Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 18, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
16 'HE HEftAlu 10, CITY DENTISTS EVISE NEW PAYMENT SYSTEM It resembles an insurance scheme but is more a dental plan between a dentist and his patient. By RICHARD BUKKK Herald Staff Writcr Denlal patients pay a year- ly fee to cover all basic work required on their teeth a unique system bsing de- veloped by LetliLridgJ dentists. The program replaces the traditional pay-as-you-go sys- tem where patien s pay for each dental procedure as it :s carried out. The new system assures patients they will pay no more than the annual prem- ium for their routine dental cars as long as they follow the preventive procedures. Routine care includes ex- aminations, cleaning, fluoride treatment, x-rays if neces- sary and repair of damage caused by the attack of den- tal disease. The dentists are convinced the program which re'ies on preventive dentistry is the way of the future in their pro- fession. The techniques are explain- ed during an educational pro- gram which' precedes the agreement between the den- tist and his patient. The cost of the educational program is extra. The dentists say it's the in- dividual's responsibility to take care of his teeth, not the dentist's. Cavities need not bs a fact of life, they say. Care inadequate Present statistics indicate aily about 25 per cent of the people in this country get suf- ficient regular dental care. Another 25 per cent go only they have a tooth ache. The rest rarely ever see a dentist. Even so, "we're falling be- hind more all the time1' with traditional treatment of pa- tients, that is examinations, x- rays and tooth filling in each mouth, one dentist says. But there's really no excuse for cavities and fillings If people knsw and the proper techniques of tooth care, the number of cavities would fall olf to practically zero. With less "treatment" and ino.'c "service" den. isls liapa to hcrease the number cf poo- pie who sec them on a rcgu- basis. The villain Treatment has bxn the proach to dental disaas? until recently. About four years ago. science found what really causes decay. It's a substance called plaque. Plaque, the velvety-feeling substance on a tooth's sur- face, takes about a day to form. The mixture of saliva, food particles, dead cells and crganizad colonies of bac- teria causa the teeth to soften, cause bones to decalcify and eat skin off the gums. When plaque leads on fer- mentable carbohydrates, pres- ent in most foods, acids snd products are fanned which breed decay. Without plaque's presence, treatment becomes more and more un- necessary. Classes Learning about the exis- tence of plaque and what to do abaut it is the main part of the program. A series o: classes featuring visual and audio aids will be held in the dentist's office to teach pa- tients how to take care of their teeth What they'll learn is that the best dental treatment "is not nearly as good as an aver- age set of normal Dentures are only about 30 per cent as efficient as a nor- mal set of testh. To keep their teeth as Close as possible to normal, they'll learn about tests to show where the plaque is located end how to get it off. The tests There are three tests: A small amount of sali- va is left in a test tub? for three to five days to incubate. The color at ths end of the period will indicate the i mount of decay-causing bac- teria. The tosth are stained ui'h a substanc0 which turns red en cumaci with plaque. V.'iiere the reds sla'ns are :s v.rsre the plaque must ba removed. 0 Bleeding from the gums is the most obvious tes.. Bleeding gums rra no more u natural condition than are 1 .leading hands. The bleeding must have been caused by an kjury. Once the tesls have been learned in the office, they can be conducted at home. Ire slain, for example, goes a chart by which the patient can interpret what the stainsd lee.h tell him. An 83 per cent plaque-free mouth is consid- ered sufficient i'or the mouth to be in good condition. Soft brush After the tests conies the using soft-bristled nylon brushes, umvaxed dental floss and in sams cases a perio or special toothpick. A soft brush has been found to be less harmful to gums a hard one. Ths brusV g stroke should also be changed to protect, the gums and avoid pushing them back. Bsnta! floss is nacessary to get at 75 per cent of the sur- iace area of teeth which a brash cannot reach. Unwaxed floss is preferred because there are more fibres in it 10 pick up small particles. Fluoride applications. through several means, are an important part of dental care as well. Benefits Xot only will fluoride make teeth more resistant to tooth decay in fact cut it in half but it has been shown with daily application to reminer- alize areas of the teeth which have already started to decay. The ways of administering fluoride are through a water supply, tablets, toothpastes and direct application by painting it on. People living in areas where the water is fluoridated, eith- er naturally or artificially, of- ten get lulled into believing the fluoride will take care of everything. That isn't the CESS, however. Even though it lessens the chance of tooth decay, it Proper care tvill prevent this treatment-oriented dentistry makes way for preventive care doesn't do the same for the gums and bones. It is still up to the individual to practice p-cper dental hygiene. If he doesn't, "the testh will be good, but the gums and bones will be fluoride treatment is part of the service provided during the four visits a year recommended after the initial classes. An examination, cleaning and filling, if nsces- sary, are included as well. This is where the saving comes in. For a set amount of money each year, paid quarterly at a standard rate set by the dentist, all basic services are provided. The program resembles an insurance scheme, but is more specifically a dental plan, be- tween the dentist and his pa- tients. The dentists are convinced the program is a good one. So much so that when it is put together, on a pif fession- aliy-produced fUm as an edu- cational aid. they hope it can be introduced into Alberta schools. Cultured pigeon This devoted mother pigeon is determined that her brood will grow ruHied because rcrtre doe; not offer any programs relevant to pigeon up with culture near at hand, as she nestles on c ledge of the Bowmrr. culture and hisicry. Arts Centre. Despite the idyllic scene, it is understood several pigeons arc Indians plan contest An Indian song and dance competition will highlight a two-day Alberta Indian Edu- cation Centre program at Standoff April 27 and 28. The objective of the pro- gram is Jo create a deep awareness of Indian culture and ti-adition among Alberta's natives. "The cultural competition show how Indian dances Three juveniles who escap- ed Tuesday from the RCMP cell block back in tody abmit eight hours after Ihey walked out of their ecllj.. TVo (A the youths, from Idaho, ivcre abonrt 9 a m. m a stolen car m The three younc men taped abmi' f .10 a m -ir'ijr" 1'j btJ''rc. i a'.-e- one of the reasons for While th? operating ex- pense of the 933 iystem be greater, it would take as long as 20 years for it; j early operating costs to match the capital cost and JTJicrrsl charges for improv- irg the fire alarm system. And. according to cily hall ?dministraJors, only three legitimate (ire rail? turned in through the fire abrm box in the last three years. Teachers prefer U of L courses About 600 Southern Alberta teachers are interested in tak- ing undergraduate courses at the University of Lethbridge, a survey has shown. Further, it shows that these teachers would prefer to take courses at the U of L over courses at the University of Calgary and the University cf Alberta in Edmonton. Results of the survey, reach- ing teachers throughout Southern Alberta south of Vul- can, are included in a report by Dr. Vern Dra viand of the U of L. Dr. DravlEEd says, ''It is interesting to note that most of the persons who would choose the U of L for gradu- ate and under-graduate study have already taken one or more courses at the institu- tion." Dr. Dravland is project co-ordinalor for the U of L education faculty research centre. He said the survey attract- ed response from 1.204 of the area's 2.300 teachers. Of those teachers replying to Dr. Dravland's survey, 583 indicated preference for the U of L in undergraduate edu- cation. Seventy nine teachers said 1hey would rather study at the University of Calgary and 43 indicated the Univer- sity of Alberta for under- graduate work. "There is a continuing trend for teachers in high schools Jo have more years of university education than their counterparts in the ele- mentary schools. "The increase in education level appears to be at a more rapid rate among secondary teachers than elementary teachers, despite the change in provincial policy on teach- er Dr. Drav- knd says Minister L o u liyndman recently announced leathers must hav? a four- year minimum rcquircnwrt for certification plus a com- pulsory four-nrmlh training period of on-lba-jfib csrpcri- cv.cc Dr DravlatxVs mwrt lists 336 teachers with no degree, 535 with a bachelor of edu- cation and 76 with a bachelor of arts. Seventy-five of those teach- ers replied to his survey hold a bachelor of science de- gres. Smaller numbers have masters degrees in educa- tion, ails and science. Teachers included in the university report show 248 with one to three years ex- perience and 242 with seven to 10 years experience. Of those teachers contem- plating further work at the University of Lethbridge. 391 indicated preference for a bachelor of education pro- gram, 174 for a bachelor of arts, 22 for a bachelor of fine arts and seven for a bachelor of music. There are no plans to offer or implement a graduate pro- gram at the University of Leihbridge at this tima. However, this is a possibility for a later Dr. Drav- land says. If a master's program was offered on the campus. 646 Southern Alberta teachers have indicated will- ingness to register. Cabinet meeting sought for city The provincial cabinet will be invited to meet in Leth- bridge in the immediate fu- ture- Premier Peter Loigbeed will be asked by the board of directors for the Letbbridge- Soutbern Alberta Canada Win- ter Games Society to bring his cabinet here for a meet- ing at which a presentation on the area's plans for the Games will be made. Tfee board has also approv- ed hi principle a Games tot- tery as a means of rais- ing funds for the Games. Another method of raising funds, through a separate society called Friends of the Games, will be discijsscd at a meeting, president's recep- tion and film presentation on. the 1971 Saskatoon Winter Games May 11 at the Holiday Inn. Fncnds of the Games wafl he fonntd by Southern Alber- ta busincssnMB. Air Canada has provided the society with a ooo travel allowance for trips required during the next two years by committee mem- bers on Games business. Part of the aJkwance will be used when delegates from the society attend the 1973 Summer Games at New Westminister Burnaby, B.C. in August. Standard uniforms for Games officials will be modi- fied western in style and red, while and blue in coJor, the board has decided. The T. Eaton Company will have a contract to design and iaiior the uniforms. CUv to study annexation The possibility of annexing federal and provincial land eart of the city wifl be looked at in a study approved by city council Monday. The city has been asked provide land sen-ices includ- ing fire protection 10 the fed- eral EgriCTlUiral research Na- tion and the provincial jail, and Ibe study is to consider the best means of doing this. Annexation may very weH be the best way, council has been told. The is ex- pected to tate three months.