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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 22, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 Wi UTHNUOtt HOAU Wtaindny, AfrU U, IJHTOIHAIS Anthony Westell Centralizing Federal Administration Earth Day Today is Earth Day when across Canada and the United States are focussing attention on the pollu- tion of the planet. No doubt some the things that will be said and done by the students will seem absurd to their elders.'But this should not be allowed to deflect attention from the commendable purpose in marking tMs day. The editor of The Bulletin of the Conservation Council of Ontario has written of a certain man who leaves the- impression "he feels that it is better to pollute quietly than to pro- test pollution noisily." "Offensive as rioisy. protest may be, nothing can be more offensive than the way man has foaled his home. Fastidiousness about protesting is foolish by con- trast Oddly enough, there are ..some people'who object to the students' expressions of concern because it is an invasion of the domain of the experts. Some scientists give the impression that they resent laymen sharing their worries about the world or wanting to co-operate in trying to set things right. There is, of course, always a tend- ency for the older generation to dis-- parage the efforts of the young. They expect the enthusiasm to wane and the protest against pollution to even- tually become acquiescence in its per- petuation. Such an attitude is perhaps justified OH the basis of self-examin- ation on the part of the older genera- tion but it may not be for the gener-. ation now in college and university. This is a time for putting all such cynical attitudes under wraps. The issue of saving the environment is so important that every encourage- ment should be offered for the fight. (TUrf ia a series) WHEN Prime Minister Wil- liara Lyon Mackenzie King set down whh his mims- lers for a Cabinet meeting, he bad two boxes before him cm me table. In the first box, the Cabinet secretary placed requir- ing attention, and Un discreet- ly withdrew. He retimed after the private meeting to see which papers bad been shifted into Ihe second box, meaning they were approved hr-adion. The Cabinet gav? DO explana- tions, bed no and kept no That was 30 years ago when govern- ment was s m a 11 e r and prob- lems iess complex. The Cabinet Secretariat in the Privy Council office bis been growing steadily, ever since, and today ft is an rtte staff encouraged by Prime Minister Pierre. Effiot Trudeau to exercise a subtle, centraliz- ing influence ever eatire federal adnuautratioa. While the liiaMer'i private office stafl is bit politi- cal arm, the PCO is bis agen- cy for controlling the public ad- ministration. Its mandarin! are Kttk known to tbe public but widely respected and sometimes fear- ed in the federal service. They are credited by admirers with bringing a new tahujBii to fov- ernment pobcy-auioog, sc- cused by critics of destroying such 'outside inkiatrrts as Paul' HeUyo-'j busing lack Wise masters seek toe un- derstanding and support of tbe PCO before taking pronosak to Cabinet, aod Cabinet Secretary G 0 r do n Robertson has dbwn tbe doctrine: "Any ehil servant above cVerieat or steno- graphic grades who bac spent any substantial time in a job without contributing to some degree to tbe policy be admin- isters should be fired... Trudeau has enlarged the staff aad the influence of the PCO as part of the process of centraaang power arand his own. person. During Lester Pearson's last year as prime mirister, the PCO establishment was Now it is made up of a Cabinet Secretariat of B, fed- eral-provincial secretariat of 2S, science secretariat of M and C administrative and support staff. Tbe big increase of 47 jobs came when Trudeau, in effect, added a priorities and planning division to the Cabinet staff. Pearson reafaed in bis last months of office that failure to foresee the.mounting costs of new-programs and make loogh decisions had edged his govern- ment and tbe country into deep This programming function financial He set up JJ a Cabinet committee on fiscal priorities, and PCO staffed it When Trudeau took over, he broadened the committee man- date to aetting priorities lor all programs, not just com- mitments. The new PCO divi- sion was set up to serve the committee, and placed under Michael PSfield, 32 year old deputy Cabinet secretary and an occasional travelling, com- panion for the Prime Minister. The planning staff has; be- come ail important instrument for ciutiuttng government maeime, between fi- nance department and treasury board and sometimes compet- ing for power with both. With the Cabinet committee which Trudeau chairs, It is now working on. next year's pro- gram of government a tang way from the old, free- and-e a s y, p 1 a styie of secretary Robertson, Ottawa's senior mandarin and a naurul but pleasant man with greying hair and tbe deep tamed of a skuer, attends TrudeMi'i morning staff metmgs and sup- plies him with all the official information and briefings he re- quires. The second source of fluence U control of the Cabinet agenda and paperwork. When a departmental minister wants to take a proposal to Cabinet, the PCO deddes-'wbich committee to send it to, if the supporting documents are in order'and, oc- casionally, when to bring it for- ward to tbe full Cabinet. S in c e Trudeau reorganaed and rationalized'me system of Cabinet committee, this control of routine has become more rigid and important After the housing task farce proposals were rejected a year ago, and. Hellyei resigned, bis Properly Embarrassed City Council, in its mischievous plotting'to exclude the public from tbe public's business, was properly embarrassed by the bus-schedule affair. Council has carefully arranged that voice anyway, and the aldermen heard it and reversed the decision. Either the aldermen are chicken, unsure of their own convictions and fearful of an aroused public opinion, or they bold the people in contempt and want to" insulate themselves from business to be settled Monday even- public opinion. Or perhaps both. ing is not disclosed to the public be- fore Monday; afternoon. So the bus service was ordered drastically cut before the people had a chance to express themselves. But then the people raised their If they concede the people's right to be interested in these matters, as they did April 20, why didn't they give the people time to express that inter- est before they "settled" the matter on April 6? The Non-Givers to a gathering of United .rcli people recently, the Rev. Dr. Vnald Bruce McDonald of Winni- peg, corrtmented that hardly any- one under 30 years of age gives anything to the church today. Since the United Church in 1969 fell short of meeting its Mission and Service objective by half a million dollars, the future doesn't look bright unless some way of teaching the young to be givers is found. McDonald feels certain it can be done. In fact, he thinks the church will be characterized by confidence In the Seventies. Several signs of change from the faltering the Sixties were cited as indicative of a new mood. .Here should be a general feeling of relief in society to know this. Education in giving has largely been the responsibility of the churches. Failure to do an effective job is booed to be reflected in the support received by such community causes as the United Appeal. If they have not yet experienced a sag it would be realistic to expect one because young people are not likely to be contributing to these causes any more than they are to the churches. The fact Is that the experience of canvassers across the country is much, the same. There is seldom a response from the young who, as they leave in their own cars for some form of entertainment, simply assume that the canvassers want to see their parents. This prospect of a whole generation of non-givers may have only emerged at the) end of the Sixties when the falling away from the churches has been so marked but there is reason 'to believe it has been coming on for a longer time. More than 80 per cent of Canadians who file income tax returns give so little that they :claim the allowable deduction which does not require supporting receipts. Obviously, then, the non-givers are not all confined to- the under 30 group. If this situation worsens and it could, despite the optimism of Dr. McDonald all the work of service and welfare will have to come out of taxation. That might, spread, the load more equitably than is the case at present but something of great value will be lost as a consequence and that is the spirit of compassion and concern.' Art Buchwald THE BEGINNING God created Man, which accessing to all the latest birth control statistics was a big mistake. And Man said, "Let there be and there was light, and Man called this light and at first it was used to warm him and let Km cook his food and protect him from the wild animals. But Mao dis- covered fire cou'.d be used to burn down a forest or burn someone else's hut or tree bouse or a wilch at stake or soft coal or oil, which made the air turn dark fray and black, And (his made Man start to cough and his eyes to run and hi] amuses to hurt. And Man finally said, "God, what are you doing to And after God made the rivers and lakes and streams acd oceans, Man dump- ed ill the refuse from the earth into the waters aod it killed the fish and the ptaits scd even the oxygen, and the wa- ters turned muddy and brown and smelted, and ao ore could drink from them or. bathe in them, or even sail in them. And finally Man shook his fist at the heavens and said, "For God's sake, knock it off." And Man created the wheel, and this was good because Man r.o longer had to waft through the forests or up and down the mountains or to school. And then Man created the cngir.o which turned the wheels, and Man no longer had to depend on animals to pull him on the roadj and And Man called the new crca'uro and it changed the face of the earth, for Man was forced to cut down me trees and flowers and pour concrete on the land to accommodate the automobile, and drill into the earth and the sea to fuel it, and sometimes the ocean turned black and the air turned brown, and as automobile multiplied there was less space to park it, and it was unable to move any faster than a horse, and Man behind the wheel screamed, "Good God, am I ever going to get And Man created the plastic bag and the tin and aluminum can and the cello- phane wrapper and the paper plate and the disposable bottle, and this was good be-' cause Man could then lake bn automobile and buy his food all tn one place and be could save that which was good to eat in the refrigerator and throw away that which tad no further use. And pretty soon the earth was covered with plastic bags and aluminum cans and paper plates and dis- posable bottles, and there was nowhere left to sit down or to walk. And Man shook his bead and cried, "Look at all this God- awful litter." And Man learned to split the atom and then he took what he learned and he put it in a bomb to defend himself from other men, and he set off the bomb to see if it would work, and it did. And Man was very pleased with himself because he was safe from other rr.en and this was good. But other men learned to split the atom, loo, and they put it in their bombs aisd so Man had to make bigger bombs, and the other men had to make bigger bombs, and the explosions put radioadJva material in the air which got info Man's food and wa- fer and ntAc that which was nourishing inedible and Dial which would quench thirst undrinkable. And again Mfn became very frightened and said, "God help us sll." Eat by this time God ted had it and He sent down wrd to His loyal servant, Ralph Nader: the first thing I want you to do is build an ark and then. (Toronto Telegram Neiti Sen Ice) adds to the traditional of PCO power and influence. __ The first source fe access to' rides" bitterly'laid the blame on tbe Prime. Minister. Cabinet PCO influence. They said that the task force took the precau- tion of inviting Robertson to dinner before forwanhng me report, 'and sensed at once that he was uneasy about the con- stitutional implications'of mak- ing federal grants to cities. Trudeau was in Europe at the lixe. Before Hellyer got to see him on the day of bis return to Ottawa, be had been fully brief- ed'on tbe dangers of the task force proposals, which were subsequently buried in Cabinet Tim Traynor Canada's New Policies On Arctic, WASHINGTON The theme underlying Prime Minis- ter Trudeau1 s recent Arctic ini- tiatives is echoed in a letter which has just been scot to In- terior Secretary Walter Hickel by tie conservation and natural resources subcommittee of tbe U.S. House ft Representatives. In formulating new policies on the Arctic, Mr. has sought to anticipate evolving patterns of economic develop- ment with a view to preventing destruction of the delicate northern environment. This U geared especially to exploita- tion of the Arctic oil discoveries by means of pipelines, ice- breaking tankers, submarines, or some combination of the dif- ferent modes of transport. In the tetter, the sub-commit- tee adds its voice to those catl- ing for a delay in authorization of the proposed pipeline from the Alaska north slope to the southern Alaskan port of Val- dez. It gees on io take a close and anxious Icok at the whole Letters To The Editor question of Arctic develop- ment Commenting on the Arctic voyages of the tanker Manhat- tan and'the proposals for nu- clear submarines, the sub-com- mittee states: "The tow tem- peratures, the high winds, the dark days, and the tow rate of biological degieuattoB of for- eign matter raise 'signnVaBt environmental problems for each of these mean of traos- porUtJca of the oil "Our sub-committee is In- creasingly concerned about the degree and intensity ot the con- sideration being given by the federal government and indus- try to the environmental prob- lems in relation to these modes of The sub-committee presses the irnCTior department, which is reapcwlWe for. conser- vation, for detailed information on federal activities related to oil transportation. "What iflorfs have been un- dertaken or are contemplated by this country with Canada to College Courses I'm a student at the Leth- bridge Community College en- rolled in Recreation Leader- ship and majoring in therapeu- tic recreation. After two years of framing here, in order to continue' my education I'm forced to go to i university in the United Slates to get my Bachelor's Degree. Why? Canadian universities will not recognize the two years of training from the college. It's time the Lelhbridge Com- munily College was given per- mission fo teach first'and sec- ond year (equivalent) univer- sity courses enabling students to transfer to the University of Letbbridge along with other Ca- nadian universities. Many Canadian students are forced to go to Anxricas uni- versities and because of the tx- tra expense of going to univer- sity away from home, they end up running out of money and dropping out. Action Is necessary now to help students having this prob- lem also future students, CRAIG MELDRUM. Lethbridge. Beautiful! n was a comfort to me to realize (hit there are others who, like myself, believe that God still exists and that be does hear and answer some of our prayers. To me, your headline of Fri- day, April 17 wis beautHul. EVELYN .ATWOOD, Lethbridge, develop common marine safety and pollution control standards for tanker traffic in tbe North- west the sub-commit- tee asks. It 'seeks information on tbe econonJcs of tbe differ- ent mea us of transport, and asks-which offers tbe. greatest promise o f being developed with the least atone effect on the environment. Other onesbons lujuem nay- Igatioo m the Nornmest Pas- sage, of government efforts u meet en- Tironmeotal safe- for ktading oil at Prud- boe Bay, the 'development of strucoa-alty safe tankers and' measures to provide for clean- ing up oil Tbe sub-committee intervenes 'even more torcefuDy in the tug of war over the proposed Al- aska pipeline. On the one side, the Alaska government and a consorthim of oil. companies with stakes in Prudhoe Bay are seeking clearance for tbe 800- mile line and an adjoining road. Ranged against them are an assortment o( conservation and native organizations, who fear the disruptive effects of the pro- posed line. The final decision rests with Mr. Hickel, bimsef an Alaskan and an oilman. The sub-commillec seeks. to block eonsUnction in the light of recent findings about the problems of moving oil at high temperatures through the per- mafrost, In the words of an in- terior department geological re- port: "To bury a hot pipeline in permafrost ground composed of uncoroofe'dated s e d with relatively high ice content could give us grave concern, rot because of the melting by itself, but because of the conse- mienees'of Ihe melting If safe-' guards were not designed into OM engineering system." Approval had been expected before BOW, but between court actions and official second thoughts, it has been postponed, The interior department has ad- mitted to new doobts about the pipeline'plan, and the conser- vation sub-committee has for- mally requested a delay pend- ing a re-investigation of the sit- uation. It has raised questions about tbe pipeline design, in- spection plans, monitoring, le- gal safeguards and liability for spills. This is in line with a judi-. dal decision on the proposed road right-of-way. Recently a' federal judge here ordered that a construction permit be with- held until the complaints of con- servation groups could be tried on their merits. This sets tht stage for up to a year's proceed- and invites a long de- lay-in commencement of tbe project as a whole. At the technical level, doubts about the safety of buried pipe have made for a new interest in exposed lines, raised on stilts. This raises new problems, how- ever, and Mr. Hickel has said that if plans can for exposing more than 50 of SCO miles, there will be further cause for delay, pending public hearings. Herald Bcreaa) Ministers complain that PCO men and :nembers of the Prime Minister's private office staff are intervening more in the deliberations of Cabinet' com- mittees: They are never quite sure whether the officials are speaking for themselves or for -Trudeau, who often prefers to reserve bis OWE opinion and try o-it ideas through other mouihs. The PCO deliberately seeks to stay smaH and free of ad- ministrative responsibilities, so that it can be an objective elite, 'co-ordinating tbe poicies of op- erating depErtments and chair- ing-interdepartmental meeting! to resolve rconfMcts. Occasionally it sets up secretariat to co-ordinate action on problems for which respon- sibility is shared by several de- partments. There is currett talk at a PCO secretariat on pollution.'. v: One revealing measure1 of PCO influence is to read a pa- per given by Robertson at the annual conference of the.In- stitute of Public Administration of. Capada in 1967, before Tro- deau became'. Prime Minister, he analysed many of the prob- lems'of Cabinet and Parliament a nd' suggested the solutions which .Trudeau later adopted: Freeing ministers' from dafiy attendance at question period to give them more time at their desks; shorter sessions with planned allocation of time; rabre use cf Commons committees; particularly to han- dle spending estimates; man effective organization of Cabi- net committees; appointment of more ministers. Robertson added, anotber idea: "Tbe American system (of government) may be better suited in some respects to these times than the British. It may be that we will nave to accept compromises to make Ihe prin- ciple of ministerial responsibu- Uy flexible enough to work to- day. "Perhaps one of these is the development of a doctrine by which changes in legislation in committee can be regarded as not matters of confidence un- less the government so de- cides." That would encourage the Op- position and strengthen inde- pendence of government back- but Trudeau hasn't adopted it yet. (Copyright mi; Tormte Star Syadkale) LOOKING BACKWARD THKOUGHTHEHERiUn George Nicoll Barnes. A statement Issued 81, member of David Lloyd Prince. George's war cabinet m_1917, from Clarence House, Princess Margaret's residence, says that the princess and her future husband, Anthony, Armstrong- Jones, will spend their honey- moon aboard the royal yacht Britannia cruising UK Carib- bean. A new chapter written recently hi the annals of Canadkn judicial history when Harry Batshaw of Mon- .treal became the first member of tbe Jewish faitii to ascend to a.high court bench. Prior to his appointment, the 48-year old jurist was a prominent Mon- treal lawyer. one of the signers of the Treaty of Versailles and a founder of the British Labor Party, died today, IKN A fire swept through the greatly overcrowded Ohio Slate prison, killing at least 117 pitajiMis, helptessry kicked to their cells. Figures for tbe fiscal year ending March 31 show ao increase in total Canadian trade amounting to Tbe total value cf goods exported from and imported Into Canada was Last total was The tethbridgc Herald 504 7th St. Lethbridge, Alberti LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1903 1934, by Ron, H, A., BUCHANAN ttafi CUM MID RtlMHim Nimbel Mil w rf TIN CtMdjn and thi cintdfia Dtitr ftvifi nwifeii' AOMKUO. ud a. AMI SVM a ctiauai CLEO W. MOWns, I4M mi' TBUNAS E- ADAM, Gwml Mlunr Kt SALU (AT final Antx-litt Ed to HOY r. DOUGLAS K VAunf MnfIMM ItaMV UMtol no Mhr THE HEKALO SERVES THE SOUW ;