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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 17, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Tuttdoy, April 17, 1973 THE LETHBRIDGC HERALD 37 Paris Concluded from Page 31 plaintive call from the 15lh or 20th story? It is not too long ago, either, when the reamed the quiet suburban streets, selling cheese or fresh goat's ifililk, blowing on his tiny Pan-like pipe. Going, too, into the limbo of history are the venerable' old kdies with eagle eyes the chaisieres who collected a fee for the use of those iron chairs which are standard fur- niture in ail public gardens. They had a knack of creeping up behind unsuspecting foreig- ners and lovers and exacting their due. "Fifty centimes, please." for a chsJir, 90 cen- times for an armchair both equally hard. At City Hall, a spokesman explains that "a charge on park chairs'' no lon- ger was in keeping with the spirit of the age." Gone, too, are the imws- sing beadles in their resplen- dant blue or red coats, white stockings, holding a halberd in one hand and a long cane in the other, who lent color to a wedding procession. They have been swept awav by the new passion of the French church for simplicity and poverty. Over on the Left Bank there are stAU some bookstalls be- tween the Pont du Louvre and the Pont des Arts. But there are fewer of them and many also sell cheap souvenirs. Still it is possible to spend an hour or two browsing, ever with the hope of unearthing that precious manuscript or first edition. Along with the Halles, the beautiful Pont des Arts is doomed to oblivion. Built in 1804, it is the oldest iron bridge in France, a handsome, pic- turesque structure. Most ar- tists who have painted Paris in the past 150 years have painted it. The Pont des Arts was a particular favorite of the Impressionists. Up on the slopes of Mont- martre there are small cot- London Concluded from Page 31 home of Britain's major opera house and the Garden market, a world of color that puts ban- anas and ballerinas cheek to jowl. It is a whole grab bag of historical remnants where the past cozes like wet mortar from the cracks of its build- ings. Now its cobblestones, which have rung to the steps of kings and queens, actors, writers acd painters, await the bulldoz- er's rumble. West of Covent Garden is Piccadilly Circus, once the hub of the British Empire To-day this traffic circle is tinged with an inescapable air of decay. Unlike the surrounding areas, Piccadilly has no natur- al population. But while it's home to none, it's refuge to many. When the nocturnal neoalit face of Piccadilly bums, it's people emerge. One corner becomes junkis territory. Homosexuals rendez- vous beneath the arches and on yet another corner police and pushers jostle to control the soft drug trade. Despite the unsavory as- oects of this London version of Times Square, there is a cam- paign to save Piccadilly from j redevelopment. One cf the I campaign's leaders is Ed Ber- man, a 31-year-old American who charges the city gpvem- I ment has allowed Piccadilly to run down so there will be an excuse to put up office build- ings and hotels in the area. "The property develcpers own all the property and they are the ones who cause it to run Berman says. "That should be illegal but in- stead it is being rewarded by a bonanza gift allowing them to completely rebuild the area. These people are hooligans, The oor serration camnaign is gaining support for a scheme that would revitalize Picca- dilly's disfigured face without wholesale change. But time is on the side of the developers. And if Piccadilly falls, London's last village, Sobo, will be en- dangered. Soho is a last bit of real Lon- don life. Stand in the center of Soho and you're in Europe's most loved common market, bombarded by sounds, wrapp- tages with equally small gar- dens nestling together, whose tenants or owners hope and pray they will be bypassed by the new construction rage Over in the more humble sec- tions are vegetable patches guarded over jealously by their owners. All the folklore attached to Les Halles disappeared not long ago with the last block of old houses crumbling beneath the bulldozers. The "belly of Paris" which inspired Zola is no more. That bustling, noisy hive of industry which raged from 10 p.m. to 4 p.m. is gone. The bistros where revelers loved to come to finish off a night of fun "up the hill" and eat onion soup have closed their doors forever. Another page turned in the history of Paris. Maybe younger generations will appreciate the modern comp'ex" which the city fathers plan to erect. It some- how is hard to believe that it will ever be as alive and pic- turesque as the old quarter. ed in tantalizing smells of fresh-baked bagels, smoldering Indian curries, fco yung and malt beer from the more than 300 restaurants most of them family-owned that dot the area's dozen streets. Walk through Soho and what strikes you is the sense of life and community. Karl Marx may have written of a new world here but Casanova'? an- tics marked Soho as London's sin center. Swedes not as happy as they should be Something's gone wrong with Utopia ROLAND HUNTFORD London Observer STOCKHOLM Even to a casual observer the Swedes, although living in something very close to Utopia, are not noticeably happy. Now an offi- cial report on the mental health of the nation, conrads- sioned by the department of social affairs in Stockholm, confirms the impression. One of its more startling conclus- ions is that 25 per cent of the total Swedish population' is in need of psychiatric treatment. "Despite miraculous develop- says the report, com- menting on the Swedish wel- fare and despite consid- erable efforts on the part cf society, it seems that hopes of everything becoming better and easier for human beings have not really been ful- filled The report points out that Sweden, together with the U.S.A., Canada and Switzer- land, is one of the four rich- est countries in the world, tak- ing as a standard of measure- ment the per capita gross na- tional product. Social security 1 is total: there are no slums, there is no deprivation. Edu- cation during the last decade "has had an explosive develop- ment" and yet all is not well. A central concern of the re- port is the economic effects of mental illness. It was dis- covered-that the total cost of treatment accounts for about 30 per cent of all medical ex- penses in Sweden. The report's statistics are varied and eloquent. Forty per cent of all invalid pensions are ascribed to mental illness. The same cause accounts for 35 per cent of industrial injur- ies, cf which there were 95- 599 cases in 1970, the last year quoted. The total popula- tion of Sweden is eight million. Of the 95 million man days of sickness reported to the welfare authorities in 1970 (roughly 12 days per head of about one-third are due to mental illness of one form or another. Alcoholism is quoted as one indication of declining mental health, on the assumption that excessive drinking 5s basically a psychological complaint. Al- coholism in Sweden has rises by 424 per cent in a cecade. Suicide among the young and mfiddle-aged is presented as another sign that all is not well. Between 1951 and 1968, the report says, the frequency of suicide among women be- tween 25 and 29, slmost doubl- ed, from 6.2 per to 12.1. And an invesitpation of Stock- holm children about 16 showed that 50 per cent used drugs sporadically and five per cent This top. was as- cribed to declining mental health. Further evidence of extensive mental illness, the report saw in widespread dissatisfaction among mothers in maternity wards. They were worried or uncertain how to cope with their newborn babies when they returned home. And a hi_sh iixadence (unquamtified) of dif- ficulties in bringing up teen- agers was taken as yet another sign. Running through the report, there is a thread of disappoint- ment, perhaps anguish, that the Swedes have not reacted as had been confidently pre- dicted. As conditions improv- ed, so should human happiness and human behavior: that, as the report indicates, is the baisc premise of the welfare state. But it has not been so: in other words, the perfectabi- lity of man, that proposition of the Enlightenment on which most Utopian systems are based, does not seem to hold, at least in the case of Sweden. The report has no glib cures to propose for the endemic mental illness it uncovers, but it does hint cautiously at some possible causes. That basically it is the fault of society, the authors are willing to concede. Thus, excessive welfare, they suggest, may in itself promote illness by weakening the per- sonality and sapping" the sense of personal responsibility. This could lead, they say, to what is described as a "dissolved personality." Now this is questioning the very roots of the welfare state, which is actually taboo in Swe- den. The fact that an official document touches on the sub- ject, however cautiously does suggest a crack in the tradi- tional self-condifence of the Swedish social engineers. An- other hint is contained in the summing up: "In a freer, more open society, we would not only be able to afford different kinds of people; we would need them." "It is absolutely the report goes on to say, "for a man always to function so- a man always to function so- cially." Since it is generally conceded among the Swedes that they live in a conformist society and that people ought to act collectively; and since it 5s a peculiarity of Swedish psycho- logists and psychiatrists that they normally view their func- tion to be that of trimming people to fit the group, these are interesting, not to say sen- sational statements. The drift of the report is that something is wrong in tne relation between the individual and society, "as evidenced" to quote the summing up, "by the unrest of the youth and its radical questioning of prevailing style of Me." This area is the last natural spillover for London's outsid- ers, for those who succumb to the Dick Whittington dream j of London gold. Girls may still come to London to study act- ing, but they still usually end up in Scho studying the bumb j and grind as Nma la Tour or i Miss Whiplash. But Soho's is in jeopardy, as is so much of the rest of this city's soul. Everybody remembers more and more often these days what happened to London Bridge it ended up in the msddle of an American desert. (Fred Kennedy is London correspondent for Westing- house Broadcasting Company's Group W chain of radio sta- tions.) Soon there will be thousands of students looking for summer work. Student workers have proven themselves to be capable workers. They can offer a wide variety of talents and skill's and many students have received special training that can be applied in your business. In addition to nearly 400 Canada Manpower Centres across the country, we've set up 200 special Centres for Students. We've sorted out those skills and talents. All it takes is a phone call to tell us what kind of work you want to get accomplished this summer and we'll take it from there. We'll make sure that you get the capable workers you need. 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