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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - April 19, 1916, Lethbridge, Alberta iVOLUME IX. LETHBUIDGE. ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY. APRIL 19, 1916. NUMBER 110 WILSON c ^'^ES FINAL WORD TO KAISER ON Wilson Says U. S. Has Now Come toj Point Where There is No Alternative-Cites Sussex Incident ' WashinKtoii. April I'j.-Piesldent WllBon told Congreaa, asaemblod in joint BCBsloii, shortly after 10 o'clock tlllM morning, ho had given Oermany irrovocablo notification that the U. S. government will break off dlploniatk; relations it her Illegal Biibmarinc campaign is continued. A note, America's last 'v/ord, practically an ultimatum, and denuindluK jin Immediato reply, presumably was Jn Uerlin forelnn ofllce as tho president was siioaking. It was dispatched llist night in accordance with the president's plan to Gorman governnienl. at the aarao moment he was addressing congreas. Tho president asked no action whatever of congress. Ho simply Informed It of the accumulation of facts proving that Germany's ftssurnncas to the XInltcd States are bolng violated, that the submarine campaign, despite the earnest protests of the United States governnieut. Is being conducted with renewed vigor lu contravention of all laws of nations and humanity, nnd that he moans to sever relations, unless It la brought within the law. AVEAB AY CITYW CLE iXTf EEK. Friday 28th Will Be Public Holiday-Worlt to be Done At Lake Diplomatic history of the world shows that such a courBc is almost cervdin to bo followed by war. Tho president's note and ills address to congress arc llnal. Thoy mark the end of diplomatic oxcliau- 1 gas. Continuance of long standtns i friendly relations, the president made \ clear, depends alone upon Germany'!; conduct. After reviewing the effect of the year's nubnuirine campaign by Germany and rehearsing the part played haTo"irbefor: '^.1^^ ^^nited States in endeavoring to get Germany to carry on the under-seas war In accordance v/itli the principles of international law, the president lald: "One of the latest and moat ahocklng instances of this method of warfare was that of the de-Btruotlon of the French cross channel steamer Sussex. It must stand forth as the sinking of the steamer Lusl-tanla did, so singularly tragical and unjustlflahlo as to constitute a terrible examplp of inhumanity of thP submarine wartnro, 88 the command-' ers of German veastilB have for thei^ past 12 months been conducting it. If this Instance stood alone some ex-planatlon, some disavowal by tho Oer- ] man goyernment, some evidence of criminal mistake or wilful dlsobtdl-encB on tho part of the commander of the vessel that flred tho torpedo, might be sought or entertained, but unhappily It does not stand alone. Recent events make the conclusion In-,ovltable that It Is only one Instance oven thtfUJih It be one of the most ' extreme and distressing Instances of j tho spirit arid method of warfare which the Imperial German government has mistakenly adopted, and which from tho first exposed that government to the reproach of thrusting all neutral rights aside In pursuit of its Immediate objects. The government of tlic V. S. has been, very patient. At every stage of its d\stressing experience of tragedy after tragedy, In which Its own citizens were involved, it has sought to be restrained from any extreme course of action or of protest by the thoughtful consideration of extraordinary clroumstances of the unprecedented war, and actuated In all that l). said or did by sentiments of genuine friendship, which the people of the United States always have entertained and continue to entertain toward Germany. It has of course accepted successive explanations and assurances of the Imperial German government as given In entire sincerity and good faith, and has hoped even against hope that it would prove to be possible for the German government so to order and control the acts of its naval commanders as to square Its policy with the principles of humanity as embodied in the law of nations. It has been willing to wait until tho significance of tacts became absolutely immlstakable and susceptible of but one intorpretatlon. "That point has now unhappily been reached. Facts are susceptible of but one interpretation. The imperial Gorman government has not been able to put any limits or restraints upon its warfare against either freight or passenger ships. It has therefore become painfully evident that the position which this government took at the very outset Is Inevitable, namely, that tho use of submarines tor the destruction of the enemy's commerce Is of necessity, because of the very character of the vessels employed. 1 Friday of this wool; bfiinn a holiday, tho Horild v/lll not be pLibllsliad. War nov.t. v/ill be bulletined In front of tlio office. Asquith Believed to be Able to Weather Scorm in British Politics, But Peace Vlay Only Prove Temporary FILLING THE "DINNER PAIL" OF A MACHINE GUN 'I'lu? men in the nhoto have the task of saoing that the dinner pails. Says He Is Immune Because of Connection With FJmbiirisy- Delicate Situation Washington, April 19.-Government ofHoials here faced a unique problem cartriilge bolt.s, arr; filled with shells to enable tUelr gun-to do effective j today resulting from tlie demand of j noimcemcnt. l-omi(j:i. Aprl! i:t.~lnti.TO!it in co-day's session ot the liou.'io of common!! Ik as keen as cvor. Ucspite overniRlit rumors of compromise or a pati'lieil up tnico whicli will loiiipo-rnrily avoid cabinet rosignatlonK, frc.-e ly predicted Tuf.sday, the political tension is still acute pending Premier As(iuith's Etalement on conacrlp-tlon. which appears to be the root of tho whole trouble. Tliat the premiRr will weather (ho {.stoiiii in Ills umiiiily masterly mannor lis generally expected. But wlietlier hi.i liXjiectoU statement will satisfy tliij \v.\y.)T party and other malcontents is till! (lucstion wliicli makes today's bebslon more than usually interesting. A full attendance of members, including a number of odlcers home from the front whose leaves have been OEpocially extended, will ba on liand in time to hear the premier's an- work. Xote tlie size of the bell. V S' ? : : > * :� FURTHER BOMCARDMENT BY GERMANS ? I'ai'is, April 1'.'.-Tliore was ii Kpirited bombardment of positions south of Ilawdremout wood, on the Verdun front east of the Meu.se, last nl.sht, the war olflco report of lliis afternoon says. Xo other important event occurred'on any part of the front. P b b s i the German embassy in Washington for the release of Wolf Von Igel, and the return of documents seized In hie office when lie was aiTeated Tuesday on an Indictment charging i Mr. Asqulth's statemont probably will Include steps taken to increase the size of the army. Suggest CompromlCB Ix)ndon, April I'J.-Late editions of the morn ins papora refer guardedly to AGAIN lURNE ? : s of July and August this summer. Both matters wore brought before the retail section of tho board of trp.de this morning by C\jnlrman Smith. The daylight saving measure was turned down although some of those present were in favor of the change. It was pointed out however that Lethbridge draws much of her trade from country districts as yet, and the change In time would tend to confuse outsiders. The school board and the board of trade have of Alberta. Later he went to Uegina as a member of the staff of the Regina both refused to change time so Mavor Normal school then the only Normal I Hardle's suggestion that the change in the two provinces. In January | bo made for this vear as an export- letters taken from Von Igel's office are in the possession of federal BU-thoritlcB. It was reported they were of great importance as throwing light on varloiis German activities in this couniry during the last 20 months. Ambasnador Buoy Woshlngton, April IS.-Count Von BcrnstorCT, German ainbassador, will confer witli Secretary l^anslns at 11.30 o'clock this morning. The engagement was made at the ambassador's request. It is revealed that the ambassador went to the etate department not to discuss the submarino situation, but to make further formal demand for the return of papei-s which tho department of justice agents seized from Wolf Von Igel, private secretary to Captain' Von Papen, withdrawn military attachp. In Now York Tuesday the department of justice bar, practically doeldod to hold Von Igel, unless the state department spe-cincaliy demands his release on the ground that the crime with which he is charge was committed a year he-tore he became diplomatic agent. meet tho riKiuIrernents of the army unlvo^Bal compulsorj" service shall be Intiodiiced without further parley." The Sketch reports that one of tho most serlouB argunicnls against nnl-. ersal conscription comes from the admiralty, which demands that the needs of the fleet must be considered In any moditlcatlon of the existing system, not only for naval construction and maintenance of mercantile marine, but for continuance at a high standard of prime industries, and In coal and iron trades upon which tho fleet depends. Still Some Trouble London, April 19.-In the house of Commons today Premier Asquith stated that there were still some material points of disagreement in the cabinet nnd if they were not settled tho result must be a break-up of the government. '"I'he government" he added, "is united in believing that such an event would be a national disaster of tho most formldaijle kind." It was in the hope that a break-up of tho government miglit be averted by a few-days more deliberation that ha proposed an adjaurnmeut of the house until ne.xt Tuesday. The premier promised that there would bo no further delay beyond Tuesday. In view of this promise Sir Edward Carson consented that his motion demanding service for ail men of military age should Bland over until the premier made his statement. When Premier Asquith said that tlio cabinet was united in believing that tho diaaolutlon of the coalition government would be a national disaster, he v/a;-, loudly cheered, only a tew Unionists dlssontlng. loot; he was made principal of the school to take the place of D. P. Mc-Coll, now deputy minister of education in Raskatchowan. Me Inter resigned to become superintendent of schools in Regina. 1-lundreds of Alberta ;�diool teachers took their Normal training when Lt.-Col. Perrltt was on the Reginn Normal staff. SEW UP SOLDIER'S HEART Paris, April IS.-After carrying a ton gram (one-third of an ounce) shrapiiol' bul'.et in his heart for a year a French sergeant was operated on, and today is in good health. ment will not bo accepted. However tho proposal to give a half holiday during the hot summer mouths was well received and unanimously adopted. A petition will be taken round to all the merchants in the city and If fully signed the mayor will bo asked to have a bylaw passed making the weekly half-holiday law. STRAITS OF MACKINAW OPEN Milwaukee, April 18.-Navigation opened late today at the Straits of Mackinaw, according to a dispatch re-colvod by the local bureau of the lighthouse service. NAVAL SCHOOL FIRE Lisbon, via Paris, April 18.-Fire broke out today In the naval school forming part of the Lisbon arsenal. It burned with great violence and two buildings facing tho school were destroyed before It was brought under control. A number of persons were Injured. District Meet Will Take Place April 29-Various Contests On The Program Cardston, April 17.-Owing to the legislature still being in session and the inability of tho honored guest, Martin Woolf, M.P.P., to be present, the date'of the banquet has been post-I)oned for ono week to Wednesday, April 2Cth. Saturday, April 29th is tho date of the district meet when the first and second wards will meet in contest work and apeclal activities, under tlie direcMon of the M. I. associations. Following Is the program in' lino of order: Public Square. 2 p.m.-100 yard coDMrrn mi o ncA I dash. Shuttle relay race, high jump, r. ,� 7 �pAp I partner's relay race, 880 yard � race, ColUngwood, Ont., April 18.-Thos. ) running broad jump, 220 yard race, pole vault, pursuit relay race. m fioosE ha: 1 USY SESSION Legislature Sat for 54 Days and Passed 43 Bills-Government is Strong Fallow, formerly M. P. for Huron, died hero last night. Deceased was elected as Conservative niBmbor for Huron from 1872 to 18S8, when ho was defeated by Dr. MacDonald, altor-wards deputy speaker of the House of Commons. CAPITAL TO BE TAXED IN ALTA Edmonton, April IS, - Tho house was busy today in committoe nnd the their employment of course involves, Incompatible with the urlnciples of humanity, long ostablislied and in6on-|hopB was entertained that prorogation trovertibla rights of neutrals and the | will be reached Wednesday. Tho most . . ... -_________1...___... . Infn1..-.c,f.'i.rr .. 1.1 t> 1.111 ....... fl.n. ^9 IJav. sacred Immunltlos or non-combatants. (CONTINUEJD ON BACK PAGE) IE HE SUSSEX I'arls, April 19.-Information was received from reliable sources today that Emperor William has deoorntod tho commander of . tho subniarlne which Is sttid to have torpedoed the Sussex. It was understood AVashlng-ton has been Informed of this deVol-opment. The award of decoration to this commander it Itj believed hnro, would make It dlfUcult, and perhaps impossible f9r Ger^TJany to punish hlni. In case Huch a demand were made' by the American govorument, interesting luiblic bill was that of Hon. C. R. Mitchell, entitled an act to amend the taxation of companies' act. It provides for a readjustment of taxes of railway express companies, placing tt specific amount for express odlces according to whether tho ofHoo Is located In a city or town. In Edmonton and Calgary tho tax will be $2B0, In Medicine Hat and Lethbridge JIGO and ?4H for Wotasklwln and Red Doer and all towns under this arrangement tho tax win be slightly Increased and placed on a raoro definite basis. Under the old act the tax was collected on a per centage of bualriess done and tho standardized system will undoubtedly prove more accurate and loss troublesome. The new rates are practically identical with the taxes recently imposed in Saskatchewan and Manitoba. There are three companies in Alberta, the Dominion, Canadian and Canadian Northern. Tho more Important amendments, however, relate to tho taxation of oil companies or corporatloiia other tii^n a municipal corporation not hitherto taxed! for Instance, under the old act passed In 1907, there was an annual tax on bonks, vinaurance companies, trust, land, telegraph, express and for-olgn companies. Under the new act all companies will be taxed with tho exception of companies with a capitalization of twenty thousand and under, which are exempt. This will exempt small mercantile companies nnd many others which under ordinary circumstances are uriable to pay a tax or are not properly subject to a taxation. The tax does, not apply to individuals partnerships or unlncorpor^ ftted syudlcatos or to railways which ol'o dealt with specially In a separate act. MARKETS May wheat ............... .. 113% July Wheat.............. . I14l/i� May oats.....'. ........... .. 451/4 (vi ay flax................ .. 188/2 WEAOCHER High ........................ 66 Lb'iv ........................ 30 Forepart; Local ahowera but mostly fair and mild, Exempt Co-Operative Co. The Alberta Farmers' Co-Operntlvo company Is also exurapt. Tho tax la based on, the authorized capital and not on paid-up capital and Is calculated on a basis of twenty cents on every one thousand of tho authorized capital. Ttiero is a maximum tax provided for, and tho most any ono company would pay would bo five hundred dollars, except In the case of a gas company which operates In more than one city. Those companies will pay twenty cents on the entire authorization, j'ogurdlosu of the $500 limit, and will apiily to all companies having a capitalization over two and a halt millions. Undor tho act gas companies wero taxed five hundred dollars. Promlor Bltton, however mov-od that the rate be increased to two thousand dollars and Mr. Tweodie suggested In amendment that It bo reduced to sixteen hundred. The committee agreed to this. Instead of Mr BIfton's proposal. The only /company Bubject to this tax at presont Is tho one supplying gaa to Calgary, Lethbridge and other southern points. It u expected that the total addition-(CONTLNUED ON PaQE 5) Stake Tabernaclo, S p.m.-Senior public speaking, 2nd ward lead; ladies' <|uartettc, 1st ward lead; junior retold story, 2nd ward lead; male quartette, 1st ward lead. The winners In the above events will have the privilege of appearing in the stake contest in Cardston on May 21th, when tho four districts will meet in the finals. Reeding throughout the district is well undor way and In many cases farmers have already finished. While the acreage under crop will not be as great as last year, a good yield Is expected. LIEVE DOW Edmonton, April 19.-The legisla- tura prorogued at noon after being in session 54 days, there being 40 sittings of tho house. The difference was niacin up of Saturdays, Sundays and a holiday. Ash Wednesday. The session ended with tbo government considerably stronger than ever and In the opinion of those who have had'''exper-ience this was the best session for the government ever hold in the history ot the province. The opposition fell down badly in-all its attacks and suffered from a lack of concerted action and intelligent leadership. If one man had the privilege ot leading the opposition would probably fare better but any one seems r^rlvUeged to as-sumo the role and for this session Geo. Hoadley and R. E. Campbell were the aggressors with disastrous results. There were 43 bills passed, a little over one for each sitting of the house. His Honor tho Lieutenant-Governor assented to 42 today, the supply bill having previously received royal sanction. The outstanding bills ot coiirso wore the government measures Including prohibition, womanhood suffrage, the soldiers' moratorium and a number of important amendments to the statute law. His Honor arrived sharply at noon and read the tlme-honcred message used by the lieutenant-governors. In proroguing the house. Tho members drew their Indemnity cheques with [.school boy glee, leaving for homo on the afternoon train. London, April 19.-The fall of Tra-blzond Is hailed by the Urltish press as one of the most Important pieces of war news of the present year. Some of the morniiig newspapers express tlie belief that it means the downfall of Turkish power In Aslo. Continue Drive London, April 19.-Tho Russians are also continuing their drive against the Turks In the region of Balburt, to the southeast, the capture of which town would result lu the Joining of tho forces which recently captured Erzerum and those now at .Troblzond, and give tlie Russians a line for advance eastward. This Is part.of the plan for the Isolation of tho Turkish forces lu Mesopotamia. SCHILLER GETS LIFE Wilmington, Del., April IS.-Ernest Schiller, alias Clarence R. Hudson, who forcibly took possession ot the I3jUish steamer Matoppo off Sandy Hook on March 29, terrorized tho crew and compelled tho captain to change tho' ship's course, was sentenced In the United States district court here today to life imprisonment. MARKETS AFFECTED Now York, April 19,-Wall Street accepted tho latest developments in the German controversy with misgiving, judging from the weak tone of the market at the opening today. War shares and all better known specialties broke from one to almost three points, tho entire list reflecting hurried liquidation, Bethlehem Steel broke 19 points to 421, ;