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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

- Page 27

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 16, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Tuesday, April LETHBRIDGG Research Station report Fababeans on irrigated land By DR. G. A. KEMP Plant breeder Fababeans are erect annual legumes that grow about four ieet high They are related to the garden broad bean but each pod contains only three to five small seeds. Three varieties, Akerperle. Diana, and Krlordia. have been licensed for production in Aphid Ouster 9 META SYSTOX-R insecticide WhenJale-appeanng or migrating anhids move into your potal. elds give tnem a smack in their suckers with METASYSTOX-R insecticide 1 Quick cleanup Absorbed into sap stream through leaves Systemic activity provides longer control Controls aphids resistant to chlornated hydrocarbon insecticides For economical effective control of aphids spray with METASYSTOX-R Spray Concentrate Order from your supplier now RESPONSEabilily to you and nature. CHEMAGRO LIMITED 77 City Centre Drive Missibsauqa Ontario Canada They have similar yielding ability and a protein content of about 28 to 30 per cent. Fababeans will probably be used primarily as a high-protein source for livestock feed as seed meal, forage, silage, or extracted protein supplement. It is known that, on a pound-lor-pound basis, the protein in iababeans can substitute lor that in soybean meal for feeding most classes of livestock. Fababeans also show considerable promise for human consumption and several lababean-base snack loods may appear on the market in the near future These beans may also be useful as meat extenders Fababeans were grown at the Lethbndge Research Station for the first lime in 1971 Results to date indicate that seed yields of 3.000 to pounds per acre may be obtained on irrigated land. On dryland, yields are less predictable and generally quite low (under Fababeans can withstand considerable trost in the seedling stage and can be sown as soon as it is possible to get on to the land. However, studies at the research station have indicated that seedings between April 21 and May 7 result in faster growth and higher yields than earlier or later seedings The varieties now available are relatively small seeded and can be sown with a regular grain drill. Seed should be sown at 100 or 120 pounds per acre with the drill set at three to four inches deep The seedbed should be firm and moist Fababeans do not compete well with weeds and should be seeded on soil treated with a herbicide At present, trel Ian is the only herbicide registered for weed control in fababean crops but it is of little value against mustards. If mustards are a problem, cross-harrowing when the beans are two to six inches tall is beneficial. Fababean pods shatter readily when they are fully mature. Therefore, they should be cut and laid into a light swath when the bottom two or three pods show signs of blackening When fully dry, the crop should be harvested using a pick-up speed matched to the ground speed to avoid excessive shattering Cylinder speeds of 300 to 400 revolutions per minute and ;