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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 17, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE April Full scale war in sight as families sent to hills Fierce Kurdish tribesmen take up arms LONDON (CP) While the Soviet Union, Western oil companies and Arab leaders watch anxiously, the fierce Kurdish tribesmen of northern Iraq have sent their women and children to the hills and taken up arms for a full-scale civil war. Their action marks the end of four years of uneasy peace between the warlike Kurds and the Iraq government and threatens to upset the fragile power balance among the Arab states of the Middle East. It leaves the future of multi- million-dollar Western in- vestments in the oil-rich region in doubt and places the Soviet Union in the position of being committed to supporting both sides without having any clear idea which will be the victor. The restless Kurds, who in- habit the wild country where the frontiers of Iraq, Iran and Turkey meet in peaks and craggy ravines, have for cen- turies been a constant source of disruption with their demands for independence Now the Iraqi government, intent on a final showdown, is massing three army divisions of men with tanks and helicopters to take on a strong Kurdish guerrilla force led by Mulla Mustafa Barzani, the legendary "Red Mulla." ISSUES ULTIMATUM An ultimatum has been handed to Mustafa giving him until March 26 to surrender and drop his demands for greater autonomy for the country's 2.3 million Kurds, a quarter of the total population. But observers say surrender for 70-year-old Mustafa is out of the question and even the chance of a compromise settlement seems doubtful Mustafa, generally regarded as one of the world's most courageous and effective left-wing rebel leaders, has already opened up old antagonisms between Iraq and its Islamic neighbor Iran where he is seeking military assistance. The Shah of Iran is the strongest rival of the Baathist regime in Iraq for influence throughout thjs oil-producing Persian Gulf. Re has assisted the Kurds several times in the past in order to embarrass and weaken the Iraqi leader Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr. In the 1970 settlement with the Kurds, Al-Bakr promised a large measure of autonomy, representation in the cabinet and a Kurdish vice-president. SAYS PLEDGES BROKEN Mustafa says most of these pledges have since been aban- doned. He now sees the only solution as full autonomy for the northern region with loose ties to the Iraq republic. Virtually nobody is confident he can be prevented from achieving his aim The greater number of Iraqi troops is not necessarily an in- dication that they will hold the upper hand if fighting starts. In 1945, Kurds took on British-trained and equipped Iraqi troops and drove them out of the northern region in weeks. Despite the Iraqis' superiority in tanks and planes at the time, they were devastated by the deadly- accurate rifle fire of the Kurds. Observers believe the success of the rebellion will depend a good deal on how much outside assistance the Kurds obtain from the Soviet Union and Iran. If Iran decides to support the revolution, it seems likely Saudi Arabia, its close ally, would follow suit. But both may wish to avoid any move which would appear to damage the new image of Arab unity which has de- veloped since last year's war with Israel. We've got the biggest v Sears of boys and girls knit pants from a leading Canadian manufacturer. All everyday 598to798 values. Now at one low price for 3 days only. A special purchase made it all possible1 Our buyers contacted a quality Canadian manufacturer They put together a fantastic collection of boys and girls knit pants We bought in bulk so we could bring you this unusually low price Whar a selection1 Plains patterns, jacquards stretch denims, plaids So many fabrics So many colors All are machine washable and dryable Styles include zipper fly fronts and pull-ons with ribbed waist bands Flair legs come cuffed or uncuffed You II love 'em Shop in person for the best selection CSS 2, 3, 3X, 4, 5 6. 6X Children's Wear this is Sears best value Iron roflsl lo n I, i Mort'b Ih ,tvy i i.nLureM ellon Simnsons "51'.us in m, if i ijfnhrnr's ,illt, ,v 'le IJWLlrt ObSlDlL' OflLL1 Simpsons-Sears Ltd. al Simpsons-Sears you get the finest guarantee satisfaction or money refunded and free delivery Store Open Daily a.m. to p.m. ThursdayeJhd Friday a.m. to p.m. Centre Village Mall. Telephone 328-9231 Shooting victim Terry White is kissed by his mother, Bernice White, as he went into surgery at Mission Emergency Hospital in San Francisco. White was one of two youths gunned down m what police say is the latest in a series of senseless shootings. The attack on White and a companion occurred in San Francisco's Fillmore district. Eleven persons have been killed in earlier random attacks. Leader claims God on Grenada's side ST. GEORGE'S (AP) Standing tall in one of his many immaculately tailored suits, Prime Minister Eric Gairy of Grenada, the world's newest independent country, talked to the island's Parliament about his favorite subject: God. "The prime minister feels that he was put here by a power greater than that which exists on said Gairy. "Grenada now takes its place among the leading nations of the he declared, noting that while the Caribbean island has only 133 square miles and inhabitants, "we shall hot be inhibited by our size 'Why' "Because God has a design for this community and it in- volves every one of he told a dozen members of Parliament and a crowd of supporters sitting on metal chairs in the steaming second- floor legislative salon. TORN BY STRIFE Later the slender 52-year old prime minister talked with a visitor about the strife that has torn the island and paralysed the economy a little more than a month after independence from Britain within the Commonwealth. It is not racial, since Gairy and 98 per cent of the popu- la tion, including his opposition, are black Gairy has been in and out of power on the island since 1951. The aim of a general strike which began last January was to force him to step down be- fore independence became ef- fective Feb. 7. The New Jewel Movement, a group of eager but politically inexperienced young professionals, opposition politicians and various civic, business and union organizations spear- headed the strike. The trouble ended only last week when dock workers went back to work, barely averting an island-wide energy blackout for lack of imported fuel. In return, Gairy agreed to disband his private security forces, who opposition leaders say have been responsible for a series of beating attacks against those who oppose "The as the prime minister is often called. Gairy, on the other hand, claims that the New Jewel Movement is bent on toppling his elected government and that he is not about to leave office "Gairy ain't he told the visitor between sips of scotch whisky and coconut water, "because we are firmly entrenched with the people." While some of its Caribbean neighbors have valuable deposits of bauxite for aluminium and crude oil and natural gas for energy, Grenada is known more for its exports of spices: netmeg, mace, cloves and cinnamon. Banana exports and tourism also contribute to foreign income But Grenada has Gairy and' he is probably the last of the colorful political figures that the region produced amid a disengagement by Britain from its colonial holdings. The opposition claims he has been a repressive leader who has allowed the island's economy to stagnate. BLACK UMBRELLAS FOR SOVIET CITIES MOSCOW (AP) Ventilation shafts and "black umbrellas" are planned for a Soviet city to aid the fight against pollution, Tass reported today Fifty ventilation shafts with pumping units and filters are to be constructed in Alma Ata, capital of Soviet Kazakhstan, to suck in and trap exhaust gases and other harmful substances which collect in the atmosphere up to 100 yards over the city of Fresh air will stream in to replace the polluted air. The Soviet news agency said scientists have also suggested that black pads or "umbrellas" mounted on 100-yard-high steel masts should be erected in the city. They will be heated by so- lar rays and the movement of air will increase. Alma Ata is in a valley surrounded by mountains, reducing air circulation ;