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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 17, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 TH8 UTHBRIDGE HERALD April 17, Renewal of NORAD The air defence of this continent is a joint undprtaking by the U S. and Canada, the responsibility of the North American Air Defence Com- mand, which is commonly called NORAD. This arrangement has been in effect since early in the Second World War, though it was not for- malized until 1957 when the first NORAD agreement was executed. The agreement has been renewed from time to time ever since, with the most recent renewal due to ex- pire May 12, less than a month from now. It is clearly the intention of both parties to renew the agreement for another term, but the length of that term is undecided. By all accounts the Americans would willingly renew for a 10 year period, but Canada is considering proposing a much short- er term, probably two years. The Canadian position is influenc- ed by at least two factors. First, there is a characteristic uneasiness about military involvements of any kind, particularly being locked into a military commitment stretching 10 years into the future. This feeling is fairly common among young people, academics, professional men and those politicians who tend to lean to the left. The other reason cited for hesita- tion is not so much concerned vrith the general proposition that North America can best be defended joint- ly, as with the details of this parti- cular version of the NORAD agree- ment- Probably motivated as much by one of these considerations as the other, the NDP position seems to be that there should be substantive changes in the agreement before it is extended for any appreciable length of time. It seems the present minority government is disposed to go along with t'.iis idea, at least to the ex- tent of arranging a comparatively brief renewal, with a view to provid- ing opportunity for the opposing views to be better aired before a long-term agreement is accepted. It is hardly surprising that some Canadians don't really like the cur- rent agreement. It gives the U.S. military rather broad rights to op- erate in Canadian air space, and national sovereignty is often mea- sured by the extent to which a for- eign military power exists and op- erates within a country's borders- It has been pointed out. of course, that Canadian military planes have cer- tain reciprocal rights in and above U S. territory, but feat hardly amounts to even token equality. Not only is there a vast difference be- tween the sizes of the USAF and the RCAF. but only the U-S- planes carry the dreaded nuclear bombs. it is possible, then, that a differ- ent sort of agreement could be work- ed out. one that gave greater recogni- tion to the natural Canadian sensi- tivity over sovereignty. Perhaps it will be. but in the meantime some sort of continental air defence must be maintained. To say otherwise is like pretending that because crime shouldn't exist, there 3s no need for a police force. Sihanouk to return? Three years after Prince Norodom Sihanouk was deposed as head of state in Cambodia there is a strong possibility that he will be reinstated- The Americans, who at the time were glad to see him ousted, would probably be relieved to see him re- turn. Dr. Henry Kissinger, President Nixon's special adviser on foreign affairs, may even now be working out a plan to this end- Prospects for ending the conflict in Cambodia in any other way except through the kind of coalition govern- ment Sihanouk claims is already agreed upon, seem dim. Heavy bomb- ing has not relieved the Communist pressure on Phom Penh. Shortages of fuel and ammunition continue des- pite the recent running of the river blockade by eight ships. The holds of the cargo ships were filled with other tiian essential material 500 tons of glass beads, for instance. Sihanouk has recently returned to his exiled home in Peking after spending six weeks secretly in Cam- bodia. He claims to have put togeth- er a coalition government of and and other disparate elements of the Cambodian resis- tance. If tins is so and there seems to be little reason to doubt that it is then peace can only come by the Americans letting the govern- ment under Lon No! collapse. Unfortunately (t is not easy for the U.S. to permit this to happen and get out with "honor." Saigon fears of what the Communists could do to South Vietnam once they have freedom of movement again on the west flank will be impressed strong- ly on the Americans complicat- ing factor. Yet the ''neutral'' position taken bv Sihanouk before his 1970 deposition looks so good compared to the mess now existing in Cambodia that the best bet is a wav will be found to facilitate Sihanouk's return. The casserole Tb Bank of Canada has raised its lend- ing rate by one half of one per cent, doesn't seem like much of an in- The minister has scoffed at the notion that such an increase could be in- flationary; he might accept a term like but never 'inflationary.' finance is his business, so probably he's right. One wonders, though, what he would If anyone else dealing in an commodity were to suddenly an- nomoe a price increase of more than 10 per cent. ed to tell the titles.'' Its advertising aiso included the advice "Avoid it if you can." During his recent visit to the U.S.. Presi- dent Thieu of South Vietnam made quite thing of his pledge that be will never. never ask that American soldiers return to Vietnam to help defend his country. A noteworthy display of abnegation indeed, considering that all he has to rely on row is first call on the U.S. Air Force, a verit- able Wank cheque for military hardware. and a standing army that is probably the third largest in the world In discussing Canadian problems with the prime minister, national Chamber of Commerce President A. John Ellis said "I have been levelling quite extensively recently, and had the opportunity to talk to hundreds of Canadians. A major con- cern expressed has been the weakening of the work ethic." With concern being expressed on this high level, undoubtedly there will have been a great deal of attention to the problem by some of our best thinkers, who surely wouldn't have overlooked the possi- bility of the Income Tax Act having some- thing to do wiih it. There remains a nag- ging thought, though, that wages the reward for working have always been taxed at full rates, while capital" gains, tax-free entirely before this year, get away wiih half-rates or less. Next time the reader feels really annoy- ed at the publishing business, or "even at this particular example ft. perhaps he'll take a moment to recall one small thing in newspaper's favor it's just about the only business extant that makes a reg- ular practice of publicizing its customers" complaints ,right on the editorial paee. too. Tne provincial naming paper with the Morning's Good News" column eith- er missed it. or doesn't know good news when it coraes along; at any rate, it didn't use that space to note that Dnunheller has dropped its proposal to restrict doar-to-door selling of farm produce, a transparently anti-Hutterite notion. If the abandoning of an attempt at legalized discrimination isn't good news, one wonders what is? It's hard to decide wfcere fik an item like this one. irxler "Tnr.h in Advertis- or wath "Signs of the Comine A drive-in theatre (in Cbnton. Mao land. in case it roarers! recently advertised a program it raited a "Stink-A-Rama." five features it 5aid were so bad we're Accorthng lo press reports from Canary, that dry's school boards are emphatically opposed to a recent proposal by the min- ister of education that school board elec- tions be held at a different time from those of the mayor and aldermen Not realJy as- perhaps, but the basis for ther objection is. they object on the grounds that an arrangement would cost more monev' Better composition By DOOR Walker to ha-e phoingrapnic record ankles or rf our appearaixre after y> of mar- ried life. Elspetfc aAed Judi 1o take touple of shot? of the old folks When the pictures were developed it was discovered That Die full-5pr.jrth nrt the would have been s oetter picture if ibere had bwri a little more of the feet observed Keith "Yeah." said Paul "a little more feet and s IrtHe less head Fair settlement gives nothing away By Maurice.Western. He.aid Ottawa commentator OTTAWA As the Govern- ment confine'1 itself to evasive action in the House debate on Indian policy, the situation re- mains as thoroughly confused as it was bai'ore the committee vote endorsing the concept of Aboriginal Title. There can be no joy in this fur Jean Chretien. An energetic and sympathetic Minister, he can fairly claim to have accom- plished more of'practical value for the advancement of the In- dian pcaple than most of his predecessors. Indeed, in the case of the Yukon Indians, he has induced the Government to enter into negotiations which may well be regarded as con- sonant with the recognition of aboriginal righ's. But the government cannot bring iteelf to recognize what it often appeal's to recognize and no longer, as in 1963, explicitly denies. Its non-position is an ad- vance on ils former position since it has made progress pos- sib'e in western Canada. The major threat, however, is in the east. It is far from clsar that Mr Chretien's own objectives there are being well served by the uncertain policy with which he is fettered. In his speech of Wednesday, on a motion to concur in the committee's report, the Minis- ter said: "Concerning ron- trcaty on the basis of the rightf acquired by them in 1763 as a result of the Procla- mation by King Gsorge 111, the Government feels that their problems must be settled equi- tably. This is a new start in that field, something that has never been done before." Why surround a new start new confusion? The Proc- lamation was declaratory of aboriginal rights which were deemed to exist. It was the basis of policy for two cen- turies, however deficiznt policy may have been. The trea'ies speak for themselves; they in- volved formal surrenders of aboriginal title. But now, sud- denly, the Government is enor- mously impressed with the Proclamation but cannot bring itsef to it does not now rights with which the Proclairation dealt. It is beyond question, as Mr. Chretien says, that the prob- lems differ from one province or territory to another. The fact is, however, that they have a common root. The have been complicated by our con- stitutional development; the In- dians now face the Crown in the right of Canada and the Crown in the right of a province. Thus, in the Nishga case, as the Min- ister rightly noted, the ba'l is now dearly in Mr. Barrett's court. But the federal Government, dsspite frequent derelictions jf duty by its predecessors, still hzz a constitutional responsi- bility which it ought now to be affirming with great force. The .situation of greatest difficulty at the moment is the James Bay prob'em. This was summed up in a surprisingly strong "I'm nof boycotting just can't afford Uneasy new strangers in paradise By Gavin Young, London Observer comentator She might have got the scene from a film. In the darkness of tbe bar the tinny-voiced Vietnamese girl said in a loud whisper: "I'm completely turned off by a guy that can't love. You know, who just sits and drinks or thinks and refuses to love. Love, you know it's so great, And the transatlantic drawl replied: well yeah. But how much does that love cost around A good question. The accen.s might have meant Saigon 1965, or even February 1973. The girl's colloquialisms certainly come from the American army. But this time the soldier was not American, but Csr.a- dian. At last all the GIs have gone. It is hard to believe. Saigon without the tall, heavy Ameri- can shapes is suddenly a more open, less cluttered place. The similar of the Can- adiar.s. Poles. Indonesians and Hungarians of the International Commifsion of Control and Su- pervision are very much few- er And they are by now scat- tered about the ocan'ryside. They are a mixed hag. Up in Hue. near the froni line at Quang Tn city, they gei on well together. This is where some of the major prisoner exrhjng- es have taken place bsiween trf South Vietnamese and the North Vietnamese and ccng There have beer no visible hitches during the exchange thai have affected the IOCS in tbe newish hat crumhling ho- tel on the riTcrskie the Can- adians have a nice colonel, a major who seems to be awh- tioninc for Bengal Lancer, and a gernsJ grmip of Jssser The Poles seem to OP an o'd- er generation Two I believe wrverl m the Second World They seem to speak lit- if any English, and on? looks like large cditian of of the Seven Dvrarfs and smiles approached, in an avuncular manner, if The odd things is ibai up some Poles Hungari- an- ideoogical brolheivin- arms and Eastern Europeans fif'er all seem incapable of conversing in anything but sign not Russian, not German. The Indonesians mostly speak English, and some wear the Congo medal that means they served under tbe United Nations there in 1960 and 1961. They are the only ones to wear the pale blue UN baret out here. The ICCS officers find them- selves in an uneasy situation. At first they were flown around by the U.S. Army. Civilian Am- erican pilots then took over their helicopters and planes un- til two crashed in mysterious circumstances and the ICCS suspended its flights. The pi- lots. I am told, are borrowed from Air America, which means CIA. But in various pans of Vietnam the observ- ers are obliged to share ho- tels and bars with CIA men Nightly in a Nha Trang hotel you can see them avoiding each other between the potted palms in the garden. A genial Canadian there be- came a little upset when I said Letters to the editor Somebody should care Recently a little girl of six or seven was walking on the high- way jusl outside of Lethbridge. The traifsc was heavy in both directions yet the child man- aged to walk about two miles from the city limits before we saw her and picked her up. TN- wors! par! was that a po- liceman even passed her and didn't stop. 1 wonder what these busy people would think if something had happened to the child? Had she been killed or raped would they be ab'e to look at their own children and feel this is a very nice secure place to raise them? How would you ever live wiih such guilt? Should the reader ever see such a thing he should call the authorities. Most of them are real great guys. They help 1N> person in trouble when oth- ers arc unable or unwil'lng to do so themselves. SHERLEEN HUNTER Cardslon. Combat permissiveness From many sources I have gathered that !he socalted permissive soci- eo 15 dying. If so. apparently the U of l> is vying for the Ust breath! The recently heW smiajity program played quite a role in attempting to per- form artiiicial respiration on the dyinc character Could not bp ow time that "natural be accepted for the 3 have been under an ancient form of impression thai we lived for .ioy and happiness: and to arsis' in improvement of j-ocieiy 11 taie? only one tinv bacterium in cause the whole quart of to soar. pull together as a com- nranrty to combat ttte bacter- ium. Lei's ttand up and proud of tbe CLEAN environ- ment in which we live. Xow read frat high school students (Herald, March 27) are looking for yet another way keep permissiveness alive for a JKtte longer, anyway? Hie information centre they refer to has and will do ample wwagh advertising for them- selves and companies t h P y may represent without the help wscsrn from wrong Be the example' "AS THE TWIG IS BEXT: to him that it didn't matter terribly what the ICCS did in Vietnam because it all de- pends on the willingness of tbe various Vietnamese parties to reach agreement. Without mu- tual Vietnamese goodwill there can never be reconciliation. This is not to say that the ICCS is wasting its time. It is good to have some kind of observer team around it certainly in- hibits the grosser ceasefire vi- olations. But the ICCS officers carry around with them the same aura of unreality that sur- rounded the Americans. They are hedged in by the old fam- iliar props. Their air-conditkm- icg. thsir jeeps, their wireless sets, report forms, their Viet- namese interpreters with the in- gratiating manners and Amer- ican-accented English all this shields them from tbe real world of Vietnam, as much as the Americans were shielded. Who ar, they, one wonders? The Canadians, faintly absurd in their bell-bottomed shorts, u is fairly obvious are main'y straightforward soldiers with a handful if diplomats thrown in. The Indonesians are plain soldiers, one would say. But the Communists are less easy is identify without access !o CIA interigeace files. It is dif- ficult to believe that the paun- cny old men in uniform with the Good Schweik took about them are anything but rather gecial (though presum- ably politically highly relieble) army officers. There are some Hungarians, too. looking in their extremely Hi-filling uni- as if they are film ex- tras obliged for economy's sake to make do with costames de- signed for different extras is an earlier production, wtw are the military article speech by Gerard Laprise, So- cial Credit member for Abi- because Social Crediters in the past have not taken a conspicuous part in de- bales on Indian Affairs. Mr. Lapriss said: "There is at the moment large scale de- velopment in this area, all of it in territory that belongs to the Indians, to the natives. There, as elsewhere, the problem is that the Government of Quebec simply told the natives: Move over, we are It is obvious that Mr. Chre- tien's personal view is not very different. "I said to the Quebec Government and I repeat it to- best course the Que- bec Government could have fol- lowed would have been to offer a generous settlement along lines asked for by the Indians." Excellent advice. Mr. Chre- tien also deserves com- mendation for funding the In- dians in the present Quebec liti- gation. But does this exhaust the federal responsibility? Que- bsc obtained the territory on the basis of an agreement to which the federal Government was a parly. The terms safe- guarded the very rights which are now being coldly ignored. But Ottawa takes no position in the courts and adopt a non-posi- tion when Parliament is asked to recognize aboriginal rights. "I asked Mr. Lap- rise, whether we could not go so far as to force the Government of Quebec to abide by the treaties concluded when the ter- ritory was granted through confederation Act." It is obvious that Liberal members are greally troubled by the present situation. Mark MacGuigan, usually a per- suasive speaker, sought to show that the resolution was irre- sponsible, parading a variety o! legal objections. Thus, he picked on a phrase, "to the sat- isfaction of tbe Indian people in- volved." Then, noting that the Indians are in 'a bargaining po- sition, he asked: "Do I have to remind Hon. members opposite that this is our country too. Would it not be advisable, In a document which they are ask- ing the Paliament of Canada to approve and accept and en- dorse, that we say what mean? Do we mean it is only Indians that should approve or do we mean also tbe Govern- ment and Parliament of Can- This baffles belief. We art ap- parently to suppose tint recog- nition of aboriginal rights would leave the Government, Parlia- ment and Canada's white ma- jority naked and helpless. It presupposes an equality in bar- gaining which never existed, never could exist and was never, under the traditional the- ory, understood to exist one party to the bargaining is a sovereign power. Tbe answer in fact was pro- vided by another Liberal, committee chairman, Judd Bu- chanan, who came very close to endorsing the resolution (and may have done He quoted a vTeaess before the committee. Peter dimming of Osgoode Hall law school. "As Parliament hag complete control over any legis- lative settlement of aboriginal rights, nothing is really 'being given away' through the recog- nition of such rights and the ne- gotiation of a fair settlement." E the Government is embar- rassed over this question, the explanation is not to be found in a set of legal difficulties but in the political difficulty created br the ambitions an im- patient Quebec adaiinistration. But the political dangers may also have been exaggerated. Why should the federal incur any particular odium through s stronger stand when all tbe other Social Credii. on the basis of the speech by Mr. take that stronger stand. Flora Macdonald. opening Ui3 debate, declared flatly thai the Con- servatives "give wholehearted recognition to the conceal of aboriginal In her words, there were "no ifs. ands, no perhapsV. On that basis, the Govern- ment can scarcely bs a'tacked if it liberates i'self from present cOTfusions and strikes oui bol- dly a course that would probably find warn support from mam- Liberal members. The letlibridcje Herald SM 7th St. S., Lethanase, Alberta LCTHBRIDGE HERALJb ro. LTD., Propnnors and Pu Published 1954. by Hon. W, A. BUCHANAN o on? Dre.-< Duty H Ctfftar Astcrisit Edifgr f WLES eOUGUAi K ttwwgir Mffgral Page Cflltv THE HERAID SEftVES THE SOUTH" ;