Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 20, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
Saturday, April 20, 1974 THE LETHBRiuut Trieste again fires Yugoslavian hearts with fervor By MALCOLM W. BROWNE New York Times Service BELGRADE, Yugoslavia A territorial dispute that brought Italy and Yogoslavia to the brink of war in the decade following the First World War has been rekindled, and the name Trieste is again firing Yugoslavia hearts with lighting fervor. But despite the current state of public denunciations and mass anti-Italian public meetings, times have so changed since the really dangerous years of armed confrontation that diplomatic relations between Rome and Belgrade scarcely seem jeopardized It all started some time last month after Yugoslavia promulgated a new national constitution According to the secretariat of foreign affairs here, it required that new border markers be erected along Yugoslavia's frontiers with Italy and Austria The markers, which Yugoslav officials say did not move the demarcation line at all. display the name of Yugoslavia and of the particular Yugoslav republic at the frontier, in this case, Slovenia PHOTOGRAPH The next development was the publication in the nghtwing Trieste newspaper II Piccolo of a photograph showing some of the new markers and complaining that Yugoslavia was laying permanent claim to the territory involved The newspaper argued that the area was in fact only provisionally administered by Yugoslavia and that the land in fact was Italian The newspaper editorial evidently had the backing of the Italian government It was followed on March 11 by a formal note from the government of premier Mario Rumor to Belgrade The text of the note was not made public, but according to the foreign office here, the key sentence read "Yugoslav sovereignty was never extended to Italian territory described as 'zone B' of the unrealized free territory of Trieste RED FLAG If accurately quoted, such a note was apparently calculated to rouse feeling here as a red flag would a bull In 1947, Italy and Yugoslavia reached a peace agreement settling the general position of the frontier But the Adriatic port of Trieste and the rich Slovenian farmland in the vicinity, notably the northern port of the Istrian Peninsula, remained in dispute Feeling ban high, and military forces on both sides were held apart partly by American and British troops occupying the area and insuring separation of "Zone A provisionally acceded to Italy and "Zone B' provisionally to be administered bv Yugoslavia In 1954 the nations reached agreement leaving the city of Trieste under Italian jurisdiction pending creation of a Trieste free state, and leaving zone B the northern htrian Peninsula and some other parts of Slovenia under provisional Yugoslav government PEACEFUL A Trieste free state never came into being (although Trieste is a free port under Italian But American and British forces were able to withdraw, and the Ironlier area has been reasonably peaceful since On March 15, Belgrade replied to the Italian note with a harshly worded note of its own expressing indignation that "for the first time since 1954 Italy openly laid claims to Yugoslav territories Goveinment publications here warned that if Italy were to persist in this attitude, Yugoslavia could renew claims to the former zone A as well, and that in due course the whole structure of European peace and security would be threatened Since then, the Yugoslav cabinet has held some well- publicized meetings to condemn the Italian position Communist party publications have called Premier Rumor a hypocrite or worse, and protest meetings of thousands of workers have been organized all over the country Italy is Yugoslavia's most important trading partner, buying huge quantities of Yugoslav beef, among other things Yugoslavs and Italians cross each others' frontiers with virtually no difficulty, and practical relations are likclv to remain unchanged It would be so easy...just drop it in your purse... tempted...they'd never miss it. They might not...but they might not miss seeing you take it and then it's too late. You may try wrangling out of it, stutter, stammer...even cry. But since when do you put something in your purse before you purchase it? Is even the smallest item worth the embar- rassment and anguish it would cause your family, let alone the fine and possible jail sentence connected with it? Go ahead, try it if you want...but be prepared to pay the consequences...and believe it, they cost more than the item you bagged! Published as a public service by The LctlibriiUjc Herald in co-operation with the Lethbridge City Police.