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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 16, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDQE April The growth of government Attacks on the bureaucratic growth of goveinment are so common that no one much attention to them The situation is similar to that of the fabled who cried "Wolf in jest so ti equentlv that no one believed him when the teal wolf appeared "Nevertheless government bui eaucracv is growing and it growth for the sake ot growth in the economic sector is going to be questioned, and scrutinized for its contribution to the quality ot lite as well as the quantity of goods then growth in government should undeigo the same scrutiny Today government spending at all three levels federal, provincial and municipal absorbs 40 per cent of the jit oss national product In 1960 the figure 28 per cent and m 1968 it had risen to )2 per cent Civil service has grown from 234 000 in 1971 to 320000 todav And the federal budget lot 1974-75 estimated at billion is about 20 per cent higher than it was last year Betore Ottawa is belabored too much on this point it should be reported that provincial governments are expanding at an even greater rate Provincial civil service is growing by 4 5 per cent a year while the federal civil service is expanding at an annual rate ot only 3 5 pei cent As tor budget comparisons Alberta s is 27 per cent greater than last uvir and British Columbia s has risen 29 pei cent over last vear s Still another statistic shows that in the past 20 years the piovmcial share ot total government spending has risen from 20 to 40 per cent The reasons for this growth are not nnstenous As a minor contributing cause there is a certain self- perpetuation factor built into any and the civil service is no different But the real reason is the tact that people are demanding more ot government As a whole, Canadians may believe strongly in economy in government As individuals however, each Canadian has a vested interest in some area of government spending and in many cases a need which no one else is meeting The latter can be illustrated by the local United Wav campaign, which has not been successful in reaching its goal on behalf of the many volunteer organizations which shelter under its linancial umbrella The matter is raised here not to question the wisdom ot a single collection agency but to point out that small groups ot people exist throughout Lethbridge with specific needs and if these needs are not met with voluntary contributions then they will have to be met at some level of government It would be impossible in an affluent humanitarian society to do otherwise If an individual does not c onsider himself to some extent to be his brother s keeper then the tax collector will make the decision tor him And the bureaucracy will grow The basic issue is not whether government should grow but how best to marshal the resources of society to handle the needs ot the members ot that societv not just food shelter and clothing but a decent environment a sense of identity and assurance ot the future The vice-president ot the Royal Bank warned not long ago 'People feel that government institutions are more likely to give them what they want than private institutions This may be a good thing or it mav not. it does seem to be the trend Suspicion of genocide One ot the tew sources of information about Uganda has been ellectively shut oil David Martin 10-year veteran London Observer correspondent in East was recentlv expelled from where he had been able to maintain some contact with Uganda The reason lor his expulsion he says was simply that he had become a political habiliU to by continuing to toport the massacres and murders in the neighboring state I- or a time Tanzania s President Julius Nserere laised a protesting voice about what was nappemng in Uganda under its president deneral Idi Amm Finally in September 1972 he permitted an invasion ol Uganda from Tanzania by supporters ol the deposed president Dr Milton Obote The invasion failed and President was forced to enter an agreement to cease hostile propaganda At first this was interpreted to affect government controlled media but eventually it caught up with foreign (onespondents as well Prior to his expulsion from Tanzania David Martin had had an unpleasant exponent e while on a visit to Kenya The Kenva Special Branch took him into ustodv and threatened to turn him over to deneral because ot his report that Kenya had handed over three prominent Ugandan exiles who were subsequently shot by Amm Martin does not find the behavior of the Kenvans and mystifying The simple tact is that General Amm poses a continuous threat to his neighbors and while he is in command must live with him The world does not have much idea ot what is going on in Uganda Even a veteran correspondent such as David Martin reporting only from a neighboring country and relying on what can be gleaned from clandestine meetings could give no precise information But there is cause to be concerned about the situation The ugly possibility exists that the Amm regime is practising genocide the systematic extermination ot wnole groups ol people within the nation Here is a situation to make all rememberers ot Hitler s genocidal program uneasy That program was well advanced before its dark horror registered abroad It is time for world opinion to pul pressure on the Organization ot African Unity to investigate the genocidal charges and take some action ART BUCHWALD A changing lifestyle WASHINGTON A White House spokesman said last week that President Nixon s decision to pay almost a half-million dollars in back taxes has "almost totally wiped out Mr Nixon financially If this is true the president may have to make some dramatic changes in his lifestyle These are the kind of stones we may be reading about Mr Nixon in the next three years WASHINGTON President Nixon gave a state dinner last night for Queen Elizabeth II at a McDonald's hamburger stand in Chevy Chase Md The president explained to the queen and Prince Philip that the White House was being redecorated and McDonald's was the only place he could rent on such short notice Entertainment for the evening was provided by Henry Mancini, Burt Bacharach, Peggy Lee Glen Campbell and Johnny Cash records on a jukebox which was loaned to the president for the evening Each guest was served one Big Mac and a bag of French fned potatoes Alter dinner the president toasted the queen in Welch s grape juice and presented her with a yo-yo which was given to him by the Grand Ole Opry in Nashville Tenn Mrs Nixon said she was looking forward to the dinner the British ambassador was giving the royal family on the following evening at the British Embassy, as she was still hungry it SAN CLEMENTE, Calif President Nixon arrived here today on a Greyhound bus from Washington for the weekend The trip took five days, and the president looked a little tired as he got off at the bus station in Laguna Beach A press spokesman angrily denied that Mr Nixon tried to get his daughters, Tricia and Julie, on the bus for half-fare The spokesman said "The president had been advised by his lawyers that if he travelled by bus he was entitled to a family plan discount When he was informed that this did not apply on weekends, he asked a joint congressional committee on bus travel to look into the matter Mr Nixon said if he was wrong he would pay Tricia and Julie s full fare WASHINGTON The White House announced today that President Nixon would be going to Moscow next month for a summit meeting with Leonid Brezhnev The president will be travelling on a charter flight with 175 barbers and their wives from Miami Fla The trip will cost which includes hotel accommodations in the Soviet Union as well as continental breakfast Because the package insists on double accommodations the president will share a room with Henry Kissinger Mr Nixon has been personally assured by Mr Brezhnev that all gratuities as well as transportation to and from the airport are included in the price of the package WASHINGTON Ronald Ziegler the president s press secretary, announced the Nixons would hold a garage sale at the White House next Sunday Besides presidential papers and old tapes, the Nixons are offering other items of interest, including a cloth coat, a 16-millimeter print of an autographed football of the Miami Dolphins, three copies of "Six Crises" and several costumes left over from Tricia's masked ball The press secretary said that all items would be sold for cash, and all sales were final Mr Ziegler urged every American to attend this unique event which he said may never be held by an American president again There will be a parking charge on the mall "No, I have not started figuring it yet I'm still trying to stop thinking about what they do with it The forgotten realities By James Res ton, New York Times commentator UNITED NATIONS, N Y The nations of the world are gathered here at the big peace palace on the east river to discuss one of the most fundamental questions of the future the supply, price and distribution of food oil, and the other essential raw materials of life and the odd and tragic things about it is that very few people newspapers, or networks are paying any attention to the debate This is very strange Nothing touches the life of the people more than the supply and cost of essential commodities Even in America citizens have been lining up on odd and even days for gas and fairly soon, there will be shortages of aluminum copper and other metals necessary to the industries of the United States What is going on here at the UN is a discussion between the producers and consumers of oil bauxite food and other raw materials They have come together to get beyond their immediate arguments and find out whether they can reach agreement about fair supplies distribution and price for the future It is interesting that this conference here was called by President Houan Boumediene of Algeria Algeria has no diplomatic relations with the United States but he is asking for a new relationship between the industrial world and the developing world, and has come to the United States for the first time He was very careful here to open the wav to compromise, but he insisted on the rights of the nations that produce the oil and the other essential raw materials The raw material producing countries, he said insist on being masters in their own houses He was expressing the ancient grievances of the poor countries against the rich countries and asking what could be done about it, and threatening that if nothing was done about it the underdeveloped nations would create more cartels, like the oil cartel, and confront the industrial nations in a struggle for survival In many ways, this is a si'ly threat It is easier to create an oil cartel than a cartel for bauxite or copper or coffee, but strange things are happening in this fight over raw materials For example spectacular new resources of copper have been discovered in Iran, which may now have more copper resources for the future than Chile So the industrial nations have to pay attention to what is happening in their relationships with the underdeveloped nations that are producing more and more of the raw materials essential in the West If this is right, it is curious that the American press has paid so little attention to President Boumediene particularly since all the major nations sent their foreign ministers here to participate m the debate Andrei Gromyko is here watching this confrontation between the poor producing countries and the rich consuming countries Henry Kissinger will be here next week Michel Jobert of France has been in the general assembly, despite all the political struggles in Paris to state his country s views of the problem Yet what they have all had to say about this world-wide crisis has had less space in the papers or on the television in America than President Nixon s political adventure into Michigan, or Hank Aaron s home run, or Randolph Hearst s missing daughter This is not an argument for ignoring the Watergate controversy, or all the manoeuvres and manipulations in the impeachment process, but merely a reminder that other things are going on m the world more important and enduring than what happens to President Nixon It is sad to watch Secretary Generp nldheim here at the Uniteu jns trying to get a hearing for the fundamental questions in the world He is concerned about this problem ol raw materials He sees the 100 nations in the United Nations representing two billion people almost half of them living below the level of poverty and he cries out to the world to look at the elemental facts of the human condition But nobody listens to him He has press conferences and makes speeches but they end up behind the obituaries How can we bring the great ques- tions of life to the attention of the people he asks, and it is hard to answer Kissinger agrees with this, and longs for attention to Waldheim s questions But the press and the television pay more attention to Kissipger s marriage than to his policies and he wonders why Next week he will be here at the United Nations arguing for historic perspective, insisting on some order about the supply distribution and prices of raw materials but he is not very optimistic There is something about the fundamental things that are real but don t seem real to the press and the television, something too complicated or abstract Still Kissinger insists next week he will try to make clear that this question of raw materials, prices and distribution may be more important than anything else we are now discussing The great subsidy frauds By Dian Cohen, syndicated columnist MONTREAL A grotesque fraud is being perpetrated on the people of Canada by the people who govern them While Finance Minister John Turner beguiles us with fancy statistical footwork to convince us we are better off than we think we are, the Minister of Agriculture Eugene Whelan approaches the same task with the precision required to shovel manure They are equally unconvincing There is only one way to judge the success of a changed tax rate, a subsidy, or any other program That is to ask, 'Who does it benefit, and who pays9" Take, for example, last year s reduction of corporate taxes Recently, Turner tabled a report showing the tax cuts will create jobs and increase sales by over billion if the tax cuts remain until 1975 He knows this because he asked the corporations and they told him it was so Yet there is much evidence to suggest that business is not paying its way Theoretical economists will tell you there are no clear answers, and certainly nothing in economic theory to suggest that light taxes for business creates more jobs than taxing a dollar as a dollar, no matter what its source An added twist is that in Canada most large corporations are American owned, so concessions to industry transfer profits to foreigners, as well as perpetuating domestic inefficiency Who does it benefit and who pays9 Another example is the wave of subsidies and price supports to cattlemen, butter and dry milk producers The beef subsidies came first In two weeks they created so much confusion trading in the Calgary stockyards had to be suspended twice and Whelan has already revised the plan Yet, it's generally agreed beef prices will rise despite the subsidies A top agricultural economist says the subsidy is unnecessary will not accomplish what the government says it will, and may not even be getting back to the cattle producers Who does it benefit and who pays9 Support prices for skim milk powder and butter announced recently will mean higher prices The support price for butter is 83 cents a pound, though last year the government itself bought over 50 million pounds of butter on the American market for an average of 50 cents a pound and resold it at the Canadian price Who does it benefit and who pays9 Look at the old age pension It is now indexed the cost of living But the cost of living adjustment is after the fact, and it is only 6 6 per cent while the real inflation rate is either 7 or 9 per cent depending on who s figures you like More important, the old age pension is simply below the level of decent living We are that all these policies have the philosophical basis of re distributing income from the rich to the poor But none of them clearly does so The government is lavishing our millions on this subsidy, that tax concession, such and such an incentive plan It consumes much of the time of senior civil servants who must find the arguments to convince us that it's all working as well as we could hope But the simple fact is there are just as many poor people in Canada as ever, and they are just as poor Fancy footwork to the contrary, the average Canadian wage and salary earner is not better off than he was one or two years ago As for policies devised in the name of the poor, or the old, the government could far more simply initiate policies which would clearly answer the question of who benefits and who pays A sensible starting point is a decent income Letters Opposed to freedom In an editorial in The Herald April 10, dealing with English common law, the writer was really confused That law assumes that all persons are innocent until proven guilty and it is the basis of Canadian law The intent of this law is not to protect the guilty or to punish the innocent, but to make sure that where a person is accused of a crime or of a misdemeanor or where the police believe there is a possibility that a law has been broken, the suspected party is investigated and if the police find enough evidence, a trial is conducted which decides either guilt or innocence An investigation follows any complaint by an individual or suspicion by police and is the only way in which the guilty can be found and the innocent cleared What the writer of this editorial seemed to be suggesting was that English common law would not allow any investigation until guilt had been established A very silly assumption All of the balderdash in the editorial about branded foreheads was only a red herring to try to disguise the weakness of the editorial writer s argument As for the NDP they say "we are only socialists" that is exactly what tlie letters USSR stands for, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and anyone who doubts the sameness of the NDP with Russian socialism should read the political platforms of both parties As a matter of interest, the Russians always refer to themselves as socialists and never as communists Also as a matter of record Mussolini was the only fascist and Hitler was a socialist as the Nazi term meant the National Socialist party although those politically and historically uninformed seem to refer to Hitler as a Fascist Any one or all of these "socialists" parties are opposed to all human freedom Lethbridge RAY KEITGES Incorrect statement At the council meeting April 8 alderman Vera Ferguson, with considerable finger shaking, stated emphatically that 18 per cent of the city tires in 1973 were caused by burning barrels It would appear that this council member is confused by figures since this statement is totally incorrect unless of course Mrs Ferguson is privy to information on this matter which is denied the ordinary taxpayer The facts are that in 1973 our fire department responded to a total of 518 calls 112 of which were false alarms Included in the various types of fires enumerated were 41 caused by careless smoking and 36 caused by children playing with matches Of the total calls 85 or approximately 16 per cent were listed as rubbish and grass fires but nowhere in the departments carefullv compiled and authentic figures were there any fires specifically designated as being caused by burning barrels It is indeed incredible that figures which are simply not true should be quoted for the purpose of supporting an action which has no useful purpose but will if enacted inconvenience thousands of householders and substantially increase the garbage disposal charge A F SMITH Lethbridge Government no enemy Police investigation has nothing to do with English common law that states a man is innocent till proven guilty The government is not an enemy the people are the government along with all other citizens Of course people must be viligant to ensure that it stays that way Suppose in a Lethbridge bank the watchman is found dead A very large sum of money is missing from the safe but all doors including the safe are locked It is noted however that the time lock on the safe is 25 seconds ahead Now who solves this case9 Most novels give it to the marvellous lawyer who defends the luckless suspect or the brilliant Herald reporter who must be allowed to poke his nose in everywhere to inform the public But people know the police do investigate everyone They do know a lot about most of those people They may have to revise their opinions but Ihev do have a start and there is a list of those bills Irom the bank Six months later those bills are beginning to circulate in Montreal And soon someone is picked up and is the first one the public ever hears about of all those investigated All the investigation proved was that the rest were innocent Unless some reporter informed the public no one including those investigated was much the wiser as to any investigation These are the men best certified as to ability to investigate certainly not some irresponsible person not subject to control J A SPENCER Magrath Segregate smokers Bob Babki's flippant attitude towards smoking angers me Perhaps he can stomach cigarette and cigar smoke but others can't Smoking is a nuisance to many people and a real problem for some I wonder if Babki and some of the other Lethbridge Community College board members treat other board matters as irresponsibly Rather than dismissing the subject of smoking in classrooms by simply stating that smokers are entitled to smoke, and forget the non- smokers, the board should act as politicians in the true sense of the word and propose positive alternatives to a free- smoking policy One suggestion to be considered is an investigation of the air flow in the classrooms Most classrooms have an air-out duct and an air-in fan Classrooms could be segregated with smokers near the duct and non- smokers near the fan I have attempted many times to sit in a clean air area only to be subsequently surrounded by smokers Smoking IS a real problem and the college board should do its job and do something about it TONY DIMNIK Lethbridge crazy I m just going out to stretch my legs The Lethbridge Herald 5047tnSt S Lethbridge Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD Proprietors and "ublishers Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 CLEO MOWERS Editor and Publisher DON H PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R DORAM General Manager ROY F MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;