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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 17, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta April 17, 1W MUUD Herald i Aim UTMMa KSMOI mm Cattlemen Asked To Report Abnormalities In Calves Scours Said Greatest Concern In Calf Diseases By DR. f. N. HA1WES Scoun to by tar the grtttost of fa young calves. Thai year although aol widecpnad, the diMue li prov- ing very troubfcsoaat {or tome farmers la DR. D. M. BOWDCN Cattie breeders their by rtcorataj 00 repoHittg the birth of abnormal calves'. They and the operators of artificial insemination cen- tres need mis information in determining tie causes aad fre- eroeney of aonprmalirJes fa cat- tie and to devising tha means to avoid them. Abnormalities in calves can be caused by environmental factors saeh as disease, and nu- tritional deficiencies. For exam- ple, a cow with a shortage of vitamin A to her diet can pro- duce a calf with formities, particularly, of the eyes and head. aadanaly.always wil- ls a rule, ee infrequently fa cattle aad in Abnormalities may alto be ol genetic origin. These usually are transmitted through a re- cessive'gene. Genes are the heritable units in the anima that determine its characterkv aics. The expression of any par- ticular characteristic results from the'combination of a pair of genes, one from each- par eat In some pairs of buDs carrying tfat same rabte gent an need M sitely ia a group of the ceumBCC af abuutiuai calrd reach troublesome nrep- Mad- ly bt prevented If eonpMt nv formabaa aa alurrmal B recorded aad an attort made seek out tha came rather than bide it For 'cample, in dairy cattle faortatt ia the frequency "tan dog1 type calves was when re- Mrts ol their1 occttrrence wen reported to the AI mformaooa made possible tht l of carrier boDi, fen raDorcd nvn the gene from one parent ma; the other. la Herefor) cattte, for example, tht gene for normal BM when tt> pairedwHi Uie. for 'snorter1 dwarfisn the offspring win be norma Only when both geoes of pair are fofidwarfism wffl the animal be a dwarf. The dwai feoe in this case is icuMied t as a recessive gene and tha car rier of this gene can be identi- fied only if a dwarf offsprmg is produced. All breeds of cattla r FVESIDENT R. E. Far- priadaal at affiant. ton! eateaetoa at Braadea. has teea ctoeiaf fts Afktisaral a> ttHsat af Canada far ate tern Win. Bt waVassasM ta> MaVMrtBC tiW SMfe aaal aieeoag at tat )a Jaly tab year. outbreaks the antibiotics usual- ly helpful km aat beta benefi- cial. Calf souring is caused by certain strains of coliform bac- teria fond h tha intestinal tract of cattle. these bacteria are preaaat bat SOBM forms an more ilnaVnt aad proliferate certain dr- nnmtiffft. eaase diarrhea ia young earm. Various fac- ton aa iaaportant bear- ing ot tha awerity of the di- tant in that it contains vita- mini esptefaBy A. Nisjioaa. TWs cat be tka factor fa economy to try to saw money by inadequate .fa darfaf winter. tioa needs to focusa! en tha Vitamin A content of the ra- tion. Matt catUa-aoam la bt fed sufficiently wcE yet acoars can be at much of a problem at weft ted bmk at ia ptar Tha adequate faeaaaf by itself is inusfficient to prwent 4-H Reports WILLOW CKEEK Tht Wfflow Creek District V listed, is the INTERNATIONAL Opportunity Days area where the calf is bora and when it three it grows Su over tbe first Sum infection is carried ia ieeei ot cows and particuiarty of scooring calves, aUindaat dean dry straw and at modi njirine as possible is very uuaiiin to limit spread. This applies wpeciaBy when airing- takes place in a con- fined ana. Cows teats bedeanedtf Eqoaore. heU which wi Berries. Tht number of .abnormal earns bom is usually saaaD. Therefore, it is important that each ona be recorded wkn a fan description at its eendttioo. Operators of artificial msenan- ation partieolarly interested fa tbt discovery of these genetic abnonnamiat. Because of the large number of cows bred to a stogie buB in AI use, tht chances of an tm- deetrable geae resocarring are at much greater. Sface me op- erators may want to inspect aa abnormal calf to obtain an ac- curate otacriptito, (key- should be notified before calf is de- stroyed. Private breeders should-alto keep of all abnormal calves herds so that they may detect breeding lines that carry unda- so-able recessive genes; Chorch HaB ia dareshofan. Judges were Cal Brandley, Urban Pitman, and Robert Bandtton, an from Winner! wert, Donefla OviaaX Stmty Parkland Of course the Beef Cidb, on Discrim- iaatian; second Dianm Bol- doc, Willow Creek light Bone dub, -who's talk was on Htm- third Can M. who Marketing' Needs Updating spoke on The sportsman, from the WIDOW Creek 4-H Light Bone'Club; fourth. Diane Hawk, Staves-Parkland Beef Club, -explained Drag Abuse. Beta reporter BOW. ISLAND The Bow Island t-H Field Crop? -dob went on an trial.tour recently.. The club visited CHEC radio in Lethbridge, Crest- wood rarest Plywood factory, Fart Hacked, Maverick trailer- factory fa Fort and ended the day with a torn- of the Fort Hacked museum. The next tat emb wffl.be held May at tht of Bernard Lyoowsai Dak> best way to-limit eanUmina- tion is to have the cow on pas- ture at or soon after calvmg. Frequently the only way to stop scours if to turn the bade to pasture, but calves nra the risk of .exposure if bad weather tupaueuei. They are mon prone to sickness when n a rundown condition.: D a m p areas are to be avoided, snekerad stopmg terrain is bet- ter than flat ground as K dries e correct mouth and iajec- tiam are usually enough to ef- fect cure if given early. This year send.....' Lethbridge dicated a marked reastance to inrjhintirs by colt- form bacteria badly hit herds. If the i is well established out to ne- glect of me'use of wrong drugs, fhod it necessary to dehydration. Persistent rota and lack of fluid intake' m-, verery dehydrates cahrat, hate sunken eyes aad a tight skin. It k difficult to brim them back on antmioiks alone, Sick calves should ceive whole milk but rather ont part milk dUuted with two parts of water. E solutions can. also be to uaiatl debydratloa. The beat way to improve the Quid balance is by a blood In aoditioa to re- Cotostrmn. The fkst milk eoofen protection through its high anl eoutent. Abaorp- tJoo of the antibodies decfcs 12 hours after birth and in tome case's botore this. It is that essential the 'caK takes'ta a good, suuplj of cotostruro as toon aa possible after, being ban. Colostrum is also impor- Federation Tells Ottawa Tht Canadian Federation Of Agriculture, at a recent meet- mg to Ottawa, called an', tha bderal gOTernnieot to update the Canadian marketing sy- stem, with a program of re- add a plan for the development of a nation-wide agricultural eat wfcieb now cabs for