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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 23, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 TO! ItTHMlDCI HRAID AIMII M, IJHTOItlMS Anthony Westell TV Proves More Potent Than Parliament For Recovery U.S. President Richard Nixon had appeared lo be handling affairs of state rather well until recently. But lately there have been clear signs of increasing lack of support. No- where has this been more evident than in the feeling of Americans for the President's Vietnam policies. Following Mr. Nixon's November address, in wliich he disclosed a policy of Vielnamizalion linked with regular U.S. troop withdrawals, sup- port zoomed. But it has shown a marked decline since the beginning of the year. The Gallup Poll, in early April, showed the decline had been from a solid 65 per cent to 48 per cent. Despite strong oppostion from his military advisers, Mr. Nixon has gone ahead with further troop withdrawals and has made commitments for regular reductions in force strength over the next twelve months. This seems to firmly underline the Presi- dent's previously slated intention to disengage the United States from military action in Vietnam. It could very well also signal that there will be .esistance to any further involve- ment in the rest of indo-China. In holding to his promise to with- draw troops, Mr. Nixon has made a bid for recovery of some of the lost confidence of the American people. It is doubtful, however, if this alone will be sufficient to bring about change. Only a really dramatic bid to end the war is likely to satisfy the war-weary people. There is a faint hope that the Nixon Administration may sense this as a fact. The first suggestions of holding a new Geneva Conference on Indo- China were seemingly not considered. But latterly there has been some response. Following allusions to the possibility of reconvening the con- ference, made by the Sonet Ambas- sador Jacob A. Malik, instructions were given to U.S. Ambassador Char- les Yost to seek clarification. If genuine peace talks could be seen under way in either Paris or Geneva as a result of the initiative or co-op- eration of Mr. Nixon'lhat would be a great gain for him. LIBERALS dUmered 1 that television if man po- tent lias Parfiuatal in Feb- ruary That the time when Prune MMsler. L e 11 e r Pearson went to the people, on TV, to appeal agaivt the ver- dict of the aiad won. His government had been de- feated, more by accident than Opposition defies, ia a rote on a budget.bill in the Commons. was immediately faced with a demand far resignation, echoed tmiflitwiMly by the press. Pearaon hurried back from holiday to deal wnh. the last of his many fa accepted' the tactical advice of his press secretary, Le- bUnc, formerly CBC-Treoch- language TV correapoadeat ia Washington, to utt the art- worts to put ha arcaneati for a reprieve directly to tie na- tion. The nation listened and then sent Ms fa a flood of mail to the OpposiJioe: .Eni the crisis so that ginuuimat could grt oo with the badge! in- tended to shore op the dollar and hold its party leadership convention. Tbe Opposition bowed to pub- lic opinion and backed down, aUmag the government to con- tinue. The strategists on both sides began to draw the thMtttful coadwna tfati there had been a declare change in the attitude of the people to Parliament. They bad discovered in fact, before Piem Dbott Ttuoeau became Prime Hotter, that the people were to fcagrr awed by Parliament afed its dusty traditions, and certainly da not accept its decisions as Beat The dedma af the Commons had been apparent for yean, of course, and the subject of much Hasten The Action The advantages of one single short telephone number for emergencies would seem to be overwhelming. The number 911 for all emergency calls is generally being made avail- able by Alberta Government Tele- phones. There are two ways the number could be used with very sophis- ticated equipment which would take all calls down on tape, trace false alarms and perform a number of other desirable functions, and with a manual switchboard such as can be found in a hundred Lelhbridge offices now. The first is the best and the most expensive, and City Council is to be commended for placing its order now. But for a number of reasons, such as delay in getting the equipment and shortage of proper space, it will not go into operation until August 1973. A new fire hall is expzcted to be headquarters for the system. However The Herald has inquired whether the manual equipment could not be installed and put into opera- tion much earlier, and the answer is that it could be. Somewhere in the present police, fire or other civic buildings a simple switchboard could be. set up, and operated by existing staff. Enough trunk lines could be installed to take care of all likely concurrent calls. The biggest problem would be in- stalling toe proper equipment at the telephone exchange, which will be needed anyway for the later system, and which, we are assured, could be in operation by August 1971 if the order were given now. So there would be minimal addi- tional expenditure in going for the manual system now, and switching to the other'ih 1973. If it wishes, the city could, give the people 911 emer- gency service two years ahead of present plans. Saving those two years, we submit, is important. Bad Blood Evidently there has been a blood bath in Cambodia. Hundreds of bodies have been seen floating down the Mekong river out of that county. The victims are mainly Vietnamese. Attempts have been made to excuse the slaughter on the ground that these people were Viet Cong or collaborators with them. This is designed to make the new Cambod- ian regime appear to be on the side of the U.S.-South Vietnam coalition fighting communism. But there are difficulties with this explanation. One of the chief difficul- ties is that the bodies seem to be coming from an area removed from where the Viet Cong have made their inroads. The suspicion is strong that the dead 'are simply Vietnamese civil- ians from among the who live in Cambodia. It appears to be a case of bad blood eruption of ancient K hmer-Annamite hostil- ities. Here is another illustration of how the ideological issue which has pre- occupied the United States in South- east Asia is confused and perhaps made irrelevant. The slaughter could result in the alienation of the Saigon, government and the inciting of active attack by the Viet Cong. If the United States should accede to a Cambodian appeal for military aid, it could find itself more danger- ously embroiled than ever in a strug- gle that has little relationship to the purposes for which it entered South- east Asia. Centralism And Decentralism By Peter Hunt, Catholic Central School age of bigness. It is the crippling financial penalty for the 'iree- 1S the age of big farms, gargantuan corpor- ations, vast new universities (or multi- of rnegalopolis, big bureaucrac- ies, gigantic weapons of destruction, com- puters programmed to carry out big tasks speedily, and of btg centralized power structures. It is also the age of big mar- kets, mostly created by big producers, and concomitant proliferating waste and its environmental effects. And this big- ness, this fantastic sucking of power, finance and decision-making to the big centre, is naturally reflected in education. More and more, the political duties of governments have been seen and practis- ed as economic ones, as ensuring a stable yet expanding economy, which means, in actuality, more of the same thing; expansion of markets and associated pro- fits lo keep businessmen confident and happy; to maintain investment that sends the economic razzle-dazzle whirling around at top speed. 5fore and more the role of schooling at all levels has been seen as an economic one; contribution of formal education to Ita economy has long been recogmzed as of central importance, Manpower pressures on schools have, therefore, been tremendous. Since the nineteenth century legislation that made schooling compulsory for all, governments have come to exercise, In varying degrees of power in different countries, controls over schools and individual persons through their financial disbursements. Most of this is, of course, common- place observation, but it needs to bo stated often as the background lo Iho whole issue of decentralization as opposed to centralization In education, quite apart from its broader significance in society as a whole. Alberta Is blessed in its localized con- trols and in its democratic recognition of religious groups and churches as having the right lo nin ttioir school systems, In some other countries, and in some of Canada, the exacts dom' of communities within the nation to determine the sort of schooling children will experience. Because the role of the state in education is tacitly assumed lo be the primary one, perhaps most people tend lo regard the sharing of church- schools in taxation finance as a priv- ilege rather than as a right. Let it be said again and again, yea, shouted from the roof tops, that limits of this kind are natural, irrevocable. The stale does not bestow them. The state merely exists to'serve the family to serve the commun- ities within the broader community and not vice-versa. And the" best government is that which safeguards, and removes obstacles to, the initiative and creative freedom of these smaller groupings. Sometimes a concern with efficiency in a very limited and narrow sense (as though education were like a factory) leads to the elimination of smaller schools within different school-systems, and lo lire uprooting of people from their local asso- ciations and lo a consequent loss of a sense of identity. Efficiency, loo, often means a dull uniformity and a bureau- cratic rather than a pastoral and com- munal approach to learning and teaching. Whatever is conducive to a strong sense of community in which personality is re- leased and developed is good. Whatever tends towards impersonality in any insti- tution is bad; It (ends towards the bee- hive and, in schools, towards a bigger of (hones lhan nature customarily exhibits. The gradual disappearance of smaller rural schools, is perhaps, In some places, an inevitable result of the disappearnce of Ihe smaller farms and bu incsses, but it is tragic, and co-operalion between dif- ferent schools in even fairly widely scatter- ed centres could aid enrichment without destroying variety and the communal roots which are so vital to any worth- wtila educational endeavor. "Sure they can do it mean, have you seen Barbra Streisand up here anxious comment. no loaf- er attended the tedious debates except on special occasions, and UM press hardly bothered to report proceedings unless there promiied to be moments of drama. Some old hands blamed the dullness of debate on the fact that maay MPi moved out of the centre block into KW of- fices in the vest block in 1862, weakening the old dubby at- mosphere and the tendency to drop into the chamber at night. Others shook their beads met the strength of the splinter par- ties and remarked that t h e r e could te no real cut and thrust when Liberals, Conservatives, New Democrats, CreditHtes and Social Credit members aO took turns talking in own solitudes. Outside the Hove, a new generation of voters was not as committed to a party as their parents had been, and viewed the intense partisanship of the Commons as irritating and ju- venile. John Kefenbaker might be great orator in the parlia- mentary tradition, birt such speeches no longer carried con- viction or meaning to young people. Instead of t national forum, the Commons had become for many Canadians a theatre of the absurd in which mock bat- tles were fought with wooden swords, the members were all actors, and nothing really changed. As the backdrop to disen- chantment, there.was the intui- tive, understanding still only half formed today and of un- certain final shape that rep- resentative democracy may be of passing relevance. When-Canadians did not ex- pect to see or bear their lead- ers between elections, it made sense to elect delegates to rep- resent them in remote Ottawa. Now that the people are in con- stant communication with the PM and the government, they are less willing to delegate their judgment to MPs. But whatever tfae combina- tion of causes, the Commons has been in decline for years. The Liberals did not invent the trend, but simply took advan- tage of it to go over the head of Parliament and .received public consent Trudeau uses the same tech- nique. He is a poor performer in the Commons .and controls largely by refusing to recognize it as very important This is not to say he is auto- cratic or contemptuous; The changes which he forced into the Commons rules proved more ineffective than tyrannical, and the Opposition consented to the truly radical reform. Parliament's real power the executive had always bm to refuse to approve speadiM until the government grievances. But the Opposition has now surrendered thii con- trol, under the agreed be- cause it recognizes that the public will no longer tolerate the necessary tactics of delay and filibuster. Trudeau's roster system DB- der which ministers take tores in appearing at the daily oiues- tion period, merely follow a long established British prac- tice and is sensible rafter than scandalous. Trudeau himself is a more faithful atteoder at the ques- tion time than most Pits bare been, and reasonable queries usually get courteous replies. He occasionally enjoys a de- baie with a first rate parlia- mentarian, such as the NDP's David Lewis, but normally reads his own speeches be- cause, apparently, be does not trust his wayward tongue in the excitement of argument TJui the Commons is not pri- marily for Ihe serious business of eliciting information or en- gaging in constructive compar- ison of ideas. It is for scoring party points, and Trudeau can hardly be, bothered with that sort of battle, in which be not very good, anyway. He answers partisan points with a quip or shrugs them off with disdain. And then, when he chooses he strolls out of the House to make his case direct- ly to the public by TV. In the House debates, Tru- deau is often put down by Op- position Leader Robert Stan- field, has trained mmseU to be an effective parliamen- tarian. On TV, Trudeau is, fa a CBC man's admiring phrase, "bet- ter than white Slant! eld, "looks like yester- day." StanCeld can only express Hi frustrate by attacking Tru- deau for arrogance and Mam- ing him fcr the decline of Par- liament But having said that, the Tory leader has to face reality by being absent more and more from the Commons as he goes out into the country to make public speeches. "H we stay' in? the Bouse we're he remarked re- cently to an aide. {Copyright. Toronto Star Sjmflcate) Joseph Kraft Time For Rethinking Of Space Program WAS HIN GTON The un- happy voyage of Apollo 13 provides an occasion for ser- ious rethinking of the space pro- grant. And that occasion should not be funked in the misguided spirit that supposes space to be a bully adventure. On Out contrary, that spirit has led al- most all of us to be deeply un- wise about space. Apd the unwis- dom is now underlined by both the uneventful takeoff and the dramatic deriouement of the ApoBo 13 flight. Tbe essential unwisdom has been the old unwisdom of grav- en images. Despite the over- whelming evidence of everyday life and notwithstanding the teachings of every philosopher since ThaJes, we have been once Letters To The Editor again booked on the awful de- lusion that identifies technical advance with spiritual .achieve- ment. Acts, if not words, in- dicate that progress in spaco ings last summer and me ec- static stuff about man's wonder- ful expanding universe. But it did not then taper off. On the contrary, there followed the de- has looked to most of us to be liberate and calculated use of a gauge of the greater glory the excitement generated by mankind. of That is why the country com- mitted itself to putting a man on the moon on a crash basis. That is bow the media lavished uodiscrirranatiDg ballyhoo on. every breath breathed and thought thought by the astro- nauts. That is how there grew up a whole subculture express- ed in such in-slogans as and "all sys- tems go." This gross inflation reached its high point with moon land- Long Way To Go wall between Indians and Whites. NINA WEAVER Lethbndge. How sad to read cf Mrs. Rose Yellow Feel's difficulty in finding lodging (Herald, April 17) on her arrival in tethbridge to begin her job with the Native Friendship -Centre. This insult A by our local hotels (in not giv- ing her temporary lodging wilh- out police assistance) shows that we of Lethbridge have a long way to go in Ihe area of human relations. Sincere ex- pressions of brotherhood are negated by such acts cf discrim- ination and raise higher the Moon Mission I Hank that the Uniled SUles shouldn't go spending billions ef dollars for Ihe space pro- gram, when there is no possible way to start civilization on the moon, because il has no air, water, or vegelalion. Besides it's so dangerous. Look at what happened to Apollo 13. They should, instead, spend money lo slop the poverty in the world, because we've been lo the moon, we've seen what it's like. We're just doing this for curiousity's sake. CHARLENE DORWARD, Grade 6 Allan Watson School, lettbridge. Would the people thai hit and killed our beautiful dachshund dog (Charlie Brown) on 26th Street and 3rd Avenue last Thursday right, please come around and say you're sorry and see how broken-hearted you've made one wonderful grandmother. There will never be anolher.Charlie Brown. BERT FOLKINS, Lethbridgc. space activity as an argument for more of the same. Consider, for example, Ihe report of the space task group beaded by Vice-President Spiro Agnew. That document credited man- ned space flight with "a lift to the national spirit and a re- inforcement of the national pride in a way seldom witness- ed in the country's history." It spoke of "intangjbie ben-fits yet to be realized" which might be greater than ready inherent "technical bene- fits." Then there was reference to "vicarious participation by the man in the street hi exciting, challenging, and dangerous ac- tivity." And on that basis, re- commendations were made for an expended program with a new commitment to manned ex- ploration of the planets'by the er.d of the century. Bui as il happened, the "lift to the national spirit" gener- ated by men on the moon did not endure. Space did not have the stuff lo be a keeper of the conscience. And nothing proved the point.better than the take- off of Apollo 13, for when ftiglit began most of the world was looking Ihe other way. The general reaction was bo- hum. The mood changed, of course, once the astronauts were in trouble, But what does that prove? At best that space is serious business, involving life has enjoyed within the federal establishment. The decision made by the Nixon administra- tion to cut the budget from billion last year to billion this year moves' In the right direction. Proposals to increase space expenditures next year need to be examined most care- fully. Within that .perspective, the stress needs to be on the truly useful scientific purposes of space. That meant emphasis on an unmanned tour of the plan- ets in the 'next decades. It could mean putting aside for a long time the project for man- ned flight in planetary space. As President Nixon's Scienti- fic Advisory Committee put it in a report last fall, gaining maximum advantage out of space expenditures "will almost always indicate use of automat- ed systems whose goal is pri- marily scientific knowledge as contrasted with the adventure of ffvarnyd exploration." Finally, the notion that pri- macy in space somehow con- fers national benefits needs to be carefully re-examined. Boast- ful self glorification may well be served by being first on the moon. But the country can al- most surely derive wtet. it needs from space in co-opera- tion rather than in competi- tion with other countries. In short, Apollo 13 contests the claim staked on behalf of spice exploration. Countries, after aB, are dif- ferent from- mdividuab. Indiv- idual explorers may climb mountains just because they are there. But great countries have more important busineM. Dreary as ft may sound, needs to be brought into bet- ter relations with our more im- portant ordinary business. It needs to be as President Nixon wisely said in bis March 8 message, "a .regular and nor- mal part of our national (Field EottrpriKS, IK.) LOOKING BACKWARD and dcalh not merelv a bully CapCTS amenta" in At worst that there are a (tot of people who like lo walch brave mca work againsl high odds the kind of people who watch auto races. The true lesson is that space catmot be sustained as a TV spectacular. The serious pur- pose needs to be separated out from the ballyhoo. And these purposes have to be weighed carefully against other claims in national attention and re- sources, That means first oi all reduc- ing the favored status THROUGH THE HER.M.P 1MI A got! m each half by centre forward Jimmy Millar gave Glasgow Rangers a. 2-fl victory over Kilmamock in the Scottish Soccer Cup final. 1M Anothci 285 miles of highway will be bard surfaced this year, under the govern- ment's all-time record public works program, the Minister et Public Works, Hon. D. McMil- lan announced today. Germany's contained claims of sinking Royal Naval vessels brought a formal state- ment which summarized Brit- ain's and Germany's naval loss- es since the war began. It show- ed that the Nazis bad lost 24 ships, excluding submarines while British losses' including submarines, stand at II. ItM Marking a new era ia the already sensational history of radio, the public got its chance to view the first televv ca. The first sight and sound programs arc bring broadcast from the Radio Television theatre in Lincoln Park, Jersey City. Joseph premier of France, who wu convicted by Ihe high court of the senate of trade and cor- respondence with the enemy has been set free. The lethbridge Herald _____ KM 7th St. S., Lethbtidge, Albert! LTTHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and PunlWwn Published 1903 1934, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Scmd Cfrsi Man XcctttrjUo Nontir MIS Mr ri TM Pren and Dailj .fcvtfwr ribHibm' ASMCIatkw uA tin AwW Bneu of CLCO W. EMU ml MHHtxr THOMAS a. ADAMS, CnmJ Mir a If r IOC 6ALLA WILLIAM HAT ManiKini Edjloi HOY r. KILO DOVOLAI K. VALKn MTWMW HMtW PW Mhr THE HUAU> SEftVtt THE ;