be "Not if it Irelps South Vietnam." "I almost forgot about South Vietnam." "Ymi.sec, things are much brighter now that Ihe Sontli Vietnamese can knock out (he Communists' staging areas in Cambo- dia, which until recently were off llmils to ibem." "That's good." "It's good only if Pnom Penh doesn't "Pnom Ihe capital b( Cambodia." "What's to [ircvenl Pnom Penh from The man seemed disgusted with my ig- norance. "Two Royal 'Army battalions from Thailand, stupid." (Toronto Telegram News Service) You KNOW MVCHANCES Of GEfWG THIS OME SFKltffP- growth' in output. In the 196445 session, Com- mons reported OB X matters, in the last session there were 122 reports. Last year, committees held S3) meetings aad spent 451 noun reviewing spending esti- mates, far more time than the full House could have devoted to the task. This session, the committees have heard 397 witnesses so far, aa unprecedented input of information and expertise from outside the government, but-in a recent the verbatim record of the tummiitees total- led pages, compared with pages in the Hansard rec- ord of the full House. Nobody claims Ihe committee syslem is anywhere near per- fect. MPs who can lurk in de- cent obscurity in the full Com- roons are exposed as incom- petents by the less formal, more demanding work of small committees. There are prob- ably loo many committee ses- sions, particularly for mem- bers of minor parties who have to spread time and expertise too thin. The government's own attitude is sometimes ambigu- ous while- eccouraging commit- tees with one hand, it will oc- casions'lv use the other lo slan down their sense of independ- ence. But Ihe trend to reform and renewal is clear, and Liberal MPs as much, as Opposition members are pressing' for more power and responsibility. The growth of Commons com- mittees was apparent before Trudeau became Prime Minis- ter and he has only helped it along. But in other ways he has made umque contributions to the effectiveness of Parliament. He has provided a year to leaders of Opposition parties to pay 23 full time and five part lime researchers to document criticism of the gov- ernment. Under pressure from his own backbenchers, Trudeau is now granting them for re- search by the Liberal caucus independently of the govern- ment. The caucus meets in private and is an important fonim in which Liberal MPs can criti- cize the government without ap- pearing disloyal. The way in which a prime miraster treats caucus, and reacts io criticism is a significant test of his re- spect for democracy. Trudeau is a regular attend- ee at caucus but impatient with the meetings when they are merely steam valve session! for backbench complaints. He can be cutting in his up at the end of each meeting, and some members are afraid to tackle him for fear of beioc nude to appear fools. But Trudeau has also en- couraged caucus to be more ef- fective in questioning and checking the Cabinet. Having made Gerald Laniel, 45-year- old insurance broker MP from VaUeyflcId, Que., chairman of caucus, he gave him an open mandate to reform the organi- zation. Laniel has given thj caucus Its first statement of operating principles, which is in some ways a charter of independence from the Cabinet EquiDy Im- portant, he wrung from the Cabinet the concession that ministers, when opening a file on new legislation will include a section on consultation with1 caucus. Trudeau agreed not to give final consent to the finished bill until he is satisfied that caucus has been consulted. Caucus has reorganized its committees to coincide with Cabinet committees, and they alternate weekly with session of the full body. Not all the committees are by any means effective and not all ministers are ready to offer more than the bare pretense of consultation with backbench- ers. But the machinery is in place. Laniel recently lunched with Trudeau to tell him he was stepping down as caucus chair- man to allow new men to come into office and review his re- forms. He also obtained from Trudeau his agreement that the next caucus chairman should be freely elected by .Liberal MPs, instead of appointed, as in the past by the PM. Parliament and its machin- ery are obviously adapting and changing, and are going to change a great deal more, to match the new tools of power in the hands of the prime min- ister. JfPs should have more independence and greater lati- tude to 'check the government without destroying it. The trend is hi that direction, but not fast enough to satisfy the critics. (Copyright 1970. Toronto Star Syndicate) David Humphreys Paisley Victory: A Setback For Reformers BELFAST: The Lord has de- livered the Rev. Dr. Ian R. K. Paisley of the great vic- tory for which he prayed. The Belfast bookies were right. The leader of the Free Presbyter- ian church and pastor of the Belfast Martyrs Memorial .church and one of his fellow ministers have been elected to Stormont. Their victories, beyond even their own expectations, are a distinct setback and perhaps a sad portent for the government of Major James Chichester- Clark. Two constituencies once represented by reform i n g Unionists have now fallen to men who sincerely believe that Sormont. has been selling out the Protestant heritage of Northern Ireland. Bannside, won by Mr. Pais- ley, was held by -the former prime minister, Captain (now Lord) Terrence O'Neill, who re- signed after losing the. confi- Letfer To The Editor dence of his party. South An- trim won by Rev. William Beat- tie, was held by Richard Fergu- son, a unionist whose crime was that he resigned from Ihe Orange' Order in Ihe belief that he could not (airly repre- sent his constituents while a member. Dr. Paisley regards both former members as trait- ors and Lord O'Neill as a tool of Harold Wilsen. Major Chi chester-Clark has already summoned up his courage and announced that his government will not be de- flected in any way from the pursuit of its goals and re- forms. No doubt his minister! .will be awaiting Dr. Paisley's company with expectant plea- sure. At last they will be able to debate the issues with Dr. Paisley. And in the fullness of time they may learn his views on public housing, reform of local government, fuller em- ployment. Smoking In Schools History is full of mistakes perpetrated in Ihe service of mankind and no doubt The Her- ald has had some share in these mistakes. A prime exam- pic is Ihe recent coverage of a Separate School meeting at which one item on Ihe agenda received more than merited coverage, namely the change in smoking policy at CCHS. Does the mistake of an eminent board, though for the moment off guard, call for another mis- take from the lias the cause of progress further- ed by publicizing this unfortu- nate decision? So much for Her- ald coverage. Now that legitimate author- ity has undermined itself, can wo expect our adolescents lo see the social and personal dan- gers of cigarette smoke more clearly? And what of the dou- ble standard? Will denial of "rights" to junior high students in the same institution facili- tate the task of educating them about smoking? Is anyone so naive? Increasingly this past year Alberta's educational leaders have L'jcklcd under lo Ihe pres- sures of "well informed" teen- age smokers or their more pa- IheUo parents. Our largest school jurisdic- tions have simply capitulated to these unfortunates without a fight. Bui who would have ex- pected our Separate School Board, known lo have UK cour- age of its own convictions and the only Lethfcridge option to the least common denominator, to strike out first time at bat? So much for the event. The Herald may yet regis- ter a service on this story. Some day historians will look to its pages for yet another ex- ample to illustrate, ironically, how just 91 man on earth fi- nally recognized the need for stringent environmental c o n- trol he gave up the fight to that most pernicious pollutant of them all, tobacco smoke. "CHARLIE BROWN." Lethbridge. So They Say Ninety-eight per cent.of Ihe population touM not be permis- sive if they wanted lo because they have not got the vitality- Mr, J a m e s Lee-Richardson, vice-president rf the European .Association of Health Food Manufacturers.' If Dr. Paisley's known views have been extreme, there is al- ways Ihe hope that Stormont wiU have a taming effect as. other parliaments have some- times had on rambunctious in- itiates. But the new member for Bannside has already as- sured us that will not happen. About Uie only other comfort for the government is the cold thought of Iheir political inepti- tude. Until the troubles of Easier week the government just did not believe lhal Dr. Paisley would run, never mind win. Although they had full control over the timing of the byelection and the style of their own campaign, they did not move in their big guns until it was too late. Then practically every cabinet minister rushed around the countryside In an obviously desperate last-minute effort. Even the Orange Order was prevailed upon to put out a statement of support for the of-' ficial unionists. And Lord Brpokeborough, the former prime minister, joined the cam- paign. Major Chichesler Clark transformed the campaign! from simple into tests of confidence. He person- ally walked Uie streets and told the electors how much was at stake, We have only to quote the prime minister's own words lo conclude that Ulster today is on a slippery slope. Hitherto Dr. Paisley has been consumed with the onerous bur- dens of preaching Ihe gospel in church and defending the Pro- testant heritage on the street corners. As a result, he has not been able lo devote any atten- tion to specific policies of vital importance to the social wel- fare of both Protestants .and Catholics. But indeed unionists did re- gard tho byeleclions as major tests for the government. The government, they pointed out with some reason, must be seen to be in control, with de- tcrmlnalion to see its policies Ihrough. Ironically as it turns out, Ihcy explained that Dr. Paisley made a good showing against Lord O'Neill only be- cause Ihcir constituency orga- nization was faulty, the prime minister too busy to devoto much lime 16 the campaign. It was the opinion of reform- minded, politically Involved ob- servers in. Belfast that a victory in Bannside would bo bad enough but a victory in Sbulh Antrim as well would put the writing clearly on the wall for the Chichester Clark govern- menU In South Antrim, the unionists deliberately cbose a candidate safely (they thought) to the right of Mr. Ferguson. Even he was not right enough. Nor can the results be ex- plained away by any peculiar- ity of Ihe constituencies. South Antrim runs from just outside Belfast, west to Lough Neagh. It shares the relative prosper- ity of the Belfast district. Un- employment runs at half the Northern Ireland average and housing starts are well above Ihe average. Bannside is typically rural, running north from Lough Neagh 30 miles almost to the town of Ballymor.ey. It is a farming area, with duslry. Dr. Paisley's powerful char- ismatic personality has won a fair and honest victory with the votes of a typical and sin- cere electorate. He was helped by the street violence and the dislocation of Protestant fami- lies after Easter. Both gave him ammunition which he turn- ed against the government as evidence of inadequate police protection. The government must now understand that, e v e n if R can control Ihe fringe trouble- makers, the outright hooligans, it still faces a formidable task to sustain itself on a reform platform. If the Chiebester- Clark government falls, the choice will be between another unionist acceptable to West- minster and there are some left or direct rule, still an unlikely prospect. Why, it may be asked, if Major Chicbester- Clark has determination and a parliamentary majority, should he not continue? Dr. Paisley and his colleague will represent only four per cent of the seats in Stormont. .Or will they? WiU their views not coincide with perhaps a third of the 32 union- ist members (of a total of This is the crux o( the mil- ter. Thfe Paisley presence is likely to embarrass some mem- bers of the government side, Consequently Major Chlchester- Clark will have to watch his flanks as well. It will take more than the complete support of the cabinet. (Herald London Bgrean) LOOKING BACKWARD THKOUGH THE HERAU> 1IM Syngman Rhee ended Hs 12-year rule of South Korea today as he gave up his presi- dential powers and planned to disband his ruling hberal party. The 85-year-old Rhec will re- main president in name only. IJjO Despite the sharp set- back in Uthbridge's building by the severity of the past winter, activity has again attained giant proportions and is giving employment to men in the various build- ing trades, Gainers Ltd., one of the largest packing firms in Ed- monton was destroyed by fire o! unknown origin early today causing estimated damage of im Ras Fafarl of Abby- sinia today succeeded his cous- in, the daughter of Emperor Mepalikil to the throne of the Ethiopian Empire. Two former Indian re- sents outside of Regina, have been sold for settlement by re- turned soldiers for an acre, The Piapot and Ochopowace In- dian reserves consisted of al- most acres. The LetMnidge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberts LETHB RIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 190i 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Stttvd Km MaU NBtnbfr Kcntxr rt Ca.iadua tttst lotf It! CMjdiat Associates and Uii Aaoji k CI.TO w. Editor ind pointer THuXAS ADAXS, CeMflJ JOE SA1JJ WILLIAM !UT Editor WKw nov r. nu.es novotAs K Maraicr r-lk-fiil COM "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUIH" M12 Duly ;