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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 20, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta SATURDAY, APRIL 20, 1946 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ELEVEN Grain Growing, Irrigation, Gardening "THE FARMER'S OWN PAGE" Stock Robing, Poultry, Marketing Af A View OB Cropping Program Following Is a bulletin recently issued by the Alberta Federation cf Agriculture: It is now evident that iigricuitural production holds the number one position oar peace- tiros agenda." However, states the Aibena of Agriculture, it, _s unfortunate that world food ministers and c_r own government officials did not reccgnaze this fact before. I suppose we can. say that tlie government was warned that, the price of bacon was not in line with the cost of production and the exrra work required to raise hogs as compared with, grain production. We can say thai the fall in cream procuctiMi for butter maktag was anticipated manv months ago. How- ever, such erring in the wilderness will not, bring the sir-freshened heif- er into production, nor will it bring tius old sow back to her pen. It is. however, hosed that the fact will be realized "that the Canadian Federation of Agriculture speaks for the farmers of Canada and in. so reflects tlie trend of thought and action of the Canadian farmer. This fact cannot be overlooked. the present food crisis fac- jag many countries it is not a Question of what should have, or could have, been done, but it is a question of what we must do to meet this urgent need for food nroducts. Tiie Btosrd of Directors of the Alberta Federation of Agri- culture recommends that its mem- bers accept whole-heartedly the nine ooint nrogram as outlined by the Prime Minister last month. This program urged TiRYiTriiTr! production of foodstuffs over the next four years. In adopting such a step the farmer must carefully analvze his own peculiar conditions. He must raise the foodstuffs which he can nroduce to the very bast advantage in keeping with sound fanning practices. Per example, it would be foUv :o alant wheat on a wheat, stubble which is heavily in- fested wizh saw fly. It would be equally iacoosisisril to plant wheat on grey wooded soil which requires a crop" of clover. The over-all picture will benefit most by tne aonlication of prac- tices which tena to reduce losses, t For instance, the proper treatment; of seed grams to oreveat loss irom .scasitt: aroper tillage practices to i control weeds, conserve moisture 1 and to prevent scii drifting. It is belzevec; that the adoption of these j and many ether practices will do more to meet production needs than any large extension of i wheat acreage. i Tie cntica! situation ia many countries will be during the six months. This can be met only by j Use reserves on hand. The present J policy of delivering wheat during- the nest three months and accept- opics A YEAR FOR SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS ____ __________ i paymsat at a later date should f I bring in considerable stocks held i I in store because of income tax regulations. It be pointed i out here that farmers who did seU their crcos early, and in some esses, .more than one crop in one year. should be given the opportunity of, spreading their sales of wheat as (well. It. has been the policy of many! Western fanners, and advisedly so. f an old saying: "Where everybody thinks alike nobody thinks very much." And that lies at, the base of most of our thinking in this country. Few farmers would want, to !n-e oa a co-operative farm where they couldn't, exer- cise their own ingenuity or where they couldn't be their own boss. TJiey wsnt to farm, she way they want to farm if they are hurting nobody else in the process. And a re- sult we have progress because 100 men individually will try oat many different experiments where, on one big farm, only one man's brains would be at work. to maintain a bank of wheat on! J HJ g IA the farm. While we would hate to j 1 discourage this practice we do sug- gest, that it. be reduced as low as possible to meet the present food jneed. j While some cf these recommen- danons are stringent we believe Jthev are necessary- if Canadian agriculture is going to meet this i rune point, program and we would j urge Canadian farmers to rnakp an j all-out effort in spite of price ceil- ings, unjust income tax regulations j and the ever-exacting demands of" I labor. Let us nlace humanitarian- Sism above all else. Let us not sit i on the fence jus: because we know fthst the shoe is pinching and the I world governments, including our own, are on. the spot. I In return, we ask that the Eto- jrcinion government implement, to the best of their ability, the fea- tures 01 the brief presented to them on March 23th by the Canadian" .Federation of Agriculture, and that organized agriculture be taken more {fully into-their confidence in plan- ning for the future. All of which accounts for the difficulty in trying to say how many acres of wheat will be sewn in Southern Alberta this spring. One farmer will tell you he wouldn't "break his rota- tion or the layout of his opera- tions for anything.. The next may tell you he is going to take a chance and stubble in everv acre he has this year and fill up his bins if it happens so be a good growing season. And there are all kinds and shades of opinion in between. We siul think chat there will be some increase in wheat acreage in Wheat, Rain And SummerfaDow (3y Searle Grain Company) Quite a discussion took tslace a short time ago in the House of Commons about the effect on the j vield of wheat of summerfallow and rainfall respectively. Figures were j given which showed that a higher yield of wheat, amounting to ap- j proximately 90 million bushels per annum, had occurred in the years j from 1940 to 1945 than in the pre- j vious five years from 193-5 ro 1939. j Some were inclined to attribute increase is. yield to the in- crease in sumrcerfallow that had taken place. Others, however, questioned this ara though; that the increase la yield iiad been caused by an increase in rainfall. On the reverse sice of this sup- plement be found z. chart which sets out the yield per acre. rainfall and sumraerfallcw respec- tively, for each year over the two cent, we wouldn't hazard a guess. There are a lot of smart men who know a good deal more about their individual farms than we or the minister of ag- riculture or anybody else can know and theyli make the de- cisions for themselves, knowing the demand for wheat and the price. And that's their right and privilege. We wouldn't want i; any other way. WELDING FOR PORTABLE SHOP WELDING Phone 3893 Richards Welding 323-3rd St. S. tethbridge i periods. A glance at this chart will shmr that it was the iluctua- i tions in rainfall that had the) greater effect in causing fluctua- tions in vields entoyed. I RAINFALL 1935-1939 LOW The "acts are 'that the rainfall j between 1S35 and 1939 inclusive j averaged per sT-nnm 85 per cent i of normal, whereas the rainfall I from 1940 to 1545 inclusive aver- aged S4 ner cent or normal. In j considering the difference of this j percentage between the two rain- j falls, ir must be remembered that i a percentage to normal of 45 pen cent will make no crop at all. It i is the difference oriy above 45 per cent that produces grain. Becaus" of the low rainfall, the period from 1935 to 1939 averaged il.T bushels to the acre for the three prairie provinces, whereas the period from 1940 to "1943 averaged 17.4 bushels to the acre- During the latter oeriod 35 million acres more summerfallo'vr were sown than in ithe previous period from 1935 to 11939. The question is. therefore. But we do hope that farmers livestock will see to it that enough acres are put in grain and fodder crops to pro- tect that big investment they have light now. It- doesn't take many head of cattle to add up to a thousand dollars these days. They're really worth looking after. Coarse grains and hay and greenfeed will fill tne bill, and they're as easilv grown as wheat. rather curiously with the amount of moisture that falls. Whenever normal precipitation occurs sum- mer-allow yielded 53 ner cent high- er at Lethbridge and" vislds proba- bly about 45 per cent higher in general farm practice. As the mois- ture falls lower than normal, sum- merfallow yields still more hi pro- portion to stubble, yet when the moisture is very low. down to sav 45 per cent of normal then neither stubble nor summer-allow vields anything at all, as was shown in some crop districts in southern Sas- katchewan -during the severe drought vear of 1935 and 1937 Summerfallow is, therefore, not a complete insurance against drought. It is apparent, too, that in areas where rainfall is usuallv normal, and where increased yields of sum- merfallow would be no more than about 50 per cent greater than stub- WITH THE GARDENERS WccUr Supplied -T HvrUenttwal Ask the Dominion Experimental Farm officials; who have been making pre-erpp season surveys and f they will tell you that, except in a few favored spots, in the southwest, and especially along the foothill j fringe, Southern Alberta hasn't a thing to give awayj this vear in the way of moisture reserves. That is a j _. warning which should be heeded. It should be heeded} we. by those in areas of subnormal subsoil moisture who are thinkine: of stubbling in. And it should be heeded especially by irrigation farmers who are getting a good early seeding start but who may find that, byj June, the subsoil is getting dry. This may be a year i mercj in which the addition of water at the right time pay a tremendous premum. It looks as if we will get a heavy runoff from LETHBRIDGE EXPERIMENTAL FARM WEEKLY LETTER I central sections of fee TTnited indicate thai i; tates oary PERENNIAL WEED CONTROL may be lots of rain during the season and irrigation may not be so insistent as in other years. But if it should be that moisture is short in June, July and August the irrigation farmer who doesn't use the water he is paying for, and use it to the full, will be passing up bet of his life. And if he doesn't lay his plans now to make full use of it" just as soon as the soil auger tells him that the subsoil is dry he will have only himself to blame if his crops in this good price year are not up to standard. A lot of money was lost on irrigated farms last vear because, with four inches of rain in May and _ v definitely looking at the problems :n tive means known. For best results, j combtESitiort cf culoirai and on those who _ Also, society is -----__ ._ s----------- 'and cultivatr_s once cr propose tne program, to three years of continuous cuU- j before seedmg. and as cf tea s justified in asking vauon :o completely eradicate the i after -jut crop is rz- vou or me" "what have you done above mentioned weeds. Even, L.Qjgy "possibilities of tius to date with vour appropriation5-'-----'- -----._ is beneficial to too often the research hcrticul: laments the fact that he has found; in the soil. Therefore, i: is neces- _ J. something which has value to sary to keep a close check, on any society and yet people are un- seedlings that appear and make familiar with it. Weil, the answer certain they are killed before they j to this is, there are means of dis- have a chance to become estab- seminating information so that all J lished. Observations In the nor_b, information agencies are kept formed of recent developme: cept in- na ana ._ i iiii 11 i. lonssea Oi renrui uei juiu j four in June a lot Of farmers thought they had enOUgh that any recommendations made to to see them through. A dry July and August reduced j "lpm are irrigated crops greatly, and the loss ran into hundreds of thousands ofdollars on the 250.000 irrigated acres in this area. Watch this phase in 1946. Servant of Agriculture Dress. and H WHEAT NOW effective in makir.g people acquaiat- Lethbridge Experimental Station V Belt DRIVES A inch. to 10 in. to 100 in. B mch. to 19 in. to 100 ia. We also design and sup- ply multiple belt drives. Stocks now fairly complete. MCKENZIE Electric Ltd. PHONE 3637 MaU and phone orders prompt attention. fgii and how much by the es- tra sunrcaerfallo-.r. We fiaa from. our studies made from Lethbridge results extending over 34 years, of a field of wheat sown ia stubbie and an ac in sumnierfallow, that 5 rainfall conditions were------------ I near normal that stumnerfallow gave an extra of 53 per cent, I bus this is on land on an Experi- mental Farm where the summer- fallow is particularly well prepared- No weeds are Dermitted to grow and the siiininerfallowing is done earlv in the season so as to pre- serve all the rains that fall. General farm practice, however, is far from being done as well as this. We I estimate, therefore, that the aver- i age farm siimmerfallow, whenever 1 normal moisture occurs, would give i a. yield of about 45 per cent more j than stubble would yield under the same conditions. Based on this estimate a simple calculation reveals that during the period in question between 1940 and 11845 stubble averaged 123 bushels i to the acre and summerfallow 18.1 i bushels to the acre. The extra 'yield, therefore, that is due to the I extra summerfallow is the differ- i dice in yield between stubble and summerfaliow, 3.e.. 5.6 bushels mul- tiplied bv the extra acres in. suai- Eaerfailo-K- or 33 million, which comes to approximately 22 million bushels per annum out of the 90 j million, and that 63 million bushels i in turn was due to the higher aver- per cent of fall ihat occurred in the period be- tween 3S40 and 1945. compared with the lower per cent of fell between .1925 arid 1939. YIELDS Frcm the Lethbridge report, con- led by our own observations fallow in such districts Is usuallv used once every 4 or a years, or even jess often, merely for the On the other should, of course, sow on I but summerfallow 115 aucLUOX ACRES j We have calculated there are j about 6 million acres usually sown i to wheat each year in the areas subject to frequent droughts, so that here, of course, 6 million acres should be summerfallowed each year, and that in the remaining areas were 17 million acres are I usually sown to wheat, that about 9 million acres sown to summer- fallow each year would be suffi- cient. This means a total of 15 j million acres of summerfallow, but jtoaay we are carrying 19.4 million acres of summerfallow. It is an- parent, therefore, that if our esti- are today The production, of sugar bee's is a firmly established phase of agri- j cultural production in southern Al- berta. JXot only is this cron a vaiu- able cash crop to the irrigation j farmer but its successful production requires careful cultural practices i and thus leads to an improvement in the general practices" used on the farms where beets are raised. Tuus it has both a direct and in- direct value to the producer. While sugar beets have become firmly estaolished as a crop this does not mean that all proauction prcclems have been solved. In fact the production Dhase of thei nous- try is very definitely in a transition period with new methods being in- troduced witb. considerable speed and frequency. Thus the need'and demand for continued investiga- tions into beet production is very strong. Aluch experimenfal work has been done in sugar beet pro- duction, at the Lethbridge Experi- mental Station since the early years of its existence. Crop rotations, cultural practices, fertilizing, and water requirements all have been studied and the results obtained have been incorporated into gen- eral practice. In recent years con- siderable work has .been done with new machines introduced to ease the labor situation m beet produc- tion. The need for even greater re- search effort was realized at the Lethbridge Station and iri 1945 a new man was added to the staff to devote full time to beet production problems. This man, K. W. Hill, is familiar with the problems as j he was born and raised in the Leth- bridge district. After receiving his grade school and high school edu- cation he attended the Utah State College and received his B.Sc. de- gree in 1940 with specialization ir. agronomy. Later he returned to the same institution for puss-gradu- ate work in plant breeding. When the recent war cut off the Euronean source of sugar beet seed. Mr." Hill j went to Vancouver and spent two years assisting in. the establishment ed with new develonments as per- ___ sonal contacts. Eare is the true By H. G. L. STRASGB value of the he be ia the University. High School, or ia Evidence continues to pour In the Extension Service. from people on the spot in Europe Financial oroblems are serious and Asia of the tragic situation I on "the prairies over any i that milllccs will find then-selves: extended period of years. It mav in from the lack of fooc in the well be that none of the prairse next few months. Every farmer provinces mav be able to carrv on i who feels, therefore, that he can as elaborate a research and teach- reasonably spare even a load ing prcgram as they would like to of wheat frora his bins will cer- do in the immediate future ahead. I tainly be performing a. most hu- How can we overcome this hurdle? manitanaa act by hauling it to J market so that U can be shipped i sho-am satisfactory re- combination of cultural jcg practices has the ad- of the possi- of sod en-ting as well as pro- inccme while ridding the laxid cf perennial weeds- The results cbtSiined with. quite often are d-sappoirtr-g ,and generally very costly. Cherci- are suitable for small scattered j patches but not worthy of con- siderauon on. any considerable area. At the prssent t'Trrg many new chemical wesd killers are appeann? on the market, bai taeir value f or the eradication of our more per- ;t weeds has not been estao- jh experimental worfc is as the rzi- Station to test t'rf'r ef- One way is to devise a method of financing research and teaching on a joint Dominion-Provincial basis with objectives, methods and super- quickly abroad. But the need will not end In 1 Much finest K. W. HILt, (Sugar Beet Specialist) of the sugar beet seed industry !a the Iraser Valley which now sup- plies all of the sugar beet seed re- quired in Canada. In his present position, Mr. Hill is attempting to breed up strains of sugar'beets which will be more suitable to Alberta conditions and objectives, methods ana super- August. Much finest vision under joint control. This be required during the I system has worked well in the j winter of 1945 and the spring and, United States in the Land Grant' summer of 1947! Farmers, there-, Colleges. It seems to be especially fore, whose fields now have good valuable for the States whose re- i reserves of moisture, and who feel sources are less than others. thev could additional land to Another method of partially rneeU i wheat this coming spring, would ing the situation is for commercial I certainly be helping to" alleviate the interests to assist with the work.' acute distress from, hunger and dis- Already in the United States some I ease that will still prevail in. Europe commercial groups are deeply con- and Asia as. least for 18 months cemed wih the drain of men away! to come. Tha Dominion govern- from the training grounds XTm-! ment so far has nos asked farmers versiiies and Experimental Stations.! to sow anv additional wheat, acre- i In some instances they have pooled i age. so that the matter Js left to i their money and made agreement j each individual to do whas he feels i that this money is given for re- best considering all the ctrcum-! search so that the University may, stances. We must remember, too. i use its own appropriation to in- i that these -starvtcg oeoale in Europe j crease the salaries of the key men and Asia are our past, and we hope DEATH DANDELIONS and WEEDS future, customers for our prairie products. who are leading the research pro- ject and who are training young men and women. These forward- looking commercial concerns real- ize that their trained personnel must come from these institutions and that if the level of the train- gaged in a profession which is of 3 os 1-fc9 Prairies. We are en- to the mechanization of the beet j nlcal personnel. ong and the ability of the key men in the institutions is lowered con- tinually through departures to com- mercial concerns, eventually the commercial concerns will break down the source of promising tech- o--------- sis apparent that, of staamerfaLUow over stubble vary for reasonable insurance against drought. Earthworms For Soil Fertility There is a saying that even a worm will turn, and we might hesi- tate to provoke to retaliation the giant earthworm of an Australian species, which is said tc measure nearly six feet in length and re- treats underground witn a gurgling sound. Foet Cowper refused to in- clude on his list of friends the man ho needlessly sets foot upon a worm. Probably anyone who trod on the big Australian would do so crop. Studies are being made on methods of planting, mechanical thinning, cross-cultivating, and me- financial as well as esthetic value. ITortunate indeed are we ia that cur profession has these two sides. May we live up to the faith of those who put us where we are and fully re- pay society in our efforts. Xo bask V-'- in hijaiy 450 Kt F DA-VDELTON H-rdiran. Drcs Icia: ca i2er KILLER cf a fisuly wntca DDT DDT Sara Ssny. DDT Sursact DDT Live- stock Spray. Ky Coff DDT: lad FOR-XLL A wotem wcsxrra Oinaila for 27 FAIRVIEW CHEMICAL COMPANY LTD. REGINA SASH. Ft Another point thai I desire to mention is the matter of institutes. Most Universities in the past have chamcal harvesting. Visitors to the departmentalized their personnel. Experimental' Station will also see doubt this is rsecefsary for the experiments demonstrating the teacher but it has a definite dis- value of barnyard manure, alfalfa, i advantage in research. Instead of and commercial fertilizer in im- j narrowing the personnel on a prob- gated crop rotations. In addition. lem we should trv 10 bring to bear research is being conducted with the all the possible knowlecge to solve various canning crops and other the problem. The Bovce-Thomp- special crops to determine the most son Institute, Yonkers. New York, is profitable method for their culture a classif ical example of how suc- and fertilization as well as their j cessf ul the institute idea mav be de- proper place in the irrigated crop rotation. veloped. We should think first ot the problem and then of the sonnel. If the chemist can be of any help, use him. In a like man- ner, let us use the physicist, the casts are known to be richer than after each feeding of wet maslx and the surrounding soil in nitrogen, phosphate and potash, though tins may be due partly to the feeding instinct of the worms. How- mash. Soon after this fome cracked i too iong horticuKurists nave ever, the evidence in favor of the grain was mixed with the dry star.- i overlooked the tremendous basic earthworm seems fairly conclusive. gradually increasing the pro- problem of soil in its relaaon :o coarseness until the growth. _ We need to re- gradually increased until the start- P'ant breeder, tne botanist, ana any er was before them in the feeder! vno wUI belp to solve at all times, in place of the wet. 1 problem. FEEDING OF TURKEY POULTS portion and coarseness until the poults were eating whole gram in growth. evaluate our thinking and place a trough morning and evening, as soil-plant relationships In their true much as would be eaten in twenty perspective. By this I mean soil minutes ana a growing mash was i conservation as well as the Spt before them in a feeder. detail of soil-pljnt growth Th, subject is a large one ana or.-. subject which could be more ably handled AUCTION SALE J. R. FRODSHAM IN CHARGE The MACHINERY, LIVESTOCK Will be offered for sale fay public auction at the farm beinc. Sec- tion 12, Township 3. Range 24, at Wootford, known as the Nsn- man farm, miies east of Woolford WEDNESDAY, APRIL 24 Deere Tractor. 1S38, on rubber: Oliver Drill. 24 rur., r.early new; 73_-ft. John Deere Oneway; Jonn Deere. 4-ft. Spring Tooth; 4 Section Harrow Jor.n Deere Binder. 8-ft.; 400 bushels cf Seed Wheat; 40 btifhels of Oats; Engice or. well; new IJ3.C. 3-5 h.p. Er.gir.e; I Hay Rake; I Movvcr; 3 Wagor_s; Blacksmith Tools; 1 Ir.tematoinal ton Truck; 1 Rod Weeder. 14-foot: 1 Grain Eevstor; about 200 Pence Posts; some small jteirs. Head of gcoc Young Cows (some calves I "White raced E-jil. COMMENCING AT I P3I. TERMS GRANT McKAY, Clerk, Phone 2043, Lethbridge FRANK KCENEN, Auctioneer. License Xo. 34-46-47, Phone 412, Iron Springs _._ worn and took the trouble 10 count of them in an acre of garden. He estimated that ten tons of soil per acre pass annually through their bodies and that they bring up mould from feelow at the rate of three inches surface depth in fifteen years. The superintendent of an experi- mental station In the Peace River country discovered thai the soil tnere was devoid of earthworms. Mindful of Use benefits ascnbed to these creatures, he askea that a few be sent from headquarters in Ottawa. His repealed request ior wcnss went unheeded, and imaiJy he wrote: "Don't bother, I've got They had arrived in the earlh adhering to the roots of voting shrubs. Whether the worms multiplied and proved beneficial jn the already fertile soil of the Peace is not recorded, bat tne situation gave rise F.i the time to some con- troversy regarding the value of worms in the A farmer in New Zealand ob- served that in a green ar.d ex- panding patch of pasture the grass was of superior quabtv. The soil nere was found to contain large liUmbers of small light-colored earthworms. Transplanting worms in gods on other areas was undertaken, until now 700 acres of the grazing land have been planted with worms. The result has been to neariy double the sheep-carrying 'capacity of the pasture. Worm- For a growing mash the average turkev crower is recommended to f Experimental Farms News) a commercial concentrate with soils Young turkeys poults are some- i the Ground grain during the grow- i that I said today is times indifferent to feed and water. !ms rcriod in addition to the whole Ple? Ior things wmch I Some attention to the most back- j and sour milk. Changes in ,IeeJ result in more rapid pro- ward individuals may save several' iccdine should be gradual. If tur-rsress in western Canadan horti- from starving in tne midst oi i feevs are fed at home they culture. Many other things could plenty. Good commercial starters wjji not wander so far and meet mentioned uhicn may be as un- for turkey poults are preferable to so many hazards. If fifty or more 1 portant as the items mentioned. chick starters and the same ap- are raised a yard of at least one j What I have said on the parnctilar plies to the commerciai i acre per fifty birds is desiraole problems would apply equally as trates sold for use during the grow- annual crops are seeded at well to the iwms not mentioned I ing period, says E. Van Nice. Do- different seasons of the year to i Commercial concerns, as well as Experimental Station, a continuous supply of workers in governmental positions Sask. green feed. have a definite responsibility to For growers who wish to prepare 'society. If ;hey neglect this re- their own feed mixtures !or :ha QUALITY OF POTATOES -spoasibUity the ir.civ.dual concerns INFLUENCED B Alfalfa Seed and Garden Seed Now is the time to sow Alfalfa Seed, Clover, Brome, etc. Large shipment arrived. Bulk Garden Seeds, Fertilizer, Lubrication Oila and Paints. SOUTHERN ALBERTA CO-OPERATIVE ASSN. LTD. Pioneer Seed Distributors of Southern Alberta. 1221-2nd S, Lcthbridje Phone S7T7 early part of the season, the BY will pass out ol existence and. ur.- HAWKINSON TREA 'hard boiled chicken egg or half a of the potato fertilizer should bejcjety or soar. _ fsr.ds out that j turkey egg for each 50 i feed, islth a reasonable i finely cut dar.deiion _. isuch green feed. One-half tea- At the Lon? Ashton Research finds it nccessar spoon full of oil was ucec to Station in Engiar.d a studv was ways of to tarn to other jutes each feeding time. Any feed blackening on boiSing. fo: troughs Potasoes of j csal cor.cenris make requests from left was removed ar.d used for romr several varieties were grown on soils j you for help 12 not in your of various types at eight different sphere. Should jou not tr> to un- other purpose and __ washed alter each feeair.p The centres Tlie quality of the pota- derstar.d commercial concerns chill was removed from annk'.r.g toes -was found to be Influenced are rendering son ices to society anrt water and always kept before the more by the sol! and situation than j that they in many instances have poults in addition to sour milk in by the fertilizing. Where some im- i verv special problems associated ONLY cured short rollms ThH cannot ac- compSished without ft curingthttreadsur- ft f Flat >nd Short n a separate container. After the first provement in quaiity Iiad been week the green feed was fed separ- i noted, it was associated with po- ately after each feeding of mash tash. It was concluded that a de- with their activities which mast be solved if they are to continue v> serve society. Far seeing men. whether they be and a few days later the green ficiency of potash led to m- feed was hung on the wall for the crease in blackening, while defi- i in public or private life, icnow that poults to take as they desired. At! ciency of phosphorus caused de- only through service can the grow- 10 days of age a chick starter was j terioration in flesh consistency and i er or consumer be served. Our used dry, giving a small quantity flavor. j is happier aud more prosperous HAWKINSON TREAD tr C. S ..._..ii. PADL E, HAWKINSON CO TOM'S TIRE SH0P 518 FIFTH STREET SOUTH PHONE 2233 ;