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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 19, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Thursday, April 19, 1973 THE LEfHBRIDGE HERALD 27 Chinese concede tunnels are not the final answer Continued from Page 25 claimed for the tunnel sys- tems in other major cities, such as Shanghai, Tientsin, and Canton. The claim is an impressive one, but the swiftest evacua- tion system in the world is little use without an adequate early warning system; and even then, with the closest Soviet missiles located in silos only a few hundred miles to the north, 10 minutes may be too long. In that event, how much use would the tunnels be? Officials smile Chinese officials smile when such difficulties are raised. They say provision has been made for early warning of an attack; but they do not define the means or say how much rime there would be. They do concede, however, that it wosild be a close-run thing: "The warning is in- clined to be sudden. We try our best." There are other problems. The tunnels are designed chiefly as a means of dis- persing the urban popula- tion the countryside in the event of an attack. But they are narrow on the average, seven feet high and five feet wide and reach only as far as the suburbs. Is it conceivable that more than three million Pekfogers could be accommodated by such a system in a space of 10 minutes without causing catastrophic congestion, lead- ing to panic? Officials acknowledge that crowding is a worry, but say th'at measures have been taken to minimize the prob- lem. Every citizen is briefed en the trapdoor nearest to his home or place of work, and instructed on the procedures to follow in an emergency. If there is any confusion, small hacdpainted markers at every few yards along the tunnels signal the shortest route to the suburbs. Not foolproof Nobody pretends that the system is a foolproof defence against an all-out nuclear at- tack, but the officials do say that it would be effective against the blast in all but a direct hit, and would provide some temporary defence ATTENTION FURNITURE SALES PERSONNEL Are you interested in a sound future with the added incen- tive of being port of the management feom? The men we are looking for must be of high calibre, able to sell quality merchandise without using high pressure tactics. Analyze your present position and if you are in- terested, send your resume to Box 21, Lethbridge Herald. Your reply will be treated confidentially. All replies will acknowledged. against radiation long enough at least for most of the evacuees to escape the tun- nels and head for open country. Eventually, the tunnels will be turned into a proper shel- ter system., if technology pro- vides answers to such vexing problems as the purification cf radiated air. Officials say scientists are at work on the problem, in the hope that the be developed into a whole subterranean city, where peo- ple could work and live until the radiation above ground disperses. Already, the tunnels boast a number of home comforts, some of them a little incon- gruous to the eye of a west- erner accustomed to an earl- ier generation of air raid shelters. There is a loudspeaker sys- tem which pipes in revolu- tionary music; washrooms fitted with the very best in vitreous China, each designa- ted for one or ether of the sexes; kitchens with running water and stoves; a modern telephone system; and simple medical clinics. For the time being, the en- tire web is connected to the main power grid, but eventu- ally an entirely separate pow- er system will be installed underground. Together with a network of pump wells, and huge under- ground food shelters, these wiH provide the means for sustaining life beneath the surface for extended periods; always provided that the ven- tilation problems can be solved. Increase Even now, the means are at hand for a substantial in- crease in the capacity of fee system without a major new tunnelling effort. Peking already has 15 males of subway line, and will add another 12 within tine next WHEAT CENTRE MOTORS LTD. I PHONE 485-2296 PHONE 485-2096 VULCAN, ALTA. 'Where Good Deals Are Made" A GOOD SELECTION TO CHOOSE FROM USED TRACTORS CASE 1030 TRACTOR cab and dual wheels. Ser. No. 8298782. CASE 930 TRACTOR cab. Low hours. Ser. No. 8309392. CASE 930 TRACTOR cob. 3100 hours. Ser. No. 8308391. CASE 930 TRACTOR cab. 3000 hours. Ser. No. 8241976 ___ CASE 930 TRACTOR cob. Ser. No. 8291755...... CASE 830 TRACTOR cab. One owner. Ser. No. 8284438. IHC 1206 TRACTOR cab, cooler, rodio. Dual low hours. Ser. No. 8588 MINN.-MOUNE G705 c-'w cob ond duals. Ser. No. 23901398 MINN.-MOUNE 602 3 pomt hitch. Ser. No. 78901462 MINN.-MOUNE 670 GAS i-'w .rob. Ser. NC 27900016..... MASSEY SUPER 95D cab. Ser. No. COQOC MASSEY SUPER 9SD Ser. No. 32700762 I O7 J OLIVER 880D Srr. No. 8734573..... MASSEY HARRIS 444 t 'w duo' Mp. CQC J7J USED CARS 1972 SPORTS 351, V8, auto., bucket seats. Power B S, radio......... 1972 CHEV. MONTE CARLO 350, V8, auto., vinyl roof, power B S, radio......... 1972 RAMBLER AMB.-SST Wagon. 360 V8. automatic, radio, power B S, air conditioner. 1972 DATSUN 240Z 146 6 cyl., 4 speed, rodio, mag wheel 1972 FORD FAIRLANE 500 2 door H top, 302, V8, auto., power B S, rodio, one owner...... 1970 TORINO 4 door sedan, 351 4V engine, automatic, power brakes and steering, radio, low miles..... 1969 DODGE POLARA 4 door sedan, V8, auto., rodio Power B tlQQC J 1968 OLDSMOBILE DELTA 88 4 door sedon, 455 VS. power brakes steering, auto, and radio. 1969 FORD GAIAXIE 2 door 390 VS. oulcmctk. r '3 1967 FORD GAIAXIE 500 4 door sedon, 390 V8, power rodio. 1967 METEOR MONTCALM 4 door sedan, VS. automatic. ca ruOTO, "OJO down rear 1966 FORD FAJRLANE 4 door icdon, 289 V3 oi''o- 1966 FORD GAIAXIE 2 door M lop, 259 V3. cuto.. PB end S. radio 1965 MERCURY MONTCLAIR 2 door 390 V8, auto., radio, power tTOC B S.......... Tf9 1965 METEOR RIDEAU 500 4 door sedan, 240, 6 cyl., auto., radio. 1965 MERCURY MONTCLAIR 4 door sedan, 352 V8, auto- matic, power brake, breezeway window. 1966 COMET 202 4 door sedan, 289 V8, auto- matic, radio. USED TRUCKS 1969 FORD ECONOLINE VAN 1235" 289 V8, auto- matic end radio...... 1966 MERCURY F100 Pickup. 240 6 cyl., radio, 3 speed trans., low mileage 1965 CHEV. TON 292 6 cyi., 4 speed <1 AOC Irons, radio T 1967 GMC TON 327 VS. bucket seats, radio, PB S. Mechanic's Special NEW 1972 FORD 600 174" 330 V8 HD en- gine. 75000 2 speed rear axle, power Meering, 15' Grainmaster box, CIS hoist Complete line-Up Dual Line Ford Products Now on Hand A good selection of 1973 j ton's. Std. 4 speed auto- matic, 4 wheel drive. WHEAT CENTRE MOTORS LTD. Phone 485-2296 VULCAN, ALTA. Phone 485-2096 three years, and there are plans afoot to connect the two systems. Officials say the subway, too, is capable of withstanding all but a direct nuclear hit. Apparently, no such claim could" be made for the first generation of tunnels, built in the first year after the dig- ging began. Only 13 feet beneath the surface, about six feet high and just wide enough for one man at a, time to pass, they were abandoned in favor cf the deeper tunnels when sci- entists concluded that they could not sustain a nuclear blast. For all that, they were fin- ished, and are still maintain- ed, as an auxiliary system in the event of conventional at- tack. Officials claim that the on the deeoer tunnels was predominantly an ama- teur affair "The workers of the district completed the work with their own hands, relying on their own efforts. If they needed tools, they made them themselves" but it is obvious that at some point a higher authority must have intervened. Engineers must have been present, at least in an advis- ory capacity, to see that mini- mal standards of safety and good construction were met; and some authority outside the neighborhood must have sanctioned the supply of ma- terials that could not be scrounged or fabricated lo- cally, such as steel beams, ce- ment arches, power cables, and raw materials such as bricks and lime. Cost available All of this cost money; probably tens of millions rf dollars, at the lowest esti- mate, for Peking alone. But officials say that no cost figures are available as expenses were dispersed among the various levels of government. For the time be- ing, they say it .Is impossible even to" estimate the total length of the Peking system, as no central reckoning has been made of the extent the tunnels 5n each1 neighbor- bood. One thing that emerges very clearly from the offi- ciate' briefing is that the tun- nels are an entirely Indigen- ous affair. No effort was made to learn from the ex- perience with shelter- and tunnel-building in other coun- tries. Doubtlessly, Chinese pride had something to do with tMs, but an equally impor- tant factor was probably the realization that no other coun- try has attempted anything like it; and that those, like America, which once went in for backyard shelters, have long since abandoned the idea. Political reason In fact, the very notion of j evacuation tunnels as a pro- tection against nucfear at- tack seems so far-fetched to the western mind that it is tempting to think of the tun- nels as a political, raJher than practical, response to China's fears of the Soviet Union. i Could ft be, one wonders, j that the Chinese leaders or- dered the system build to stiffen popular animosity to- i wards the Kremlin, and to j boost morale realizing all the while that the tunnels would be precious fittJe good if the worst came to the worst? Obviously, a project engages (be Jahw