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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 22, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta KttKAST HICH THOtiOAY 55 The Lethbtidge Herald VOL. LX1I! No. 110 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 22, 1970 PRICE NOT OVER CENTS TWO PAGES Spacemen Tell Story Of Blast On Apollo 13 By PAUL RECER HOUSTON (AP) "A rather" large bang" and rapidly failing oxygen pressure and electrical power told the Apollo 13 astronauts they were in serious trouble 202.0M miles from home, the spacemen say. "My concern was increasing all the mission commander James Lovell said Tuesday. "It went from 'I wonder what this is going to do to the moon land- ing' to 'I wonder if we can get back home again.' Lovell, Fred Haise and John Swigert told of their brush with death in space during a televised aol broadcast news conference. The astronauts didn't know what caused the No. 2 oxygen tank in their service module lo but that they thought the cause would be discovered and rectified for future flights. "I foresee thai we can get this incident over with and can charge Lovell said. .Investigators Meet A board investigating the accident met for the first time Tuesday night, hours after the board chair- man, Dr. Edgar Cortright, had announced the names of other members. They include Neil Armstrong, first man to walk the moon, seven officials of the space agency, the air force and Atomic Energy Commission, legal coun- sel, a technical support man, three observers and liaison men for Congress and the press. "It is my hope we can reach an adequate, effec- tive determination of what happened within three or four said Cortright. The explosion crippled the spacecraft, forced can- cellation of its moon landing and imperilied the lives of the astronauts for four days while they fought to bring their craft back to earth safely. When the trouble started, Swigert said, "I felt a vibration accompanying the a large vibra- tion, a shudder." Problem Was Survival "Survival now became a matter of initiative and Lovell said. "The only way to survive the situation was to transfer to the LM lunar module. It was our only chance to get home." "There were moments when I didn't know whether we had enough (cauwroables) oxygen, water and elec- tricity, to get .Level] said. "In a situation like just keep Trouble Mounts In Port Of Spain PORT OF SPAIN (AP> The helicopter carrier Guadalcanal, flagship of the U.S. Navy's Car- ibbean force, left Puerto Rico today and headed In the direc- tion of Trinidad, torn by Black Power disorders for the second straight day. A landing ship dock accompa- nied the Guadalcanal, heighten- ing speculation that they were making the run of nearly 600 miles to the Trinidadian capital of Port of Spain. Shooting erupted here again as authoritta sought informa- tion as to the whereabouts of re- bellious elements of the island nation's 800-man army, called the Regiment. Three deaths were reported in the Tuesday night violence that grew out of arrests of H Black Power movement leaders. A rebellious soldier was killed by a coast guardmari ts he tried to flee the army camp six miles from Port of Spain, a 16- 'TM NOT A IDPBlSTmOUS MAN" Apollo 13 commander James A. Lovell Jr., left, opened the astronauts televised conference at the Manned Spacecraft Centre, Houston, Tex., Tuesday night by saying: "I'm not a superstitious man" alluding to the number 13 and the trouble that befell the flight. With Lovell are the other crew mem- bers, Command Module. Pilot John L. Swigert, centre, and Fred W. Haise, lunar Mod- ule pilot. Ottawa's New Housing Plans On Rents Please Provinces Colombia Under Martial Law OTTAWA (CP) A new break on rents for public hous- ing tenants was announced in the Commons Tuesday. Robert Andras, minister in: charge of housing, said the pro-' posed new rent-to-incocne scale will iron out inequities in the present structure. He also out- lined measures to encourage and enable tenants to take part in administering public housing projects. The revised rent scheme, Tory Party that there'i. only- one thing to do. You Asked whether they felt an awareness of "the in- finite Power watching over Swigert replied: "If MSVLIUIKS you're asking whether I prayed, I certainly did." All three of the astronauts said they suffered from the cold of space invading the spacecraft after the wanning systens were off. "I think just prior to re-enfcy it was down to about S3 Lovell 'Like-A "I recall that we went in there to get some hot dogs one day and it was' Hke reaching into the freezer for the food." As the astronauts approached earth, they jettisoned' the service module, the supply section of the space- craft where the explosion occurred. They saw and.. photographed the damage. "1 couldn't see exactly what was Lovell raid. "I could see material hanging out from the in- terior." Lovell was quoted during the spaceflight as say- big it would be s long time before another moon night. "I don't believe that airy he said. "I be- lieve we can analyse our problems. I wouldn't be scared to fly again." The astronauts will continue their debriefing with space experts today and Thursday. They have been asked to testify Friday in Washington at a congres- sional committee hearing. AmericansMark Special Event By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Earth Day is a cleaned pond, a buried auto, a college teach-in. It is thousands of Americans seeking to understand the ills of their environment and team- ing how they can be corrected. Earth Day is today.. The unprecedented event focuses attention in more than communities across the United States on pollution problems, both local and national. In many groups scheduled massive clean-ups. At the same time, some corporations and large businesses singled out for criticism by anti-pollution groups took advertisements and planned talks at va- rious school and community groups to give their side of the story. Many activities were designed to highlight one of four areas: 'water pollution, air pollution, the automo- bile and general litter. Hundreds of motorists'planned to forsake their auto- mobiles for the day to protest pollution caused by the Internal combustion engine. New York Mayor John V. Lindsay planned to ride to appointments in an elec- tric car. Traffic bans were scheduled in parls of many cities Including New York and Philadelphia. Water pollution was the concern of group rX women from Canada and the United Slates who joined forces Tuesday to picket on Zug Island In Ihe Detroit Elver. They protested alleged pollution by the Great Lakes Stetl Corp, LONDON (AP) The Louis Harris poll reports a comeback by Prime Minister Wilson's Labor government, putting it ahead of the Conservatives for the first tinre in 21i years. The Conservatives still lead in the Gallup poll, but their popu- larity dropped one per cent in the last month. The Harris poll, published in The Daily Express today, gives Labor 46 per cent of the electo- rate, the Conservatives 44 per cent and the Liberals and others the remaining 10 per cent. The Express, a Conservative paper, says Wilson might call a general election in June if the trend continued. The Express says one factor in the sudden swing to Labor might be inclusion in the survey for the first time of the 18- to 21-year-olds who this year were given the vote. The paper says the change also could be a result of the fa- vorable budget report last week which showed the economy in its best shape in years and budgeted the first tax cuts in six years. The Gallup poU in the Daily Telegraph shows a Conservative lead in popularity of 4.5 per 47 per cent, Labor 42.5 per cent, Liberals tnd others 10.5 per cent. which Mr. Andras said has al- ready got favorable response from the provinces, would: to 25 per cent from 30 the maximum proportion of a tenant's income to be paid, in rent, and lower the minimum proportion" for tenants at the bottom income level to 14.4 per cent from 16.7 per cent; .the rents .of large families by a month for each child after the first two; to from the amount a working wife may earn before her income starts counting as part of family in- come total used in figuring the family's rent; ooeHjarent families to deduct from the annual income used to determine rent; tenants to declare income only once every two years, in effect guaranteeing them a maximum rent rate, while permitting downward ad- justments if their income drops. Mr. Andras said the provin- cial governments have already shown "a substantial measure of agreement" with the new scheme. Provincial- authorities will also have a say on the level of federal assistance for better social and recreational facili- ties, tenant's associations and training programs in. public bousing management.. The new scheme would re- duce to a month from rents paid by a family with five children and an annual income of .The rate would drop to a month for a one-parent family with five children. Conservative housing critic Lincoln Alexander (Hamilton West) said Mr. Andres's state- ment was a :1 on g awaited change, but NDP critic John Gilbert (Toronto Broadview) complained it didn't touch the central problem of fami- lies unable to obtain needed subsidized homes. Mr. Andras said that, through the Central Mortgage and Hous- ing Corp., the federal govern- ment was committed to building low-income units in 1969 and in 1970. The said, is equal to 75 per cent of 3D production in the past 20 years. From AP-ReuUrs BOGOTA (CP) Colombia was under martial law today with a curfew blanketing main cities after two days of demon- strations by crowds charging that the government is stealing the presidential election from former dictator Gustavo Rojas Pinilla. The civil registrar's office re- ported that after tabulation of 98 per cent of the votes, Rojas was trailing by nearly votes, with counted for the candidate of the governing Australian Battalion To Be Removed Robbery Victim Left Only Socfcs CALGARY (CP) The tem- perature dropped to 25 degrees overnight but the cold was most by a man dressed only in a pair of socks who was found by ponce wand- ering near the downtown area. He said he had been robbed and stripped of his clothing. Police arrested two men and were seeking a third. Tourists Injured TEL AVTV (Reuters) Twenty-one persons, including six South American tourists, were injured in a grenade at- .tack in Nablus on the occupied west bank of Jordan today, a ministry of tourism spokesman said. Eleven of the injured were local Arab residents and the other four were presumed to be Israelis. The spokesman said the tour- Lsts were injured when a gren- ade was hurled in the crowded market place. CANBERR A (Reuters) Australia will withdraw one in- fantry battalion, about 750 men, and some supporting personnel from Vietnam, Prime Minister John Gorton said today. Gorton'said the 8th Battalion, whose tour of duty is up in Nov- ember, will be withdrawn. But it has not been decided whether it will leave before November.' Gorton said Australia will provide small mobile army teams and possibly more mili- tary instructs to South Viet- nam. Australia has about men In South Vietnam. "H is surely incontrovertible that the war there Is only being sustained because large num- bers of troops from North Viet- nam are constantly despatched to invade and subjugate the he said, "and if that is ever stopped the war would slop." Escapee Shot In Gun Battle t VANCOUVER (CP) A 31- year-oM escapee from the Brit-' ish Columbia Penitentiary was killed in a gun battle with police Tuesday night in tit city's east-end. The man, whose name was withheld, was dead on arrival at hospital after' exchanging shots with police near a com- munity centre. Acting on a tip, an RCMP officer and two city police de- tectives had moved into the area In an unmarked car. When the man spotted the car, he jumped into a pickup truck, rammed the cruiser and opened fire with a pistol. An officer dived behind a grassy knoll and pumped four rifle shots into the cab. An unidentified 18-year-old girl in the truck escaped in- jury, but was later treated for shock. The man was hit to the right tide of the head, chest and thigh. He was one of two escapees who fled' the penitentiary In New Westminster last January. The other man is still at large. The iden'iifed by po- lice as Murray Allan Boyd who was serving a five year sentence for theft at the time of his escape, was dead on ar- rival at hospital after exchang- ing shots with police near a community centre. National Front, Jlisael Pas- trana Borrero, and ,26? for the former military strongman. Police and riot troops in Bo- gota used tear gas and cavalry charges for the second right in a row Tuesday to clear the streets of thousands of Rojas supporters. Ten persons were reported injured, most of them policemen hit by rocks. President Carlos Lleras Res- trepo Tuesday night imposed martial law, a state of siege and a curfew from 9 p.nr. to 5 a.m., declaring that Rojas's fol- lowers were plotting "a subver- sive movement that is the gra- vest in the history of our na- tion." MUZZLES MEDIA The president .also imposed press censorship' on radio and television stations and banned meetings of mete than five per- sons. "We are going to prove.that no coup can be staged against institutions...-.'. We: are not going-, to let ourselves be op- pressed by a small group of agi- he said. Rojas's daughter- and cam- paign manager, Senator Maria Eugenia Rojas de Mdrena, called for an armed to defend' her father's "victory" and said: "We have constituted.a.revo- lutionary command to Uke power. The country is on the verge of civil war; Zero hour has come to begin the fight." Lleras said he had the com- plete, backing of the armed forces and the police. He said the stale of siege will be in ef- fect indefinitely. He denied Rojas's charges that the election was rigged but said he was appointing a com- mission to check the election re- turns.-' Rojas's Popular National Alii' ance party announced plans for massive demonstrations today to paralyse Bogota "by force if necessary." year-old youth throwing rocki from a rooftop was felled by a policeman's bullet and a fire- man was killed when he was hit in the chest by a fire bomb. The U.S. Defence department In Washington reported a heli- copter carrier, the Guadalcanal, hod been dispatched from San Juan, Puerto Rico, "heading in Use direction of Trinidad." It de- clined to give further details. The Guadalcanal normally car- ries about marines and 15 helicopters in addition to its crew. The violence broke out when police fried to bring the ar- rested Black Power leaders to the military camp at Tibouron Bay in order to ship them tboard coast guard boats to Nelson Islard, a small detention prison off the TURNED BACK But when they arrived at the camp, police were turned back at its gates by army guards and forced to take their .prisoners back to town; reports said. Reports pieced together from witnesses indicated the follow- ing chronology of events: An- estimated 200-300 soldiers the Trinidad and Tobago Re- giment sympathetic with the Black Power leaders charged toward the camp gates, but in doing so passed the quarters of the 100-man coast guard, which remained loyal to the govern- ment of Prime Minister Eric Williams; A 25-year-old army private was killed in the skirmishing as the rest of the rebels surged out of the ramp'and headed for this bills around Port of Spain. reports.said come of the soldiers had com- mandeered a boat and escaped to the'island'of Monos, a Trini- dadian territory off the coast of Venezuela. GUARD PARLIAMENT Most of Trinidad's police force remained at their posts in the lucrative oil fields, and the withdrew from toe streets and took up posifioni guarding police and the Red House, containing the Parliament" chambers and the high court. About youths surged along the main thoroughfare, Frederick Street, In defiance of dusk-to-dawn curfew imposed by Williams. They shouted and gave the Black Power clenched-fist sa- lute as they heaved rocks .through store windows and did some looting. Police moved in en the crowd end dispersed it after 45 min- utes, firing shots OVCT the youths' heads. An unknown number of persons were in- jured. Williams and his cabinet met in the night, to discuss the situation. :WiIBanj earner in the day proclaimed a state of emer- gency, and clair.ped a dusk-to- dawn curfew on the city. Tornado Kills 7 MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay (Reuters) At least seven per. were killed and several more injured Tuesday night when a tornado fore into Fray Marcos, a small town 60 miles east of here, flattening most of the buildings. Seen and Heard ABOUT TOWN FARMER Reg Party, threatening to paint hlj telephone "hot line" red after receiving numerous com- plaints that his wife Ls always on the phone Aajette Barrel wearing a red knit minirlress trimmed with fur to work, and felling everyone she'd decided to spread some mid Christmas cheer Bruce MacKcnde doing a version of Tom Jones, and tripping over a pillow while engaged in the gyrations. Labor Group Protests Mail Dispute OTTAWA (CP) Organized labor in Quebec put aside m'cr- nal differences Tuesday night to mass on Parliament Hill Ihe biggest demonstration yet against the federal govern- ment's role in the Montreal postal dispute. Represented among an esti- mated demonstrators were the Quebec Federation of Labor tod the rival Confederation of National Trade Unions. Plac- ards in the crowd proclaimed the presence of the Council ol Postal Unions, affiliated with the QFL. QFL general secretary Fer- nand Daoust said the rival or- ganizations have ctmo logelher in a common front to support Montreal's unemployed mail- truck drivers in (heir Ihree- XDOntll flgift With tiw menf. The drivers, ex-employ- ees of former postal contractor G. Lapalmc Inc., arc affiliated through their union wilh CNTU. Mr. Daoust said there are no grounds for conflict between QFL and the CNTU in the Issue. The QFL, he said, supported .the drivers' demand that they bo permitted to work for tha post cffica as i bargaining unit sepa- rate from the existing postal un- ions. He said the government had offered unacceptable, "humiliat- terms in negotiations with the union over possible post off- Ice employment for the men. "We hope this demonstration will show the government the determination of Quebec work- ers lo gel this whole thing set' ha Mid, MOVING STORY Parti Quebecois leader Rene Lev esque concern 01 a woman invited o speak out at his Tusday night rally nwrly breaks into said she attended o government school for four years but the City of Montreal won't grant her a permit lo open a small Abow) 400 persons attended rally. ;