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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 17, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta CLOUDY HIGH FORECAST TUESDAY 40-45 YOU LXV I'HICE NOT OVER 10 CENTs'TWO SECTION'S 22 PAGES No special -fl_ for Canada Uy VICTOR MACK1E Ik-rald Ottawa Uurcaii OTTAWA Canada is on her own and need not ex- pect, in the future special concessions from the United Stales, although between Hie two nations there is a spirit of respect and restraint allows them (o co- operate despite their differences. This was the message left with Prime Minister Pierre Trudcau and the Canadian parliament by Presi- dent Richard Nixon following his short visit to Ottawa last week. Members of all political parlies appeared to agree with that asscsment. Monday. The Liberals arc claiming that President Nixon by repeating publicly his private declaration to the primo minister, that the U.S. would not always want a surplus trade balance with Canada so it could always export capital there, had bolstered the government as it braces for the coming election campaign in Canada. Op- position members scoff at the suggestion by the priino minister that Ibis is a "fantastic breakthrough." Opposition Leader Robert Stanfield noted that tho president's speech confirmed what lie had told Mr. Sianfield earlier dirrhig their brief talks that the path for the future U.S.-Carada trade negotiations be a rough road. Mr. Nixon 4lmade it clear to said Mr. Stnn- fk'ld. that the U.S. is looking for adjustments to "acuta short term problems, o[ which the auto pact is one. There's no kidding about The president had pointed out Uiat Treasury Secre- tary John formally, who had adopUy} a tough bargain- ing stance with Canada as well as with other countries, remains fully in charge of the trade talks between our hvo nations. Mr. Conally has aroused [lie ire of Mr. TrurJoau who said rrrriitly of him, "with friends like Uiat who needs enemies." New Democratic Party Leader David Lewis com- mented that President Nixon's repeated declaration that the U.S. wished to respect Canada's independence, "leaves me He pointed out they were only ver- bal declarations and he would wait to see them translat- ed into action. The president received a warm an El enthusiastic reception when he addressed the joint session of the senate and house of Commons. Only the NDP refrained from frequently applauding but nit other party members ami senators or puunded their desks showing llidr ciptirociriJiaii and welcome to a good friend and neighbor- ALBERTA, MONDAY, APRIL 17, 1972 I CM delighted Air, Nixon obviously was delighted by the reception and smiled his appreciation, lie appeared remarkably at ease and relaxed despite the tremendous burden ho must cany as the president of Hie United Stales. His M-as not a token speech. It dealt with realities find made it clear (hat the U.S. intends to deal in future wilh Canada on a realistic basis. At Ihe press briefings given by U.S. and Canadian officials, separately, following the talks between the two leaders, it was obvious that, the ground-work had been In id for a resumption of the stalled trade negotia- tions this was by no means a guarantee of a successful conclusion to those negotiations. Canada, presumably vill have to make more concessions if the talks arc Lo be meaningful, hut Ibis was something that the Cana- dian officials balked at confirming. Jlnnsr? Press Sorrel ary Ronald Zieptcr sup- gcslrd both countries may be now willing to make com- promises in the talks when they are resumed. They broke off last February. He said both sides were agreed Uiat their position be reviewed. He cited as an example the controversial Canada Auto pact. A major concession sought by the U.S. is that. Canada eliminate; safeguards which guaran- tee minimum levels of Canadian auto production under the pact. The Americans claim that, now that Canadian auto production has greatly exceeded those minimum levels, the safeguards arc no longer necessary. i'fi' in hcch nrgolifilors have ring in Iheir heels ami the fafrguards be left, intact. government spokesman, after the Presi- dent and Prime Minister had concluded their discus- IcrprtLiition. They Ihc two leaders only agreed to instruct their to review their respective nego- tiating posilions In ascertain if a compromise can bo sions this weekend, refused to accept Mr. Ziegler's ij> reached. American nawsme.n asked Mr. Zie.gler if this meant that the U.S. uas prepared to move from its present position (o riid the- stale-male. Said Xieglcr: "We're willing to review, they're willing to move." This was contradicted by a Trudeau aide, briefing Canadian newsmen, He asked that he. not ho identified by name. lie agreed that both sides had agreed to "re- view (heir positions''. However he stressed there no assurance as to what wnild he Canada's position after the review. "The position that, omergrs could be harder, it coufd be soflcr. it could lie the same." he said em- phatically. it v.as Canada that offered n package relatively small concessions last February only to have it.s offer flatly and firmly rejected by Mr. ConnaUy as goiny not nearly far enough. Presumably Canada v.ill now have to sucetcn lliat package considerably. (he Trudcnu government is prepared to do this yenuisvi ir.- Mr. i! the hope tlie trade talks could Lei resuniCrl in a ''relatively .short lime'1, hut it v.ns that the prime minister nor the ret a targrt date for that resumption, American t'onTspnndeiils packing up their lypo- tit fly kick In immediately filler tho piTMtlcr.l loll Saiiinlay Miiil wryly; expcc-lcd little iiiiw.s mil (if Uiis I rip Mini's jnsl what we i'ot, H In plan." orth (AP Wirepliolo) HANOI AND HAIPHONG BOMPED Hundreds of U.S, warplones caused heavy damage around Hanoi and Haiphong, Sunday, according to Ihe U.S. Command in Saigon. Meanwhile in the south, enemy rockets and mor- tor shells slammed into Da Nang, and U.S. positions at Binh Thuy and 20 miles northeast of Saigon. U.S. planes blast SAIGON (AP) U.S. planes made their biggest MiG kill in 4 years Sunday and hea vily damaged fuel depots in large- scale raids in the Hanoi-Hai- phong heartland of North Viet- nam, the U.S. command re- ported t o d a y. Three MiG-2ls were >hot down. T h e Soviet Union protested the bombing to Jacob Beam, Ihe U.S. ambassador in Moscow, and Pravda, the So- viet Communist party newspa- per, warned the U.S. it is "play- ing with Eire." North Vietnam said hundreds of civilians were killed, but tho Americans insisted only mili- tary targets were attacked. The three MiG-21s. Ihe fastest fighter planes in Hanoi's air force, were shot down south- west of Hanoi, the U.S. com- mand said. It was the first time American pilots had downed ttiree MiGs in one day since Oct. 2fi, I9fi7. The U.S. said a navy A-7 and an air force F-105 were lost during the raids. THREE PLANES LOST Three other American air- craft were lost in South Viet- nam, th-3 U.S. said. On the ground, tho South Vietnamese command claimed that its forces and planes kill- ed more than 400 North Viet- namese and Viet Ccng in heavy fighting a mile east of An Loc in Binh Dinh province in the central coast, and in southern Cambodia, South Vietnamese losses were 53 killed and Sfi wounded, the Saigon command said. BELFAST (AP) British troops battled snipers ill the streets oi Belfast and London- derry Sunday night as guerrilla gunmen retaliated for .the slay- ing of 1HA chieftain Joseph McCann. The shooting of McCann Sat- urday by soldiers in Northern Ireland's capital touched off Ulster's bloodiest weekend since the British government imposed d i r c c t rule last month. Three British soldiers and a Belfast youth were killed by bursts of gunfire. The troops claimed they had hit at least three guerillas, but it was not known if they were killed. The official wing of the Irish "Republican A r in y announced that it would kill policemen in revenge for the death of Mc- C a n n, 24, who was killed by paratroopers acting on a police tip. McCann was a com- mander of the Official IRA in Belfast. Two of the soldiers were killed in clashes in London- derry, Northern Ireland's oncl city, while a lieutenant who had only been in Ulster five c'civs died in Belfast. The weekend deal'is rpifid Northern Ireland's fatality to- tal in 32 months of communal violence to 30G. WASHINGTON IleuteO The escalated tombing of North Vietnam has brmmht strong denunciations from Hussia and China and by crit- ics and peace groups in the United States. Wit h p eac e yrou p.s pi a nni ng new demonstrations, Stale Sec- retary Kogei's was ex- pected to give the first official explanation today of the large- scale bombinps of the Hanoi and Haiphong areas. lie was scheduled In testify foday before Ihe Senate foreign relations committee. Democrats h a v e criticized: bombing raids as luckless, but prominent Republicans are rallying to Iriu administration's defence. The foreign relations commit- tee is only the starting point of the administration's problems with Congress, especially the Senate, which hais been more vocal than the House of Repre- sentatives in criticizing the Nixon administration's Indo- china policies. FK OPPOSI-IS liOMIUM; On the Senate floor Uxlay, Senator Kdmund M us-hie Maine, a Democratic presiden- tial candidate, planned to intro- duce a resolution calling for an immediate suspension of all U.S. military actions against North Vietnam. The Mu.skie resolution also calls for resumption of tlie Paris peace talks with aim of arranging the release of American prisoners of war in exchange fora complete L'.S. withdrawal of forces from all of Indochina. The Senate already is gearing up for a previously scheduled Indochina debate Wednesday. The debate is expected to lie bitter, with Senator Robert Dole of Kansas, the Republican na- I'STOX, Tex. (AP) The protective skin of the moon- lander Orion continued to peel away today but the three Apol- lo astronauts hurtled on- ward anyway toward a Thurs- day landing on tlie moun- tainous rooftop of the moon. The cause of the strange flaking of the thin aluminum foil and mylar thermal blank- ed remained unknown, officials said. Engineers sought to simu- late, the. problem with a mock spacecraft al I ho Manned Spacecraft Centre hero to f.'X' plain il, Navy C'apl. John Young and air force I Charles Duke entered the lander a day ahead of schedule Sunday night, turned on iis power and conducted a one-hour inspec- tion. appeared amiss m the spacecraft's systems and there were no plans (n aitcr Ihe mission. "At this time there is no un- due concern about Mission Control said after the inspec- tion apparently ruled out trou- bles with major spacecraft sys- tems. The skin problem was the first flaw in an otherwise per- fect mission that, began at p.m. KST Sunday when a Saturn Y rocket launched the astronauts into spate. Apollo Iti was so precisely on course Sunday n i R h I that a planned mid-course correction wns cancelled. The astronauts have an opportunity to por- foMn a course correction to- night anri Tuesday ami before firing their spacecraft engine at p.m. Wednesday to slip into lunar orbit, Ynimjj and Duke arc to Lind Orion Thursday afternoon o n an undulalinc; ptasoan between tun mniiriljiin ponks in (ho lu- nar highlands nrar ooe of (Jin highest points on the mcon. Navy ,-Cmdr. Thomas Mat- tingly will orbit the moon m Casper, the command ship, conducting remote surveillance of the lunar terrain with scien- tific instruments. Bumping over the dusty pla- teau and up a mountain slopo in a battery-powered car, Young and Duke will seek evi- dence the lunar highlands were born in fiery volcanic up- heavals billions of years ngo. Britains angry over rail strike LONDON TAP) A go-slow by railwayman threw a stranglehold on Britain's com- muter systems today and mado millions late for work- Angry passengers booed and jeered rail staff as they fought their way on to a few jam- packed trains (hat were run- ning. Massive traffic jams bui'.t up on the roads info major cit- irj.s as thousands switched In ca rs i n a u attempt t o reach work. A railway spokesman sum- med up: "Chaos is too mild a word to describe the situation is n complete disaster." Worst hit were London and the south. A rail official esti- mated up to fiO per cent of the one million travellers who use trains in the region daily would nol be able to catch them to- ri av. WASHINGTON (CP) State Secret ary Wil Ii a m P. Rogers said today (he Nixon adminis- (ration "has no intention to per- mit South Vietnam to be taken over by Ropers said tbc United States xvill not permit the North Viet- namese offensive to succeed. Rogers said the air offensive against Haiphong and Hanoi, North Vietnam, is in keeping with President Nixon's prior as- sertions that the United States would not per tnil N or th Viet- nam (o lake advantage of the withdrawal of I'.S. forces. The slate secretary appeared the Senate foreign rela- tions committee to defend the administration's foreign aici budget but immediately was questioned by chairman J. W. Fulbright (Dem. Ark.) about re- newed American assault in North Vietnam. FnIbright said he does not think that the interest of the United Stales merits such a counter-react ion. Rogers said there nre three purposes primarily for the re- newed air and naval strikes against the massive invasion. protect American troops still in South Vietnam. make certain that the withdrawal of American forces can continue. pive the South Vietnamese a chance to defend themselves against the masive invasion, Rogers said the United States does not intend to reintroduce ground combat forces into the action in South Vietnam but that the air and naval strikes should make clear to the oilier side that the U.S. is going to take? miy acUon necessary to support the people of S'outh Vietnam.1' Honal committee chairman, anrl Senator Barry Gold water of Ari- zona planning to defend the ad- ministration. The senior Republican In (he Senate, Aiken ol Ver- mont, said Sunday nif'JH: "I am sorry that the administration hail to start the twrnbing. But I arn sorry (hat the North Viet- namese headed for the ?outh. In a sense, they asked for it.1' [n the first official Chinese re- action to the bombing around Hanoi and Haiphong, Chinese Premier Ku-lai warned the United States that its air strikes would not save it from certain defeat in Indochina. In the Soviet Union, Pravda today accused the United Slates of playing with fire in Vietnam and restated the Kremlin call for "negotiations 'without at- tempts at blackmail." But the Pravria article did not mention the White House, nor Nixon, in line MJIb the general style of Soviet press comment as the Kremlin peep9res to re- ceive the president. May '12. Pravda spoke of the "power- ful and firm support of the So- viet Union snd all socialist countries" for North Vietnam, hut for the present all the signs here are {hat, the Kremlin does not intend its talks with Nixon to be torpedoed by the war in Indochina. Arrest hijacker HOME (AP) Mario Vic- tor Maim one, a penniless Italian American who has passed himself off twice in the last five months as a big spender, was arrested today after he hijacked a Swiss air- liner. The 30-year-o 1 d native of. New York took over a Swiss- with 2D persons aboard shortly after it took off from Geneva for Rome. visit OTTAWA (CP) Cleaner water in Die Great Lakes and L'.S, reassurance, of Canadian economic i 12 d e p e n d e n c c emerged in official Canadian eyes as tbc major accomplish- ments of President Nixon's fleeting visit to Ottawa. Officials also expressed plea- sure that Mr. Nixon and prime Minister Trudcau agreed in private talks Friday In review their positions in the trade ne- gotiations between the two countries, which broke down iu deadlock last. February. Showpiece of the visit was an agreement to Great Lakes pollution, signed by the pres- ident and prime minister Sat- urday before Mr. Nixon ended his 40-hour stay. At. the signing ceremony, the two men called Ihe agreement a model of in- ternational ro-operatioii- The lays down sprH fir w a t e r-rjualily objectives, and commits the two counlric-. to put plans into effect by 197-1 In curl) municipal and indus- trial pollution. At the heart of the Canadian program is an agreement al- ready signed by Ottawa and Ontario to provide 2.i million (o b u i I d sewage treatment plants and sower trunk lines, Of that. Si07 million will he lent to Ontario by the federal government through Central Mortgage and Housing Corp. One quarter of the amount will become grants if projects are complete by March 31. 1075, The province must repay the rest, It will put up million, apd provide extra funds for re- lated facilities. U.S. financing plans are un- clear, but the American nre estimated at about bil- lion. Seen and heard About town v fhr snows I o r m uhen she had k> slami on n chair and jump thrmigli the top of Ihc rkinr localise (he Hoi'om open Pi and lone ('onion having their fence: painting delayed again by snow. back behind bars FOR MEN ONLY Twefve-year-oM JacHe Fuller, from South Oxney, England her boxing fofjs she defeated boys ot an ornaleur boxing club. When it cair.e for her fa move up lo a higher category it wos discovered 1 hat behind llior.t: lipfly ond .Oinfigy was o bouncy litlto Upon discovniy barred from furMiftr bouti. 1 rom TKK UKI.KAST fCPt- Ut'i'iKidcitc TJ e v I i n. 2'1-ycar-nlrl Itonian Cntholic leader, and an- other member of the licitish Parliament were scnlcncod to six months in jail today for tak- ing part in a illegal parade. Miss Devlin ;md the other MP, Frank MoMamn, refused to appear in court in and c not represented hy They ucrc convicird of rfrfy- IIIR a ban on parades by joining a march in Kiini.skillin in Febru- ary to protest the deaths of n civilians in Londonderry's Sunday clush uilli ish priralroop.-'. I'nder nnvm.il prnrrvjurr Ihn rrrtirt docisirm f'.nniskiHm today would result in Ihe issue d warrants for the arrest of Miss Devlin and A pievious sent once on Miss Devlin, and oven her release from jnil four months later, EtJiic-hecl off riots in Ustor. ANKARA I Krini r.'siptirrl prime: minister of Turkey, U announced today. The announcement was made by President Ovdnl Sunny. >aiil I hat. Ihc premii-r had nf- fonvd Ihc rt'Mi'iKition of his trnnient flivl it hnd hern .TC- ;