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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 24, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 14, THl UTHMIDCf 13 llcrnltl iAIOI Practise Care In Summerf allowing protect soU erosion. Farm K. W. PEAKE AisttaM DkecUr Summerfallowing conserves moisture and increases yields .of field crops during drouth yean.. It also exposes soil to damage by the erosive forces wind and water. In early April winds caused some movement of soil in southern Alberta. This is a wanting that fallowing methods ......against experience and research have shown that to stabilize many soils m a xi m u m conserva- tJan of trash cover during fal- lowing is accessary. D. T. And- erson, Agricultural Engineer, Soil. Science Section of. the Research Station, says we nor- mally produce to pounds per acre of cereal residue and from to of this is required for good protection. Studies of the major types of tillage machines have clearly defined these capabilities with respect to trash conservation. The discer buries from one- third of the existing surface cover each time it is used, the amount depending on depth of operation and on stub- ble h e i g h t. Heavy offset disc machines can bury more than one-half d the cover particular- ly, when used on short stubble. The heavy-duty and field cultivators that other have _____ spaced on 12-inch cen- tree, or narrower, tin farm soil Notke Given l .TABER (HNS) -.Tiber's municipal planning commission and the town council insist on compliance with development permits under which construc- ban projects are authorized, and have'rejected an applica- tion from Adam Meiz tint three famines be allowed to live in a multi-family dwelling approved as a duple. Town solicitor .Dfrigbt C. WOkoBon was advised by coun- cil to give notice Metz ,to reduce occupancy from 'One famines to two. One of the families is his own. with a mixing action that bu ries short stubble and flattens straw. Burial is not as grea when loosened or friable soil is cultivated. Burial is generally between one-sixth and one- quarter for eacb operation, T he wide blade cultivator buries residue only in the area stirred by the blade standards Each tillage stroke buries; one- tenth or less of the surface b-ash. The rod weedfr a com- parable' to the wide-blade n its burial of trash. Both machines tend to lift some buried residue to the surface if used on Setts previously tilled with a disc ma- chine. The effectiveness of various combinations of tillage ma- chines was studied at the Leth- bridge Research Station over complete fallow seasons. When a discer was used two or more times about onetenth of the trash was conserved. When the discer was used once and a blade was used for the remaiD- qperatun about one-third of the Wash was conserved. When.the heavy-duty cultiva- tor was used after harvest and the blade used for the rest of the season between 'ooe-third and one-half of the residue was conserved. When the Hade was used for all tillage operations nearly two-thirds of. the' trash was conserve-d. In these studies over a 10-year period the number of tillage tions required to control weeds each year varied from three to fire. Herbicides have been used to replace tillage for the control of weeds on fallow. In this way, trash normally buried by til- lage is conserved on the sur-' face. When herbicides have been used exclusively, less man one-teeth of the trash is tot due to crushing by tractor and implement wheels. The Lethbridge Research Sta- tion's studies indicate mat where maximum residue con- servation is needed tillage sy- stems involving the wide-blade cultivator and herbicide! should be used. When heavier than normal crops produce heavy trash cover other sy- stems may be advantageous. How To Make Money On The Farm SHAKERS G. K. Harris, left, and Dr. H. M. LeBoron both former southern Albertonj, played prominent rojes in the ormual Northeoslern Weed Control conference held recently in New York. Mr. Harris, formerly of Chin, pre- sented a scientific paper on growth regulation theories developed. He is the son of Mrs. Lewis' Morris of leth- bne'ae.'Dr. LeBaron, formerly of Bornwell, and trie ion of H. Neil le'Boron of presided oyer the conference and gave the keynote, address. Dr. leBoron received his 'doctorate at CorneH University in New York and now resides in Virginia. Harris received his master of science at the University of Nevada, and now resides in California. lETHBBIDGt HfSEARCH STATION The following is a letter writ- ten to Prime Miaister Trudeau by a confused Alberta farmer: Dear Mr. Trudeau: My friead Bill Jones, here in Caltaraugus County, received from the government this year for not raising hogs. So I ua going into the "not raising" hogs business next year. What 1 want to know is in your opinion what is the best kind of farm not to raise bogs on, and what is the best kind of bogs not to raise? I would pre- fer Dot to raise razorbacks, but if that is a good breed not to raise, I will just is gladly any uandrace or work in Ibis business is going to be injteep- not raise Durocs. The hardest ng an Inventory of how many haven't raised. My friend Bill, is very joyful about the future of the business. He has been raising bogs for more than 20 years and the best he ever made was W> in 1918 until this year, when he got the If 1 can get H.OOO for not raising SO hogs, then 1 should be able to get J2.000 for not raising 100 hogs etc. I plan to' operate On a small scale at first, hold- ing myseK down to about hogs which means I will get ami lira 1 van .afford a farmers (or not raising com. So, how much will you pay me for not raising the corn not to feed the bogs I am not going to Please answer sow, as this seems like a good time of the year not to be raising hogs. Yours truly, Alvin Agnell Intensive Beef Production boat. One more thing, these bogs I'm not going to raise will nol eat busbels of corn, and I understand that you also pay By GORDON ROSS. Ktfwul LivtsVeck Supervisor The current grain and beef price and supply situation have led many people to explore the possibility of raising beef in a confined type of operation. The game of raising beef in- tensively rather than extensive- ly roust be played by an entire- ly different set of rules. Under an intensive system the operator, must supply the cow with everything. Shejrill have no opportunity to use her io- ting season and as the calf i gains in size toward the end of Weaning period. There is reason to observe the cli- matic seasons if "off season" oduction can bring extra dol- rs. The cost of (eed Is still the irgest item in producing alves under either system. It here that the fanner must isrpen his pencil to decide- system he will use. nder the confined system erything must be brought to the cow; this means a machin- Drainage Investigations Calendar Of Farm Events April X Hat Livestock Nutrition School. April 29 Taber Landscaping Workshop 29 Medicine Hat Alta. Fresh Vegetable Com- mission Organization Mtg. April 30 Taber AFVC-Orgarizalion meeting. May 1 Brooks meeting. May 1 Lethbridge OMroan River Regional Planning Conference May t Lacorcbe Research Station Field Day May 3 Stanford, Mont. P.f.C. Forum May 5 Letflbridge Weed Control School for Agricul- tural FieHmen and Ditchriders. R. A. MILNE Seieitisl We estimate that 10.per cent, about J20.000 acres, of our irri- gated lands in rthe Prairie Provinces are. affected by sal- inity. Seepage from canals is responsible for about 79 per cent of this. Our studies also show that'the .water table levels are rising ject areas. Not all of this is the result of canal seepage; part of it can be attributed to exces- sive irrigation arxl pow-water management. The .latest trend in seepage control is to line the canal with polyethylene. The cost of this lining varies, depending on the size of the canal and the amount of preparation needed the average cost being abou eight cents per square foot. In some locations, because o topographic features and soi conditions, seepage is not an in- creasing problem.! However, in otter areas, seepage is causing more and more land to becom waterlogged and s a It-affected Here the need for seepage con- trol and reclamation is mos critical: The Research Branch the Canada Department Agriculture has been assisting irrigation project areas for number of years in Developing aetbods to alleviate seepage nd associated problems. By udving the underlying soil rata and groundwater char- cteristics it is lo- ate the cause of the problem and to recomrrjjnd corrective the past, either open-ditch or subsurface inter- ceptor Drains have been used most frequently.-The cost of in- stallation varies with soil con- itiohs and design of the sy- KEAOVMADE On April Mil the Readymade 4-H beef club held Iheir regular meeting. The pledge was led by Ernie Dyck and the roll call was your favulte athlete and why. The members agreed to have a gate sign competition, one to a-family. Chris Pearson woo the public speaking eliminations from our club and won second in the Dis- trict finals. Our dub is planning on get- ting .some new. shirts. After the meeting all the members par ticipateo in a record book quiz We are invited to tour Warn ef beef club calves on April 25 Owen 'Miller stem. Under average the open-ditch condi- design costs about 20 cents per cubic of excavation and subsur- ace clay tile, costs about per lineal foot. Perforated plastic title of va- rious forms has been recently introduced ard shows promise a substitute for clay tile. This tile is flexible, light weight, and is available in lengths of 250 feet or more.' It is cheaper train clay tile and more 'easily installed. Studies to date indicate its perform- ance is equal'to that of clay tile.'.We feel.that the introduc- tion of this material is very timely, as many fanners may sour, have to install drains to reclaim their waterlogged and saline lands.' Experiments are being conducted to compare methods, costs for installing, and performance of these plas- tic drains. COUTTS The meeting was held' April 16-in the Coutts Civil Centre. Roll call was the name of common weed. Business .of th month was our 4-H tour to be held April 25, the camp WestcasUe from. July 29 to An g 1, and the 4-H Horse Show Lethtridg'e Aug. 7 to 8. Later a trophy buckle awarded Vivienne stoak is at the recent; Achievement banquet. The entertainment committee mt on'a by a ;ame with 'volunteers' Leon )rr and Earl Sibly- partaking. The meeting was then con- uded after public speaking iven by Valerie Graham, farion Madge, and Lavonne Winters. Next meeting is May 21 in the Coutts Civic Centre. Lesley Franks Kin Trek At Coaldale .COALDALE (HNS) The Coaldale Kinsmen Club's Kin rek and barbequj is scheduled lor May 3 with all proceeds earmarked for the Sportplex, the Kinsmen rodeo grounds and other community projects. The trek will', be from the John Davidson School to Nolan bridge, a distance of nearly 11 miles. The event is open to the general public and airy type of than lorued, may be used. stinct to provide for herself and her calf. She must be provided with all of her shel- ter, and any items of cow. com- fort that she would 'seek' out for herself and her calf if she were an- open environment hi spiie of all.this-tbe cow, her modem will-Jaw more leisure time. Confinement raising of. bee can lead to. some interesting possibilities from the produc tkn angle. It'will be possible to observe every cow and he calf every'day. In fact this.wi be a must. In view of less lime being' taken for daily or week ly inspection the labor can be reduced oo Us. count. producing cows can be used in the operation with less chance of things; going Th weight and condition' both the cow.and calf can b much easier followed symptoms and physical. injur can be 'and correclec' under the quick and easier in tensive rather than the exle sive system. With the cattle' "underfoot all the time there will be raw advantage to selecting, strict for production: Since' the cov will have no opportunity to tect what she eats the .cow a feed can be. more- close matched .the sta of production. Extra feed be supplied-prior to the bree< ery and labor charge every day. This must be balanced the cost of fencing if cattle are to gather their own feed. It has been establish- ed that ail acre of land will pro- uce more if harvested me- unically, but it win take more cash to achieve and har- vest this production and not all cres can be harvested with machines. Provision has to be made the cows In the ot.can have access to feed very day! If a large group of are running together they will need something' different ban a feedlot that would nan- Je the same number of steers. Drytot calf production has in- teresting possibilities. Do some calculating before you try it. Pollution FORT MACLEOD Pollution and the'fight against 1 is on the forefront of every community V minded group and the Centre Trail Unit of -the Fort Macleod' United-Church Women held a well researched meeting, using Visual and docu- mentary aids, to tell of the pollu- tion problems facing people lo- day. were: Gertie Collar, Amy Griffin, Harriet 'Purdy, Mabel Collar and Eveline Ed- gar smilii call for Increasing Potato .Yields S. DUBET7. Agronomist The potato industry is well- established in southern Alber- ta. New processing plants and unproved handing and -packing facilities have resulted in an increased and more stabilized acreage. Yields also have in- creased. Ten years ago the av- erage yield was less than 10 tons of marketable tubers per acre. In recent years many growers have obtained between 12 and 14 tons of marketable potatoes. This increase has been largely the result of im- proved fertilizer and irrigation practices. E x p e r iments conducted by the Lethbridge Research Sta- tion have established reliable gnidetmes for fertilizer rccom Kendations. Sandy soils re quire more nitrogen than loam soils, but the loams re- quire more phosphorus. A soi test will indicate how much an individual field needs. Although potassium is, recommended for some areas in the prairies, to ate potatoes in southern Al- berta have not responded to potassium. Highest yields of potatoes were-obtained when soil water was not allowed to be depleted below three-quarters 'of the available range. Tensiometers are instruments that farmers can use on their fields. They are simple to operate, show the precise moisture status of the and'enable the grower-to time his irrigation accurately. In .southern Alberta the Irri- gation Gauge program can as- sist growers to schedule their irrigations. Our experiments showed thai the highest yields of netted gems were obtained when sets were placed 12 or 15 inches apart in 36-inch rows. Some of our future work will be corn cerned with the effect of plant population and fertilizer rates on the number and proportion of various sizes of early, seed, and storage potatoes. GAIN FLOOR SPACE WITH THESE DOORS PE'LIA Wood Foiding Doors stack compactly withm tha doorframe; dori'l swing open to block passage or create furniture arrangement problems. Slock sizes fit door-, ways up to 4' wide (standard door wilh hardware, easy 1o Install. Meet from: U Farm Expert Predicts Henhouse Skyscrapers 'IIDHCJ, WIK Faldinf Pwkn: BIRD BUILDING SUPPIIES 13th 'H. Ut-MSO REVELSTOKE BUILDING MATERIALS 3rd fWw M7-S777 MINNEAPOLIS "Chickens of the future will be. raised in air-conditioned m'idcity s k y- said Eugene Meyer, agricultural specialist for1 Hon- eywell's Apparatus Controls division, at a recent producer meeting. These deluxe henhouses will feature individual "apart- ments" carried on slow-moving vertical' conveyors. The eleva- tors will start with day-old cricks at the top floor and turn out broilers at the bottom. Ideally such vertical bird- land! would be located in large metropolitan areas "where the markets Meyer said. He pointed out that clip Ales inside these brooders will be critically important, with tem- peratures, humidities and even "sunshine" controlled on a pro- gramed basis to produce chicken-growing weather. The sunshine fliiorescent lamps- may bs left on all night to speed up the hens' growth. Low temperatures'aren't ne- cessarily bad for chicks, Meyer said. Chicks raised at a shivery 40 degrees are healthier than those raised at a cAmfortable 70 degrees. "Research shows that tow-temperature chicks have larger hearts and larger he said. "They can shrug off diseases and temper- ature changes that would deci- mate an ordinary flock." Meyer believes the conven- tional pattern of raising chicks in warm brooders for the first four weeks is all wrong. "You'll get bigger and betler birds by raisjng chicks al 40 degrees for the first tour weeks, then mov- ing them to a 65-degree brooder house with SO per cent humid- he said. FRIENDLY BEER ;