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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 17, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LIIHBRIDCE HERAID Mondny, April 17, 1972 Humphreys Big decisions soon to be U.S. Canadian rela tlons Another wiiy of saying that the United Stales is controlling and sha- dowing every aspect of Canadian life is the trulli, whether liku if or not, thai Canada lias lo depend on her neighbor at least for economic ivell being. So I'ttcle Sam is con- trolling most Canadian industry. The question is: what would happen IF the Americans withdrew their interests in Canada? There nre three sides to a contro- versy: yours, tlio other fellows, ami the right one. rational, knowledge- able American would question Can- ada's importance to Ihe United Stales, and. vice versa. Wilh Ameri- can eves focused on one crisis after another around the world, however, Canadians have somehow escaped being given the attention they de- serve. After all. Canada "doesn't give (lie U.S. any problems" yet this is exactly Ihe problem, unless a sober re-examination of U.S.-Cana- dian relations is taken. During a slate visit to Washington, Prime Minister Pierre Tnirleaii told American newsmen: "Living next lo yon is in some ways like sleeping with an elephant. No matter how friendly and even tempered is the beast, one is affected by every twitch and grant." Despite the fact thai 70 per cenl Canadian exports are earmarked for the United Stales, and U.S. invest- ment in Canadian industry is 30 per cent of all American investment around the world, Canada and the United Slates nve two separate sov- ereign nations. And as a sovereign nation, Canada v-as not subject to exemption when Ihe United States imposed the 10 per cent import sur- charge. Canada's true sue is somewhat deceiving. Though she is second only to the Soviet. Union in geographic size, she lias a population and econ- omv roughly equal lo 1haL of Cali- fornia. By logical deduction. Canada must mainlajn a special relationship with her neighbor to (he south. There is no other alternative. On the other hand, Canadians must realize that (heir destiny is in their own hands. Tliere is no reason why the two countries cannot resolve their differ- ences if both are veiling to make necessary compromises. Conspiracy charge Until the "Ilarrisburg 7" trial anded in a hung jury recently, the :liarge of conspiracy so popular frith the U.S. government nppcar- ;d to be an unbeatable one. Hence- forth there may be some reluctance about employing this instrument to stop social disrupters in general and war protestors in particular. Although previously the govern- ment was able to make the charge stick it was never very convincing. Many considered convictions in the most celebrated cases lo be equival- ent to victories. Far from chasten- ing the convicted, the court experi- ences tended to make for more con- vinced opposition to the government. Worst of all, the legal system came to he held in widespread contempt. Whatever may be the reason, the angry protesting in the U.S. seems to have subsided, This does not mean that a wholesale conversion to the Nixon administration's policies has taken place. H could he a simple case of a sense of futility or even just a lull before another slorm. Un- happiitess with the Vietnam war and the various injustices, real or im- agined, at home doubtless still ex- ists. It would be foolish for the gov- ernment lo seek a retrial of the Har- risburg group and run the risk of reviving the protest movement when nothing but vmdictiveness would be served. People who do harm lo persons and damage to property are properly charged and brought to trial but to clutter up the picture with and sometimes seemingly preposter- ous charges of conspiracy is a poor way to combat dissent. Appar- ently this is the way 10 of the 12 jurors in the Berrigan case felt. They may also have felt it was time to take a step towards stopping the courts from being turned into cir- cuses. ERIC NICOL A revolutionary remark planets shifted slightly in their or- bit. Galaxies shuddered, and the uni- verse lost a beat of the cosmic pulse, when in a radio Interview Mr. Trudeau said of Mr. Stanfield as prime minister: "I'm sura he'd be effective." It was the first time In the recorded history of parliamentary democracy that the leader of one party said that the lead- er of an opposing party would make a good head of government. It was enough (o make Magna Carta roll up like a window bb'nri. On Ihe steps of the Roman senate was uttered the political guildeline of those who woo the populace: "I come to bury Caesar not to praise him." Instinctively Mr. Tru- deau understood that Mr. Stanlield was superbly equipped to bury himself. The prime minister therefore chose the dread- ful alternative of praising him. What made his compliment ever more dramatic that it came just before an election. The old saw "If you can't say something nice about a person, don't say anything" has not cut much political timber in lime of electoral fence-mending. If applied Lo rival candidates the homily would produce pregnant silence from St. John's to Sooke. Until, that is, Mr. Trudeau tossed his orchid at Mr. Stanfield. Now both parties have had time to evaluate the effect of Ihe prime minister's revolutionary remark. Shockingly: It did Mr. Trudeau more good than it did Mr. Stanfield. From editorial comment, political colum- nists and just plain Johnny Mapleloaf the consensus is clear the prime minister gained poinls for being honest and candid, when he said lhal Mr. Stanfield could run Perfect excuse By Doug Walker LUCKHURST thought s h e had stuck a needle rather far into me one day when she gave me a hook to take nome to Elspclh. It was B handyman hook for wives who have given up on Iheir unhandy husbands. The fact that Margaret (hough! she could dispense with such a book punctured my made in Europe T ONDON: France, Britain, West Germany anil Italy are emburkinj! this spring on decisions thai arc likely to prove of historical importance lo each country nationally atld lo the Inturc o( Europe as well. President Pompidou of France has called a referendum April 23 (or approval of British membership in Hie Cuuiwori Market. The French arc mas- sively npathelic and approval is taken lor granted. The ref- erendum's importance is that it has become a vote of confi- dence in Mr. Pompidou. He is seeking to divide and weaken the French Left. If he succeeds he may greatly strengthen his own and France's position of leadership in Ihe expanded Common Market. the country effectively. Where does this leave Bob? The sturdy windjammer Bluenose has had rhe wind taken from her sails just as she is crass- ing the starting line. The canvas Is in a flap. parly strategists rion't know whether lo tack or simply lash themselves to Ihe tiller and hope for a tidal wave. Their dilemma is obvious. If. Mr. Stan- field tries to gel even wilh "Mr. Tnideau by saying something nice about him, it will smack of retalliation. Sweet grapes. Ful- some tit for tat. On the oilier hand if he bad-mouths Mr, Trndeau he will appear ungracious com- pared to the man who gummed a gold star to his copybook. A real dilemma. Perhaps the best thing that Mr. Elan- field can do in the circumstances Is deny that Mr. Trudeau said that he, Mr. Stan- field, as prime minister would be effec- tive." Mr. Trudeau was misquoted. What he actually said was that Mr. Slanftcld would be defective. Unless the Conservatives take this strong stance on what remains of their leg to stand on, the coming federal election cam- paign will be a shambles. Candidates will be eulogizing their opponents to Ihe point where the entire nation will be overcome by nausea. People will cry out for Hie good, old-fashioned mud, slung as the fath- ers of Confederation taught us to sling it underhand, and from Ihe blind side. It is difficult to forgive Mr. Trudeau for creating this crisis in'Canadian politics. Wo all know his reputation for frank state- ment, hut as wilh all good things there is peril in excess. (Vancouver Province feature) In a sense Britain's decision has already been taken in fa- vor of membership, hut Prime Minister Heath is fighting to get essential legislation through Parliament. Mr. Pom- pidou's political games are helping Mr. Heath's deter- mined Common Market oppo- nents, long campaigning for a rcforendi'm here. If France can vote, on Bri- tain's entry, why can't Britain they ask? White there arc sound Bi'Itish oonsiitutional reasons, they arc not easy to popularize. In ;idililiori, Mr- Heath has just allowed a refer- for obvious rea- sons a plebiscite- on the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic. The Labor party executive has swung its weight behind the Common Market referen- dum. Several Northern Ireland unionists who usually stipport Iho government may now de- fect, especially as they were never keen Europeans anyway. The Common Market may be a bore and a fait accompli abroad but here it is a hot po- litical question. It is assumed, perhaps erroneously, that a -c- ferendum in Britain would re- ject membership and bring on a government crisis. While the French are voting on April 23, (he election in Hie West Ger- man state of Baden-Wurlcm- beg will also be taking on in- ternational significance. Two weeks later Parliament in Donn gives second reading to the bill ratifying treaties witli the So- viet Union and Poland. On this ratification hangs Ihe whole chain of negotiations and agreements intended to bring about a more relaxed state of relations between East and West. Victory for Chancellor Willy Brandt's Social Democrats in the state election, or for the op- position Christian Democrats, could Influence the voting in Bonn. Under the German con- stitution Ihe winning party in the state election sends mem- bers to the upper house in Bonn. Victory in Baden-Wur- temberg would assure Mr. Brandt a majority in the upper house. The opposition are pledged to a man, to vote against ratification and a fierce campaign is being waged. The Italians, voting in a pre- mature general election May 7, aplomb sufficiently to cause me to start looking at Ihe contents. All Ihe book suc- ceeded in doing, however, was lo provide me a perfect excuse (or not tackling fixing jobs. In the opening section the hook lists the tools that are needed for doing the usual home repairs and I have hardly any of (hem! The bear went over the mountain to see what he could see Sunanda Dalta-Ray face a more restricted prob- lem, hut nevertheless Impor- tant. The issue Ihere is simply whether Italy can establish stable government so that it can play a role in Ihe Common Market commensurate with its size. As long as Europe was a Market of Six, Italy had ils member on the commission, like the others. Expansion it- self and new institutions likely to follow will require strong governments and leaders mak- ing decisions in their conn- trie's interests. The Italians will be poorly equipped to make their voice heard il the recent succession of caretaker prime ministers is to continue. The Italian representative on the central commission, AHiero Spinclli, has made such a point during the election campaign. He said in an interview in Rome lhat the country gives the impression of counting for much less lhan its real impor- tance. It was lacking in ethit- siasm and distracted by domes- tic problems. Observers see lit- tle prospect for much improve- ment after the election, unfor- tunately. Not that Italy could he con- sidered a candidate for the leadership club, which by na- tional weight goes to France, Britain and Germany. Among the new Ten, President Pom- pidou, with a special relation- ship with Conn, has heen es- tablishing a second with Lon- don. He came lo Chequers the other day cordially to suggest that Paris should be headquar- ters for the proposed political secretariat. The British favor Brussels, the existing capital. Mr. Brandt conies to London later this month for two days of talks with Mr. Heath. Both leaders will be aware of their positions at the base ends of an isoceles triangle, with Mr. Pompidou at the pinnacle. Mr. Brandt and all the smaller countries look lo Britain to lead Ihe Common Market in strengthening and democratiz- ing institutions. Mr. Brandt will want to demonstrate that his side of the triangle with Ten- don is as durable as the French side. Mr. Heath, outside look- ing in, will want to demon- strafe that it is Europe rather than only an Anglo-French en- tente he is helping u> build. He can do that by ensuring both sides of the triangle. Uleraltl London Inireaul Bangladesh refugees may be returning CALCUTTA An alarmed West Beng.it government Is awaiting details of reports that some of the 10 million Bangladesh refugees who wero recently repatriated, often un- der compulsion, have started to trickle back across the mile frontier into India. Officials in Dacca deny all knowledge of this return of re- fugees which, il substantiated, would reflect adversely on Sheikh Mujibar Rahman's abi- lity to come lo grips with tha basic problems or relief, law- lessness and food scarcity in his newly-libcrnled land. But Cal- cutta is worried that a fresh influx might dangerously stir up religious passions, plunge India into an even worse eco- nomic morass, and upset Ihe Letters lo the editor delicate equation between the two countries. In an effort to prevent a re- petition of last year's nerve- uTacking migration, India has set up 234 checkposts along Ihe West Bengal Bangladesh bor-