Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 19, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE UTHBR1DGE HERALD Wodnoitloy, April 19, 1977 Tint Tnt Re-privatiz 'I'he lime Ueml of community Mimccs coiniiv4 imilev aiu'rul niiiy lie im (he verge of ro- .Mr. liix G. Holers, crucnil sm-cUny of the- national cinuidl (it Y.ML'As, spcakiiiL; ;il a Southern Al- licrla CnuiK'il of Public Affairs meot- inq, said thai Hie OnUino government is the re-privatizing of some of Us oL'rviccs. .Studies have shown that Ihc costs of community services are three times ;is liigli uheii admini- stered by government rather llian by private agencies. This is chiefly be- CiUise the volunteers are replaced by a liiirenucn-u In vu-'v of the diH'ieuUy gov- ernments are facin; in findiiij: suf- ficie'.U funds to Kiccl all the demands, it 15 njHlersiamlab'.e that the possibi- lity m re-jH'ivfi'.izini: services should an appeal. A major portion of an .-lieiicy's budget could be met by tile ai an apparent sav- to U'e taxpayer. There a possible qualification tli.T.' niulil have to be made, how- ever, as suggested by a questioner ing services ;U tin; Lcllibridye Klimiiui- lion of juivermnenL stuff coulil in- CTcase uncniployini'iil resultiuil drain on public funds for welfare. .Sonic saving would slill be as cynics Mould undoubtedly be quick to point out, in that tlioro is usually a marked disparity between welfare payments and civil scnk'c salary cheques. As governments attempt to think out. the ramifications of supporting private agencies in selected ari'as it is inevitable that they should face the question of advancing to inclusive support. Political dynamite is hidden in supporting one agency and not another. Universal support of s c r v i ccs seems to imply Ihe substitution of taxation for appeals to the generosity ot citizens. Something might be lost thereby but in view of the difficul- ties being encountered by Communi- ty Chests in their United Appeals tins might, not be an unpopular change. One thing is certain: the load of supporting community ser- vices would be more equitably dis- tributed. Ronning's revelations It will be interesting to read Chester A. Konning's forthcoming book in which the former Canadian charge d'affaires to China relates (hat had it not been for the Korean Canada would have recognized Ihe People's Republic of China 20 years earlier. [Jr. HoniiLng. who was born and raisci! in China and speaks the lan- uage, recalled in a recent interview willi The Herald that lie rec- ommended Hie recognition of Peking Ihe day the People's Republic was founded Oct. 1. 1919. "On June '15, 1050, the day I re- ceived instruction lo finalize the ex- Hiangc of diplomatic relations, the Korean War broke he said. As a result of Canada's participation in the forces, mainly due to Wash- ington's pressure, the China recogni- tion was delayed. duly a handful knew of Ottawa's in- tention to recognize Peking a genera- lion ago. and an extreme few real- ized that Canada asserted pressure on Ihe United Stales to sign Die Korean armistice. Dr, Ronning, a Canadian delegate lo the Korean conference, said both South Korean President Syngmaii Knee and the U.S. at first did not want to end Ihe war, Dr. Rhee fear- ing (hat if a general election were, to be called. Ihe Communists would win. After Canada (old Washington, "You cither accept the proposal, or count us out." President Eisenhower overruled Secretary of State .1 o h n Foster Dulles and accepted the peace proposal. Dr. Ronning said. Afler Slalin's dealh a few months before the armistice was signed, Moscow was unwilling to continue war on both fronts. IJr. Ronning said. And it was only after U.S. assurances that there would not be an election in Korea that President Rhee agreed to end Ihe war. Dr. Ronning. who also served as ambassador lo Norway and high commissioner lo India in addition lo other assignments in a long and dis- tinguished diplomatic career, said his book is "about finished" and it won't be long before Hie whole story is known. ANDY RUSSELL Two against (me t EVE HAL limes while photographing bighorn sheep during the mating months of November and December, I have scon big rams tangle in a series of head battering collisions that can be heard a mile away on a clear still morning. It is always a stirring, dramatic sight, but not easy lo record on film, for the fights do not generally last very long, and the nature of the arena does not lend itself (o fast manocuvering on the part of Ihe photographer. One morning I saw a big ram with heavy full fiirl horns escorting a small hunch of owes up the side of a high open ridgo across a canyon from my position. While I was glassing them, another big ram show- ed up coming down off the crest, and then a Ihird one appeared coming up out of a i.U'ip of scrub below. Both potential suitors of the fir.st ram's harem v.erc big mature animals and obviously had (ho same thing in mind. Trouble was brewing worth the try to get it on film, so slinging the camera and In'pod over my shoulder, I headed downhill on the nm. The slope facer) north, a plrice where the sun never shines in win- ter and sheltered from the wind; conse- quently the snov; v.ns deep and ioo.se. 1 made good lime till I came lo the hoLlom and there I dropped up to my armpits in the loose white stuff, While I struggled to extricate myself, the rams came together and there was no time to get closer I just subsided In watch. The boss ram had his cues hunched on IJMJe pinnacle of rock in a (inn place for and was standing on a under Ihcm watching his rivals. f'olfi of ihcm were feeling in Iho mood for trouble and alter .some preliminary skir- mishing and displaying of horns, Ihey faced off and charged to collide in mid-air, head to head with a crash lhat JoHcd them to Iheir heels. For a moment or two after the collision they just stood gazing into the. distance as though dav.cd, which in fact they were for the Impact of those heavy horns is terrific. Then they backed off to swing around and come togchter again. Meanwhile Ihc first ram was just stand- ing above them looking on, but when they began squaring off for a third smash, ho moved very quickly to intercept them. With amazing timing lie launched himself from the slope and met both simultaneously from the side just as they came together. The result was catastrophic for his rivals, for both were almost knocked from their feet; the fight ended right there. Number three ram lhat had come from below lost all interest in the proceedings and turned back down the ridge flank. Number two ram turned away and his lower jaw may liave been broken. Through my binoculars I could sec his mouth hanging open al- though there was no sign of blood. Tlio victorious old hcrdmaslcr watched them Joavc, standing proudly with his great horns etched in sharp silhouette against a snowdrift, and then turned away to rejoin his harem. U was one of those magnificently dra- matic scenes a cameraman sometimes gets the chance lo see with no opportunity to record on film. He is left mixed feel- ings of oxcilomeni, awe and frustration. Ho can only hope that by staying with his camera subjects, not just hours but for days on end, that he may get. the oppor- tunity to in range when nature con- trives a similar scene. Just the same I was feeling low in my mind thai mor- ning as T clear of Ihc rlccp ,snou, for nobody knows bettor thai, no arc never quite Uie same. Thi.s hail been a rare incident and likely I would never see such a sight again. Hut the chance is always pre.sont, beckon- ing a man out across wind swept, .slopes and icy ledges, The difference helwr-on pessimism and oplimi.sm often .separates failure and success. The naturalist-camera' man cannot afford to be a negative think- er. She did it again By Pong Walkrr dients plus n red wire twister. One of Ihings turned up in some-thins cl.sc Wspolh scried ua previously. Moscow summit depends on war action X On the basis of developments thus far in the new phase of Hie V lot n a in Ihe Nixon ;i d m i n i s I r ;i lion can daim (hid llu1 Smith Viet- namese are making cm X'VS. itvins aiil, uiul are slimv- inj; tluil (heir forces are will- ing niul iible to sluiul up to the North VieliKinn.'se. K is difficult lo loll Mm US. imblu' will make ot this. Is the public at Ihe point ot injbncss where it sees only nrc fighting and dying? How1 is it to the claims ado by President Nixon's op- I oiK'tits as so often in the i si thai Ihe policy of build- p. up llic South Vietnamese is policy for Iho in', for increased U.S. aerial imhardmcnl with Uio vesult- risk of loss of men and air- craft? Mr. Nixon's opponents could not have asked for a more ample targcl I linn lhal prcsenl- cd as the president, has dis- patched nnviif ami air forces ty Ihe Indochina arcu anil has commenecd sysletna- tic bombing of targets in North VJcliiiini. Tlio North Vietnamese im- duubtcdly reckoned on this. The bombs Uml fell in Indo- china would, they had every reason to hope, be matched by a hail of political bombs tar- Kcllcd on Mr, Nixon and Ihc While Italic. There was such bombing before (lie offensive, as Mr. Nixon's rivals for Ihc presidency went through the early singes of the presidential cumpiiign. Against, the baek- I! round of Hie re ne wed fight- ing, Uicy liavc redoubled llieir assaults. It is too early lo tell what effect, but Mr. Nixon h.'id stew wilh dumplings at our proarii stov.s and casseroles so suspicious- nise recently. It bad llic usual inpre- They puddle their food around and peer at it anxiously. I I hough! Ihey were just looking for onions or mushrooms. Probably they also expert lo [ind tacks, clips and bolllc could not he other than deeply concerned about his prospects over Ihc coining campaign pe- riod. [Jcsutes weighing (lie domes- lie politico! considerations, the president must keep broader factors constantly in view. For Mr. Nixon, Ihe policy of shift- ing war burdens (o Hie South Vietnamese was away around im ignominious abandonment of [he battlefield to Norlb Viet- nam. To have the U.S. with- drawal, but without a disas- IroTis collapse, was sceti as cs- sctili.il, so that U.S. strength viuiilcS be largely Intact as it moved towards a stabler fivmiework for super-power re- lationships. Such a framework could he established as hc- hvcen superpowers who re- spected each other's strength and dr-lcrminnl-ion (o stand firm in Die face of any chal- lenge. The president's forthcoming Moscow nsit looms as a key point in Ihe effort lo establish such a framework for greater stability. But over the prepara- tions for this have now been superimposed (he North Viet- namese offensive, an offensive which has been dependent on Soviet advanced weaponry to uti unprecedented degree. As the North Vietnamese no doubt reckoned, the disruption of Mr. Nixon's Viclnamization program would strike at the basis of U.S. Soviet accord. The offensive prompted imme- diate talk along these lines. This was given a measure of sanction by the president and Defence Secretary Laird when Ihey made indirect comments on the need (or super-powers (Hint is, the Soviets) to acl as a rcsl raining force on the Norlb Vietnamese. With (he South Vietnamese making a reasonable showing in Iheir own defence, there is reason for the president to hope tliat (he Indochina situa- tion will not become a major impediment to development of U.S.-SovicL relations. As is very often the case, however. Prns- ifletrt Nixon is finding lhat (he road to the Moscow summit, grows rockier as he goes along. Facing a collapse in Vietnam, he would have lo contemplate cancelling Ihc summit, a se- vere setback for relations. And (he North Viet- namese drive is not over yet. (Herald WHS lung (on bureau) Maurice Western Leaders hold high hopes for Operation New Start J ha4 been pondering itvby (he boys ap- (opg, QTTAWA AL the least Pres- ident Nixon's visit to Ot- tawa and Iiis fine speech in the Commons chamber should re- store some realism to public discussion of Canadian-Ameri- can relations. We have prob- lems, as always, with the Uni- ted Slates; they arise from llic very complexity of the relation- ship between two advanced so- cieties whose intcre.ib I ouch, inter-mesh and sometimes com- pete not only in a shared contin- ent but in Iho world outside. But although this .situntion is not new, there has been a tendency of late lo JnLcrprol develop- ments in crisis terms quite un- related to ascertainahle fncts. Thus, despite all Ihe Cassandra predictions with their accom- paniment of strident anti-Ameri- canism, it is simply not true that we have been living through a trade emergency. In- deed, the Inlcsl [inures show that we have been faring better in (he 17.S. market (linn in any other. If (here is lo be progress towards the resolution of out- standing problems, it is time to he done with all this premature doom-monger ing and it the attribution nil sorts of imagi- nary and sinister motives to our greatest trading parlncr. Mr. Nixon's ntlitudc (o Can- ada, as rcrcalctJ in his speech, is not a new American nUihide. iS'ol for many tainly not since Mr, flooscvelt's Ihcrc been any dispo- silion in lo chat- Irnfln. onr i itfhl "lo nur DWTI road in our nun Hul K is of importance for mutual understanding al this hrnc that '.he U.S. diiff r'ja'ciilkc lias spell (his out in n .solemn public declaration before Ihc Canadian Parliament and people. Kar from nllemptitiff !o diclalc our policies, the president, with we ara quite free il wo choose to cut off our Canadian nose to spite the American face. This seems lo appeal to some as the height ot wisdom. It would be regroUablo, however, if Mr. Nixon's assurances were cited as justification of policies eco- nomically self-defeating and carried out in blind disregard of the truth that Hie righls we claim are manifestly rights which the Americans are equally entitled to exercise. It would have been futile for Ihc president and the prime minister to attempt in so short a time detailed negotiation of specific problems, This is the proper work of officials. What they did, apparently, was to make a (joneral survey of bilat- eral and also international ques- tions. The trade lalks have been deadlocked for some months. In effect, the two leaders approved an Ojxjration New Start. There i.s to be a review of existing positions as a prelude to fresh negotiations. This is a sensible decision although it could prob- ably be unrealistic to anticipate an early breakthrough when bolli governments face early elections and Mr. Nixon, at least, will be heavily engaged polilicnlly for most of 1972. Operation New Start coincides 1) o p c f u 11 y with the historic agreement on a Great Lakes clean-up. This has been long de- layed, partly because it involves many jurisdictions. While it falls somewhat short of 1.1C rec- ommendations, U is an immense undertaking anrl, with fho new 'Crazy Capers' powers lo be accorded the com- mission, ils scope may be ex- pected to grow. What is sought is the preservation of the upper waters and a Thames miracle on the now dying lower lakes. For good measure, Mr. Nixon and Mr. Trucleau have agreed Letfer to the editor that the governments v.ill examine (he possibility of en- (rusting the TJC with responsi- bility for control of pollution in ronstal waters, In Canadian-American rela- tions, too many misunderstan- dings have been allowed to grow too long unchecked. The interests of both countries coun- selled a new start. This Is the promise ot Iho OLliiwa visit. To make it rcaliiy, the iwo govern- ments imist now go forward in the same spirit. (Mcifihl Ollmva Burcuu Desires can be gained by co-operation I couldn't havti done il I was interested In The Her- ald editorial page on April 12, especially Bruce Hutchison's observations about Ihe disenchanted voters in Canada and the U.S. I was impressed by the (acl that <13 per cent are not committed to any parly, policy or leader. This T can well understand, however. When I realize the many failures of governments, and Iliat regardless of which one was in have sunk conlin- ually into worse and wor.se con- ditions, it i.s enough to turn ,-my- one off. Ultimately despair, then apathy, must res nil unless a of hope conies lo us from somewhere thai will re-direct our path. Well, nit is not gloom. Tlicro is plenty of litfht and hope to be toad by all llioufih it is pos- sessed by now. I! eas- ily be obtained because the re- search has been done anrl (ho boiling down process ber-n axTomplishrd (n brinf! it. to n readable Icnfilh il clonr and unck-rsLnnrlnble. Now all that re-mains is la arouse the curiosity of the peo- ple lo the point of desire. We all ]ovc our Canada and hor (o he a (ITU nation. I'm sure Dint even Ihe poliliciEns who run for office want to be helpful. What is it lhat we all desire? Among other tilings I'm sure coulr! agree on these points: prosperity (o a level of com- forUiblc living at a slower paco wilhoiit Ihc pressures of fhn rat race; a steady economy that insures security hy hone.st effort without government in- terference and dole syslcm and in which no one has lo fnil that Diners gain; ivhcro incomes and prices can slay on nn even keel automatically and not by price and wigs COD- Irols; where Is a bene- ficial tool working for Lho peo- ple uislciid of being a burden ami only being used when nec- essary; where men can own their homes and businesses by paying a cost price instead of three or four limes an inflaled price; and whore the work loart is spread more evenly than at present. All this and more can be had hy (he willing co operation of an informed people who can run a system that will allow for the needed expansion Looking Through TIic Herald 1322 "I took Lydin K Pinkham's Vegetable C o m- pound beca.isc felt lircd and run down. Just bear in mind (Irat (his compound has been used by women for nearly fiffy years.1' JM2 George C. floss, St. Kilda rancher, returned Lo l.ethbridge laic Monday after- noon from a two day tour of Southern Alhcria by air, in- ppeclinfi caldc at different: ranches. out building up a future crisis In ollirr words, without Ihe boom and bust which is built riplil into Ihc present set up without which it cannot con- tinue Let us not wait lo co opcr- alc unlil someone is holding a ciub over our heads or a gini in our ribs and is saying ''do this or else." Governments, of their knowledge and good intentions, cannot save us on Iheir own power. U. M. KIDDU-; backward bus bo op- erated in North I.olhbnclge by tlic city and service on oilier may be curtailed (lur- ing Ihc rubber shortage emer- gency. 1.1.12 Cah and his baud slopped in a I, Iho Marquis Hold on (heir way In Denver. The lobby nf Ilio Mar- ijui.s was filled uilh loenago fans here for the Teen Conference, but fortunately tho band wns not recogni7.Rd so I.clhbiidi'o just missed a major riot. The Letlibridge Herald 50-1 7lh St. S., Lotto-bridge, Alberta LETIIBniDGE HERALD TO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1305-IBSi, by lion. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clnsi Wall Reqisualicn No MI7 cf The Canadian Rncl inc Canadian Daily tld-.ipflMr Publishers' AssociJfion and the Audit Ourc-su c' CLEO W. WO'WERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General MansGer DON PILLICG Vm.UAV HAY Managing Ed-Mr Eflilcr ROY F WUFS X V.'ALIJCR Advertising Mansrjer tdilo lal P.ine Cdikr "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"