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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - April 17, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta MeraH VOLUME XI. LETHBR10GE. ALBERTA. WEDNESDAY. APRIL 17. 1918 NUMBER 107 BRITISH REGAIN SOME OF SITUATION NOT MINIMIZED IN ENGLAND EXTEND ACT TO INCLUDE ALL Military Service Act To Be Radically Amepded-Cancel All Exemptions MEN BETWEEN 20 AND 23 WILL GET NO EXEMPTIONS NOW Ottawa, Apr. IT.-Owing to the . critical situation which lias with some suddenness developed on the western front and which is likely to' continue until the allied nations have materially increased the strength of their forces, the government of Canada, after the most careful consideration of all the circumstances and possible consequences, lias reached the decision that it is not only desirable hut absolutely essential that . substantial reinforcements be secured for the Canadian Expeditionary Forces without delay. In view of emergency that has arisen It is now recognized that ' the additional Bnen so urgently . needed cannot he secured within the time required through the ordinary operation of the Military ' Service Act or o" any system of individual selection. The government has therefore decided that the only way In which reinforcements can be secured in time and in sufficient numbers is by taking authority to order out for serf-fee all.,meo rflf^^eJtaftr(teflncU., ages who are physically fit and to abolish all exemptions in the case Of all men so ordered out. "' The First Call It is the intention to call out in the first instance unmarried men and widowers without children between the ages of 20 and 23 both inclusive. It is believed that these young men can be spared with the least disturbance to agriculture and other essential industries. The calling out of men of other ages under the proposed or- BURIAN SUCCEEDS * * COUNT CZERNIN * > � �>� � 4> O * WEATHER High............ M Low .............. ........ 21 Forecast: Fair and cool. , . Loudon, April 17.-There is. no inclination here to minimize the seriousness of the loss of Bailleul and the possibility that it may load to the necessity of evaluating Ypres and Passchendaele. Under the heading: "They still advance," the Daily Mail says that up to this time in their advance, the Germans have been in marshy ground. Yesterday they captured the first of the important ridges by storming Wytschaete, being aided by the fall of Bailleul, and thus "the security of the Ypres salient, no long the bulwark of our left and touched with su�h immortal memories to us, is imperiled.'' Should Withdraw The Daily Graphic thinks it would be' wise to withdraw the British troops from Ypres and Passchendaele. to avow the risk of their being cut off and compelled to surrender." It continues: "That the situation is made more serious by the loss of Bailleul is obvious and it would be dishonest to pretend otherwise." The paper adds, however, that as long as the allied, armies remain unbroken, Germany's purpose ia not attained, while she is exhausting herself in prder to force a decision. Correspondents at. the front say the Germans have used up 120 of their 200 divisions in the west and have been able to bring another two divisions from Russia. These unpleasant reverses must be faced steadily, says the Times. "Their significance must neither bo minimized nor exaggerated. Far more serious than the loss of ground is the revelation of the growing weight: of the German pressure. Toronto, April 17.-With the destruction.of the Harris Abattoir in the fire which raged from early-Monday night to the late hours of Tuesday morning, fire ' Issscs in Toronto in munition factories nd other plants producing war necessities since May of last year reached a grand total of $3,270,-000. Latest estimates place the damage to the Harris "Abattoir and stock at $1,500,000 besides being an inestimable loss to the allies through the destruction, of food. All theoe fires have been V of mysterious origin.  THIRD READING CARRIED ? � - �  London, April 16.-The third.   reading of the governments   man power bill was carried to-   night by a vote of 301 to 109.   - "�� * With the British Army in France, April 17-(10 a.m.) -It was reported this morning that the British, fighting magnificently, h�d regained the much-contested town of Wytschaete; although this was not confirmed at the time of filing the present despatch. Great Intensity London, April 17.-The battle in Flanders is ragfng today with incredible intensity telegraphs the correspondent of Reuters" at the British army headquarters in france. As far as (fie latest reports enable the correspondent to judge the batt& � going in favor of the British. Notwithstanding the desperate attacks of the Germans thev have gained no further ground since Tuesday morning.and apparently they have lost some. RETAKE METERREN London, April .17.-The British have recaptured Meterren, on the northern battlefront, by a counter attack, it is announced officially. A NEW LINE London, April 17.-The British positions before Ypres have been withdrawn to a new line. South of Arras the Germans were driven out of British trenches into which they had forced their way. Early this morning the German artillery became more active south of the Somme. FRENCH FRONT Paris, April 17.-Heavy artillery fighting occurred last night on the principal battlefront between the Somme and the Oise, the War Office reports. "On the front between the Somme and the Oise,"' says the statement, "there was great activity of the artillery on both sides and patrol encounters occurred. "The French carried out several raids, especially southwest of Butte du Mcsnil. in the region of Tahure and north of Flirey. We took a number of prisoners. On the right bank of the Meuse a German attack east of Samog-lieux was repulsed. Otherwise the night passed in quiet." SUCCESSFUL COUNTER London. Apr. 17.-The British made a successful counter attack in the neighborhood of Wytschaete. Repeated German attacks north of Bailleul were repulsed, the Germans suffering heavy losses. TO ST. ELOI London, Apr. 17,-According to an- Exchange Telegraph company despatcli from Paris the Germans have advanced from Wyts-* chaete as far as St. Eloi and also have a grip on the southern slopes of Mount Kemmel. ' HUN STATEMENT Berlin, April 16.-The evening communication from general headquarters say3: "The heights of Wytschaete . have been stormed. N Bailleul has been taken." A New Viewpoint British Headquarters in France, Apr. 1^.-(Via Router's Ottawa Agency).-The ehemy is continuing his forcing tactics and is employing large masses' of fresh troops. Since the opening of the' western offensive the enemy has thrown in 120 divisions, of which many have been thrown in two and even three times. Since the (all of Bailleul the Germans have been fighting hp to Ravetsberg. Up to the. present, however, he has only advanced *a few hundred yards. The en�my this morning renewed his assaults on Wytschaete, employing fresh' troops. Today's news is not so gpod as one could. :wisU,.,l).Ut.,.the following viewpoint is suggested:"''- "We are confronted by enormous concentrations of men and guns. The purpose of -the enemy has been revealed as an -operation attempting to separate the Anglo-French armies by rushing on the former. General � Foch, in closest agreement with General Haig, is'aiming not only at arresting the enemy,, but at a count* attack which shall defeat the Germans. Therefore, within certain limits the sound policy is to allow the Germans to spend their' surplus power as lavishly as possible in order to reach the stage of equality or even inferiority, lien. Foch's Plan "On the other hand. General Foch is endeavoring to avoid the enemy obtaining a great strategic advantage simultaneously setting a definite price on the places as worth so much and no more in defending. Thus when the price of defending Bailleul was paid, Bailleul was evacuated. It must be remembered that General Von Ludendora has laid down all his cards, while General Foch has not yet showji his hand. "I kpow that General Foch's dispositions ^Inspire a degree of confidence .which the situation in Flanders seemingly does not Justify. We may rest assured that our own supreme command is watching both the enemy and the map with intense vigilance. WILL TREAT TKEM AS HOSTILE SHIPS (Continued on Fagb 6) BOLO PASHA FACES I Pays Penalty For Traitorous Conduct-Goes Calmly To. Death Paris, Apr. 17.-Standing before a firing squad in the forest of Vincen-nes early today Paul Bolo Pasha, condemned traitor, lost entirely the attitude of indifference he had maintained subsequent to and during his trial. Wlien the order to fire was given, the rifles spoke and Bolo crumpled up with several bullets in his head. Escorted by several guards Bolo left the Sante Prison 4."> minutes before his execution. After leaving Hie automobile at Vincennes he listened to the exhortation of a prison chaplain. Then his eyes were bandaged and he went without a struggle to his place befgre the firing squad. Is Delighted "So much the better; I am delighted." Bolo exclaimed when awakened this morning by Commandant .Tulien of the third court martial, who told him that the hour of expiation had arrived. These Were the only words spoken by Bolo except for instructions to^he chaplain to take from his body a silk lace handkerchief which he placed on his chest and give it to his brother, Mousignor Bolo. The condemned man went to his execution in a new suit of clothes, brought to prison by his brother, and wearing white gloyes. Before going from the prison Bolo asked to be permitted to partake of communion. After the execution the form of an Interment at Vincennes was gone through and then the -body was turned over to Bolo's family. MAY CONSOLIDATE U. S. EXPRESS CO.'S Washington, Apr. 17.-Heads of express companies discussed today with the railroad administration a proposal for consolidating the express companies into one corporation wbich would be authorized by Mr. McAdoo to conduct all fhe express business in the country. The corporation would have capital stock of ibout $40,000,000 divided among tht companies in proportion to the physical valuation of their property. The plan probably will be referred � to the director-general for approval late this week. HAS RESIGNED* London, Apr. 16.-(British Admiralty). - Dr. Richard Von Kuehlmann, the German foreign minister, has telegraphed to M. Tcherit, Bolshcviki foreign minister, to the effect that the Russian Black Sea fleet lias separated into sections of unknown nationality, and in view of the peace treaty providing for the disarmament of Russian warships, is attacking allies of Germany. Dr. Von Kuehl-mann gives notice that all Black Sea warships continuing to act in violation of the Brest-Litovsk treaty will after April 20, be treated as hostile (hips. GOVI. TO RESIGN If HOI RULE OVER MIN Confident That French Armies Will Intervene at Proper Time London, April 17.-(Via Reuter's Ottawa Agency)-The gravity' of the position resulting from the latest German successes is admitted here in the newspapers but still no note of despondency is recognized. The British army has been assigned to an arduous role-that of delaying the advance of a numerically superior enemy-and is holding with all tenacity eyery. foot of ground, but disaster ,caniiot/be. im-aginod, for the allied'line :is;still' Un-: broken. In this connection, General Haig's appeal to the'troopsia recalled, when he spoke of the Freji'eh forces hurrying to the support and confidence is felt that they will Intervene at the proper tithe. The'-present battle\i8'a repetition of Verdun oh a gfjihder scale, with Bailleul. Neuve Egfise Wytschaete. each representing Thia-mount Farm, all offered to the enemy at the price of his exhaustion. Cannot Delay Longer It is pointed out, however, that the allied tactics of delay can,not be pressed much longer, as the German successes now threaten not alone Ypres, hut the control of the coast. It is even urged by some experts that it would be better to abandon Ypres and Passchendaele immediately, for the Germans fire now behind Ypres. Both north and south, they pressed back the British westward anl are only seven miles from Messines Ridge to the foot of the heights dominating the countryside. Wytschaete is the most eastern point oi the hills and its loss therefore, is more Important than Bailleul. The battle in the next few days probably will develop northward against Mounts Kemmel. Noir, Rouge, of which the average height is 500 feet. Correspondents testily from their own experience of the magnificent spirit of the English and Scottish regiments,' who are fighting so sturdily. Every man is convinced of ultimate victory and some writers suggest that. Admiral Beatty's sweep of the Cattogat Strait, is connected with the anticipation that he German fleet may participate in the offensive. Govt. Will Stand By Its Proposals Regarding Settlement of Irish Problem E T Greeks and British Are Co-Operating in a New Offensive Lima, Peru, Apr.. 17.-The Peruvian cabinet has resigned. w Bulgarians were captured." 40,000 TROOPS AT HELSINGFORS 1 London, April 17.-The Germans have landed forty thousand troops at Helslngfors, according to an Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Copenhagen. A German squadron anchored in the harbor of Helslngfors consists of 12 ship*, including the battleships Posen and west of the Alen, each of 18,600 tons. -'� PREMIER DEFENDS HIS PROPOSALS BY STRONG SPEECH London, April 16.-George N. Barnes, Labor member of the British parliament without port-< folio announced in the house of commons today that the government intended to introduce a Home Rule bill immediately and would use every pressure to pass it. Mr. Barnes announced that the Lloyd George government would resign if the house of lords refused to pass the new Home Rule bill. Defends Bill London, April 17.-In defending tha manpower bill in the house of commons before its passagc_on the third reading yesterday, Premier Lloyd George declared that no fair analogy could be drawn between .the application of the present bill to Ireland and tho attempt to tax the American colonies against their will, because in' the latter case it was a matter of taxation without representation and further, no measure of self-government was'claimed by any responsible body representing Ireland in the house. Tha premier asked if it ever had been contended that questions bearlus; on tbe organization of the army and' navy and-defense of the country and the empire should be entrusted to any parliament except the Imperial parliament. Regarding the claim that. Irish consent should be obtained the same argument, be said, could be applied to Wales or Scotland. He added that both conscription and the Home Rule bill must be taken on their merits. ' Concerning the situation in Flanders, the premier said that the British, although giving up territory, had lost nothing vital. General Plummer was quite confident, as was General Foch, the allied commander in chief. He declared the British army was still in the way of the enemy, adding that the French army was intact, and the American "army is coming steadily across the seas. He urged the country to stand together firmly and steadfastly. Carson's Patriotic Attitude Sir Edward Carson, the Ulster leader, said he would continue to support the man power bill, adding: "Even if you put Ulster in a subordinate position to the rest of Ireland with which she is now threatened and if you put me under a govi eminent.of Nationalists or Sinn Fein-ers I support it, because no more detestable domination could be put over the world than that of the Germans.'.' NO LABOR UNION IN POLICE FORCE! Ottawa, April 16.-Police Chief Ross took drastic steps this morning to break up a union formed among members of the. police force by an organizer of the Allied Trades and Labor Association. Last week he iearned that members of the force were being asked to join a union. He issued an order stating that any member of the force who joined the union would have his name struck off the strength of the force.' Last night he learned that the union had met yesterday afternoon. This morning he dismissed the four officers who presided at the meeting. - WILLGETTEK DAYS TO REPORT Ottawa, April 17.-The ordsr In council passed yesterday amending the Military Service Act and providing for the calling out almost immediately of all men between the age's.of 20 and 23 will not be a matter of normal discussion todsy. It wlH. be eontioV �red as a resolution In both houses on Thursday in open debate. Immediately, the resolution has received the sanction of parliament the call will be issued and the class must report for serviM in ten days. \ 3362?4 75 02223661 17399792 ;