Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 20, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
18 THt mHMIOOl HltAlB April 1970-------- Offshore Territory Claim Problem U.S. Senate Territorial Hearings Postponed Until Wednesday By KOD CUKR1K WASHINGTON' (CP) Disa- greement among several' de- partments of the Nixon adminis- tration over how much offshore territory the U.S. should claim as its legal continental shelf has caused postponement of a Se- nate bearing on the problem until next Wednesday. Chairman Senator Lee Meta- catf (Dem. Mon.) says he has been assured the administration would have a unified position by that time. The hearings originally were scheduled for last Wednesday.. 'MetcaJf is chairman of the subcommittee on the outer con- tinental shelf'which has been conducting hearings on this and related issues since last fall. The issue generated new in- terest here following Canada's moves to establish broader ter- ritorial claims and jurisdiction .over Arctic waters. Critics charge that the Canadian move rejected by the U.S.-is similar in principle to U.S claims in 1834 to exclusive rights to large blocks of sub- merged oil lands ta the Atlantic, Pacific and Gulf of Mexico. But actually these ate two dif ferent things. Canada and most ether coastal states claim jurisdiction iver all or mcst ,o( the re- ourccs ol their continental helves. Jtowever the American position is not clear. Canada recently ratified; a 958 Geeevi convention that jurisdiction over the shelf o a depth of 200 metres or to the limit of exploilability. MADE A CLAIM In 1954 the then president Harry S. Truman made unilat- eral claim to a minimum of 25 to 35 miles from shore for oil drilling purposes. In fact that so-called Truman doctrine was mentioned in seabed discussions at the United Nations recently as being an ex- ample of unilateral action Uken by a state making international law. But jurisdiction over the re- souices of the shelf dees not mean jurisdiction of the water above it. Sources close to the situation said Friday that the defence de- partment is urging Nixon to agree to relatively small claims over the continental shelf in a move to discourage other coun- tries from following some Latin American countries in making claims deep into the ocean. However, the interior depart- ment, which handles the valua- ble oil-drilling leases, is urging Nixon to hold on to oil rights it now claims 25 or more miles offshore. The commerce depart- ment Is said to side with inte- ricr while the state department sitting on the a source said. The controversy surfaced as president issued his annual eport to Congress marine and engineering de- elopment that emphaciiec new the administration's Veen nterest in Arctic research and While including Arctic envi- ronmental research into a five- loint program of major inter- sts for 1J71, the report also di- ecls that priority be given to ;Poor Feel Victimized' SYDNEY, N.S. tion Leader Robert Slanfield said Saturday national unity can be increased by a "strong inter- national commitment by Can- by aiding un- derdeveloped countries. Mr. Sianfield told a Kinsmen Club meeting the most impor- tant problem facing Canada "is the sense that is still setting Canadians apart and is growing more acute, not He'listed the disaffection in QiKbec, in the'.West, "and to other regions which have ac- cepted lower standards loo long, and -where the so-called fight against inflation only serves to entrench regional disparity." These tensions are aggra- vated by. strains between gener- ations, occupations and sexes, Mr. Stanfield said. He accused Prime Minister Trudeau of adding to these stresses, by "making the poor feel victimized, making whole regions feel ignored, putting the provinces under siege, and ask- ing the unemployed to bear the, iMirden of the fight against infla- tion." The solution to the unity prob- lem offered by Mr. Stanfield was a Canadian commUment to foreign aid. "One function of our foreign polio- can be to lift Canadians above our local quarrels, and focus our attention on some of the larger problems of the world, which arc, I suggest, our problems in any event." He said the principle of inter- national aid is I he same as the Canadian principle of regiona equalization. "We have foUowed lhal prac in in the recogni tion that it is in the long run in- terest of 'all. And now tha must be the basis of our ap- proach to international aid." The of Mr. StanfiekT speech was given to reporter before delivery. Stamp To Honor Indians, Eskimos OTTAWA (CP) The post office department's' stamp de- sign section is waiting to "do justice to the subject" cf a stamp honoring Indians and Es- kimos. COALDALE NU-MODE HOMES ITD. have land available in the Town of Coaldafe. They offer you the opportunity of owning your home for ai little DOWN and PER MONTH INCLUDING TAXES 327-1130 or 328-8011 For further information NU-MODE REALTY ILANCHE DAVIDSON 321-2965 ALBERT STUCKART 327-4036, FRANK .GEMMEl 327-1970 Victor. Dumblelon of Ihc sec tion says the idea has beer under'study in recent years bu one problem is that only 10 to 1 ideas ca: be culled annual! from an average of about ideas suggested every year b the public. Nevertheless a s t a ra p more likely a series of stamps contributions b Canada's native peoples has been getting a "lot of atlentio in recent months." It takes about two years fo an idea to show up as a stamp. Living for the professions and religious or fraternal organiza< lions are taboo. development of a giant vehicle (a provide transportation over water, and tundra of the Arctk. The 2S4 page report published this month and recently circu- lated ta Confress, says Arctic research activities "will be in- tensified, both to permit fuller .utilization of.this rapidly-devel- oping area and to ensure that such activities do not degrade the Arctic environment." The report notes that research and development projects in dude a study "in depth" by the advanced research projects agency of the defence depart- ment of "military, commercial and research potential for sur- face effects vehicles for Arctk ft adds: "An Arctic operational capac- ity has been selected as a devel- opment goal since tie potential impact of fast, long-range, higi-payload over open water, pack ice and tundra is 'substantial." 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