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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - April 17, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta WEDNESDAY, APBIL 17,1918 THE LETHBRIDGE DAILY HERALD PAGE FIVE # STOP GREASING THE RAILS. (Chapin in the St. Louis Republic.) Random Notes of a Country Schoolmaster Second Instalment The child who suffers the most in the country schools for lack of adequate instruction, is the beginner. This Is not the fault, of the teacher, but It is a fact that as n difficult class to handle the beginners class is usually neglected, whereas there is no class fn a- school room which so much needs constant attention. In most children of six or seven years, entering school for the first time, the mind needs to bo awakened before It can be taught, the hands need training in order that they may work, the attention must be caught before it can be concentrated. All these three things should properly be begun at home, and all of tli em the mother can do in a measure, thus putting into the hands of the teacher, an instrument which if not trained, is at least prepared tor training. - The materials for this preliminary flay work or work play include first of all a Mother Goose book fit rhymes, then string, scissors, paste, nails, hammer, nntd, -stones, sticks, grass and flowers; thirdly, a little of mother's time. Alas! the last item is the only difficult one, yet if mothers could for a few days take the teacher's place in a schoolroom, they would see how vast a difference it makes to a child to have a mother (or a father) who is not always "too busy". The children who are helped and encouraged at home are leaders in their classes, be they bright or dull. Th� littleJ touch of earnestness of purpose and a vision superior to that of their more thoughtless mates who are not so strengthened. This difference, so marked to the the teacher's eye, is quite us frequently seen in the children of the very poor; for as a class poor people most appreciate the common schools as they know what a struggle it is to keep the children in school long enough to secure even an elementary education. Oddly enough, too, this special earnestness toward learning is found in children of many so-called "shiftless'' families. Did it ever occur to you that shiftless families are often so busy in rearing their young, delighting in their companionship and sharing simply and heartily in their growth."that they do not quite appreciate, the thrift of those people who cannot get any pleasure from young growing things unless it be a bank account Rut let us be practical! Ffrst, learning to count. There are no counters invented in kindergarten practise that rival in fascination the ten little piggies that go to bed with baby evevy night. From a very early age, indeed, they should be counted by mother, night and morning to see that none escape. Also their ten (finger) keepers should be counted. For a touch of drama the latter can be named and faces drawn on the nails in ink will make the game very real to a little tot. -Later he will count "the potatoes be brings mamma for dinner, the sticks of Kindling, he carries, the eggs going to market, the parcels that come back, the cows and calves going to water, old biddies, chicks. Just start him aright and he will do it all. The pencil and scribbler when first bestowed, should be an important gift, talked about and anticipated. Always let these and similar tools be his own property and lot them be as pretty as possible. The first scribbler should be lined. He will presently make rows of soldiers (ones) standing straight and proud; filocks of ducks (twos); a small doughnut on top of a large one (eights); the same with pieces bitten out, etc., (threes) ONLY MEDICINE MADE FROM FRUIT Extraordinary Success which "Frult-a-tives" Has Achieved One reason why "Kruit-a-tives" is so extraordinarily .successful in giving relief to those suderinjr with Constipation, Torpid Liver, Indices-iivit. Chronic Headaches, Neuralgia, Kidney" and Madder Troubles, Klieuma/ism, Pain in the Jiaci, JU"c:ua and other Skin Affections, is, because it is the only medicine in the world made from fruit juices. it is composed of the medicinal principles found in apples, oranges, figs and prunes, together with the nerve tonics and antiseptics of proven repute. 50c. a box, 6 for $2.50, i rial she 25c. At all dealers or sent postpaid by Fruit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa. G, T.R T grateful and fruitful parentage. If in teaching your children you should find need to learn a good many things yourself, so much the better for the three-the' teacher, the- mother and the little baby. ^ v v v ' PASSING THE BUCK. v *� > �* �: �T. . Unless citizens are assuming their individual responsibilities to the full in connection with the war and war work, they are literally and absolutely passing the buck. This is a western expression that means sliding out of your responsibility and passing it on to somebody else. It is another saying for "Let George do it." Passing the buck � in connection with the vital needs of national service for winning the war-enlisting, paying, saving, producing or working ing at essential work-is sliding out from tht duties of real citizenship and compiaceritiy seeing others do the necessary things. Such an attitude Wagon wheels, standing still or | of mind breeds inertia. It springs running, are a good Introduction to writing, but this one (borrowed from Mine. Montessorl) is the best I know. Let the child mark around the edges of bottles, boxes, tumblers, etc, as he ftolds them on his paper. In the hollow squares and circles so outlined have him fill iu with crayons, drW GAS ENGINE Will sell complete or separately 51 h.p. Daniel's Gas Engine; Westinghouse Generator and Switch Board, practically ns good as new, suitable for manufacturing purposed, or an electric light plant. WINNIPEG PAINT & GLASS CO. WINNIPEG. ing parallel lines always from left to right and top to bottom. Be sure that he draws and does not scribble. This work is peculiarly fascinating to Uttle ones, they will make, hundreds of these pictures, and I have had children finishing second grade work, who continued to use this exercise to the great improvement of their handwriting. It establishes muscle control and the beginning of the arm 'movement. Always train the largo motor muscles In smell children, eliminating especially - everything U.jat could strain the delicate muscles of the eye. Such a very simple, cheap and easy gift to give 1 little one is a "pair of blunt pointed scissors, yet so few childreu have a pair their very own. Of course, he wiH probably try cutting his own or the baby's bangs at least once, (try to think whether you ever knew a child that escaped this trick). There is no doubt at all, that before he gnlns any faculty worth speaking of, he will cut thousands of paper snips-hard to pick up, impossible to sweep up. ri from a lack of appreciation of the gravity of war conditions rfnd an inability to rise to -the inspiration of the Canadian national spirit, which is in this war with all its resources of men, money and materials to the finish. In times, of peace it was considered clever to be an adept at passing the buck and in the vernacular interpretation of the phrase, the efficiency expert is one who got others to work for him. Today however half the world is fighting the other half, in heroic, though horrific, efforts to preserve liberty and civilization. In such a crisis the individual citizen must demonstrate his capacity to shoulder his responsibility in the fight. He can't be a vicarious citizen. He must do his full duty, not that he may be applauded by his fellows, but that he may posses* an approving conscience. Citizenship in Canada today is a question of ethics. A man must search his soul and come to grips with the still, small voice that tells him what is right and what is wrong. In that struggle every citizen will either win or lose his soul. He can't pass the buck. There are many ways in which citizens may do their bit, if they are convinced of the imperative need of proving their citizenship, as they should be. First they should make it a point of honor scrupulously to obey Montreal.' April 17.-The following threat of a strike on the Grand Trunk Hallway on 'the part of the Brotherhood of Kailroad Slationnien and llail- � road Kmployes Alliance, was given out ! bore last night: "A general committee.of the Broth- ! erliood of Railway Statioiimcn and Railroad Employes Alliance of I he en tiro system of the Grand Trunk Railway lines from Portland, Maine, to Valparaiso, Indiana, in session, j withdrew tonight, from negotiations which have been in progress from January 3 last, and declare unanimously a strike vote at. six p.m. April 2d. K. N. Compton, fair wage officer of the department of labor. Ottawa, ami the department of labor at Washington, have the-mutter in hand." The demand on the (',. T. H. Company has been for a fifty per cent, contingent increase. The delegates state that they have boon unable to get any definite understanding with j.the company. President. Robert Xeil presided at the meetings of the delegates, who claim to represent six .thousand men. No Intimation Montreal, April 17 -D. K. Galloway, assistant, (o the president of the Grand Think Railway, tin's morning stated that the company had received no intimation of the breaking off of the negotiations taking place between representatives of the Brotherhood of Railroad ' Stationmen and Employees Alliance and the railway for a 50 per cent wage increase. P. J. Flannery, general organizer of the Brotherhood of Railway Clerks, freight handlers and stationmen today disclaimed on behalf of his association any connection with the action of the alliance. He urged all members of his organization to support the governments of Canada and the United States in doing everything possible, to win the war. THURSDAY'S GROCERY SPECIALS tins Braid's Best Tea, per lb. Thursday ........... Large Tins Carnation Milk, 3 Thursday ........................ 10 lb. Tins Molasses Thursday........................ Ridge Farm Green Peas, 2 tino Thursday ........................ Aunt Jemimas Buckwheat Flour, pkt. Thursday ........................ 60c 50c 95c 25c 20e Grape Nuts, 3 pkts. Thursday .............. 3 lb. tins Lard. Thursday .............. Tins Gem Lye, 2 tins Thursday .....'......... 1 lb. tins Cowan's Cocoa, lb. Thursday .............. Kcllogg's Krinkles, ezeh Thursday .............. 50c 1.15 25c 47c 10c Deliveries Every Hour h?Button's Bay (Tompanij,^ Phone 313 HEREDITARY TITLES ARE DISCUSSED London, April 17.-(via Reuter's Ottawa Agency).-In the house of commons, J. King, Liberal member for North Somerset, affirmed there was a feeling in the-British Colonies, France, the United States and all democratic countries against hereditary privileges and titles. He said this feeling- had recently been strongly expressed, especially in Canada and the United States. Mr. King asked whether legislation would be introduced providing for the limitation of peerages and baronets to three successive holders. Mr. flonar Law answered in the negative. Mr..-King: "Is it hot a new policy to make a hereditary title in a family exclusively domiciled in the colonies?" - Mr. Bonar Law: "It is not a new policy. No title has been conferred except with the knowledge and approval of^the prime minister concerned." GETS THREE MONTHS Winnipeg. April 17.--.1. (). Stortz, an employee of the Bank of Ottawa at Emerson. Man., was this morning sentenced to three months in jail for the theft of $!i00 from"" (tie bank. The thefts covered a period of two years. A * IS. A H,u. he (anno! forget Prue.'x reminder that, "a rose is a message from Heaven.'' AT STARLAMJ .Mr. Frederick Wardo in "The^Viear of Wakefield" is to be the feature at. Sl.irland tonight: and tomorrow. When Ihe pretty little, vicarage'of the Rev. .Mr. Primrose had been erected for the Pathe-Thaiihouser production, it was discovered by Mr. Wanle that in spite of the great assortment of uuaint utensils and knick-knacks in the furnishings of the little home, there was no warming-pan hanging on the fire-place. Mr. Warde, who is a student of bygone customs and usages, knew that, a warming-pan should he hanging on the fire-place if the setting was accurate. "We have gone to all the trouble and expense of having everything right, even to the lacing of straw in the thatched roof, and I think we should get a warming-pan,'' declared Mr. Warde. "Property scouts" were then sqnt to antique shops throughout New York City*! and through information offered by one of them, the Thanhouser Film Corporation wa3 able to borrow a warming-pan from a Fifith Avenue collector. "Warming-pans," explained Mr'. Warde, "were used- in the old times- as they are in many old-fashioned places today-in Wales, for instance to take the chill off beds before the retiring hour in the evening. Sometimes they are called foot-warmers." will have its first, local presentation at lite Majestic theatre next, Monday and Tuesday, Apr. "2 and 'S.',. Among the uucstions dramatically answered in this widely heralded stage production are "Js love necessary to marriage'.1'' "Does love come aftor marriage?" "Is it. right to give up i the calls of nature and marry for i money'.'" and 'many others. Ralph T. | Kettering and Lorin Howard are responsible for the play and it. is said to tell a beautiful story of love and pathos. It tells of a girl who marries a man and then "the marriage question" crops out to lie deftly answered as the final curtain falls. Kd. W. Rowland has assembled a strong acting company and have given the play an elaborate sotting. Tie will give us such plays as "A Daughter of the Sun' 'and "Which One Shall I Marry," Jater. The play is not a motion picture but a most powerful speaking drama. Scene from "The Marriage Ques tion," with Wanda Ludlow and Oscar O'Shea, at the Majestic Theatre two nights starting Monday night, April 22nd. What the Press Agents Say 1 am so sorry for the mother who , ail the regulations authorized by the is too good a housekeeper. A mother of this kind who had lost a little girl of five years said to me, "Oh If mothers would only learn to lot housework and other things go and just play and work with their children while they have them!'�- Even children the parents think they are' keeping are so soon out of hand. Someone will teach the^u something-the choice of who and what belongs to the parents for a very few years at 'best. About all a busy mother can do, and quite all she needs to do by way of preparation for reading, Is to teach the child orally the Mother Goose rhymes. Occosionally then* read them to him, checking the words with the finger. Me will quickly do the same, and so be proudly "reading" things he knows, and i3 not nearly so far as you might imagine, to reading what he did not know. The child's copy of Motffer Goose is his library of original sources; It should be the very best that can be provided as to paper print, binding, and above all, illustrations. These rhymes, doggerel as they are, contain the common heritage of homely wisdom of all the race; the origin of many of them is completely lost In antiquity, Can it be,.poor mother, that you do not know them? Then learn them with your children at your knee, for if you are ignorant of therii, you are to be pitied; if you will not learn them you are to be scorned; if yon cannot pass them on to your children you are already condemned as miserably lacking in the resources that make a WE HAVE A FEW Staude Mak-a-Tractors FOR SALE AT $200each Orders Must Be Accompanied with Deposit. Lethbridge Motors Limited ELEVENTH STREET SOUTH government for the winning of the war with food. And they should Insist that others do the same. Here, ""hi the interest of the common cause, it is fit and proper that every citizen should exercise his sovereign right of citizenship by not only' willingly and cheerfully conforming to the law himself but also by seeing that every other citizen conforms, and unless all units in the commonwealth pass under the yoke of the law, the national fabric may be threatened with destruction. It is everybody's business gladly to see that the full law is obeyed. No one dare pass the buck. For instance, the Government has passed an Order in Council relating to loafers, wherein it is laid down as a principle that everyone in Canada should be engaged in some productive and useful work. A perfectly justifiable principle in the interest of winning the ' war, and a necessary provision in order that' more foodstuffs may be produced. Here ia an opportunity for passing the buck, but the honest citizen will not do it. And the dishonest citizen must be prevented from doing it. Again the rigid enforcement of the eating house and the hoarding and waste orders passed by the Canada food board is a work of paramount national necessity. It is a matter of pride for'the honest, self-denying and self-sacrificing citizen to put himself under discipline, if necessary, to obey the spirit and letter of those orders. His rights will be infringed by all Who refuse to obey, and it is his duty in order to protect his own rights, and, therefore, the rights of all citizens, to insist that other citizens, perhaps less thoughtful, shall obey. The duty of the'citlzen is clear. He must not pass the buck nor must he allow others to pass the buck. All he has to do Is to notify the police wherever he sties an infringement of these necessary orders. And It Is well known that you can't ^jass the buck to the police. EARN- THEIR KEEP Washington, April 16.-The war. department has decided to make the German prisoner! of war now held in this country to earn their keep. Orders were sent today to the army officers commanding the enemy prison camps at Fort MecPherson and Ogle Thorpe, Georgia, authorizing them to utilize the labor of the 1370 inmates in completing a new system of roads about the posts. The Southern Alberta Land Co., which was amalgamated with the Canadian Wheatlauds. Ltd., under a new name, is preparing to settle its lands northeast of Lethbridge with settlers from the states. The dry lands owned by the company are now being disposed of to settlers, and the irrigable lands are also to be sold. The irrigation scheme which was blocked by the war, is to be carried to completion and will be ready by the time that the new settlers are ready to use the water. The system of payment for the lands is one which encourages cultivators. J. W. McLane, agent for the company is in the city today, on business in connection with the work. He says the work is being carried forward and that settlers are already beginning to come in. M'GILL CONVOCATION Montreal, April 17.-One of the briefest convocations in the history of McGill University was that of yesterday for the sixty two students, who graduated from the faculty of medicine. The addresses all bore on the war and one of the speakers was Colonel II. S. Birkett, C. B., dean of the faculty, of medicine, who was for threo years in command of number three (McGill) General Hospital in France. The prize winners in the graduating year were: , Holmes Gold Medal for highest aggregate in all subjects forming the medical curriculum, R. H. McLauch-jiij, Calgary; final year prizes for the highest, aggregate in fifth year subjects R. R. Struthers. B.A., Sudbury, Ont.;* Wdod Gold Medal for best examination in all clinical branches, H. E. Skeets, Barbadoes. 4000 MEN AVAILABLE *   Winnipeg, April 17.-It is expected that between three and four thousand men will be available in this military district f�r service under the new order in council calling single men from 20 to 23 to the colors. The military appeal-judges this morning cancelled forty exemption cases here. AT THE ORPHEUM In the Southern story told in picture form in William Fox's "A Tortured Heart," Virginia Pearson, that Southern beauty of filmland, has just the role which befits her beauty and dramatic acting. For the tale unfolded in "A Tortured Heart" is filled with all the wholesomeness of the Southland and the beauty of Dixie all of which is impersonated in Miss Pearson, whom a noted artist has termed "the most perfect American type of womanhood." At the -Orph-euni again tonights AT THE MAJESTIC Hall Caine's great drama "The Christian" will be offered for the last ,time at the Majestic theatre tonight, the performance starting at 3,30. All seats may be reserved in advance. "THE MARRIAGE QUESTION" Ever since the days of Adam and Eve, about the most intensely interesting phase *6f human existence has been the question of marriage. Especially does this apply to the feminine contingent, from the fact that from the time a girl assumes the dignity that goes with shoe top dresses, her dreams, both waking and sleeping, are largely about the Prince Charming whom she will one day wed. In most cases, however, there is a most lamentable lack of knowledge about this perfectly natural process of the mating of the sexes, due to a perverted sense of false modesty, causing parents to keep from their children all information about this important subject, frequently resulting in misery and unhappiness in married life. But now comes a boldly drawn play covering this topic, full of clean truths about "the tie that binds." It is aptly called "the Marriage Question," and AT THE EMPRESS The Sunbeam is the feature at the Empress tonight. Prue Mason, who is employed in Stephen Rutherford's candy factory, is known as "Sun,: beam" because of her happy spirit. Prue lives with her old grandmother. With them is Da-nay O'Maddigan, a product of the reformatory. Across the hall from Prue lives a young widow, Ellen Rutherford, with her little son Bobby. To Prue Ellen confesses that Bhe is the daughter-in-law of the wealthy Rutherford. When his son married beneath his station the old man disinherited him, and when the son died the yeung wife struggled along as best she could to support ' herself and her baby. Out of work, she sends a letter to Rutherford appealing for aid. He refuses it. and the rose that she encloses from his son's grave he throws into the fire. J0* ORPHEUM TONIGHT^ III AND TOMORROW ** Charlie Chaplin "Easy Street Virginia Pearson IN A TORTURED HEART MAJESTIC Last Time Tonight; 8.30 Greater Vjtagraph Offers . Hall Caine's Greatest Play , The Christian With a wonderful cas� Including Earle Williams and Edith Storey Prices - - - 50c, 35c, 25c CMPRESC M A TONIGHT AND ij TOMORROW B. A. ROLFE PRESENT8 THE INIMITABLE MABEL TALIAFERRO In Shannon Fife's , "THE- SUNBEAM" A Metro Wonderplay In 5 Acts., j Also One of Those Famous Sun-. shine Comedies In 2 Reels "The Soft Tenderfoot" It's a Fox and full of laughter and the Latest Weekly, and Miss Alice McKenzle in an entire change of songs. Friday and Saturday The Big Seven Reel Special Dorothy Dalton in "THE FLAME OF THE YUKON" Bigger than "The Spoilers" and | "The Barrier." I TONIGHT AND TOMORROW PATHE PRESENTS Frederick Warde IN The Vicar Wakefield' Seven Reels. Also "BRUCE BAIRN8FATHER CARTOON" and Doreen White in Song CONTINUOUS PERFORMANCE FROM. 2.00 TO 11.00 P.M. ADMISSION 26c AND 10c MAJESTIC TWO NIGHTS ONLY Next Mon. Tues. April 22nd, 23rd ED. W. ROWLAND OFFERS THE STORV OF A SOUL The Marriage Question By Ralph T. Kettering and Lorin Howard A Play That You Can Take Your Mother, 81ster, Wife or Sweetheart to See. Thay Will Be Benefitted. NOT A MOVING PICTURE Prices $1, 75c, 50c, 25c Seats on Sato Alt Day Saturday ... at Box Offifr :� ;