Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 21, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
Japanese no longer unquestioning stoics By JOHN RODERICK TOKYO (AP) The Japa- nese have been known for centuries as a patient, indus- trious people given to accept stoically the calamities cre- ated by man and nature. The story often is told of the repeated destruction of major cities by fire, earthquake and war and the speed with which the stricken Japanese have buried their dead and rebuilt better on the same spot. Rulers, bosses, authority were challenged. All this has radically al- tered in the last 10 years. Stu- dents no longer regard teach- ers as sacrosanct, prune min- isters are found to have feet of clay and industries are being held responsible by their employees and neigh- bors for the damage they do to lives and envuonment. A successful damage suit by 138 victims of a pollution-in- duced disease brought streamer headlines and satu- ration television coverage, both symptomatic of the tran- sition from apathy to involve- ment by press and public in the problems created by the new industrial age. TOOK 17 YEARS A chief judge of the Kuma- moto district court handed down a 900 million yen (about millon) judgment to the crippled victims and survi- vors of what now is known as the Minamata disease The decision came 17 years after the first cases were discov- ered among residents living near the Chisso Chemical To in the town of Minamata. Plaintiffs have won four major cases involving pollu- tion in Japan. Encouraged by this, other people are ex- pected to file cases. Another type of protest arose when the Pacific League's Kintetsu Buffaloes decided to move their base- ball team from Osaka to the smaller city of Fujiidera. A residents' association, representing 270 Fujiidera families, says it does not want the noise, traffic congestion or swarms of insects which will go with the pro team's pres- ence. The insects are ex- pected to be attracted by the huge floodlights installed for night games. A promise to put in fluores- cent lights to trap the insects has not mollified them. FIGHT HIGH RISE Just as few Japanese ever dreamed of opposing so popu- lar a pastime as baseball, fewer still until recently ever thought of trying to stop big companies from putting up multi-storey buildings. When some home-owners fmjnd that the buildings blocked off light much of the day they successfully sued to establish the "right of sun- shine" A Tokyo woman insists she has the right of privacy in her own garden, a large and ex- pensive "affair built on a hill and until now safe from prying eyes. An apartment house planned for 11 storeys would, she says, permit its residents to peer into her gar- den, and even into her home. She has asked the metropoli- tan government to restrict the building to seven floors. Public resistance to pollu- tion and nuisances isn't con- fined to corporations and baseball teams. On the eighth day of a go-slow strike on the national railways angry commuters seized a rail sta- tion, stoned trains and beat up railwaymen. Alarmed the unions have in- voked a month's armistice. Tax return tips For further information, call the District Taxation Of- fice. If you live in a toll area, ask your long-distance opera- tor for ZENFTH 0-4000 and your call will be placed with- out charge. Q. In connection with the new capital gams provision, what information should I retain to support values of my farm prop- erty as at December A. In support of your values, it will be useful to retain the following: (a) A brief description of the property, including loca- tion and size together with your original cost. (b) The type of land (ara- ble, bush or (c) Tne type of fanning done. (d) A description of each building with date of acquisi- tion and cost, together with the dates and costs of any additions or improvements (e) The property assess- ment for municipal tax pur- poses. (f) Insurance coverage (g) Information on any of similar property in your area Q. When filing tax returns, are commercial reserves and elevator deductions to be re- India hit by drought NEW DELHI (Router) In- dia, where half the 550-nulbon population is chronicallv hun- gry, is in the grip of its worst drought in years Though hundreds of mallions of people are being affected by a shortage of food and water, there are no authenticated re- ports of starvation deaths and officials reject as exaggerated reports that the country faces a situation of disaster dimensions. In Geneva. Switzerland. India was reported to have informed the United Nations Disaster Re- lief Office that it does not need outside relief to meet the drought problem. There was no crisis and India had reserves of food to organize its own relief prcsram The official eslima'e here is that 200 million people have boon affected by the lack of rain wnich has cut food-grain production. To counteract this, the government has imported tons of grain and drawn heavijy on stocks to feed fi2 bimsry as well as put some ns mjifaon people on relief vrk Food Minister Fakhruddin Ah Ahmed has described tlie drought as the worst m a dec- ade, i ported as income for the year they were paid out to a fanner? A. Normally these will have been reported in the year when credited to his account, and would therefore not be included in his income when actually received. Q. I have rented out my f ann on which there is a complete set of buildings which are not fully depreciated. Can I con- tinue to claim capital cost al- lowance under Part XVH, or would I be required to claim under Part XI? A. Your claim for capital cost allowance on the farm buildings must now be made under Part XI of the Regula- tions Capital cost allowance is recoverable back to January 1, 1949 on disposal of assets. This allowances claimed previously under Part XVIL Q. My husband has a farm tractor that he uses, not to earn his living, but to do farming and a little logging and collect- ing of firewood Can he claim any depreciation on this farm tractor? A. If your husband is a farm- er and is reporting his income from farming or logging he be able to claim depre- ciation on the tractor. However, if he has no income from farm- ing or logging, and the tractor is not being used for the pur- pose of producing income, he would be unable to claim any depreciation Q My husband and I jointly own a farm. The income has always been declared on my husband's income tax form and the cost of running the busi- ness has been claimed on my husband's form, a'so. As the farm is owned by both of us, can I claim the cost of opera- tion on my income tax7 A. The taxability of any in- come derhed from this parti- cular source, where there is a jourt depends en- tirely on which of the partners supplied the money that origin- ally purchased the property or business In most cases, it comes entirely from the hus- band. Unless the wife has mon- ey of her own thai she earns herself, or she had money that was left to her to invest in the farm, it is always considered for tax purposes to be the hus- band's income. Q, If I sell grain to a grain company and request thai pay- ment be deferred until the next year, in which year do I report Ihe sale as income on my tex form? A. You report it in the year it was sold to the company. The fact that yea request the company to hold payment until a lalcr year docs not change the date of sale. However, if you placed the grain m storage, received storage tickets and did not surrender them until a lalcr jear, at which lime you are issued a cash ticket, you would report ttie sale in Jhe year the cash ticket was issued. i Ap.il i i..fc LEi.lBnluirE _ Inflation squeeze quietens Cambodian New Year action PHNOM PENH (AP) The three-day New Year celebration last week was quieter usual as the Cambodian capital, squeezed by inflation and Com- m u n i s t military pressure, awaited either an attack or a government shakeup or both. Fighting continued through the holiday, with one skirmish Sunday only 12 miles from Phnom Penh. The country's former ruler, Prince Norodom Sihanouk after a tour of the Communists' ''lib- erated areas" that comprise two-thirds of the country, recently likened Phnom Penh to a ripe fruit ready to fall. Ob- servers here feel the fruit may hang precariously for some time, depending on the fast- flowing sap of U.S. aid. Ths government's military situation worsens at an unhur- ried pace after a spate of tac- tical defeats in February and March and a few gams With the help of U S. air power last week. I Communist forces abandoned i hit-and-run tactics in late January and have entrenched themselves on almost all supply routes into Phnom Penh The average safe distance on seven major highways is 50 miles from the city. Ths Communist liably estimated at North Vietnamese and Cam- bodian insurgent country- tightened their nooses around such provincial as Kompong Thorn, Takeoville, Svay Rieng and Prey Veng, making supply by land impossible After more than two weeks of growing shortages because of cut supply routes, Phnom Penh's situation improved last week with ths arrival of supply convoys on the Mekong River fiom Vietnam and up Highway 4 from the coast Government forces have reopened more than 15 miles of highway toward the Vietnamese border. US. C-130 tanker planes, carrying gallons of fuel each, also are supplying Phnom Penh. However, few observers dis- miss the possibility that a de- termined attack could breach the capital's outer defences and its sparsely-manned roadblocks. In the month since an air force captain in a stolen bomber attacked President Lon Nol's residence, the government has installed two anti aircraft guns across the street from the presidential palace, arrested scores of persons, shut down newspapers and clamped on a 9 p.m. curfew. Also damping the holiday spirit were skyrocketing prices despite an apparent abundance of food m the markets and only occasional shortages in some kinds of produce Refugees have the most basto worries. The government Rip- plies refugees with meager one-fourth of a family's needs, said only three months and employment prospects even at 40 cents a day are few. "The people who came three years ago were said a woman who lives in a two-family freight car at a rail yard. "The refugees who now cannot find any work." ,There is many are wary of expressing it. EW DECCC4ll THE OF THEN TO TH EEEICIENCr Add a showphone to your home! Imagine how one of these beautiful old-style DECORATOR PHONES will accent the decor of any room. Plan to add one as a home extension phone now. Call your nearest AGT business come in and see the full selection of styles and colors. Mediterranean Cradlephone with handsome hardwood base; glossy black handset and dial-panel; gold trim and dial. Candlestick Phones in red, white or black, with gold trim and dial. Antique White Cradlephone with elegant hardwood base; white handset and dial-panel; qold trim and dial. Carved Walnut Chestphone Beige handset complements the crafted walnut cabinet. Or ask about the Black Leather Chestphone. CALL YOUR AGT BUSINESS OFFICE FOR FULL DETAILS NOW.