Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - April 17, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
SUNNY FORECAST HIGH SATURDAY 50 ? ? ? ? ? VOL. LXIII t- NO. 106 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, FRIDAY,. APRIL 17, 1970 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS-24 PAGES Spacemen Safe-Thank God � _ 1 k l 1 A ?" ' i ill 1 A 1 Canada, U.S. Jockey For Positions By ROD CURRIE WASHINGTON (CP) - The cut and thrust of Ottawa-Washington diplomatic exchanges of late serve to underline their growing concern over how the two countries will divide up, defend and exploit the big part of the continent they share. With the growing tendency to read between the lines of every diplomatic note and official statement there is a belief among a number of observers of Canada-United States relations that the current dispute over Arctic jurisdiction is but the tip of the iceberg. The theory is that this controversy and a series of milder disagreements over a broad range of affairs are but the first tentative feelers in a long series of manoeuvres that in the next few years will bring forth a whole new concept of continental policy. Certainly the vast, untapped wealth of the Arctic, die U.S. shortage of natural gas that will grow critical this decade and the longing to funnel off some of Canada's fresh-water supply has caused Americans to regard Canada with new concern and respect. On the Canadian side, the old fear of being taken over through U.S. investment has become more emotional of late as the book value of U.S. investment there edges close to $27,000,000,000. Sympathy In U.S. As for Hie Canadian moves to extend jurisdiction over territorial seas and protect the Arctic from pollu-.,. tion, many Americans are sympathetic to Ottawa's concern. There is much self-criticism in the U.S. over the way the country has contaminated its own rivers and streams, seen its coasts thrown into jeopardy from off-shore oil drilling and even seen the cause of oil pollution on European shores through tanker mishaps. Elsewhere, Canada is under pressure to agree to give up some of the "transitional" advantages built Into the 1965 U.S.-Canada auto agreement while Canada insists the state of the Canadian industry does not justify such action yet. At the United Nations, Canada has been In conflict with the U.S. on such questions as exploitation of the sea bed and inspection rights to guarantee elimination of weapons of mass destruction from the ocean floor. Seeking Elbow Room The whole range of disagreements suggest to some observers that-by plan or by accident-the two capitals are trying the old union-management tack of getting themselves as far apart as possible on demands and offers so that in negotiations they will have plenty of elbow room. This is reflected, many observers feel, in President Nixon's recent move to impose a formal quota on Canadian oil imports and the Trudeau government's decision to limit foreign ownership of uranium-producing companies to 33 per cent. The feeling is that similar Canadian moves governing other industries are in the pipeline. Ultimately the prize to be divided up includes mainly, the continent's energy resources. Interior Secretary Walter Hickel is the chief spokesman for a continental energy policy and has frankly suggested that the opening of U.S. markets to Canadian oil be linked to the degree of Canadian co-operation forthcoming in over-all energy matters. Although both sides have denied that Canadian water would be involved in any such negotiations, it is a fact that development of much of the U.S. Southwest has historically been stunted by lack of water. Ritchie An Asset If, indeed, the continent is to be the prime concern of Canadian diplomacy, External Affairs Minister Mitchell Sharp will have at his side the highly regarded A. E. Ritchie, who recently became undersecretary of state. After more than three years of experience in such matters while ambassador here he may well be considered the best man to help orchestrate the negotiations from Ottawa. It Is possible, some observers suggest, that the decision to have Ritchie exchange jobs with Marcel Cadieux, who arrived here earlier this year, reflects the growing Ottawa emphasis on U.S. relations rather than European ties. Thus Ritchie would be filling the role as Sharp's right-hand man so admirably handled by Cadieux in the difficult days when Canada was primarily concerned with the sensitive task of cutting back on her NATO commitments and dealing with President Charles de Gaulle of France in his thrusts into Canadian'domestic affairs. Army Moves Into North OTTAWA (CP) - Defence Minister Leo Cadieux announced today that Yellowknife, N.W.T., has been selected as the permanent headquarters site for Canadian military activities in the North, The headquarters will be organized this spring and summer in Ottawa and move to Yellow-knife in the fall. :\; The decision to establish a northern military headquarters was announced last Sept. 19. COMMANDER NAMED The headquarters,' officially designated headquarters northern region, will be commanded by Col. Ramsey Withers, 39, of Ottawa, who will be promoted to brigadier-general^";: The headquartersJ#aff will reach a strength of about 35 by late 1971. Married persjonnel will be accompanied to Yellowknife by their families. ' Small liaison detachments were formed in February at Yellowknife and at Wteteborse, Yukon, to deal with" territorial authorities and civilian agencies. The Yellowknife "detachment will be absorbed by.fnorth-ern region headquarters/, in the fall. ' A small detaclraejoMof air personnel from MaritMe Command, will be located at Frob-jjsher ' airport beginning next month. Facilities it provides will permit Argus aircraft,to operate from the airfield, extending surveillasnce coverage of the Arctic archipelago. RAISE FLYING TIME Air hours on surveillance flights are being increased by 25 per cent over last year. Last year they totalled 1,380 hours compared with 200 hours in 1968.' Arrangements will also be made to operate tracker aircraft on coastal patrol from Goose Bay, Labrador, and Fort Chimo near Ungava Bay. These aircraft, which will continue to be based at Shearwater, N.S., have been used in Northern Canada before. About 400 Canadian servicemen now serve in the North, most at the communications research stations at Alert and Inu-vik, others on the Distant Early Warning radar ine. Radio Stations Quit C.A.B. OTTAWA (CP) - Two of the biggest members of the Canadian Association of Broadcasters pulled out of the organization today, saying they did not want to be associated with an association brief protesting increased Canadian content proposals for television and radio. The two are CFTO-TV in Toronto and CJOH-TV in Ottawa. The C.A.B. brief was presented to a public hearing of the Canadian Radio-Television Commission here Thursday. ? * ? ? * ? One Panel Of Damaged Craft Missing ABOARD IWO JIMA (AP) -The Apollo 13 astronauts blazed back to the safety of their hohie planet today with a pinpoint landing in the Pacific Ocean, bringing a successful conclusion to the most perilous United States space adventure. The Odyssey, carrying James A. Lovell, Fred W. Raise and John L. Swigert, hit the gently-. rolling waters within sight of this helicopter carrier., Hundreds of cheering sailors on the deck of the Iwo Jima and anxious television viewers around the world had a ringside seat' as the spaceship dropped through a thin layer of clouds, dangling from beneath three huge orange and white parachutes. Initial estimates placed the spaceship Odyssey just four miles due south of the carrier. "We got you on the screen," Mission Control in Houston radioed the spaceship. "You're looking great." The spaceship landed right side up in the gently-rolling waves, in contrast to several previous Apollo ships, which turned upside down on splashdown. SHORTENED BY MISHAP The flight lasted five days 22 hours 53 minutes and covered more than 500,000 miles. It was shortened by four days after an oxygen tank explosion Monday night cancelled man's third moon-landing expedition and forced the astronauts to fight for survival with the resources of their lunar-landing craft. The touchdown occurred 94 minutes after the astronauts CLIMAX DRAMA IN "SPACE - Crew of Apollo 13 spaceship, left to right, James Lovell, Fred Haise^and John Swigert, guided their crippled craft back to earth today. The landing, In the Pacific, climaxed a "four-day drama in space. Douglas - Canada Won't Be Pushed Around Parties Unite Behind Arctic Bill OTTAWA (CP) - The government's bill designed to avoid oil spills in the Canadian Arctic appears headed for quick approval in the Commons. Opposition Leader Robert. Stanfield and New Democrat Leader T. C. Douglas supported the proposed' legislation Thursday. But both expressed disappointment that the government didn't come out with a ringing declaration of sovereignty over the Arctic waters. Mr. Stanfield told the House that the government plan to establish 100-mile shipping safety zones in the Arctic which would be open only to ships meeting rigid standards would get his party's "earnest support." But the bill and a second that would extend Canada's territorial sea to 12 miles from three appeared to be in effect "abandoning the Canadian claim of sovereignty of waters between the frlands and in many respects the waters surrounding the islands." "The abandonment 'of this claim will likely haunt govern-meiits for many years to come," he said. Mr. Douglas said his party "would have preferred to see the government make a forthright declaration of sovereignty over the Arctic rather than restricting itself to an assertion of jurisdiction to control pollution." But the legislation would get the NDP's "wholehearted en-dor sation." Seen and Heard ABOUT TOWN /^ONFUSED Rick and Pat McCracken still wondering whether their upside down photograph turned right side up, or their right side up photograph, turned out upside down . . . Jacqnie Coyle, when asked about a local trap and shoot club, advising friends that trapping is no longer done in southern' Alberta . . . Larry Rudolph keeping his cool by holding his head under a water tap. He hoped there would be a recorded vote on the bill so ''the whole world will know that on this question Canadians are united and unanimous in their support of exercising jurisdiction in the Arctic Archipelago." "We want to make it clear to our friends south of the border that we'will not tolerate anyone pushing the Canadian government around-Jthis is a privilege which we reserve for ourselves." External Affairs Minister Sharp said the Arctic pollution bill and the second to extend Canada's territorial sea was not inconsistent "with a claim to sovereignty beyond 12 miles." He said the world court has held that a state may, "without prejudice to its claim to sovereignty over the whole of a particular area of the sea, exercise only so much of its sovereign powers over suchl part of that area as may be necessary for immediate purposes." TRIED GET AGREEMENT Canada had attempted to get international recognition of the right of coastal states to defend themselves against pollution. It hadn't succeeded. Northern Development Minister ' Jean Chretien said. government bflls to deal with prevention of pollution on .the East and West coasts would be introduced later. The government welcomed the; idea of commercial ships using the Northwest. Passage but pn]y ships that posed no pollution threat. . Woman Bitten After Saving Catfs Life TORONTO (CP) - A Toronto woman saved a cat's life Thursday with mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, after the animal had been overcome by smloke. Then the oat bit her. Pat Swanson, 28, said the bite "was just an instinctive reaction and I didn't mind." discarded the lunar-lander Aquarius that served as their lifeline as they fought for survival for four days m space. "She. sure was a good1 ship," commander Lovell said of the tiny craft. "Farewell Aquarius and we thank you," Mission Control said as the lunar craft separated from the command ship at 11:43 a.m. EST. Earlier, the astronauts jettisoned their service module and got a frightening look at the extensive damage caused by the explosion that aborted' their mission. They reported: "There's one whole side of the spacecraft missing. . . . It's a mess." The damage was the result of the oxygen tank rupture that aborted the moon-landing mission Monday night amd forced the astronauts to fight for survival with the resources of their lunar lander. WAS 'AWFUL COLD' Lovell and Swigert wakened early today because of chilly 45-degree temperature in the cabin. Haise had been on watch. "It was awful cold ... I tell you it was almost impossible to sleep," Swigert reported. Mission Control told them to turn on window heaters and to manoeuvre their spaceship so sun would stream in the windows. They also said. they had enough reserve electricity to turn on the lunar module power early. Not long afterward, Lovell said: "It's getting a little warmer in here, thank.you." Mis sion Control : replied: ''Duck blinds are always warmer, Jim, when the'-bicds are flying." ~ �' ' Donald K. Slayton, chief astronaut at the Space Centre, told the tired men: "I know none of you are sleeping worth a damn because . its' so cold, and you might want to dig out the medical kit." He suggested they take stimulants. SPACEMEN ADVISE Among those who played key roles in the planning were two astronauts who had major parts in a pre-launch drama last week, Cha rles Duke and Thomas Mattingly. Duke, a backup pilot, came down with German meales and exposed Lovell, Haise and Mattingly, who were the prime Apollo 13 crew. Lovell and Haise were immune, but Mattingly was susceptible to the disease. So he was replaced by backup pilot Swigert. So far Mattingly has shown no signs of the measles. MANY PRAY Around the world, prayers were offered as Apollo 13 entered the final crucial hours. Marilyn Lovell and Mary Haise, wives of two of the returning spacemen, waited with their children at their homes . near Houston's Manned Spacecraft Centre. They planned to watch the landing on television with friends. The parents of bachelor Swigert waited at their home in Denver, Colo. The Soviet Union, which offered naval help along with Britain, France, Japan, Brazil and other nations, sent four ships steaming toward the landing site. Jobless-Creating Policies Stay Death In Space Armstrong: No Time To Think About It OTTAWA (CP) - Prime Minister Trudeau said today the government will not give up its unemployment-creating anti-inflation policy until the inflationary psychology is broken. If the government gave up the fight, he said in the Commons, inflation would continue to wreak havoc on the economy. The government intended to beat inflation and the sooner the public realized it, the sooner inflation would cease. Mr. Trudeau was responding to a second straight day of heavy opposition shelling on the unemployment question. He at first declined to answer a question by Opposition Leader Robert Stanfield but relented after a chorus of opposition jeering that the unemployed would appreciate his silence, John Lundrigan (PC-Gan-der-Twillingate) asked whether the government might follow the lead of the United States in relaxing some anti-inflation policies es they applied in regions with the highest unemployment. Mr. Trudeau said he will not take a lead from the U.S. if he can avoid it. He said it would take no courage for the government to spend millions of dollars across the country. But the opposition should indicate which taxes should be raised to pay for increased spending. Mr. Lundrigan started things off today by asking permission to table an eight-inch-high stack of paper which he said is his recent correspondence on unem- ployment from Newfoundlanders. Speaker Lucien Lamoureux said this could not be done under the rules. To Mr. Trudeau's obvious annoyance, Mr. Lundrigan said he would deliver the stack personally to the prime minister. No-Whe^t Inspection System Planned OTTAWA (CP) - A "significant inspection system" will be introduced to see that provisions of the government's scheme to reduce wheat production this year are followed, Otto Lang, minister responsible for the Canadian wheat � board1, told the Commons today. L The inspection system is nee* essary to make the permit book system work, lie said in reply to a , question by Richard R. S o u t h a m (PC-Qu'Appelle-Moose Mountain). Alf Gleave (NDP-Saskatoon-Biggar asked earlier whether the government Intends to hire engineers and surveyors to en- force the farm inspection provisions. He said a bulletin sent to the farmers makes clear that the inspection includes the measurement of fields. Farmers could be penalized under the inspection system. Mr. Lang did not reply, r HOUSTON (AP) - Neil Armstrong, the first person to set foot on the moon, says an astronaut faced with a flight emergency doesn't think about death because there isn't time. "I've heard people say when they got in a really tough spot, they had their life story flash in front of their minds and I didn't experience that," Armstrong said, recalling Ms close call in Gemini 8. In 1965, Armstrong and astronaut David Scott had to make an emergency ditching in the Pacific after their spacecraft experienced severe tumbling. "It was like a pilot getting into am inadvertent spin in an airplane and recognizing that he absolutely must solve his problem and correct the spin before bitting the surface of the ground and all his attention is directed toward that end and that was rather the way we felt," Armstrong said Thursday at a news conference. Armstrong commented o n how the Apollo 13 men must feel about their mission's premature ending. "I know when they get back on the ground, and think about it, they'll be considerably disappointed that they weren't able to use all that practice they've had and had that wonderful opportunity to walk on the moon surface," he said. Armstrong said the possibility of not getting back safely from a crippled spacecraft "always exists in the back of your mind." "I suspect that the attitude that they reflect over the communication loops reflects what they're really thinking,'' he said. "Namely, they're trying to do each and every job precisely as well as they can and not overlook anything so that the situation you conjure won't happen at least as a result of their own doing."