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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 20, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Huridoy, April 20, I97J THE lETHBKIDGf HERAID 5 Peter Deshfirals The issue of funding campaigns The paragraph vns huned near Ilic end o[ Ihc report in a recent edition of Ihc Monlieal Gazelle. It slalcrl thai discussions Ijc- twecn .Judge Claude Wagner and Federal Conservatives re- lating to Wagner's possible can- didacy in din coming election were rumored lo have involved a guarantee'. The report was unusual in a number ot respocts. It pave publicity lo allegations of financial Iween a party and a prospective candidate before the individual had identified liinisel! ivilli Ihc parly and while lie held a posi- tion which supposedly isolated him from active- politics. Usually this type of story reached the public long after Ihc event, And it Rained cred- ence by beinn linked lo a state- ment about Judge Wagner by UpMnsiliori leader Slanfielrl It's a difficult decision fw such a man lo make. "There's a question of seen- rily." Stanfic-ld was quoted na saying. 5 t a n i c 1 d would not liavo made this unusual public admis- sion were he not under the im- pression that dealings of Ibis kind arc so routine loday thai they surprise no one. And the tntal absence of reaction lo the 'Jazelte report indicates Ibat be, UYIS right in (Ms assessmcnl. Despite Ihe [act lhat Ihe report cited a specific sum of money, ami a considerable one by any standards, no altenlion was paid to it. Man made diamonds B.v Don Oakley, Service ilATEVER significance they may have for the fair sex, dininor.cts are definite- ly one of industry's best To he. exact, man made dia- monds. Or lo be more exact, "Man with capital lei- ter.s. This is Ihc trademark of the company proved the feasibility of commercial pro- duction of synthetic diamonds 15 years ago and which re- mains the world's leading pro- ducer. It was in February, 1957, just one year aEter announcing tho capability lo make diamonds, that General Electric delivered Us first customer total of about carats, or a little more lhan 70 ounces, with a value of about Today, manufactured dia- monds account for more than 50 per cent of all the industrial diamond nbrnnve used world wide ami (lip price is hnlf v-'nnt It v-ns in 11.Y7. Man Mncle dinrnond minlo by heating piaphile aud a mctol catalyst il can be chromium, manganese, iron or any of a number d other metals to hifili temperature while apply- ing high pressures. The idea is to duplicate nature's OV.TI pres- sure cooker .1 hundred or moro miles inside (he earth. The graphite dissolves In Iho catalyst and, provided (bat the pressure is maintained, crys- tallizes as diamond when the temperature is reduced. The products arc usually less than a 200th of a cnrat in weight. Bui that's big enough. And be- cause of the steady supply and he-cause many different types o! diamonds can be created by con- trolling what goes into the pres- sure cooker, artificial diamond has become a major tool. Industrial diamond loday Is used to slice germanium semi- conductors, polish the surface of wafer thin silicon crystals, cut cured concrete, masonry rnd slabs of marble and gran- ite, take (lie rough crimes ofE nnlonmbilo cut Tind polish pcm flone.s, drill holes in pnr- cehiin insulators, sharpen ullra- haul tunpstcn carbon tools, and so on and on and on. It didn't even rale a roulino denial. The episode Illustrated (he close relationship b c t w e e n money ami political power in our system, the larjjc amounts of money which can be in- volved and public apathy and skepticism about the system, U also threw light on an aspect of Ihe system which is often ig- nored by roformeis. Much attention has been paid In recent years to the sources of political funds. Official invesli- galjons in Canada have re- vealed lo no one's surprise lhai the Iwo largest political parties receive Ihe bulk of Iheii1 funds from a relatively small number of corporate donors. The New Democratic Party obviously re- ceives much of its money from organized labor. Every investi- gation has resulted in proposals for compulsory public disclo- sure of the sources of party funds. Where the money comes from, however, is only part, of the story. It is just as important lo consider where Ihc money goes. Most, discussions of parly fi- nancing deal with the obvious party expenditures on conven- tions, travel, publicity aud Ihc cosily apparatus of modern electioneering. Relatively little is known about the "dark side'1 of spending by parties, except that il cxisls and consumes pro- digious amounts of moucy. The practice of "purchasing" candidates, although it is far from universal, is certainly noL limited to isolated figures of major importance. In Montreal recently, a prospective candi- date was known to be shopping among the two major parlies for the host financial deal be- fore declaring his candidacy. He wanted bis annual salary [or two years deposited in his ac- count before he would make a ninve in public. It would be nntve to pretend that political parlies have not always tried to take care of Iheir own or that, the payoff rannol assume a variety of forms. lint thai is no for condoning it, particularly when it threatens to become ;i common imd costly feature ol the system. If Ihc going price, of an impor- tant candidate is now listed in hundreds of thousands ol dol- lars, it is mockery of democ- racy lor pni ties to talk about broadening Ihc ba.sr; of conU'i- bulions. Prime Minister Trudeau, trying lo explain v.hy he has failed (o produce a promised and "lop priorily" vocabu- lary) reform of election spend- ing in iiicn past four years, has talked repeatedly about the Lib- erals' red carnal ion fund and olhrr methods of Irving to oil- lain contributions from thou- sands nf people of "modest means." How can this lie justified if funds are used to cushion the financial risks for well heeled candidates, pni-licularly in nn ape when salaries and pensions for politicians have readied re- spectable levels? The effect on the candidate Mud mattress NEA service THIRST it was tho bed. Now it's Ihc mud mattress. No kidding. An engineer in Los Angclcb has developed a sity increases, and since mud is twice as heavy as water, only half much of the body sinks into it. GLADIOLA BULBS size bulbs. Available m mixed colors. Forly bulbi per bag. Lawn Sprinkler Mado oF aluminum and plaslic, has four position spray conlrol lhal covers up 1a square feet. Choose from a variety of types including Pyramidal cedar, Siberian cedar, Hetz Juniper, Sauin and many more, Deauliful healthy stock 10" to 36" high. Each trer. Wrapped in peal and burlap. YOUR CHOICE EACH Wheelbarrows Ideal for steel Iray 3 cu. ft, 10" nylon lire wilh oilite ings and 1" lubular sloel handles. holds bear- EACH Sprutfs Lawn Seed Kentucky Slue and Lawn SPECIAL Sheep Manure Pulvsrizsd. WeeJ free. 50 Ib. bng. SPECIAL Plastic Watering Cnn targe capacfly. fl ft Green only. Open Daily 9 a.m. fo 6 p.m. Thursday and Friday 9 a.m. lo 9 p.m. College Shopping Mall 2025 Mayor Magrafh Drive himself lias lo be considered. In April in liis first press conference aflcr his cleclion ns Lihcral leader, Trudeiiu was naked whether he- would rn'case n bjilaiu'i] shcel of revenue and expenditure for his leadership campaign. "I think it might be interest- ing for those who were writing artick's or books to know n lilllp bil more about bow much lliis kijid ci[ ilmij; costs and iho money comes lie conceded. "Tin goiny to r.sk lhat myself, hi rny orgiimzHtion Monday, and if I'm nol loo shocked by Ilic answers, I may let you in on tijc answers.11 What Trudean undoubtedly discovered UiaL success in politics covers a mnllitude of deficits. But unsuccessful can- didates often find that the ''Monday morninf; shock'1 after convention can produce a political handover that lasts for years and that affects their en- tire car cur, 1C the debt pro- duced by an expensive but un- leadership campaign is eventually covered by (be party, how much freedom re- mains Lo the former candidate? The successful candidate in a leadership or electoral cam- hopes lhat victory will ensure bis independence within bis party. This is a daupcrous If the basic discus- sions between a parly and a prospective candidate are in terms of money and the candi- date's own security, it probably will be difficult lo change this basis at a Inter dale. Reform can come from two directions. The most efficient is reform from tbe top: legislation cov- ering disclosure o( political contributions a n cl election snnulintf. Rut when a party is ia power the system works in favor, find reform demands r'l extraordinary degree of pn- lilicnl enlightenment. Dcspile hi? protestations in IOCS, Prime Minister Tnidcsu has shcnvn nn originality in this rcpect. This still leaves room for ini- tiative by individual candi- dates. In Edmonton West, publisher Mel HurLig campaigned for the Liberal nomination Ibis month With a pledge (hat bis cam- paign in Ihc election would be governed by a set o( personal voluntary ground rules. These could include complete disclo- sure of the source ol all cam- paign funds, a limit of from any individual nr corpo- rate oorJributor, refusal to ac- cept campaign funds from cor- poraLions owned or controlled outside of Canada and a spend- ing limit of 50 cents per elector during the campaign. Describing Canada's present election laws ns "among the least effective of any of Ihe western Hurlig promised fo work for a more open system in Canada allowing much greater parliripation by Canadians "of all income lev- els." He said that "even the pre- sent ineffective arc fre- quently violated and the aver- age Canadian would be ap- palled by the manner in which campaign funds arc normally obtained." IlurUg looked tbe cour.try and across party lines to find ah ally in Kingston, Ont., where (he Conservative nomination has been won by Fjora MacDonnld, the party's former national orpanizer, A press release issued by Hurtig cited MncDonald as one of (he leading partisans of a more open and controlled sys- tem of funding campaigns. This type of electoral reform was also an important item in the oress conference given by ex- Liberal Pauline JnvcH this past week to announce her campaign for NDP candidacy in V.'est. It might be worthwhile for Hurtig to encourage pledges on voluntary guidelines from other candidates and (o publicize the list of names durinp (lie cam- paign. An open conspiracy of Ihis type, particularly among candidates of the luo parties, could have an effect on (hem. (Toronto Star 'Crazy Capers' We can't win Uy Eva Some of my young friends labor under tho misapprehension (heir jKirciiUs would liston to rnc worse, that I could unreservedly defend their "How fur do you think a measly lars pocket money will jjo tbcFC they query. "Please ask my parents to let me be is n plea repented ollen. Knowing it is lo slrtlch any amount, of "measly'1 dollars, be it a pension, hoiisckoepinp money or nn allowance, one oan'L IHp sympathizing but take a look at Ihc kind tif freedom tliesc youjigslcrs have in mind. "You a college student told mo, "I am tbe only one in a ckus of -1U parents pay college fees, hooks, boarding expends my nDou.'UJcn. Many o! the oilier pamiUs euulcl affuixl to do so but they have more sense and a higher re- gard tor their ehildrcns' wisli to be inde- pendent. Couldn't you ask my fnlber to sign ;i form refusing to be re.vpunsiblc for me? After all, I am over 13 and an adult, by law." "What you live I ask- ed liim. "I could fid addilional paid for by Manpower, or a fjovcrnmoiit Joan. Either v.ay I be much better off financially mid Mould not have lo ac- count to my parents for what I spend or my way of life. I am fed up being treated ]ike a child." "Docs il ever occur to T asked the toy, "to allow your fi.llier the same prulR you demand for to be indepen- dent? lie loves you nnd has probably work- ed all his life with tlic aim !o giving you the best education lie could afford. To liim your college fees and Jiving alJowancc- arc not a hand-on! but part of bis calculated expenses for the family he cares for. lie pays his larpe slice of income tax for those, who genuinely help but is il fair for younfi people like you 10 be adding to Uiis already heavy burden "You do disappoint me1." said the boy. "I was convinced yon, Et least, would un- derstand my point of view. Thc-.e arc other ivays of paining my freedom.'1 He went back to co'Icpe ?nd his pnrcmts paid his fees arid ndouance. A monlli Inlcr he took to the road to 'broaden his mind" by travelling Collegr? did not set- him again for the rest of the term. The fees, of course, viorc forfeited and his allowance spent along the He turned un ;'gaii> llic end of holidays. "1 run p'liig Uui. lo ciOlego, I b.ivp the ic-os ;iml my "Nd v.ay." said his fat "A" you yourself lai-.i lenn: You arc an rdull now. If yen fool like leaving riming raid- Ic'-m, ipcnrl your money on drink and iifiv- ing a good timer, v lio cnn Flop you? I vcluctar.ily ayrct- witn you. Ilowevor, yfvi have to find (nit bow hard it is lo corn all you manager) lo throw away last year. Only Uien vail you be truly independent.1' It him tins father rr.ore than anybody will ever tn send lus son away empty- handed he1 never liic chunce lo prove or disprove the educational value nf taking a stand. The hoy did not. have lo earn his keep. Having bean refused fur- ther ;iicl hy his parents, IILI imme- diately applied for and a govern- ment Loan, only part of vvhich be will have to repay sometimes in the distant future. In Die rm'.Tutimc, he used parl o5 il on buying a car and generally spends a lot more ilian he can afford even with (his gercrcus loan. TJIC- List time I him I aslicd Jie Intended to do if his new life F.lyie got him Into I rouble. ''I think my fa MILT learned his he said. "Haven't I proved I mean business and achieved the indepen- dence- he refused lo grnnt me previously? Should 1 get into difficulties and he again refuses to help me out all 1 have Jo do is Ihis: I take a job for Iwo After thai I qualify for welfare and v hat is vii-onp v.ilh Ihal? Kvcn our pvinm minLs- [er apices it is c-vcry Canadian's rir.iil to live on welfare if be ?o choree.-. 'V'T.V do get off my back, nil air.l me to live an adult's life. Vi'e c'jn't win, rr.ii pvr? The cost of shoplifting By Larry Dennett TTOW rmich money would you pay for an item valued at less than fifty dollars? you pay ?ioo for a cumins! rec- ord that could prevent you from getting a paying and trustworthy position? Could you ever look your friends in the face again if you were a convicted fliief? These arc just some of the questions a person should ask himself il" he is ever tempted to shoplift nn item from a store. In Lcthbridgo mngislra'.c's court the pen- alty for .shoplifting is a mandatory court appearance, fingerprinting and phologrnpli- Lng for a police record, and n line. The exact entry on the police criminal record when a person is guilty of shoplift- ing is "Iheft under fs (he tnriU of stealing something really worth Ihe personal expense, embarrass- ment and harm it could cause? JIM F1SHBOURNE Getting down to the 'essentials' el a inquiry! TN case any of you liavo boon ing JLISI mudi Ionizer I could keep away from the lopic of univer.-nly financ- ing, Ihc answer seems lo he "not von' From tho wcllcr of information and misinformation making the rounds ]y, and through Ihc agonized of va- rious educational you may have gathered tli.it lliis year the in Edmonton have eilliflr discovered fir do cklcd that collcpes offer morn political mileage per dollar invested than do uni- versities. Accordingly, they've: increased fi- nancial allotments to colicRcs by somc- like 25 per cent over last year, and got most of the money by taking il away from [lie universities. (In actual dollais, funds for universities have heou marginal- ly increased by 1.8 per coil, bill v.iili in- flation running at something belUr than seven per cent, Ihal means a prc.ly sig- nificant rersonally, I think the poli'Jcinns are quite correct in judging the present politi- cal climate. Unfortunately, by the naturc. of their calling, they can only concern themselves with short-term and in Ihe. short run there is little doubt thai colleges are a pretty good bet. Afler all, everyone understands tor think Ihoy do) about college training and employment, and a lot of people seem lo the nonsense published about the relative "effi- ciency'1 of colleges. What isn't so veil un- derstood is lhat universities in" Ihis part of Ihe world are really slarting (o hurl fi- nancially, and hurting our universities has come very scrions long-term implications. Culling budgcls lias some fairly standard effecis. whether it's your personal budget or lhat of an institution. Some expendi- tures have to be eliminated or reduced, hut before you figure oul which, yon have lo sort oul those items (hat rannoi touch- ed, [n Ihe case of a personal budget nic- ilrnis like the moilcagi'. taxes, ctr Von know you can't balance your budge; by re- ducing flic cheques you send the nior.page company, or cutting on what >ou the income las people. You may, however reduce or even eliminate what you spend on entertainment and holidays, trim a feu- luxury items from the fotxl allot mem, fir spend a bit has1 on clotixis. Similarly, al a there are somo items you jn.st can't reduce, whatever the slate of tho budget. You ean'l renege on contracts, for one Ihing. You can't refuse to pay (he bills for heaLinf! the plate. You can't very well close the libraiy, or de- cide to (caching courses. In shoi'l, v.hen yon get li looking at a university pr.rlicular- ly one that's been through this annual "search and destroy" for (he past hvo or llirce years, arc reaiiy few items you can cut at all. Almost all (he "ciul.ab.lc things have cither been elim- inated already, or uhat'.1; left in [hem is so small that even culling them altogeth- er doesn't make a great deal of difference. Some things do make a difleieucc. how- ever, and sometimes a drasli" Mi'it.v.'KC. As a case in poiul. rt a 01 v.hidi I happen lo locii to be a fund set a.si'ir f.-[ io finance locally initialed reseaicli usually for younger scholars 1 d yet acquired Ihe experience nr that seem to be prerequisite In foods from the foundations cn.ir.cils lhat finance most research in this Iry. A sound idea, lhat little fur.d, fn hMh Ihc university and its younger staff mem A couple; of good things came of U, too. Nole lhat I snid "used to lie "1 n longer exists. While no one had li'.p s'ighl rsf doubt about its value, and many pcr> p.'e felt it ivas one of Hie really tan' budget items, it just happened In Iv n-'c that could be cut. It wasn't like the mortgage on the Hiuirni 10- idfnces, or tbe pas bill. How much difference will l'ial make'.' Well, one never knows. There a In: people who believe thai all univfisny-siioii- sored research should bo eliminated, IbBl if public money is lo he spent