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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 17, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta SUNNY COMCAST HIGH SATXMDAY SO VOL. LXIII -r- No. LETHBRIDGB, ALBERTA, FRIDAY, APRH, 17, 1970 was NOT ovn w CENTS TWO SECTIONS-24 PAGES Spacemen God Canada, U.S. Jockey For Positions By ROD CURR1E WASHINGTON (CP) The cut and thrust of Ot- tawa-Washington diplomatic exchanges of late serve to underline their growing concern over how the two countries will divide up, defend and exploit the big part of the continent they share. With the growing tendency to read between the lines of every diplomatic note and official statement there is belief.among a number of 'observers of Canada-United States relations that the current dis- pute over Arctic jurisdiction is but me tip of the iceberg. The.theory is that this controversy and a series of milder disagreements over a broad range of affairs are but the first tentative feelers in a long series of manoeuvres that in the next few years will bring forth a whole new concept of continental policy. Certainly the vast, untapped wealth of the Arctic, the U.S.'shortage of natural gas that will grow critical this decade and the longing to funnel off some of Can- ada's fresh-water supply has caused Americans to re- gard Canada with'new concern and respect. On the Canadian side, the old fear of being taken over through U.S. investment has become.more emo-' tional of late as the book value of U.S. investment there edges dose to j Army Moves Into North OTTAWA (CP) Defence Minister Leo Cadieux an- nounced today that YeUowknife, N.W.T., has been selected as the permanent headquarters site for Canadian military activ- ities in the North. The headquarters win be or- ganized this spring and summer in Ottawa and move to Yellow- kniif in the fall. The decision to establish a northern military headquarters was announced last Sept. 19. COMMANDER NAMED The designated headquarters north- ern region, will be commanded by Col. Ramsey Withers, 39, of Ottawa, who will be promoted to The headquarters .-itafl wlTl reach a strength of shoot 35 by late 1971. Married perjonnel will be accompanied to YeBirwkmfe by their families. Small liaison detachments were formed in February at Yeltowkntfe and at-WhrWwrse, Yukon, to'deal wiSf territorial authorities and dviSab agen- cies. The ment will be absorbed by north- ern-region headquarters-. IB-the rail. A small- detachment, of air personnel from Maritime Com- As .for me Canadian moves to extend jurisdiction mand will >lie Kjcated at Frob- over territprial'seas' and protect the Arctic from ,jsher 'airport .beginning next tioo, many Americans are sympathetic Ottawa's month.' Facilities it provides will permit Argus aireraft to op- There fa'imch self-criticism in the U.S. over the from fee airfield, extend- Sympathy In U.S. way the country has contaminated its own rivers and streams, neb its coasts thrown into jeopardy from off-shore oil drilliig and even seen the cause of dl pollution on European shores through tanker .mishaps. Elsewhere, Canada is under pressure to agree to give np some of the "transitional" advantages built mto the 1965 U.S.-Canada auto agreement while Canada hoists the state of the Canadian Industry not Justify inch action yet At the United Nations, Canada has been in con- flict with the U.S. on such questions as exploitation al the sea bed and inspection rights to guarantee elimination >X weapons of mass destruction from the ocean floor. Seeking Elbow Room The whole range of disagreements suggest to some observers plan or by two capi- tals are trying the old union-management tack of get- ting themselves as far apart as possible on demands and offers so that in negotiations they will nave plenty oi elbow IOUUL TU> is reflected, many observers fed, in President Nixon's recent move to impose a' formal quota on Ca- nadian oil imports and the Trudeau government's de- cision to bjmt foreign ownership of uranium-producing companies to 33 per cent. The feeling is that similar Canadian moves governing other industries are in UM pipeline. Ultimately the prize to be divided up includes main- ly, the continent's energy resources. Interior Secretary Walter Hickel is the chief spo- kesman for a continental energy policy and has frank- ly suggested that the opening of U.S. markets' to Ca- nadian oil be linked to the degree of Canadian co-op- eration forthcoming in over-all energy matters. Although both sides have denied that Canadian water would be involved in any such negotiations, it ii a fact that development of much of the U.S. South- west has historically been stunted by lack of water. ing surveillance coverage of the Arctic archipelago. RABE FLYING TIME Air hours on surveillance' flights are being increased by 25 per cent over last year. Last.year they totalled hours compared with 200 hours fa) Arrangements wiD also be made to operate fa-acker air- craft on coastal 'patrol from Goose Bay, Labrador, and Fort Chuno near Ungava Bay. These aircraft, which will continue to be based at Shearwater, N.S., have been used in Northern Canada before. About 400 Canadian service- men now serve in the North, most at the communications re- search stations at Alert and Inu- vik, others on the Distant Early Warning radar line. Radio Stations QuitC.A.B. OTTAWA (CP) Two of the biggest members of the Cana- dian Association of Broadcast- ers pulled out of the organiza- tion today, saying they did not want to be associated with an association brief protesting in- creased Canadian content pro- posals for television and radio. The two are CFTO-TV in To- ronto and CJOH-TV in Ottawa. The C.A.B. brief .was presented to a public hearing of the Canadian RadkvTelevisioo Commission here Thursday. One Panel Of Damaged Craft Missing ABOARD nro JOIA (AP) The Apollo 13 astronauts Mazed back to the safety al their home planet today with a pinpoint landing in tie Pacific Ocean, bringing a successful conclusion to the most perilous United States apace adventure. The Odyssey, carrying James A. Lovell, Fred W. Haise and Jobp L. Swigert, hit the gently- roiling waters within sight of this heneopter carrier., Hundreds of.cheering sailors on the deck of tie Iwo Jima and anxious television viewers around the worid bad a ringside seat' as the spacesnp through a thin layer of ebuds, dangling Iron hf fturh three huge orange and while para- chutes. Initial placed the Odyssey just four miles due south of the carrier. VWe got you on the Mission Control in Houston ra- dioed the spaceship. "You're looking great." The spaceship landed right side up in the gently-rolling wives, in contrast to several previous ApoUo ships. which turned upside down on splash- down. SHORTENED BY MISHAP The flight lasted five dtys houn S3 and covered more than miles. It was shortened by four days after an oxygen tank explosion Monday night cancelled nan's third moon-landing expedition and forced the astronauts to Ggbt for survival with the resources of their lunar-landing craft The touchdown occurred M minutes after the astronauts CUMAX DRAMA M" SPACE --'Crew of Apollo 13 spaceship, left to James Lovell, 'Fred Haiw..and John Swigert, guided thlir crippled craft back to tarth today. The landing, In a "four-day drama in Douglas Canada Won't Be Pushed Around Parties Unite Behind Arctic Bill OTTAWA (CP) The govern- bill designed to avoid oil. spills in the Canadian Arctic ap- pears beaded for quick approval in the Commons. Opposition Stanfield and New Democrat Leader T.. C. Douglas sup: ported the proposed -legislation Thursday. But both expressed disappointment that the govern-. meet 'didn't come out with a ringing declaration of sover- eignty over the Arctic waters. Mr. Stanfiekl told the House that the government plan to es- tablish 100-irile shipping safety zones in the Arctic which would be open only to ships meeting rigid standards would get his party's "earnest support." But the bill and a second that would extend Canada's terri- torial sea to 12 miles from three appeared to be in effect "aban- doning the Canadian claim of sovereignty of waters between the rlands and in many re- spects the waters surrounding the islands." "The abandonment 'of this claim will likely haunt govern- in e n t s for many yean to he said. Mr. Douglas said his party "would have prefeired to see the government make a forth- right declaration at sovereignty over the Arctic rather tfaan re- stricting itself to an assertion of jurisdiction to control pollu- tion." .But the legislation would get .the NDP's "wholehearted en- dorsation." Seen and ABOUT TOWN fONFUSED Rkk and Pat McCrackem stffl wonder- ing whether their upside down photograph turned right side up, or their right side up photograph, turned out upside down 1 a c q 111 Ctyte, when asked about a local bap and shoot chib, advising friends that trapping is no longer done in southern1 Al- berta Larry. RwWpb keeping his'cool by holding his head under a water tap. He hoped mere would be a recorded vote en the bill so '.'the whole world will know that on UBS question Canadians- are and unanimous in their support of exercising jurisdic- tion in the Arctic Archipelago." "We. want to make it clear to our friends south of the border that we'Till not tolerate anyone pushing (be Canadian govern- ment o a privilege which we reserve for our- selves." External Affairs Minister Sharp said the Arctic pollution bill and the second to extend Canada's territorial sea was not inconsistent "with a claim to sovereignty beyond 12 miles." He said the world court has held that a state may, "without prejudice to its claim to sover- eignty over the whole of a par- ticular area of the sea, exercise only so much of its sovereign powers over such1 part of that area as may be Decenary for immediate purposes." TRIED GET AGREEMENT Canada had attempted to get international recognition of the right of coastal states to defend themselves against pollution. It hadn't succeeded. Northern Development Minis- ter [Jean .Chretien said'.govern- ment bills to deal with preven- tion of pollution on the East and West coasts would be introduced later. The government welcomed the idea of commercial ships using the Northwest. Passage but only ships that posed DO pol- lution Woman Bitten After Saving Cat's Life TORONTO (CP) A To- ronto woman saved a cat's life Thursday with mouth-to- mouth resuscitation after the animal had been overcome by smoke. Then the cat bit her. Pat Swanson, 28, said the bite "was just an instinctive reaction and I didn't mind." discarded the lunar-lander Aquarius that served as their lifeline as they fought for sur- vival for four days in space. "She.sure was a good commander Lovell said of tht tiny craft. "Farewell Aquarius and we thank Mission Control said as the lunar craft sepa- rated from the command ship at a.m. EST. Earlier, the astronauts Jetti- soned their service module and got a frightening look at the ex- tensive damage caused by explosion that aborted their mission. They reported: "There's one whole side o! the spacecraft missing.. It's a mess." .The damage was the result of the oxygen tank rupture that aborted the moon-landing mis- sion Monday night ard forced the-astronauts to fight for sur- vival with the resources of their lunar lander. WAS 'AWFUL COLD' Lovell and Swigert wakened early today because of chilly 45-degree temperature in the cabin. Haise had been on watch. was awful cold 1 tell" you it was almost impossible to Swigert reported. Mission Control told them to. turn on window heaters and to manoeuvre their spaceship so sun would stream in the win- dows. They also said they bad enough reserve electricity 'to turn on the lunar module pow- er early. 1 .Not kmg' afterward, Lovefl said: "It's getting a fittlo warmer in here, thank you." ;jf i s s i on :Contro! repSed: ''Duck blinds are always warnv er, Jim, wben the bbjds are'fly-' ing." Donald K.-: SJaytoo, chief as- tronaut Spice Centre, told the fired men: "I know none of you an sleeping worth a damn because its' so and you might want to dig out the medical tit." He suggested they take stimulants. SPACEMEN ADVISE 1 Among those who played key roles in the planing were two astronauts who bad major parts in a pre-launch drama last Cha rles Duke and Thomas Mattingry. Duke, a-backup pflot, came down with German meafes and exposed Lpvell, Haise and Mat- tingly, who were the prime Apollo 13 .crew. Lovell and Haise were immune, but Mat- fcmgty was susceptible to the disease. So he was replaced by backup pilot Swigerl. So far Mattingly has shown no signs of the measles. MANY PRAY Around the world, prayers were 'offered as Apollo 13 en- tered the final crucial hours. 'Marilyn Lovefl and Mary Haise, wives of two of the re- turning spacemen, waited.with their children at t h e i r homes near Houston's Manned Space- craft Centre. TTiej' planned to watch the laraling on television with friends. .The parents of bachelor Swigert waited at their home in Denver, Cbto. The Soviet Union, which of- fered naval help along with Britain, France, Japan, Brazil and other sent four ships steaming toward the land- ing site. Ritchie An Asset If, indeed, the continent is to be the prime con- cern of Canadian diplomacy. External Affairs Minister Mitchell Sharp will have al his side the highly re- garded A. E. Ritchie, who recently became undersec- retary of stale. After more than three years of expe- rience in such matters while ambassador here he may well be considered the best man to help the negotiations from Ottawa. It Is possible, some observers suggest, that the de- cision to have Ritchie exchange jobs with Marcel Cadieux, who arrived here, earlier this year, reflects (ho growing Ottawa emphasU on U.S. relations rather than European ties, Thus Ritchie would be filling the role ai Sharp's right-hand man so admirably handled by Cadieux in the difficult diys when Canada was primarily concern- ed with the sensitive lask of cutting back on her NATO oommilmcnls and .dealing with President Charles At Gaulle of France in his thnisLs Into Canadian- domes- tic Jobless-Creating Policies Stay Death In Space Armstrong: No Time To Think About It OTTAWA (CP) Prime Min- Uler "Trudeau said today the government win not give up its unemployment-creating anti-in- flation policy until the inflation- ary psychology is broken. If the government gave up the fight, he said in the Commons, inflation would continue to wreak havoc on the economy. The government intended to beat inflation and the sooner the public realized it, the sooner in- flation would cease. Mr. Trudeau was responding to a second straight day of heavy opposition shelling on the unemployment question. He al first declined to answer a question by Opposition Leader Robert Stanfiekl but relented after a chorus of opposition jeering llial (ho unemployed would appreciate his silence. John- Lundrigan asked whether the government might foOow the lead of the United States in relaxing some anti-inflation pol- icies PS they applied in regions with the highest unemployment, Mr. Trudeau said he will not take a lead from the U.S. if he can avoid if. He said it would take no cour- age for the government to spend minions of doflars across the country. But the opposition should indicate which taxes should be raise! to pay for in- creased spending. Mr. Lundrigan itarted things off today by asking permission to table an eight-inch-high stack of paper which he said is his re- cent correspondence on uncm- ploy men t from Newfound- landers. Speaker Lucien Lamonreux said this could not be done under the rules, To Mr. Trudeau's obvious royance, Mr. Lundrigan said he would deliver the stack person- ally to the prime minister. HOUSTON f AP) Arm- strong, the first person to set foot on the moon, says an astro- naut faced with a flight emer- gency doesn't think about death because there isn't time. "I've heard peopie say when they got in a really tough spot, they had their life story flash in front of their minds and I didn't experience Armstrong said, recalling his dose call la No-Wheat Inspection System Planned OTTAWA (CP) A "signifi- cant inspection system" will be introduced to see that provisions of the government's scheme to reduce wheat production this year are followed, Olio Lang, minister responsible for the Ca- wheat' board, told the Commons today. L TbeimoeotioB syftea k MO- cssary to make the permit book system work, he said in reply to a .question by Richard R, S o u I h a m Moose Alt Gleavo Biggar ..asked earlier whether the government Intends to hire force Uie farm inspection provi- sions. He said a bulletin sent to the farmers makes clear that the inspection Includes (he mea- surement of fields. Farmers could be penalized under the inspection system. Mr. In 1963, Armstrong and astro- naut David Scott had to make an emergency ditching In tha Pacific after their spacecraft experienced severe tumbling. "It was like a pilot gelling Info an iiKdvertent spin in nn airplane and recognizing thai he absohilely must solve his prob- lem and correct the spin before bitting the surface of the ground and all his attention is directed towird that end and that was rather the way we Arm- strong said Thnday it a news Armstrong cormnetrtec' o o bow the Apollo 13 men must feel about their mission's premature ending. "I know when they get back on the ground, and think about it, they'll be considerably, disap- pointed that they weren't able to use all that practice they've had and had that wonderful op- portunity to walk on the moon be said. Armstrong said the possibility of not getting back safely from a crippled spacecraft "always exists in the back of your mini." "1 suspect that (he allilude that they reflect over the com- mtmlealion loops reflects what they're really he tsW. they're Irving to do each and every job precisely as well as they can and not overlook anjlbing to that Ibe situation you conjure won't hap- pen at least as a result oi their rra ;