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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - April 18, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 - THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD - Saturday, April 18, 1970 David Humphreys Safely Returned The three astronauts have been safely returned to earth. It is an achievement ranking with the successful flights to the moon because so many obstacles had to be overcome. Some of the thrill experienced- by onlookers stems from the awareness that human intelligence and courage triumphed .over blind, forces. There may also have been just a little satisfaction in the fact that the machine was made to bend to man's will. When machines work to perfection they are a bit intimidating so it is reassuring when man is able to demonstrate his mastery over a recalcitrant one. There is an apparent inconsistency in the tremendous con c e r n shown for the safe return of three astronauts and the seeming indifference to the deaths of others around the world during this time: the hundreds, of people who were pictured shot and floating down the Mekong fiver from Cambodia or the scores of boys buried by a snow - slide in France, for instance. But the astronauts seemed more real because so highly publicized. Those who believe in God as having no favorites may be discomfitted by the thought of offering Him thanks for the safe return of the three astronauts - as urged by U.S. President Richard Nixon. Questions about God's relation to those who are riot delivered from death are. apt to abound. Yet it is a well -,intentioned proposal expressive of relief and pleasure. The three men belong to all mankind. They had ventured into alien space and have come back to us on earth - our home and their home. Trudeau's Stand � While the drama of recovering the astronauts from their misadventure in. space was unfolding, an exciting thing has been happening in Ottawa. Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau has been taking a firm stand against pressures from the United States to withdraw the Arctic pollution bill or to defer acting on it until some international agreement can be reached. Nationalists - and almost everyone has a measure of that spirit- cannot help but be stirred by the way Canada is standing up to the United States. At a time when there is widespread concern over U.S. financial dominance it- is refreshing to have this demonstration of political independence. But there is a far deeper significance \6 the Canadian stand than tweaking Uncle Sam's nose. Even those who are committed to internationalism and would favor international agreements can appreciate that the protection of the Arctic is of such critical importance that no delay can be brooked. '�' The Prime Minister's sp e e c h in Toronto defending his stand showed that he was acting in the best interests not only of Canada but of the United States as well. He pointed out that the continued existence of the. Arctic ice pack in unspoiled form is vital to all mankind and not just the few residents of the region. An oil spill in the Arctic waters would be disastrous. It is very late in the day for mankind and the business of pollution control has to be given a greater degree of urgency than it has received to date. Canada has served notice to the rest of the world that action cannot wait for international agreements reached leisurely. There may be some cause for the U.S. protest of the unilateral stand taken by'Canada. But the protest remains weak because of seeming American indifference to protecting the Arctic environment. Various schemes of exploiting the* oil reserves of Alaska have been proposed which have provoked alarm in ecologists but no reassuring position has been enunciated by the U.S. If such a position had been taken there might have been less reason for Canada acting unilaterally. . Perhaps Canada's action will serve to awaken the -U.S. government to the gravity of taking risks with the Arctic environment and will bring about policies that will support the protest. In the absence.of this evidence of genuine concern, Canada's stand seems justified. Weekend Meditation The Meaning Of The Cross T7PE PROBLEM in the Christian Church ' and our affluent society is that we have no conception of the meaning of the cross. Thus man fails to understand the cross, not because he is not clever enough, but. because he is not good enough. Living by the pleasure principle, he knows too little of self - sacrifice and unselfishness. Only as one shares an experience does he understand it. Paul understood the Cross because he could say, "I am crucified1 daily." The cross is life's great illuminant. It reveals sin, people and the love of God. Here man can see the result of sins he takes for granted, like gossip which distorts and destroys human lives. Or sensuality which mocks goodness and blinds one to truth. Or self - protection which makes a man keep quiet in the face of _evil. Or a desire for security which leads a man to renounce his responsibilities. Your sins and mine are exposed at the cross, so Rembrandt painted himself into the crowd jeering Jesus. Why did Jesus go to the cross? Why did he take on himself the sin of the world? Because it was God's will for him. Because his sensitive conscience felt involved in the sin of his nation and the sin of the world. Because he believed that only by his death could man be redeemed. "God was in Christ" and on the cross God was "reconciling the world to Himself." Jesus delivered men from bondage - "loosed us from our sins by his blood," says John of the Revelation. It is the law of life: "Without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sin." The suffering of the innocent must always redeem the guilty. There is nothing mysterious here; it is what every parent knows. In the cross man enters into fellowship with God. is no longer alienated from God or "at enmity with God," but is forgiven and reconciled. Jesus was the high priest who made the sacrificial offering for the people, victim and priest both. Thus by various metaphors the church sought to find the essential meaning of the Cross. Sometimes the church saw it as part of that redemptive conflict, mankind's struggle with evil powers like sickness, flood, famine, and pestilence. Sometimes they saw the harmony of society broken and pictured the sacrifice of Jesus in terms of the restoration of that harmony through righteous judgment, satisfying the demand of the universe for justice. Sometimes the cross was symbolic of the atonement, God entering human flesh, to recreate man, transform him, and bring him to a new stage of personality. "All creation groans, waiting for the appearing of the sons of God," said Paul. Sometimes the church thought of mankind as a family and the cross as "the Great Intercessional" by which the brethren of Jesus were forgiven. The Christian exhausted adjectives to describe something that had happened in his own experience. Jesus had ransomed him from slavery, redeemed him from: the curse of sin and the law, become his vindicator before God. He thought of the cross in terms of family, society, the market place, and the church. When one symbol is insisted upon exclusively it becomes ridiculous. This is an epic drama depicting the total' meaning of the universe and God, so that no man can hope to encompass it in his mind. "He who tries to get all heaven in his head will get his head split." At the cross "the foundations of the world were laid bare." Here is "the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world." One understands the cross only in experiencing its constraint and compulsion leading a man himself to suffer for others, live- a life of sacrificial love, become a fellow - sufferer with God in the "redemption of the world, and to accept the hard way of life, the way of the cross, as God's purpose. So "dying we live." The cross alone is the key to eternal life. Prayer: "0 Saviour I have nought to plead, in earth beneath or heaven above, but just my own exceeding need and Thy exceeding love." -F. S. M. Give Him Another Chance By Doug Walker TVIY usher "friend" has not been on duty at church since the end of March. Doubtless he was put on suspension as a result of the inappropriate greeting he gave me on Easter Sunday. Since the church is the forgiving fellowship it is not surprising that this chap was admitted to the Session subsequently. The absence o� his name from the list of elders in the church bulletin cannot even be taken as some kind of Freudian slip because Terry McColl's name was also omitted1 and she's a really nice person! I am glad to see my friend being given this vote of confidence and confess that I'd like also to see him be given another chance as an usher. He has informed me that he has embarked on a serious bit of research to discover a more suitable - albeit non-theological - way to greet a "dirty rat" at the church door. I would like to know what he conies up with - wouldn't you? Belfast Move To Remedy Social Ills (Last of three articles) TDELFAST - The door opened cautiously, revealing a commotion in the hall outside the office of a city public housing official. In hurried a worried woman, seeking the official's attention. He calmly introduced her as a Belfast city councillor. She paused to acknowledge the introduction but clearly there were more important matters that morning than meeting strangers. They disappeared together into the hall. "They've been chased' out," the official said matter-of-factly, as he returned a few minutes later, offering apologies. Literally chased from their homes? Surely not. "Well, intimidated and: they want to move." Here was evidence, this official believed, that housing was not the cause of unrest in Belfast. These people wanted to move from some of the 4,800 post-war relatively modern public housing units. There was no denial of the need for much more housing to clear slum areas but an opinion about causes by a man who changed the city's housing program to accomodate grievances - after last year's trouble. Protestants then complained that Catholics were getting preferential treatment. . The social evil of slums can be seen in children playing in the broken brick and rubble of vacant lots in Belfast and Londonderry. The lots are vacant because local government rehousing programs are under way but the efforts so far are .small compared with the need. The .government of Major Chichester-Clark, giving housing top priority among its reforms, has pledged to build 73,-000 houses within the next five years, with $650 million in aid., from Westminster. Roughly 50,-000 public housing units have been built in all Northern Ireland since the war. Speaking in Parliament, Major Chichester-Clark said the troubles were in no small degree attributable to bad housing. "Whatever then: differences, this is something which the Shankill' shares with the Falls, and it must be our aim to offer them something better - some- thing which releases them from the chains of their environment." Minister,of Development Brian Faulkner told a Unionist meeting that he is far from satisfied with efforts so far; rebuilding programs are running 30. per cent behind desired levels, . ' .' � Here was an. example of inadequacy, in Mr. Faulkner's words: "In a high density housing area such as Albertsbridge, over 99 per cent of the houses have no inside toilets; in the Shankill 97 per cent have no hot water supply; in Crom-ac 94 per cent have no fixed bath; in Donegall Pass 85 per cent have no wash basin." In a survey of housing The Belfast Telgraph reported that "a quarter of Belfast is dead and a further quarter dying." "Travel out for one mile from the Belfast General Post Office in Royal Avenue and . every house you pass will be unfit," The Telegraph said. Conditions have changed little in these areas since 1852 when W. M. O'Hanlon wrote, Walks Among the Poor of Belfast. A few hundred yards from �the m a i n thoroughfares he found houses where seven adults lived and slept in one room "often without windows and open in all directions." Similar situations could be found ad nauseum, he wrote/ Time and will are now needed to change all this social history. Money has been guaranteed by Westminster. All the government's reforms - housing, the unarmed police, votes for all over 18, ombudsmen - can be carried out only if the communities have the will and give government the time. Time is needed to' put the reforms into effect.and to. alleviate the conditions of injustice. The government is setting up a Central Housing Authority as the instrument of its enormous increase in house building. Legislation has- been approved but little else has; happened. Presumably it will oversee all public housing construction and guarantee that all renting is carried out without discrimination; on 'the basis of' need. In this field questions await answers. For instance, how will the new authority relate BERRY'S WORLD �2 c 1970 by NEA, Inc, "Neighbors, the reason this is a sick society is because we don't /icrve some kind of 'final solution' for the lunatic fringe!" i 'Nobody's home! Mommy's ot her feminist meeting, and daddy's at his masculinist meeting!" Letters To The Editor Fewer Buses Mean Added Problems City curtailment of bus- service means (1) an increase in the use of automobiles and, (2) problems for the elderly, low - income families, and youngsters. These two points translate into the following problems: a. traffic congestion - The main traffic artery on the north side, for example, is already inadequate in handling the traffic it now bears. The downtown' area is a nightmare on Saturday. Increased automobile use will magnify these existing difficulties. b. parking problems - Street-side parking is inefficient and dangerous. Only the newer shopping centres have adequate off-street parking. Elsewhere, parking facilities reflect solutions of a by-gone age. c. road damage - Increased traffic means increased road repair requirements, raising city costs, and effectively nullifying any apparent saving from decreased bus service. d. air pollution -This is the principal problem arising from increased automobile use as the level of carbon monoxide in the air rises due to the multiplication of contributing numbers. It affects drivers in traffic and pedestrians on the sidewalk" e. the elderly - Advancing age decreases driver safety-ability in terms of muscle coordination, eyesight, and crisis response. Driving a car is tiritfg for the elderly and contributes to a loss in overall .vitality. f. low-income families - Car insurance and � maintenance costs, as well as the initial financial burden of purchasing a car, is an economic disaster for families operating on limited funds. g. youngsters - Children who use public recreational facilities and live beyond walking distance from them will be forced to use bicycles in an increasingly dangerous traffic pattern. It is obvious the city has made a mistake. By curtailing bus service, they are increasing costs to both the city and the citizen and adding to health and safety hazards. The initial error the city made was in assuming a public service should be self-supporting. A . public service is not an economic profit-loss venture but one that is necessary to the-common good and prpvided by Disunity Speeds, Destruction I realize that much of your Ontario correspondent's letter was intended for separatists ('Bon Voyage' If Quebec Leaves Canada), April 14,. but it is still evil policy. It is very easy to say - if Quebec goes, wish her good luck, especially if you have no intention of trying to preserve Canada anyway. But it would settle nothing. If Quebec can get away with it, why not other French speaking sections as well, and then why not sections that do not speak either French or English? We have foreign agents behind all of it and every gain to disunity will be a leverage to more disunity till there is complete destruction. There is also another aspect only too evident, voiced by cabinet ministers as well as others. Although the majority of Quebec is loyalj the opinion is freely given that if separatists gain a majority or even a fair sized minority they must be considered. A bare majority would. probably be considered sufficient for . independence. The rights of loyalists are not even considered. Yet these loyal people do not consider them- A 'Safe' Cigarette? Cigarette smoking is bad for us - right? All the facts prove it. Never was there more information published on its derogatory effects to human heart and lungs. We cigarette smokers are really polluted, yet we keep on smoking - right! Well then why doesn't someone invent a new cigarette not made with tobacco but made of, something else? Think of the benefit to public health such a cigarette would be. I'm sure thousands would switch to the new cigarette rather than quit smoking altogether. I know I would. It would be great to smoke all you wanted to without worrying about that nicotine coating your innards. Something tells me this has been thought of before, Possibly, such a cigarette has even been produced but the great billion dollar tobacco industry has no doubt hushed it up and bought off the investors. Anyway why should this be when the health of the public is at stake? Why can't we have a tobacco-free cigarette? Someone could make a lot of money selling such a cigarette as this, even the tobacco industry itself. (Where are the promoters?) I don't want to die of coronary heart disease, or cancer of the lungs, do you? Well then, let's investigate this matter, further. However, if you never hear from me. again you'll know I've either been bought off or bumped off. ' LORRAINE CHRISTIE. Letbbridge,./ selves primarily as Quebecers but Canadians and therefore not a minority group but of the majority. Just what is the use of being a Canadian if Canada will not protect your rights but hand you over to, a bunch of cutthroats who give you no rights whatever? Isn't being a Canadian worth anything? If not, you may as well join the rebels. And that is exactly what we encourage, and not just in Quebec. And I do like this � small-childlike faith in U.S. power.* They say she is our only defence and insist on her being the only defence, and crippling that if possible. Whereas the Commonwealth and the U.S. are greater than Russia and China combined, these creatures would wind up _ with the U.S. and some part of Canada against the world. The odds have already shifted from 3 to 1 in our favour to 9 to 2 against us in 25 years, and getting rapidly worse. And all the time we have the power to make the odds in our favor again. But as long as we encourage disruption there is no hope. Who needs a war to destroy us when we do such an efficient job of destruction on,ourselves? Does this scare you? I doubt it, for this childlike faith refuses to be disturbed. Bon voyage indeed, but where to? the use of common funds in the same way that schools, hospitals, recreational facilities and similar functions are made available. Economic inequality between members in a society requires that governments provide a measure of relief in terms of public services. The city should undertake the following measures: 1. increase bus service and discourage the use of private automobiles; 2. phase out gasoline-engine buses and convert the entire operation to propane to counteract carbon monoxide pollution; 3. redesign traffic arteries to provide bicycling routes for children and adults, with minimum safety hazards; 4. utilize one-way and deadend patterns of traffic control to minimize congestion and increase parking availability. JOAN PUCKETT. Lethbridge. to the Housing Trust, set up after the war by "Stormont for the purposes now attributed to the new authority? The Trust has been slower than-the local authorities in building programs. But while it can be argued that Stormont already had an agency for housing, given the will, time and money, there can be no question that one central agency in future .will be more likely to get results than two, the Trust and the local authorities, in the past. The cabinet is firmly, behind Major Chichester-Clark in their determination to see the programs through and to promote them before their Unionist local associations. The same cannot be said for . a majority of the Unionist party caucus where acceptance has ranged from bad grace to silence and enthusiasm is hard to find. Some Unionists have yet to be convinced of the real need for reform'. They are like the Armagh city council which rejected a declaration of fair employment on the ground that no discrimination existed. Will is important at Stormont because opposition is inevitable at local levels where Protestants will be reduced in their total influence. Sectarian privi-liges will be removed. The Central Housing Authority, with fair Catholic and Protestant ' representation, will take decision-making powers from local councils. The disarming of the police and the disbandment of the B Specials, regarded by the Protestants as essential to the Protestant majority, are only part of the police reforms. . Legislation has been passed providing for a Police Authority, a Police Association and a Police Advisory Board, ah" with equal representation 'of Catholics and Protestants and various sections of the community. The .authority will have complete authority over the civilian police. An impartial review of the system of local government is being set up. Even before it started rumors flew that the government had decided to replace locally elected authorities with appointed boards. It would be entirely free to gather evidence and' recommend changes, Major Chichester-Clark told Stormont. Unfortunately rumors abound and prosper in the present volatile atmosphere of Northern Ireland. Now that the Easter disturbances are settled the government needs nothing more than a period of peace and quiet. ' The next potential flashpoint is July 12 when the Orange Order holds its traditional parades and celebrations. The order could make a salutary contribution to Northern Ireland by cancelling its parades this year. But it has already announced that they are going ahead. I talked to a number of people here who want nothing more than a summer free of trouble. They, are not confident by any means. But the government with some support from Protestants as well as Catholics is on the right track. Its formidable task is hot only to remedy social ills. It must create conditions where residents, like those at the city hall, are not moving out of  perfectly satisfactory housing because of real or imagined grievances. It, must give a fair deal to the Catholic minority. But it must also convince the Protestants that the release of some of their traditional privileges and advantages will not destroy their communities but make a happier, fairer society where all n>ay benefit. (Herald London Bureau) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 - There is no likelihood of poison gas being used to stop the grasshopper plague in the prairie provinces, the department of agriculture announced today. Not only would the, gas kill the grasshoppers, but it is certain that it would also destroy vegetation. 1930 - All but three attending Good Friday services in a small Romanian church were burned to a cinder when candle flames were blown against the fringes of a tapestry which burned the churqh and trapped the congregation. 1940 - The' daily average of books circulated by the public library is 464 as compared to 395 last year.    1950 - The St. Roch, an RCMP ship arrived in Sah Fran-sisco today, becoming .the first ship to sail through the Northwest Passage both ways. From San Francisco, the St. Roch will sail to Halifax, completely circumnavigating the North American continent. i960 - Sun Oil Company, in its initial try in the Turin-Enchant field, announced its Sun Turin well flowed at a steady rate of 4,000,000 cubic feet daily. The letHbtidge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishert Published 1905 - 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration Number 0012 Member ot The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS. Editor and Publisher THOMAS B. ADAMS. General Manager Magrath J. A. SPENCER JOB BALLA Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;