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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - April 20, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta W. F. NICKLE IS MAIUF IDEALS! Always Has His Eye Alert, Open for Suitable Adversaries to Ride Against. IS A BORN FIGHTER Stands Up for His Convictions Regardless of His Party Affiliations. WHAT manner of iii.m is William F. Xioldc, tlie Kingston M. r. wiio introJuced the resolution in !he Jlouse cf Commons this wecl; .Tsking tiiat in future no licreditary titles bo-conferred in Can-:u!a. "01- any title of honor that will I'O hold or can be used by, or which will confer any title or honor upon, :ir,y pcritn other than the i>cr�on in recognttion of whoso services the lienor or title has been conferred," and who succeeded in drawing from I'renjier Borden aii announcement that practically all he asked for had practically be?n put int) effect by crdcr-in-Counoil? Vl'illiam Foljrer Xickle is a mixture of Sir Galahad, Don Quixote, and ii t^lirewd small-town lawyer. If we may apply the first title without offending: liini. Tliis is not intended in any derogatory sense. In spite of his lorty-eight j'ears-which are more than he looks-and in spite of his experience in law and in the Legislature of Ontario, he still has ideals; ideals of public service; ideals of the rights of the public and the duties of the public's representative; and ideals of public moi-ality v>-hich he refuses to subjugate. He is a bit Quixotic in that he l;as always an I ye alert for suitable adversaries and will ride as hard against an iniquitous bakc-shop law as against the highest windmill in (he land. But he has no Sancho. He rides alone. Born in Kingston in ISGO, he set about at an early date to find where-�withal he might engage his energies. His father was �\Vi!liam Jslckle, a Scotch Canadian. His molher was Ellen Mary Folger, of American abstraction, -rhe dogged tenacity of the one and the acuteness of the other were combined in him in rare proportion. All his education he obtained in Kintrston, except his law studies at Ossoode Hall following his course at Queen's. He subdued tlie law sufficiently to make it support him. He assailed city politics and became a councillor. He became governor of the hospital, governor of the School of Jfinins and Agriculture, a member of the School Board, and finally a member of the Ontario Legislature. His seat in tliat place he held between IDOS and :911. \ PROPER WAY TO REFUSE A TITLE In Case You May Be Offered One, Here Is a Model LeltCi. ^GALSVVORTfiY SAID NO And Gave an English Wit a Good Opportunity for a Bit of Fooler>'. ,^nK debate on the abolition of titles in the Canadian House of Commons this week recalls tl'.c fact that a mild sensation was cauicd in England when Mr. John Galsworthy declined a knighthood ti 'low woelcs ago as a reward for the ;.-!iiviccs he has rendered with his ifacile pen since the war began. ; Mr. Galsworthy, indeed, did not mean to emphasize his refusal, and the publication of the, award was I I 11/ J J. 1 i""^'''^ without the knowledge that he IS In fVOOUStOCK Miad already declined the honor. Mr. - 1 Solomon Eagle, who writes a vivaci- Mr. R. H. Constable, Aged 85, ii'"-^ P'^Kc in the New Statesman Oldest Printer UNCLE SAM LIKES BROWNING'S GUN Maker of New Light Machine Gun Great, But Little-Known, Inventor. MADE AUTOMATIC J. M. Browning Also Invented Repeating Rifle, Though It Doesn't Bear His Name. o' Worked With Mark Twain and Artemus Ward. M A Man of Family BETXa a man of family, with a wife and children, with a great flower garden and a pigeon-Ioft.and a carriage and pair for going to church on Sundays, he began to take a keen interest in all legislation affecting babies and mothers, and homes. The Government appointed a milk commis-sicn, and Nickle was one of the busiest members on it, gathering information and m2ting deductidns that -would prove useful to milk producers and milk consumers alike. Jteantirao Ti.ronto bakers had been coming in conflict with the law in regard to the varying TV'eiKhta of loaves of bread, rhe law was not clear, and Nickle proceeded to .have it made clear. He introduced and secured legislation fixing the �weights of ^oave;3 so that people could nlwai's tell just what mey wero getting for their money. Having done this, and voted for whatever measures h-j thought were good .and against whatever measures he thought were not good, he returned to Kingston, and �Jtood for tlectirn to the House .o� Commons in the fall of 1911, and was elected. Since then his field of operations lias been Ottawa and the sweep of liis vision wider. When the Finance Minister proposed reimbursing Farmers Bank deoositors, Xickle rose from the benches behind the Minister and denounced the Minister's course! Yet it had all been fixed in the caucus. It was part of the party program, and such should have been supported by every Conservative-according to the ru-les of Oppoied C.N.R. Grants HE also caused a sensation at Ottawa by openly opposing the late Government's g:-ants to the Canadian Xorthern Railway, after he had unsuccessfully tried to defeat the proposal in party caucus. And he went after M.-ickenzle and Mann without �Ioves, denouncing them as wealthy plutocrats wlio "dared to lay their hands upon the throats of the representatives of tile people and tell them what they must do." He was a. new type of politician who jrut what is best and most dosiraVilo. for his country before party loyalty. It was only natural that such a mtvn ."hould have resigned his nomination as Conservative candidate prior to the last election, and Hho'.iM have urged upon the people to forget their psi^t differences, and unite in .�^eloct-ing a man who commanded the :^up-port of all, who would place first the promotion of the war and tiic enforcement of the Military Service Act. And it was likewise only natural that the Liberals and Conserv.a-tives of Kingston should decide that Jlr. Nickle was the best man in sight for the job. Consequently ha was nominated as Union candidate, and elected by a tremendous majority. CA.8B ALWAYS BEST. JT may be all right to give credit wbere credit is due, but spot cash is always prefimibie. .^'"^Hj�ll^ K. H. C0.\STA.BIJ3. who is Iierhaps the oldest working printer in Canada, celebrated his eighty-ftfth bi(;thday the other day in Woodstock. Mr. Constable .still runs his printing- business on Dundas street. Woodstock, being hale and he.irty. He was born in London, Eng., in 1S34, and came to Canada very early in life. It is said that he chopped cordwood at 23 qents a cord in order to earn money enough to supply himself with books to secure hii education. Mr. Constable found himself in as I.London), observes that..-the honors canie too late to be of any use to either Mr. Galsworthy or Mr. Anthony Hope. The latter, he says, Voui^ht to have received a knighthood from Queen Victoria or not at all." But- "The usual thing has happened. When every honor'list is being compiled some responsible jack-in-of-fice remembers that 'we must give [a knighthood or tAvo to literature .ind art." Out of some janjandrum'a stagnant and cobwebbed mind emerge names from the past, names which were mu^li talked of when 'ast the dignitary read a book. I v.-onder how often they have to make researches to find out whether the Gen. Garibnidi ChaU With U. S. Soldiers in Italy AT the monument of Giuseppe Garibaldi, the famous Italian patriot. In Kome, General nioclotti Garibaldi, his son, is shown chatting: with a few members of the American soldier band, who went to Italy with tho members of the allied army bands to take part in tho great concert which was held in Kome as a benefit to the Red Cross. Tho concert was on an extremely largo scale for the army bands were well represented. The famous French Republican Guard Band was there also. The Garibaldi family is well represented in tho war. Six sons are now in service. Cleveland in 1S63 working as .'i ^1'''='^ �^ ^'"'^ '�^'''"i" ^f'" Jecis uiai pas.s loo qiuciviy .o oe journeyman printer on the Cleveland 1:''''�''^ ^''f""''- ^ "�O"^!'"- whetherJhis brushed or drawn in until the artist Painting the Air Battles Is a New Form of **High Art" Lieut. Henri Farre, a French- Artist, Forty-Seven Years Old, Without Military Experience, Has Won Cross de Guerre Painting Battles in Sky From an Aeroplane. A NEW art-painting up in the air! "Quick sketches made in flight and a system of numbers to designate color effects or objects Oiat pass too quickly to be Leader, alongside of Artemus Ward jf'^^'"' ''^^^ ^"-ote to Wil- and Mark Twain. After some months ""^ ^"""'^^ ^'^^'"^ offer- he returned to St. Thomas Canada,!'"" ''"iehfooa and received no reply. They are obviously running fearful risks; for the Galsworthy episode shows that proposed names but being sent for returned to Cleve- j land early in 1S64, the last year of the Civil War in the United States. Artemus Ward then commenced his humorous writings in the columns of tha Plaindealer of Cleveland, and (\n Mr. Constable's return to Cleveland he was reciuested ,by Ward to fill Ills place on that paper while he went on a lecture tour to California. Mr. Constable modestly claimed his inability to fill hi? place, but after much pressure accepted the situacion. On returning a^aln to Canada Mr. Constable e.^taLilished the Jngersoll | sometimes slip into tho definite lists when answers have either not been received or have not been properly docketed. "Mr. John Galsworthy did himself credit and liis craft Justice in electing to remain a gentleman-even though on this occasion he would has alighted. Can you beat it?" The brcathlsssness of the effort even communicates itself to the narrator, Mr. Gustave Kobbc, art critic of the Xew York Jloral.d, who describes the picturos brought to this country by th(J painter Lieut. Henri Farre, and exhibited at the Anderson Gal-lories, New York, lor the benefit of the children of French aviators killed in the war. "Lot the children be easy about their future," exclaims Mr. Kobbe, for "wherever these pictures are .^liown they will make a have had the distinction of climbing IHp^satj^r,- the honorific ladder in company with, Lieut.'Farre, was commissioned bv though below and behind, that il- (he French Government to paint the �ustrious man who has become a l^-ork of aircraft in the war, and i baronet, and Marmaduke. L6rd Fur-ness, who has been made a viscount. Xews in ISC-i. This paper had been j run previously as the Ingersoll Plain- 1 , , . ... dealer. In a fire which burned near-i complaining bitterly ly all the business section of Ingersoll 1'''''�'" '^^'^^ company meet- in is:s Mr. Constable's printing plant 1'"^' whereat he also declared a divi-was consumed, and he, too, was sup- j*^'"'^ '"'"P^'" '=^"'-posed to have perishc- rescue of an ^viator from a wreckecj Aydro-aeroplane. Another aeroplan* has descended to the sea near enough for the a\iator to throw his comrade pilot a rope. Tho destroyer that rescued both is coming up. The machines were lost. "But the artist's airplane pictures are in the great majority. Tliere are the portrait of Captain Kerillis, 'who commanded the sixty-sixth bombing escadrille at tho second bombardment of Karlsruhe, and a painting/of the event itself. In 'Bombardment Over the Lines at Verdun' the airplane of the S'cisin type Is being heavily shelled. The bursting shells about the airplane seem like falling stars. Flares of light of various colors lose themselves in the smoke high in air. One of the most beautiful paintings, considered purely as a work of art for its light effects-combination of searchlights and moonlight-is the 'Return of a Night Bombardment Machine.'" never got good ing in n silly boast, or stating the prices for my articles. When I am a thing which is not, when I say that knight I am pretty certain that limy name is well known throughout shall be able to asK at least one | the wiiuiu civilized world; that my JUST IGXORAXCE. ^OME people try (o hide tlieir ignorance by saying that thoy are superstitious. [confer on me, for the following reasons: "(1) I am sure that if I am called 'Sir' instead of '.Mr.' I shall be able to get credit much more extensively and ea.sily than in tho past. This will be a great convenience to me. "(2) Althougli my work ' is very meritorious I ha\-._l l;j iiiLcnsive f:aving campaigns, "conservation" i.s tho popular watchword in thr; Rocky Jlountain region. "Conservation of time, money energy,-and fees" is w\at Samuel W. .Tohnson terms the new wrinkle. Johnson's jurisdiction extends ovc:r 5ev_euU.j:.PJintics aOjascjit_ lo Jjciivc-r, | and he experiences considerable difficulty in being present in the various towns of the counties where several cijses are set for the same day In different courts. So the busy prospector decided to use the telephone. Sitting in his main headquarters in Denver, with .a, telephone-receiver to his ear, .Tohnson listened to coun.sel for defence plead before a judge in the local court here for tho discharge of his client, a woman charged j with "bootlegging." When Attorney i Michael Waldron had fini.shed lil;; case for i-.he defendant Johnson picked up the transmitter and presented evidcrco over the v/lre of sufficicni. weig!>t to convict the defendant, who was fined $100 and costs. Johnson declares hia new method of handling cases will also result in the saving of much gasolene, as 1ih oar. avoid (raveling from town to town ill tho ''huza ^waeo�.'* , guinea nioro per thousand words, as tho odd people with whom I deal will tbinlv that, in some mysteriou.s way. I hfive improved. "ny books consider-.ably o;:cel the loot-and, God knows, that is large enough-wliich you have got out of the public purse tor professing. In the most petrified ot cliches, principles of which you forgot the meanin;.! at tho age ot thirty, and which you no more mean lo put into operation than you intend to enter a lamasery; that the names 1 received from my ancestors, who were English, have always stood without an invidious prefix on my title patfes,/ and under whose bare names I enjoy whatever respect 1 have won; and that sentiment would prevent mu from changing my designation In my old ago, even were the order ot knighthood as relatively pure aH that ot the Round Table. But when it comes to asking mo to become '.Sir X.' when, of a hundred other Sir X's, all picked out for an cii;,al distinction {save that some of the nastiest and stupidest will have been made baronets). . . and umpteen will be persons whom it would take either of us a jirolonged study of reference books to identity: well, where tho devil. It I may say I so, is the temptation? Wo now Icnow, of course-we have had your assurance-that knighthoods are never bought; but even with that knowledge 1 remain disinclined. If it had only been .a baronetcy there would have been some .sort of doubt .about it. i don't believe'' in hereditary honors, but my poor son. who is Homctblnir of .a noodle, might have found it useful after 1 am gone-for, even if directorships are not so easy to get as they were, a baronet can usually seciiro at least a trial in the Gaie.ty cbonis. A knighthood, however, I must emphatically Yours, etc.. etc., etc., "P.S.-Why don't you take a knighthood yourself, as a proof of good faith?" Mr. Engln imagines they may get letters of thia sort sometimes, and "wishes that tho Bolshevlkl could get at some of our archives" ai44ll^ tis By A. M. JUNGMANN. Assoclcatn KJItor ot "Popular Science." N a hot summer d.ay in 1914 a bullet from a Browning automatic pistol held In tho hand ot a crar.v Serbian Fnutted the life of an Austrian Archduke-and the world was bathed in blood. >Jow the United States, plunging Into the war-to restore peace to stricken millions, adopts the Browning machine gun. Everywhere people are �asking, "Why tho Browning machine gun'/ Why not the lie wis or Maxim? This man Browning Is new in the gun field, isn't ho?" Far from being new at gun making, .lohn M. Browning may well te called a bred-ln-the-bone .gunsmith. ^ Let's turn the pafcs of time back to 1847. AdvcnturauS and hardy spirits were turning their eyes westward and risking much to discover what lay beyond tbe outposts oC civilization. No man In his senses set out without a gun. It had to be a good gun, too, for not only food but life Itself must depend upon it. Out in Council Bluffs, Iowa, there was a small gun shop where men knew they could get reliable guns. Jonathan Browning, the gunsmith, waa a ntSn whoso products could bo trusted. A pioneer going Into this shop saw a small foot lathe and n few home-made tools and machines. In one corner was a pile ot scrat> A boy was playing nround tho scrap pile. And the pioneer, looking at the boy, would laughingly remark to tho gunsmith, "A regular chip of the old block!" And the gunsmith, stralghtcnirg up, would smile and saj', "You're going to bo just like your father, aren't you, son?" Yes, you've guessed It. the boy was John M. Browning, whose machine guns the aroly has approved. Shortly after his thirteenth birthday Ills father noticed that he devoted considerable time to whittling. Before he had attained bis fourteenth year he astonishe.i his father by Bhi)W;-ng him original desi:;ns In breech mechanisms lor rifles whieii he had wiiittlod out oC blocks of wood. Made Rifle When Boy LITTLE later the young inventor made the model of his first single shot rifle. When you consider the meagre equipment of the shop you win see that this was no small acliieveraent. This single shot rifle was a great success. Every one who saw't wanted one. Orders came in so fast that young John had difficulty in filing them. He impressed his brothers into service and they managed to turn out 000 rifles. Somo one showed the rifle to the Winchester company, with tho result that Hie company acquired tho patents. It was then lost to the name ot Browning. The Winchester single shot rifle, 13 It was called, was made in several sizes from .22 to .45 calibre. -This was tho beginning of Mr. Browning's long career as an ih-ventor of firearms. For a number of years all his Inventions went to tho Winchester company. After the single shot rifle, the Winchester arms known as tho 18SG model rifle, tho lever shotgun, tho '!>0 model rlflo, '02 model rifle, '94 model rUlc, !)? Titles Refused hy Many Big Men Examples are Caddie, Clad' stone, Herbert Spencer, f Botha, and Smuts� lii^ THE current discussion regarding titles recalls tha fact that many big me" havo refused not only titles, but university degrees and other honors. Carlyle wrote a famous letter In ilcclining an honor offered him at the hands ot Disraeli. Barrie decUnod a similar distinction before accepting a baronetcy, and Herbert Spencer put aside even the honors which academic bodies in variour parts ol Kurope desired to confer upon him. Examples ot the kind are, of course, more numerous In the wider field ot political life. Botha and General Smuts havo, like Mr. Dcakin and other colonial statesmen, begged to bo excused titular distinctions, so following the lead of Campbell-Bannerman, Gladstone, Chamberlain and others ot our own times. In matters of this sort it may bo difficult to say "No," but the late King Edward had once to decide, in circumstances much more delicate than those of an ordinary man,,that he could not accept a proffered dignity. In 1864 ho had to refuse tho Prussian Order of tho Black Eagle. Public opinion was dead against Prussia, and the then Prince of Wales privately held as decided opinions on the subject as the man In tho street A The Modem Child pATIlEU had decided that he must administer a stern lecture to his slx-ycar-old son. The boy had been naughty, but did not seehi to appreciate the fact, and It was with soin* reluctance, therefore, that the parent undertook a scolding. He spoke judiciously, but severely; ho recount-ed the lad's misdeeds, and explained th^ wri,v3 and wherefores of his solemn rebuke, his wife the while sitting by duly impressed. Finally, when tho father ceased for breath, and, (ncldontally, to hear the culprit's acknowledgment of error, the lad, his face beaming with admiration, turned to his mother and said: �'Mother, isn't father interesting?"  Hard Luck ^ CANNY' Scot was traveling ti(f!� Landoii to Birmingham onV dat in a nmoking compartment. Turning to the m,-n opposite, he asked if he could let him have a match. "Certainly," replied tho man. But a search In his pockets revealed the fact that he had left them at home. Tho Scotsman then turned to tho other two male passengers, but they both expressed their regret that they h;id come without any. "Ah, well," said the Scotsman with a sigh, as he put his hand into his pocket, "I'll hue to use one o' my model shotgun and the J900 model rifle were all Browning inventions. Mr. Browning was perfectly satisfied to do his work well and Jet it rest there/ It never occurred to him to see that his name appeared on his guns. That is DUiy thousands of Americans who have Used bis arms do not know who ho Is. He began his experiments with machine guns in the early 'OO'a. As a result of these experiments ha produced tho Colt niachlne gun. Something over twenty years ago the Colt machine gun was adopted by the United States Army and Navy. The latest machine gun invented by BIr. Browning is an innovation in the machine gun field. It is so light that it can be fired from the shoulder like an ordinary rifle. It weighs but fifteen pound.s. As soon as the world conflict became a fact Mr. Browning again devoted his attention to machine guns. He developc'l two, one which is water cooled and operated by the recoil with tho eartrlu.- �tieuce into the scales against his lost arm. When his remaining hand could not do the work, he used his teeth. Countless experiments had to be made. Sometimes it seemed as If the task were an Impossible one. And his savings were melting away. But Carnes stuck. And presently came th great day when be strapped on his invention and proved it equal to any work, he hi.i ever asked ot an arm. To show that it could handle tools, he set to work at once on a second and better arm. He finished it In one quarter of the time it had taken to make tiie first. That was the beginning of a new career and a big success. To-day, In a Middle Western city, there is a factory where artificial limbs are made, and every ono ot tho dozen or more workmen Is a cripple, -hris lost an arm or even both arms -and jct does the same akillcd work and receives the same pay ac do other mechanics who usc the'arms they were born with. The office force are like tho workmen. The president of tho company lacks nn arm and a leg; the treasurer lost en arm and gained an interest in tho business at tho same time; and the secretary and factory manager is Cariica. ,.- ;