Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 20, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
32-THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, April 20, 1974 UN speech may dispel debate By JOSEPH LELYVELD New York Times Service HONG KONG Western scholars have long debated the question of whether the Chinese view of world order is not somehow fundamentally different from that of any other country, simply because it is Chinese. It is pointed out in this debate that the very name the Chinese give their country. Chung-Kuo, means "central country" and that it implies a Chinese belief that their nation has a unique place Try Bifori You Buy UP TO 30-DAY TRIAL ON YOUR DOCTOR'S RECOMMENDATION MAI CO SMITH-JONES HEARING AID SERVICE RIPLEY OPTICAL 6lS3rdAve. S. Phona 328-5447 "under with all other nations ranked beiow it, either in a tributary status or beyond the pale of civilization, in a speech delivered recently at a special session of the United Nations general assembly on raw materials by deputy premier Eng Hsiao- Ping the most important Chinese leader ever to speak there might almost have been intended to put an end to this academic debate about the effect of the "ethnocentrism" of the Chinese on their foreign policy. MODEST Uncompromising as it was on the issues dividing the poor nations from the developed nations, it was one of the most modest, least ethnocentric addresses ever delivered by a Peking representaive in an international forum. By Peking's standards, it was also one of the least dogmatic. In part, that was because of the audience at which it was aimed the nations of the Third Worid, which had pressed for the special session. With only fa.int success, Peking has been trying to persuade these nations that China not only supported them but was really one of their number. Yet iiv September, when the fourth conference of heads of nonaligned nations met in Algiers, China was still an onlooker. The thrust of Teng's address was an attempt to demonstrate that it was Third World status, rather than nonaligned status, that should qualify candidates for the club and, indeed, that is was out of date to view his country as aligned. "The socialist camp, which existed for a time after the Second World War is no longer in he declared. "The superpower that flaunts the label of Teng said, meaning the Soviet Union, now preaches "out and out imperialist fallacies." It is, in fact, an imperialist state, he said. "China belonged to the Third he went on. She was "not a superpower, nor would she ever seek to be one." Chinese, speakers have said these things before. However, Teng succeeded in focusing on Third World issues rather than on the world balance of power and the menace of Soviel power. He was content to present China as jumping on the bandwagon, rather than leading the way. It was the Arabs, he noted, who showed how political weapons could be forged out of natural resources. "The oil battle has broadened people's he said. "What was done in the oil battle should and can be done in the case of other raw materials." His tone was firm but modest. He spoke of "self of the need for a developing nation to "control its own economic life without once holding up his own country as an example, as he might easily have done. He said the people of developing countries had the right to determine their own economic and social systems, to control or nationalize inulti national corporations, as they saw fit. He did not insist that Marxist dialectic would determine their decisions. He said foreign aid should be free of "usury or blackmail." but implicity allowed for such aid. ALL EQUAL Nothing he said implied that China had some unique role to play in the Third World. "All countries, big or small, rich or poor, should be he said. So much for ethnocentrism. Yet there remained something very Chinese about his need to present a view of the world order, and something very Chinese about the view he presented. Having enlisted China in the Third World and declared the socialist camp a thing of the past, Teng found it necessary to define the First and Second Worlds. Martin Martin Bros. Funeral Homes Ltd. 2nd Generation Funeral Directors and Administrative Counsellors for Pre-Arrangements (Authorized by the Alberta Government Security Commission) THE MEMORIAL CHAPEL THE TRADITIONAL CHAPEL 703 13th Street North 812 3rd Avenue South NOW IS OUR 51st YEAR Member of A.F.D.S. 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