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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 23, 1919, Lethbridge, Alberta MQNS STAR THE THIRTEENTH J ORIGINAL OFFICERS, The ThirtlaatJi kf and eoriiivina 1st C. J. Smith, LL A. blido, Lt C. M. Cast G. O. LM 1915 HI WM tha f raised by Hh FUgimDnt of Royal "Black aajrvws Thvy Dart 1 c1 a magniflcwt in Canidt. rin -ia. H. Werthinston, Lt I. M. R. Sinclair, Capt. G. E. McCuaig, Lt. W.'S. M. Capt. G. M. Drumnxmd, LL E. M. Cjpt K. M. Pt-ry, Lt C. I. Pit- MoUon, li. S. B. Lindsay, G. Carnsnn, Capt L W. Csp4. c. N. McCu.ig, Walkir, Lt J. C. N.r.worthy, Lt-Coll F. O. W. Loomii, Major V. C.' Buchanan, 'Capfc T. S. Horriwy, CipL W. H. Clark-Kennxiv I ivt. f. C. MvpftwiiV 1 T. Officers 13th Canadian Battalion, encamped on Salisbury Plain in 1915 before leaving for France. Gun captured from the Ger- mans by. the 13th Battalion, R. H. C. 3. 'The Men "OverThere." A.' Col. D. Ryhert McCuaif. Brigadier-General (photo taken he G. E. McCuaig. '6. Lt.-Col. (now F. O. Loomis, Capt. G. E. McCuaif, Capt.'Guy Drum' mond, of the 13th, arriving at Valcarlier in 1914. 7. O.iw of the Field Pieces in Action in Flan- Group of 13th Battalion N. C. O.'s with the] Regimental Mascot, "Billy." fefc, THE THIRTEENTH ROYAL HIGHLANDERS OF CANADA Nova Scotia and men sent over from Regarded as the Canada's klJUd regiments and with the tradl- tiens of the Old Country's famous Black Watch linked up closely with their own, the Thirteenth Battalion, Royal Highlanders of Canada, were bound their mark and en- hance their reputation in the They arc BOW returning wiUl their full sbare'ot honors gained, inclnd- fighting. They came up under It was a Tery weak, tboujh untamfdj TTOS not easily held, and the Thir- untt that finally went out to relit tecnth crowded up behind as support. l was on this night that Licut.-CoI. and reinforce. Saskatchewan England filled the gaps-at that time. At Feilubert, next month, al the in the orchard; the Thirteenth were again in the thick- ing four proud ncffi ,woa and a ftom Sscana'YpfMWu) ai every. action s; buf, few of Ibe those splendid, keen warriors of the OH Fifth." remaining. Some of .tceir original .officers have .won dis- traction aad pne has gained, promo- UoD to command of a brigade. One commands a drvfeion. mere, with-names.that are household.words in Cacaoa's commercial capital, have "goce.Vi'estr.j. 'Jheir places are fill- ,ed by men, who served under them, and I have been told -that'the Ttrlr- teenib his the largest percentage ot men who gained commifisiona on the field of any Canadian battalion. The tmid ot Salisbury, was i for what was jn store for Item in Prance and Flanders. NevcmbcT battalion was inspect- ed by tbe King and Queen and by Lord Roberts and Kitchener. "Bobs'" adaiiralion of the Highland- ers was 'expressed in a special order Issued the next day. Early in Feb- ruary, after farewell by tbe King, the for France. A swift, fasiiesE-llte Inspection by Lord then Commaader-in- Chief, and (bey were swept forward to the brown line that was only ]uit holding back the Huns. By March 3 their brigade was In the line, al- though tbe Thirteenth was in sup- port for i time. On the the Highlanders relieved a Britlah bat- talion On the night of April 21st, the Thirteenth took over from the' Hour- leenth the Sector at Vpres Imme- diately adjoining the right flank ot Iho French line held by Algerian troops. As the Germans showed lit- tle signs ot activity, the morning of the 22nd {a bright, suany was spent in retailing the trenches. Sud- denly Hi abort t o'clock, a terrific German shell fire derated the French aad Canadian lian. A greenish yel seavy shell fire from Indian village. tollpwed through the Sixteenth who won the fringe of the orchard in Ibe afternoon charge, cleaned out the f main ing machine-fun neats of the Huns and all through the night beat off fierce counter-attacks bj- troops Ibit vert Identified later is the Prussian Then came Ploegsterrt and Its comparative nufet, although theTbir- teenth did some splendid work in occupying and consolidating tour mine cratora which straightened cui the line. Christmas, their first in the war came and the Germans shouted over greetings to tLo Highlanders who were now in the Sleenbeck There was no fraternizing on the Canadian side. In the erentag party of the Thirteenth crept ou close to the German lines to find out was happening. They couli tear the Germans singing Christina: hymns to the accompaniment of a wauling comet which some homesick iira was playing. Another crept nlooj the.ditch of.the Messlnes Wulvcrghem road, tat was not seforc tbe attack they marched the spearhead. The Thir- le fomer, followed by Ger naa Ibfaatry aunes. The yellow ctood proved to be chloride gas, hitherto barred don civilized warfare, and under this new and scmrge the Algerian lino broke, the Thirteenth Hank poaHlon was in any case Alffktilt tO.hoM I9 It was tra- rereed by the Poelcaaello Road, and the Oerwaaa actually penetrated to Iheir rear. Ammonrtlon ran short, but fortuaately ar- rlTei by dawa, when a tklrtnl relire- awit was effected towards the right trader heavy m as to form a de- feulre flask between the of St. and the orlgnal from. A day of terrible shell trre followed, notable for deads of magnificent heroism, hsctadlnf that of lance- corporal Fred Fisher, which won the first Victoria recorded to a Cxnadfan daring tbls war. Three days ot fitting had pasted before British reinforcements pis sen through the aadly thinned but still Indomitable Iowa of the callanl Thir- teeith. After few dam' rest in dlrlsloul reserve the battalion again went iato line, sirffcrlni very heavy caan- ahtes fjaai ttrrinc ahtlliac, Md Brlgadter, and Slajor Bnchanaa WM girm caomani. Until June pat re (Igbta trench raias were the lot at the TMrteeath; tkea Lbey were rncrrt north Into tte fringe of St. Elol and Hooge. While, holding batliliori tporls word came teat tbe line bad broken, and, htutlinc inf their evripmeat, Ibe made a splendid forod raached Zilllbeke, aad although dead Bred, volaateered for tbe battle, later dlgglag In heary artillery fire at tbe famous Manor House. la tbe counter-at- tack of tbe next day tke weat farther forward la and until June 1 their in that wood of ifeath agalgst many al- acks. After a short rest they again were ia a great counter.attack, Ibis Irae oa Jane 13. Tbe Thirteenth was held up for a considerable time aad suffered severely, but finally won their objective ictr Hill 62. Tbe laltallon look hundreds of prisoner! and killed many in hard bayonet lor which the klltirn bad faaMus. After another tour the thli tine at Motiat Sorrel, baltallOT.wlib Its brigade, marched tovlb to the SOBUBC. Their there began with the capture of the ridge wblch Tan Mrtk-wcat of CnuTcr.leltc to the fam- ous RoieuM. To gel to their pmlttens througa the tire- raked one ot tbe mott cruel and discom- forting experiences the battalion ever :heir positions. The Highlanders kept open the lines. of cbmaanicz- Lion as the attack on the Sw'elfer Wee aad Swiscben Stelluag pro- gressed 05 time. They cleaned out the enemy tunnels aad gathered in thousands of. dued pri- soners. Several companies were up to tbe help of the Fourteenth wHeh fonad Bavarian Goards op- posed to them and ia that severe righting they turned the scale to the Canadians. The rest worked like Trojans in the sleet and some sembianccvof road, that cup- plieefl might reach their brigade com- rades who had fought so well and won. Next day, in Farbus Wood the Highlanders slewed round tbe cap- tnred: Oerraan howitzers and'had a merry pkalc firing at'sight-agatnst the fleeing Germans on the Dooai plains. From Farbcs they conltf see spear: were again in action in Ihali September 1st attack that gained: .almost in the famous Dro- cmrt-Qaeaat line. They plunged: forward with a spirit that was uo- deniabte and took their full share oC the brigade On October Istj TaWfpenth were tbe centre of thd attack on Bleomrt and the railway whkh raa towards Cavillers aad Bantigay were taken) with their comrades of then came tie terrific encounter ao Into Lens and Avion, where the bat- alfon later spent many months In bat great sclge the Canadians kept the harried son. In A a rust the Montreal Kilties Abaaconrt where the foood the eneary Highlaaocrsj ready cotmter-attacV. The Canadian gaiaH ed the southerly end of the 1 i butt througb. Those rainy nfehu under heavy ihell tire In the.brlck- fieldn la front of Albert will never be forgotten by the survlvori la the battalion. The attack m the Schwa- bccaa om September 26. The FUtMSrUi Fmrlcenth Battalions were again In a heavy attack and his time at Hill 75. The Thirteenth held the. centre of Us. brigade.: They went across No ManVL-and in the wake ot the vilh light caaoaUltB. Then they ptnrigedv into little, groupa of workroen's coflages of Cite St. Elizabeth and. held M while other Canadians cornpleted; the vic- torious operation which gavi an- other mile of enemy defences and closed It'tighter the pincers that grfeaped Lens. Four GermAn were put out of acUon in tbat fight and the enemy's later vain eontrtcr.atUcks. The losses ot the locky Thirteenth were less, tha four hundred killed and wounded, In the If.-riblc fifhting thai re- sulted In the capture of PaccbeV datla tbe Thirteenth did not hare the heavy sharp. They were conU In the support linen Ihil ran tbrowgh l.ingeWrck under the ridge ind did wolk In open omronnicallons that nJofcaa a: death. On fbe third day division went Into the lino to relieve the tlre4 End battered Third Division. At and Valor Fp.rm the Highlanders held on grtmly agates' fresh Ocrman cnuntcr-attacks vA nistied several oT those" terrible meat forts that were hotdlas, ont Hut the two other brigades of First Division shared the bulk of the hard fisbtlnE and tbe Highlanders came out of that costly battle with finally were forced oat atjon was. Iiowewr, eitivaMrf nasfuU as It enaMed thr gains nude by thH first brigade to the riawi to coa-( solldated. Late in the afteraooo thsj Thirteenth repulsed a OteTsKtaedl attack and followed np their snccesa by dririag the enemy frosn AbasH court, captnring many ntachim Tbe. battalion marched to Yhw a! Artou OB October 5ti. aad a British Colombia battalion. Octo- ber Uti, paw: the Thirteeata takiac heir lull shife of a heavy attack across the Sensee River ed ia the capture the Mga fronnd south of the Searpe. Then tho lunge through that brought tbe vlH orions Canadians to Haatel. aad reet by nightfall. On October .Kilties from Muatreal toos: tM ambus Bois Antaad, nwetlng Itlfc opposition, although over-l yhelmed an Isolated Oermasi Wtterrj which was firing with rfbtn.1 record fn them aetlOMl had taksaj the Keacri Trevca, but it coasMerablo casualtlea. bad the been, the ct theMaase the capture or tt villagul of SI WO Freath ciT-i Hans Then cacic the actoal break H _, of 'be BindenhurK lioe rod attach on rjambral. It was the for-i uae' of snother division to aaln thci :ity but the Thirteenth drove throagfcl asi to North ot the Iowa and la' a series of in the outskirts kllM sftarr of tke enemy who had! teem thrown MHwt thtai as a last remtrsc a scceod' n the race At cortre ot the city., ._ (am the HiirhlaadeTt sof- innwwMit severely, hot Wiew ttat at last they had tie HaaJ the ran and they wtn Mt be liayrd tThey fMlowtd1 less fierce flghthu that Tit- cnciesnes, aid when, oa On ermictice wa> algaed, Miu Ml to the Canadlaos, the TMrtaaa WWW still in fray, thraattaa] nirwardj on the left of the r ;