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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 16, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE retnt THE LETHBRTDGE HEKALD TUESDAY. APRIL __________! HlOtALD CO, LTD. Proprietors 323 Sixth St. S, Alberta. W. A. BCCHANAS .en; and Director. JOHN TOKRASCE Business H. G. LOXG Editor. Over the A.R. L A new era comes this week to the West's pioneer large irrigation pro-1 L Sect. We sav pioneer large project; Le'. us look for a moraeat at West- L em Canada. It has its probleics. t becaiise jears bei0re tne Alberta f of .hKK neaven. "i Railfsy and Irrigation bright minds siriv- C. K. MATTHEWS Secretary. began to construct the Rsymcsd-Coaldale project __ turn of the century many srEaH: strange, research director __of the individual irrigation projects hscij been started foothills ranchers the j Markets and Prices BY H. J. BKACHifAN Wheat- and was signed by twenty-two nations, it still lives bat in a comatose condition. It re- commended a reduction in acreage of 15 per cent and the living of quotas for export. Mr. Wesson challenged this state- ment. I give you his esacs words: i -That's not- a valid argument igaiiist international agreements. __________r_________ .....Major Strange. The 1933 agreement i'chewari Wheat Pool. Tfee sub- j was broken by only one h.--ing to find solutions. On March 11. Sa discussion took plsce over the between Major H. G. L. mountain and hay meadows the eighteenth country to break the tfce' Mr. Wesson was still _____ of both? AJJ. I. se: the pace or Meraber Strreaa of CH prefects or TBK CiMJHAJi t Sr icr PICKED UP IN PASSING FOB THS EGSY READER f. C. dePass, 63, noted fanner of the Spruce Grove district. miles of Edmonton, is dead. A bill permitting 16-year-old boys to drive auwssobsies was approved in the Sew Brunswick legislature over objections of two Progressive Conservative members. An official of the National Union of Domestic Workers denied a re- port published in the Reynolds TM ALWAYS CHASING RAINBOWS' in trade of ot The answer of Mr. Wesson was: farmer nor yet the can afford the torze as Second Class Mafl. iOSee Department. CKtawaJ JfThs Herald Serves the With the passing: of the AS. I. j pro.tect inso tfce hands of the water- f overseas co; users from o5 a crosm the If ater Development Branch at! mean a system that will make lor Bdinoaton, the way is paved for the "J uscome budding of the St. Mary-Milk Rivers undertaking. This, we under- Said Mater Strange: "Prom 1924 to 1923 Western farm- ers marketed two bHUon bushels of I- is beginning looi Vanccsiver-tes who boast about their j stand, have over-all j Private agencies sold an that of th." big scheme when it is con- farmers hauled at that, period. The and wUi wholesale water _ _ _ __ wonderful weather are all wet. i to the varic-us irrigation distrxts were fairly well cleared at the end average price was Sl-47. basis jCorthem Fort William. The bins Fear and ignorance must be suc- ceKf-U? before the. cancer death-rate can hope to be] which now take water from the St. Wesson Mary, ana whicn will be ereetea for j claim that this was because P.C. Conservatives are learning the art of opposition poli- j the. Government for, not spending more and at the same -imp call for a bis reduction in tax- ation. Of course, it can't- be done. But, if the can be led to believe Mr. Bracken's party can do it the Con- j serrstives will fed quite good about it. It good election, talk. At. the party's recent convention zaany resolutions were passed. More money for social security, higher f prices lor farm products, lifting of j controls en prices and controls but with it aH a lowering of taxation rates and a balancing of the Budget were demanded. It all sounds good but it can's be done. Balancing the Badges DOW, when tremendous of rehabiliadon ere still to be undertaken, is quite impossibJs, and Mr. Brackea knows it- Is is a fine gesture to say that! old age pensions should start at 65 and there should be no means test and that the pension rate can. be increased- But that is im- possible without keeping taxes at a lagh rate. Indeed, it looks.as if ziational will have to be iep; tip around the jnsrk in order to carry our present burden of war debt, Government for departmental services, and to carry the present social And two billion dollars is only less than have been collecting during the war years. A tax reduction o' about 30 per cent from the high point snight be possible if we did not too much new spending. As for removing all controls on farm prices and all other controls which the Conservatives rlalm are retarding production and recovery generally, that is not easy. Certain increases have been allowed lately in price ceilings. The price of butter has been allowed to rise four cents a. pound. The ceiling on hogs has been Increased about a. head. The price of farm machinery has been allowed to increase- 12H per cent. Already one hears from the con- sumer That the cost of batter has been allowed to go too high, while the farmer is protesting that, ais present ceilings he cannot pay per cent more for Ms machin- ery. Mr. Bracken and his followers in Parliament may it good fcisjness to confuse the issue -with such demands as they have been making recently. Bat they know that we can't spend more and lower taxes. And they know that if we remove controls in a wholesale fashion, we will have inflation, Inflation would be the easy way out for Government ivhich, had ao regard for its obligations to holdeis of Government bonds and to those tvno look to their savings and their 3Ife insurance to keep them in their old age. Inflation would bring money pouring into the treasury national income would go up and hence there would be more taxes from the increased wages, salaries and earn- ings generally. Bat the end would be chaos, and any Government. which, feels its sense of responsi- telity, as the present cue at Ottawa Goes, would not allow inflation to ran riot. The people of Canada have been folding the line throughout the in a masterly manner. They are ready to hold it longer because they tnow if they do Canada will be able to face the future with confi- dence. It is to be hoped they are not fooled by the political propa- ganda for lower taxes, greater spending and a removal immed- iately of all controls which have held the line through the dark ol the l the same p-irpcse. The set-up ap- pears to be a feasible one, arid will bring administration of the over-all project close to the works and close to the land to be benefited. In snak- ing P. M. Saucer manager of the pro- ject with George Brown as assistant manager the Water Resources Board has chosen two raen who have spent most of their lifetime in irrigation undertakings in ,this area. They thoroughly understand the probfems, both of operation and maintenance and also ol those years the pools mar- ;ional Wheat. Agree- the purpose is the When asked who would handle the export cf Canada's wheat he said: -I believe that to accomplish -the plan properly the Canaican Wheat Board must remain a permanent in- stitution operating under a Dom- inion Wheat Board Act and be the exclusive marketing agency :or Can- ada's wheat." In summing this discussion we have a very clear cut issue. Mr. Wes- son wants" controlled marketing un- der government sanction. Major Strange wants a return to the open marker, system and the open grain eschangel "The said Ma- jor Strange, "is seeking sn income, not merely a nrfce." That is. he wants to market a large Quantity of wheat at s. fair price. Consumption will deoend on price. We have had violent, declines in wheat prices in the happened in times or settling the new projects so at the settlers will have a chance good, and the crops they raise will be able to fjnd a market. This week's announcement is a long step forward in bringing the Southeastern irrigation scheme into being. Newsprint Shortage The world seems to be made up of shortages these or so it seems. There's a housing shortage and a shin; shortage, a butter shortage but no particular money shortage. The -shortages extend even to the newspapers. The London Times is still struggling to tell the world's news on eight pages daily and ten at the weekend. Some British papers with more fhan a day -circulation are being forced to hold their news in six pages. Svea at that they are forced to curtail circnlatiori because newsprint is so scarce. ihe war is over some people may firnv that the newsprint shortage wifi disappear as if by magic. That isn't case. With daily newspaper circulations today higher in UJS. than they a year ago, the newsprint shortage continues, and some papers actually have less newsprint than they had a year ago. The expected big cut of wood pulp in the woods the past winter did not materialize. Bad weather and shortage of man- power was the cause. So if your favorite newspaper 3s not so large as you t it should be in the post-war period just re- B3ember_that publishers are having their problems in peace as in war. Some day, we hope, reconversion will have been accomplished, and housing and shirts and newsprint wiH be themselves again. Until that time comes we will all have to pu; up with a certain measure of the austerity which Britons know only too welL Where Will It Stop? While the great majority of older people have saved enough for their "rainy day" and are able, and ia most cases anxious, to maintain themselves there is a growing pres- sure group who maintain a strong propaganda movement in favor of higher old-age pensions. There was a great feeling of thankfulness among these people when fiist old- age pensions were introduced, and the feeling cf the. public was that the payment of these pensions was right and proper. But more and more some of the pensioners are Utr Ctf L O -U-. wasn't hedged and so re-jof world-wide depression. Wheat Major Strange twenty-five years-before the Pools entered the picture. 52even bilUoa mand. better trade relations? I wonder what, would happen if, apply to 1932, wh-n wheat prices went down in trading to 38 cents a bushel in February of thai year. It is a good story so far. argu- ment met by counter-argument. "thrust and as they say in a dueL Let us look at it more closelv. Mr. "Wesson could hardly claim" that the low price of wheat in 1932 was due to the fact that the grain was handled by private enter- prises. Prices cf raw materials were Low. verv low. all over the world, silk. wool, cotton, rubber, oil. in fact all raw materials felt the shock of the existing depression. Could any organization on earth have held wheat prices at in_a period of world-wide uepre would save meant storing every crop and storage costs money. The world would nor. in 1932-33, buy wheat at the price it paid in 1924- is couldn't, it would, eat some- thing else or starve. Major Strange came straight back at Mr. Wesson's contention, hs said: "The changes were political, high riffs all over the world, restriction of imports, foreigners were unable to buv because we weren't buying." That argument is sound but there was something else behind it. We were in the micss of a cyclical de- presHon, and cyclical depressions cannot be cured by wheat pools or even by wheat cartels there must be a fundamental approach to that problem- The strangest of all quirks IE the" human mind is the desire to treat symptoms and ignore causes. Back about time the wheat cartel was formed. Major Strange stated the facts. It was -organized in 1933, it was called she -International mediately" after the sale, or if the situation were reversed and those in control sold it. for and the price afterwards, went to S150, would that make for more satis- factory relations between the wheat growers of Canada and the wheat consumers of Great Britain? If the consumers of Europe knew thas they were in the hands of a board, func- tioning with government which, in their opinion would be a j cartel, wouldn't they try to meet U j by growing their own? Fear at times! determines a coarse of action.! Doesn't this seem like an easy wayj of digging UD trouble, arst: haven't! we plehtv of "that without going too tr afield ior it? It was an interesEieg debate. Each, with competency, stated his par- ticular point of view, but I still Hope, fondly perhaps, for a free world- Nothing else will, ia the long run. give us the world we want. It is the open, way to richer life. gack to the first quoted paragraph Mr. Wesson's statement: "Neither fanner nor con- sumer can afford the luxury of speculation, in fixing prices of farm Sneculation is the taking of a risk which must be taken. In Oc- tober. November and December Ca- nadian wheat is ready for the mar- ket. TJniil it passes into the rianns of the ultimate consumer risk is inevitable. No one has-yet suggested a method by which that risk caa be eliminated, nor is there z. means of producing- stability of farm in- come which would be without cost to the farmer. Proof That Press is Free (By WILFfiED H. GOODMAN) When evidence popped up that Canadians and others- had been acting as agents for a foreign power in ferreting secret military information, a shocked Canadian govermnens adopted a procedure of investigation which shocked the Canadian public. Suspects seized by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police were jailed under an prder- in-council passed bv authority of the War Measures Act, and were hidden away as completely as snv prisoners held by the notorious Gestapo of Nazi days. Their friends and relatives, their lawyers were not even informed that they had "been arrested. Nor could they com- municate with them in any way. The order-in-council which per- mitted this drastic action in a free press circles, as they might be found in any other industry, it is some- thing else that drives newspapers to the defense of human rights. That is the deep sense of responsi- bility which publishers and their staffs feel and accept, that by tradition arid circumstances, they are the front line troops in the battle to seep people free from the ever present type of men sho would usurp power through the suppression of personal freedom. Views of the Press LUMBER INDUSTRY (Ottawa Journal) Ih Ontario well over peo- ple gain their living from ths for- ests. We> produce a half billion feet country where the legal and civil of 3unjoer, a million and a half tons -rights of an moiviaual are para- 1 of palnwooa. ereat amounts of mount, has been revoked on the and ties" each year. It is the heels of Dominion-wide protest j future of this "great jndustrv; as from all types of citizens. The episode has now passed into history. But left with us is the very lively spirit which compelled the government to realign its actions with the right of the people to govern themselves through laws and procedure which they, themselves, set up. The suspects who are facing trial are alleged to have been working for communistic Russia. Thus it was only natural that among tee first to cry out against the depar- ture from established legal practice -_ _ were the extreme left wingers in eludes one honored more in the Canada, whose sympathies lie with communistic aims. well as the soil itself in many sec- tions, that is at stake and is causing concern. DRINKING TANS' (Kingston Whig-Standard) No regular attendant at hockey or football games need be told that considerable open drinking: goes on at these events. Nor do they need to be told that, in most cases in the past, the police have winked at the breach of the regulations. And it should be apparent to everyone that iv set of regulations which in- breach than in the observance will ______._______ foster a. hypocritical, if not an open- Let it be noted, however, that it TlPrarwnPrs Trhirh stnnri hv as a WHOiC. was the newspapers which stood by legislators, members of the legal j profession and others, providing a! public platform from which these! THE WEST IS STTLL YOUNG (Winnipeg Free One of the sure signs that Can- Frank M. Andrews. Kew Yorkf architect, said construction of a. new hotel in Bflnoatoa. estimated to cost between and J6.- definitely will go ahead. Frederic Kudd. whose retirement as Canadian. Trade Commissioner ia London has been announced in Ot- tawa, will eoctiniie as official sec- retary of Canada house. Retirement of CoL C. T. Batten. 50. officer in charge of fixed de- j fences at Pacific Command since is announced bv defence head- j quarters. Harry C, Thompson, 77. who re- tired as Winnipeg city treasurer and finance commissioner two rears ago. after 51 years of service, died at Winnipeg. A. J. Brewer, 24, of Lacombe, was killed when the car he was driving overturned in a ditch. A passenger. W. D. Coombs, is in Lacombe hos- pital suffering from injuries received in the accident. Royal Canadian Mounted Police of La Goff. northwest of Edmonton, are investigating the drowning of Victor Poirier. 15. who fell through the ice of the Beaver River near his home. TF. J. Bennett, for the last 10 years private secretary to Re- construction Minister Howe, will become general manager of El- dorado Mining and Refining; Ltd, next May 1. in tae Philadelphia Evening Bulletin. The Romance of the Garden (By JSAN-STTS COURT. Diamond City.) Gardening is an occupation for no one is too young or too old. There are some pleasures which fascinate us only through youth, or maturity, or old age, but gardening interests grows with knowledge, and at esch age manifests a different charm. Gardening has been called the oldest; of the arts. In olden times plants were grown for food or for scsdicinal use; but secretly to the hearts of these primitive people was the tiny soark of appreciation of the beauty "of growing" things. This spark has grown with ihe years, until today we have garden ea- thusissts who range all the way from those who have the little back- vard alos to those who have large spaces devoted to wonderful gar- dens. We have them spending a few 'cents on the seeds which they bay More than worth of land we have them soensiing many muskrat, skins have nipvec out of (Collars on one bulb or specimen of before were found. Folks said they The Pas for the auction markets flower. Although the spending cao- were the precty bonnets of the little of Winnipeg and additional ship- ments. expected to total are scheduled for the next few days. Progressive Conservatives !n Brit- ish Columbia will meet in provincial convenaon in Vancouver June 14 15 to select a successor to the late Hon. R. L. MaiSand as party leader in the province. Mrs. Laura Hooker, 72, of Horsefly, B.C., a. Cariboo pioneer lived to leant that her old farm home in Oklahoma, had turned oat millions of dollars worth, of on, died recently. Roval Canadian Mounted Polige Kostynk, 50, of found dead in a Sunday. Kcstynk reported Kordegg, was rooming house had recently complained of a sore chest, and heart seizure is susaect- ed as the cause of death, Canadian industry faces problems of organization, improved supnlT of materials asd greater mobility of labor and its difficulties cannot be met bv increased purchasing power or additional spending. Reconstruc- tion Minister Howe said at Toronto. Two Lonf Island, N.T., daily newspapers The Hempsiead Newsday and the Soath Suffolk suspended pub- lication because of a walkout of pressmen and stereotypers following a. wage dispute. Joseph Beaubien, 81-year-oW .mayor of Outremont. was re-elected for another term, while his opponent Henri Grou, lost his deposit. Mr. Beaublen has been a member of the city council for 47 years and mayor for 35. Informed quarters in London said Britain may not be able to maintain her present fats ration of seven ounces a week per per- son for more than a few months unless further supplies are avail- able from abroad. The Greek government 'TBS ask- ed Britain, France and the United States to retain one member of each of tbe three-power mission which watched the Greek elections of March 31. to observe the recom- pilation. of the electoral register. The United Nations plans to lease the Sperry Gyroscope company plant at Lake Success. Long island, New York. from, the Reconstruction Finance Corporation as an interim site for the nest tares years, with an option to renew for two addi- tional years. The last contingent of British troons in Syria, under the command of Col. F. R. H. Morgan, area com- mander, Damascus, Syria, marched oat of the city on Monday, dead- line under ihe agreement reached in Paris for simultaneous with- of British and French drawal troops. One glider pilot was slightly in- jured and another escaped unscath- ed in a forced lanoing near Fort Nelson, B.C.. nonhwesiern air com- mand has reported. Pit. IJt. Pau! acitr is much different, the enjoy- ment is mutual. Fortunately money is not the governing power of plea- sure in a garden. Moss of us nlant our gardens with the Howers "we like just because we like them, or because they fit into our plan of we have one. Flowers used to be selected for more meaningful reasons. For in- stance, the Morning Glory used to be called Creeper" and was sutraosec to symbolise the mytho- logical plant which fulfilled all de- sires. Young ladies were supposed to be partial to this plant in their gardens. In eastern countries, the Sed Anemone, Arum and Purple Orchis are held with special regard because they are supposed to have gotten their red color from, having been stained wish the blood of Christ, legend holds the same-for Bleed- in Heart and in our gardens. Pansies are supposed to symbolize faithfulness because of their golden hearts. The raster iJly is said to nave been found near the empty tomb of Christ, and denotes purity. Tbe Rose 15 symbolic of love; Orange Blossoms of verginity; the Palm 01 victory and the Olive of peace. People's Forum THE "BILL OF RIGHTS" Editor, Herald. "Alberta Bill of with, its S600 a year scheme is just a. political hoax. It is impractical and unworkable and in no way es- sentially ciiSerent from the various basic dividends theories and schemes brought forward by Social Credit leaders from time to time. If implemented, it can only mean inflation as in China where it takes a barrow load of paper money to buy a package of cigarettes. If declared invalid, it would provide useful election propaganda, the old excuse, "they wouldn't let us." How can the province issue credit against goods and services that be- long to private owners? The money alreadv in circulation would be worth "nothing if "funny money" was put into the so-called "blood- with hard-earned dollars would be reduced to scrap paper. People could starve to death standing up to the knees in How long this bluff is going to be carried on is now the question. Only when goods and services are owned and controlled by tne peo- ple instead of monopoly can we control money and credit. The Social -Credit leaders say manv glowing" things about the rights and needs of the people of Alberta, yet refuse to pay 50 per cent of education costs to assure better education for all children in our province. The government has refused to consider ths iO-hour week for labor and a fO cents an hour wage, as well as turning down the establishment ol a publicly owned hydro system would enable an extensive plan of rural electrification. The S.C. government is becoming Hartnian. K.C-AF.. of Toronto, was adept at passing the buck and the representatives could make their j _ UJa" cal1" uninjured and Lieut. Hopkins of the j S600 scheme is just another attempt riirrhp-rmnrp -nf-xsrianpTK .-vOaIt? an4 "sorqus anal -570 forcP suffprpd mmnr i in riiverr attention fmm needs protests. Furthermore, newspapers! i? 1 "t v TT.S. army air force suffered minor j to divert attention from the needs cus editorial comment. i IAJ idbLcutiuix J.LU.U tojt: i of our vote-catching dodge now coming out or northern Maai- ODG of tae characteristics of a, toba. showing their discontent. We pick- free press is a keen, almost faiiati- j Fiftv miles from Snerridon close ed up an Illinois paper the other j f31-. interest in the freedom of the i by Mile 82 on the Hudson Bar rail- individual, in ms rights of citizen- road, z new town is springing into da, sad read a letter from a pen-, m lhe ,jnder discussion. S being. At present it is only m the sioner demanding S75 a month, some people were disposed to make I bUse-pnnr, stage "oat this summer is political capital out of tne contro-. expected to see major develop- versy. Bat- r.ct znar.y instances of merits in the construction of the this were to be found in an exarnin- mine which is of coarse the reason atioa of the attitwde of Cacadoan! for the whole project, newspapers. j snow Lake, the name of the and chiding the State legislators who get S250 a montn for even sug- gesting anything as low as s. niosta. Mere and iccre governments are taking from those who have and giving to those who have not. To a degree this is justified. But those who receive should remember that the or a month, represents a tax on what others have earned. It is not money picked oat of the air. It is right to be fair to those In need of help, but we must also remember those who" must earn be- fore they can pay the taxes which to lead down another blind alley. I A. R. Mosher, president of the I am, sir, Canadian Congress of Labor, said' Yours truly, in Hamilton that governments have Jaraes Leslie. become the instruments of "con- Garden Hotel, City. trollers of wealth, who dominate! not only industry in all its j tions bat also exercise con, public affairs, domestic a tiit, iMliili, tilt When the issue devolves on the! property, expects finaiiv to have constitution and an infringerneat j a. population" of "it will be They Say A spark set off by a painter scrap- z 3. wall covered with inflammable Josephine Ripley in The Christian Science Monitor: All American citizens in considerations. Such was the case -sill be schools, doctors, lawyers and fire do a new any that when the Mounted Police were in- J the rest. structed'to hold the spy suspects j Thus t.., incommunicado. Newspapers whose west is going ahead. Here in admiration for the political policies; town is a new start for anj ___ of the King government is most j seek it. Here is a chance to get in evident, and who give wide approval i at the bottom and do what every of the present Liberal administra-! wc-jid like to do, pioneer in his tion, were as emphatic in condemn- j own business in a brand new citv in ing the totalitarian step as were: a brand new part of the country, papers whose political views do not i As long as there is the initiative, often agree with those of the gov- j endeaior and confidence to do this, j-, -I j crnment_ i there js no particular need to worrv State divides. It is quite unfair what makes the press act so? Not j about the west. It is. still young- and to make old-age pensions the sub- ject of unending propaganda. self-interest necessarily. For i still one part of the world where a elements of selfishness might bej man can stretch himself and be found lurking here sad there in himseii. home of Rubel, brewery but perplexed individuals ome e, rewery _ _ magnate, firemen said 33. ask, snoald I not buy bread when K room. 3-i-storey Georgian mansion 1 fe heaped up so bounttiuuy on the was gutted and carnage estimated i grocers or bakers snejves? at plus sn unknown am- j The answer obviously is, "Well, snouldn't That is un- ount of jewelry kept in a safe in the house. why the government is Jack Morgan of Gaaartoque. sent a telegram to C.C.F. Leader Colnwell. "I nn- derstaTid the Rorernor-general lias 80 rooms at Government House. Ottawa: I herebv apply for two Mr. .ColdweH hr itaa forwarded ihe telegram to State Secretary .Martin, but in tn -Sir. Morgan, he offered no hope the regjaest would be j calling on millers and bakers to "make the first move. As long as the bread was beir-g baked, It might as well be eaten. As long as it was being eaten, it might as well be baked. So nothing happened, no appreciable saving in wheat was made through voluntary conservation in the home, and the government stepped in with the plan to cut the flour quota of bakers as the quickest method ol obtain- ing results. Thai rather pretty blue flower grown in many of oar gardens today called "Love-in-the-Mist" or "Devil- ia-the-Bush" was named for its troublesome habits. derive their name from the legendary "Golden Touch." Sweet Peas are supposed to have come to be because three little Qua- ker Lassies grew tired of such plain clothes and in secret made bonnets of lovely colored cloth, unbeknown to their parents. The three girls. Patience, Peace and Purity set off to church with their parents, but THAT BODY OF YOURS (JAMES W. BARTON, MJX) OF EYELIDS TKEATED WITH PEKICiULJN Tor many years the treatment ol of the lin- ing of the a long, slow painful process. By extending frora, the eyelid to the cornea or outer covering cf the eyeball partial blind- ness sometimes occurred- With the coming of the suifa drugs eye spec- ialists were able to obtain recoveries vrithiu a short time. Trachoma is called granular con- junctivitis. A cumber of small pink- ish prominences or hard granula- tions develop on the conjunctiva which often, when thev heal, leave serious scars in the eyelids. is pain, an excessive flow of tears, fear of light, and lids are swollen. When the eyelid is turned inside oat. these white sago like promin- ences arranged in rows can be seen. Later grayish lines appear which is the beginning of the formation of scar tissue. Until recently trpchoma was not uncommon among -wrestlers, but v.ith more care on their part by antiseptic eye washes before and after bouts, most of them irere able to avoid trachossa. Just as penicillin has been found effective in various other infections, so also with trachoma. In the Journal of Opthalsiology. Dr. D. J- Barious reports 12 cases of Trachoma ranging from the mild to the severe type, treated at the United States Indian Service Hos- pitals -Kith sodium salt of penicillin in a solution of 500 units to each cubic centimeter of water. Drops of solution were instilled in the eye every hours. Improvement; was observed under the three hour schedule but more rapid results were obtained under a half hour sched- ule There was less fear of light (photophobia) and less flow cf tears dacriniaiicn) within twenty-four to forty-eight hours after treatment SAJ wu_ -j when they took their places in the began. Improvement m vision was church, only horrified looks greeted them instead of the admiring glanc- es they had expected. While tney sat wondering what was going to hap- pen to "them. a. great wind came in through the open window and snatched the pretty bonnets from their heads. The nest spring, at quite a distance .from the church, some flowers no one had ever seen maidens, because of the bonnet- shaued blossoms and the pretty colors. They named the "Sweet- peas" for the three little girls. Many countries hold certain plants as their emblems. The Leek is the symbol of Wales; the of France; and the Rose of England. Prussia holds the linden Tree as its em- blem, and Ireland claims the Sham- rock. The Thistle is Scotland's em- blem; the Pomegranate is Spain's: the Tiolet belongs to Athens and the Mignonette to Sasoay. Canada the Maple for hers. Manv neoDle have special signifi- cances which they like to attach to their gardens, such as collecting nlants from various places they visit- ed, or from special friends. Some like to plant something to com- memorate a special occasion. All these tend to a garden a great- er source of pleasure to the owner. No one -ever begrudges a gardener the pleasure he gets from his gar- den "for a real gardener finds his greatest joy in sharing his garden with all who come his way. (The First of Two Articles) usuallv evident on ihe third day together with a "fiatteniEg" of the iiitle prominences or granulations. The gray substance which forms sear tissue beean to disappear en the seventh day. Rapid healing of the little ulcers on the cornea was the most spectacular improvement. Dr. Darius states that penicillin Is-not sunerior or more rapid than treatment by tfce sulfa drugs bus may help cases which resisc treat- ment by'sulfa drugs. Old Country Letter BV JOHN DAGPHECES (Canadian Press StaS Writer.) is planning to cash in on the first tourist sea- son since the war ended, with. 000 visitors as a 1946 goal. The Scots tourist board is so cer- tain the campaign will go over that Tom Johnston, chairman and form- er secretary for Scotland, is calling for establishment of a. new sou- venir industry. What ae wants to meet tourist demands is deerskin bags, shep- herd's crooks, lona crosses, pottery and hand weaving. And he thinks the government should be to teach adults how to make artistic souvenirs in their, spare time. The Road Ahead By Capt. J. Harper Browse, The man reclaiming the Chinese citv of Peiping has a scheme for giving Livernool z. new Chinatown 1 to give a co'rrect picture of life in MUDDIED THtSKtSG There is a lot of muddled think- ing being done in -Canada today. There are a lot of people who have different incomplete ideas about the sarae thing. Ibis fact, to some extent, explains the situation in which we flow find ourselves. I doubt if there is anybody in Can- ada who knovfs for sure where we are going, or even where we want Ii a Tpa" were to start off on a journey without having any idea of where he wanted to go we would fnmk- he was downright stupid. Then surely if it is silly for a man to stare off on a journey without knowing where he wants to go, K 3s even more silly for a nation to be dreaming about a future until it has decided what it hopes to have in that future. Yet that is exact- ly the position we are in today. To whas I mean clearer let's just look at a couple of prob- lems which are staring us in the face todav. First let us ask our- streain." The war bonds bought selves: "Why do we want to build Is it to provide joes for those who are engaged in the con- struction business and trades, or is it to crovide shelters for people to live The people who want place to live in, of course, believe that we should tuild houses so that thev can obtain shelter. But the peoole in the construction business and" trades are more interested in steady and continued employment. Then, just to complicate tne issue, we find that the real estate people believe that we build houses so that we can rent them, or sell them, at a. profit. Civic and municipal authorities want houses built for two good they will provide a source of tax revenue, and secondlv, people keep bothering them asking them to do something about the situation. Up to the present the men in the government whose business it is to' worry about building houses listen to IJbe arguments put up by all those interested parties and try to please them alL Yet anybody knows that a. perso'n, who tries to please everybody ends up by pleas- ing nobody. Therefore, until the government officials decide why they wans to build shelter, for jobs, for investments. He is Chi Ziang-Chen, bachelor of arts in architecture, who has been studying town planning under Sir Patrick Abercrombie, designer of London's reDlanning scheme. "When I presented my plan to the Liverpool autnoriHes I was aware of the undesirable atmosphere existing in Chinatowns all over the he said. "I' hope when much-bombed Chinatown is replaced -there will be a true reflection of life in China." "Ulster llP-'s are rallying to de- fence of the swans of Northern Ire- land. Twenty have signed a motion urg- ing the Ulster ministry of home af- fairs to end destruction of the birds by including them in the schedule of the wild birds protection act. If that is done. West End Lon- don's more expensive grill rooms will have to dron "roast cygnet" from their menus." Eotel and restaurant managers have been paying up to 40 (39) a bird for young swans to bolster their slirn bffis-of- fare. 20 Years Ago From the Files of The Lethbridge Herald. Work has started on the Great Northern Railway company hotel at Waterton Lakes Park. Actual construction work is expected to be- gin May 1. Scotland defeated England In the last of the soccer internationals this afternoon by a one to nothing score. A Calgary syndicate win start drilling just west of the town of River this summer. Rev. T. T. FaSchney, B.D., minister of Kaox chnrcb, along with 12 other ministers, has received the is the first been given Church. of this degree has uncer United thing. if the government going to butt its nose into things, or as a source of taxation, or to stop 5 then the government has got a duty aren't going u> be to -shy it is butting its nose able" to please anybody. feio other people's business. And As a second example, let's ask ourselves: "Wlrr do we want busi- ness and industry to Is it to increase the number of goods we produce, is it to provide jobs, is it to provide investment opportuni- ties, is it to increase profits, or is it for some other reason? AH cf these are reasons why business should be expanded. Yet until we decide which of these reasons is the f got to Jet peonle know what it has most important it is going to be difficult for tis to decide how .to expand business, and what busi- nesses to expand, and where to locate them. uiiui the government makes up i mind, then instead of helping iu is only going to hamper everytning. It seems to me today that we have now arrived at a p_oins where it is fair to say that either we have too much government interference or rot enough. Either the government has got -to back and pull its nose out of a Jot of places, or it has and ir.en climb right in and see that things are done so that the results which are desired are obtained. At the present time there are If the government stayed out of i shortages of everything, except red- the picture- then the answers to tape and government inspectors. these questions would all SK clear', Businessmen are afraid to expand cut. Investors and real estate firms because they don't know what rejju- would hire contractors to build homes so that they could rent them at a profit. Investors and entre- preneurs would establish businesses so that they could make a profit by selling their products. iations they are going to run into next, how much the government will let them do. how far they'll let them go. or how much profit they will let them make. It is hifr'r. time i that somebody in authority sat But the government has butted for a moment and did a little its nose into everybody's business serious thinking before any more today, which, in roany ways, is a regulations are put into effect. INEWSPAPERif ;