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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 16, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHUIDGE HHA19 TkgrwJoy, April 16, Richard Purser Ordeal In Space The first two missions to the moon were so phenomenally successful that they perhaps deceived people into thinking it was not such a risky ad- venture as space scientists made it out to be. But the problems en- countered by the astronauts this time brings home with force the {act that despite elaborate precautions and rigorous training, achievements of goals cannot be taken for granted. Measurement of skill and bravery is a hard thing to do. Yet there may very well be more of both exhibited on this flight than on previous ones. The astronauts and'the army of peo- ple at control centre have demonstrat- ed an amazing grasp of the situation to make adjustments and accomrno- .datioris. If the space vehicle is brought back to earth and the astronauts survive their ordeal in space, a victory will have been won. That victory wil] serve to take-away some of the dis-. appointment of not having been able to fulfil the original objectives of the flight. One of th? results of this misadven- ture -will likely be renewed call to end or curtail the whole dangerous arid costly program of space explora- tion. There are undoubtedly, many more things the scientists would like to know but there are so many press- ing problems on earth to occupy the intelligence of men and the resources of governments that the space pro: gram hardly, seems justified. Defiant Governor No headway can be expected in restoring respect for law and order when persons in high positions them- selves show disrespect for legal processes.; Governor Claude Kirk of Florida is giving' support to lawless- ness by his defiance of ithe courts of his land. First Governor Kirk refused to carry out .court orders regarding school integration in Manatee County. Then he let it be known that if he was found guilty" of contempt of court he would not pay any fines. What is the point of harping on the need for -teaching the young respect for law when'there1 are, such'exam-' pies of defiance? If the governor of a state does not treat court decisions as how can other citizens be expected to do so? This authority Is under challenge, with the result that the crisis of confidence is one of the most dangerous problems to be faced. It is not surprising that young people are 'disrespectful of authority and employ coercive means to achieve ends. .They have seen how much defiance ot law and reliance on coercion there is in government, in- dustry and labor. The practice's atber than the preaching has been followed. Columnist Carl Rowan has written that if the public is wondering when there will be a return of law and order, he has the answer: "right after .Claude the governor of Florida, goes to jail." He says, "When the Justice' Department and the'fed- era! judges crack down on a big-wig politician like Kirk the way they have .cracked down on the left-wing brand of anarchists, we can all.put our hearts into defending the law because we know it-is just." New There is a possibility that Cana- dians will get-a new holiday. It will not'be another holiday, only an old one with a new name. The Commons justice co rnfnittee recently, voted' to change the name of Dominion Day to Confederation Day............. Undoubtedly, the change will -te made ifsSthei private member's bill the members voted comes before Parliament and is not side-tracked procedurally. Pri- vate member's bills have a way of dying before a .vote can. be taken. The Government might want to nurse -this' bill however. It might be helpful in relations with Quebec'to lay to rest a term that connotes Canada's colonial past especially since the colonial ties were, with England! C o nf ede r a-> lion Day would have wide apr-ssal since it suggests Canada's birth as an independent state. ;'i.In voting on the new the; members1 of the Commons-justice committee rejected a suggestion that Confederation Day be on the Monday nearest July 1. it is not weekending that is to be celebrated but the day of confederation. That should meet approval, too. Successor To Ho Chi Minh Since the death of Ho Chi Minh, North Vietnam has been without a top man. Highly placed sources' in Eastern Europe say that Le Duan, 62-year-old First Secretary of the Communist Party country, has .been nominated as successor to Ho Chi Minh after a prolonged power struggle in Hanoi. Le.Duan is.believed to be a mod- erate. After suffering ten years of war it is thought likely the North Vietnamese would welcome a move away'from a hard-line'policy over the Vietnam war towards a Aegotiated settlement. Unfortunately eyen if this Is a correct assessment of who will be- i come the next strongman and of what his outlook may be, the confirmation of the nomination will not come about until later this summer. the turmoil through- out all Indo-China is such that it may be too late for negotiations by that time. The United. States, wanting to disengage from the area, finds its position becoming more difficult all the time as fighting intensifies in Laos and Cambodia. It is too bad that if a negotiated settlement is likely to be favored by the successor of Ho Chi Minh that a serious move in this direction could net be made immediately. Sidewinders By Lmrii Bmte CIDEWINDERS ARE very dangerous snakes, and speaking metaphorically many a statistical sidewinder has.found its way into the educational woodpile to- day. Accountants and statisticians have herded them along for years, but as of now, they are having a field day. The first me appears in the form of 'the normal curve of distribution1 as it is called. This Is a form of scaling of marks which takes place after every grade twelve final examination. The actual or raw scores are worked upon until they fit somewhere along this graphical curve. This, not only can but does, produce dis- tortions at both ends of the scale.and all the points in between except the middle. It's e gimmick and using the hike to Taber for practical purposes, one might catch a glimpse of the trick. Supposing no hiker finished the walk and only one reached.mib twenty some dozen miles are left over. But this person who has walked twenty miles has completed the most and gets the prize. Fine. In final examinations one student may ecore eight points. that Is placed on the curve and if it is the highest score in the city, it Is pegged as rincly-dght per cent. The transcript informs the stu- dent that he has achieved such a mark In the subject. The smaller the group of students, Ihe more pernicious the distraction becomes. By no means the smallest sidewinder In the woodpile is the (iguro given to Ihe public on student-teacher ratio. In' Iho public system of this city, i! all profes- Parti Quebecois In A Class By Itself MONTREAL There is no J" doubt none which of the four parties seri- ously contesting tie April Quebec provincial election got off to the fastest start when their campaigns officially open- ed. For enthusiasm, verve, dedi- cation, organization and darity and intensity of purpose, the, Parti Quebecoit is in a by itself. Party It-Jder Rene Levesojue, flanked by the otter 107 PQ ciadidatfi, launched his campaign with a Sunday evening rally at the Maurice Richard spurts arena. Party orpBners expected a food turnout, maybe It.OM, but the event tamed out to be tie mart impressive display political social emoboa (noo-vio- lent category) thit writer has ten anywhere since Dr. Mar- tin Luther King's march MI Washington. It was a stunning sifbt. Some to fans the PQ faithful- can be likened to hoc- key game audiences rather thai to the usual political party supporters jammed the are- na, to over capacity well be- fore scheduled starting lime. But then the real onslaught be- gan. Thousands continued to creating a traffic jam for two jround, memor- i able eves by. Montreal's traffic meat grinder standards. From private cars, parking belter sketter everywhere at- or National Union. Three motor ter the arena lots were filled, trailers are constantly eriss- from public transport, o> foot crossing the province distribur- and .from fleets of chartered ing party propaganda, and buses arriving from as much party workers, unlike thoee of as 300 miles supporters the competition, are visible ev- of Quebec independence-storm- fry-where, spreading the word, ed UK arena dors from all The PQ alone has a fully de- sides, smashing at least one of tailed program, bulk op over them in the crush. Their cars were festooned with party stickers, pictures of rionab from the superintendent down lo the classroom teacher are counted and averaged against the number of students in schools, the figure emerges as twenty (o one. But this ratio includes dozens of people who carry none of the classroom load at all. If one discounts the over-burden of non- classroom technicians, the ratio appears on paper as twenty-four to one. Not too bad, it seemj. But even this is a gross distortion of the real situation, especially in the high schools. XI any subjects such as physics, chem- istry, home cc., fab. and dress, industrial arts and others will have classes of no fifteen or twenty students. some will be as low as ten. the nature of these subjects imposes such restrictions. This, then, means that the core subjects, which every student must lake, will have classes stacked thirly plus. The essential subjects. English, Social Studios, Math- ematics. must bear brunt ot Ihis statistical distortion. The ratio of students lo teachers rnakes no sense when it is translated into class- room actuality. It's a known fact that-Lclhbridge needs 25 to 30 r.ew professionals Ihis year. statistical sidewinders block the way. It's likely to get worse next year and even Ihe year after that if reality does not win out over distortion. Statistics arc really quile unimportant when human factors have to be taken into consideration. in education. the past few years and available wherever pocket books are soid in Quebec. PQ candidates hung' from the rest of literature is abo im- winoows, Quebec flags dew pressive, reflecting Mr. Leyec- from antennae. Platoons of que's journalistic background young people marched behind and the high intellectual cali- bra of many of his lieutmanti But the party has'probfeme. Many of its backers are far to the left, failing to share Mr. Mags, placards and pictures of PQ heroes. But officials with portable loudspeakers bad to order1 disappointed back from the steaming not Levesque's moderate economic and social views bis high sense of tolerance of minorities. arena into the cold and snow outside. Rene Levesque came outside to mollify them with The Jewish taxi driver who the assurance that by their took this writer as dose ac was presence they demonstrated practical to the rally expressed the wave of pro-PQ sentiment fear of the PQ, not becanu sweeping the province. Indeed they did. Inside, Mr. Levesque receiv- ed an incredibly long standing Mr. Levesque was anti-Jewish but because some of his under- lings were anti everything that wasn't French Canadian. ovation nine minutes with- This is true. Party, president out interruption, and another Dr. Camille Lamb got carried .......fully away in his speech, making a declaration of future, French unilingualism at all levels that four minutes before it simmered down. Throughout the proceedings, the enthusi- asm was beyond anything the was in' complete contradiction governing National Union or of stated party policy and of opposition Liberal party has re- everything Mr. Levesque has ceived or need expect to re- been trying to say. reive. Also, a sizeable radical ele- What a far cry from Premier ment in the audience JeanJacques Bertrand's open- ed, arid finafly got, Pierre Bear- ing rally earner the same day, gault, who was not attended by or so who fa- -scheduletl to speak. The former vored him with desultory ap- leftist separatist rabble-rous- ptaose, murmured during his er, now thinly disguising bk so- speech, and drifted away in tialism as PQ candidate in Mr. Bourassa's riding, next biggest ovation to Mr. Levesque's. The' threat of a leftist take- over of a victorious PQ is al- droves before it was over. And what a still farther cry from Liberal opposition leadeV Rob- ert Bourassa's first formal cimpaign rally in his riding of Montreal Herder, attended by only a few hundred, middle of age and middling in signs of ways there. But for the mo- PQ is me most co- _ herent- party in Quebec. It interest. (Creditiste leader Ca-; alone knows precisely, what it mil Samson, having written off is politically the Montreal'-area as a dead Iocs, opened his. rampaign in speaking, it is doing plenty. While a PQ V i c t o r y is incon- a rural riding south of Quebec ceivabte, insofar anything ii, fSKrl i----- __J_ !_' Not just the opening rally was a success. The PQ cam- paign is marveDousry weU or- inconceivable here, (be party a bound to produce some kLjd of surprise on election day. What kind, no one knows. But few ganized, despite the party's all- doubt that Rene Levesque knows what he. a, about 'when r he says tjbst Quebec will never volunteer campaign staff and its total lack of financial aid from the corporations and bus-, be the same after April 2S iness interests.that underwrite... PQ sin- stickers, window placards, la- pel buttons, key chain tags with the party symbol or its slogan Quebecois Oui" are "Aha! Lost another pollution battle, eh, everywhere in but nooe are seen for Ihe Liberals a-feeling is April 29 will be the second to last election in Quebec as it is now consti- tuted. Quebec'Bveai) David Humphreys Preaching Brotherhood In Place Of Bigotry (First of three articles) JJELFAST The most pitiful picture arising out of the distrubances during Easter Week, showed children daub- ing the words, I am a Catholic, on' the walls of houses vacated by Protestants. Here was a new generation, the' men and women who will build or break a peaceful, fan- society, bridging the religious gulf, caught in civil strife dur- ing their tender years. Children just old enough to march took part in sectarian parades. Some played in bands, Others mouthed slogans so evi- on both the Protestant Catholic extremes. They are no more typical than their elders of Northern Ireland society but their indoctrination ensures that any solution to pre- vent troubles will be slow and painful. Present strife will not die out with an older genera-, tion; it may be considerably re- duced. All churches in Northern Ire- land have a lot in their histories to answer for today. Leading Protestant ministers o< yester- year preached the gospel of Orange Order. Happily, (or the most part the churches accept the sins of the past and are today preaching brotherhood and reconciliation. Inter-denominational co-opera- tion has been established. A committee of representatives of the Roman Catholic Church, the Church of Ireland, the Presby- terian and Methodist churches meets regularly to discuss com- munity relations, hoping to re- move cources of grievance be- fore trouble develops. In some districts o( Belfast all the chiches have formed joint friendship groups with sim- ilar purposes. One of these has existed in the Springfield Road area, location of the Easter riot- ing. The vvonder among local ob- servers Is not that trouble de- veloped but that it was controll- ed successfully for so long. In the area where hooligans attacked British troops at East- er, a few weeks earlier a joint commiUee o( both Protestants anil Catholics presented a plaque ot appreciation to a regi- ment leaving after its lour of duty. The Rev. Ian Paisley and his followers were not represented" on that occasion, nor an they involved in any of the concilia- tors' wort- An offical of the Pres- byterian Church, largest of Protestant denomination, de- nounced the "scandalous provo- cations" of the Paisleyites dur- ing the Easter period. Members of the established Presbyterian church are among Paisley's itimigest critics be- cause they consider his use ot the name in bis "Free Presby- terian Cburcn" brings disrepute 1900 their cburch. "They are not really Protestanta at one minster arid. Labels, like slogans, can be misleading. Sometimes Protes- tant and Catholic arc used, when what is really meant is republi- can and unionist or hooligans. An examination of those arrest' ed during Easter troubles re- veals an assortment of ages, oc- cupations and residences. Some were unemployed. Some were from the Irish republic. Now, it can be safely reported, were motivated by religion. But the background in an Northern Ireland society is reli- gious. It is sometimes suggested that the heavy concentration of churches has resisted tome of modem society's evils only to put bigotry hi their place. This is not entirely true. One of the local papers published a series, The Belfast Drugs Scandal, just after the disturbances. The City is afflicted with the sane social problems as any others ill size. But it has not overcome its history. Passages from Ihe history books boar a striking resem- blance to recent events, in de- tail and location. "As the pro- cession approached from the town centre I crowd of Shankin Road Protestants gathered in an open space. Some had guns, others clubs. Those who came unarmed know they could pick up broken bricki and empty bottles. "As the procession drew near, this Shantin mob rushed out firing their guns in the air and pelting the nationalists with bricks and bottles, the men at the front of the procession react- at once. They the police cordon. They tramp- led down a fence and used piec- es of the timber to club their The year was UT2. But apart from the guns it could have been 19TO. And it could, 'also have been any one of many years from the 1830s, with 'prov- ocations and outrages of equal degree coming from either side. The key difference is that DOW the churches unreservedly con- demn the trouble, some more vigorously than others. In one statement Ihe Presbyterian Church said, "While we acknow- ledge that the existence of such a distressing situation must mark a grievous failure on our part, as a Christian Church and people, we do not consider that the fault is ours akoe." Some Protestants think the Roman Catholic Church has been too slow to respond to their own reappraisal. But as spokes- man for a minority with real and deep sealed grievances, it is difficult to counsel concilia- tion while the causes of griev-- ance remain. The Protestants were grate- ful for the statement by Catho- lic leaders that no Catholics would every occupy the homes of Protestants who alfegedly moved away in the face of in- timidation by Catholics. This, they considered, was progress. As well, Cardinal Conway con- the hooliganism md appealed to the community not to be held to ransom by trouble- makers. Religion also ensures that youth will be streamed in educa- 'Crazy Capers' tion from an early age. In the past the separate system has reinforced fears and prejudices, passed from one generation .to the next. Many Protestants have been brought up to believe sincerely that the existence of .the "B Specials" police force, a sort of home guard reserve, was essco-. Ual to the very existence of Northern Ireland. This explains why, disbaadment was-such a major reform by the Unionist' government, it may also ex- plain why tfl the area command- ers in the new Ulster Defence Regiment are former "B Spec- ial" men, all Protestants. In their annual report, just published, the Ulster Teachers' Union expressed the wish that there could be more school in- tregatnn. Very few 'now mix Catholics and Protestants and the hope here too is foe only gradual change. There is DO easy solution and DO ready blame on either side. The'Catholics insist on their own system. .But integration would mean integration of staff as: mil as students. And then are still many Protestants on- willing to have their children taught by Catholics. The best hope is for separate, .buildings to share the same grounds so that children can at least play together. This has been tried successfully in' a few It is not so. much where they are taught as what they are taught that' win whether Northern Ireland's children wiH five in peace, with respect for each other, the law and the government.: Perhaps the-most hopeful of the pres- ent social sign is the recogni- tion of the by moderate and influential people and their will- ingness to do something about it. (Herald Lndoi Bprcn) LOOKING BACKWARD The last boarder had a. twsn ef huaw. THHOUGn THE HERALD Advanced prices on sugar became effective today' when the Canadian Sugar Re- finery increased its charge by two dollars per hundredweight. Retail merchants say their prices will now range from a minimum of 20 cents to a max- imum of 23 cents a pound, John E. B] McCready, S2, 'Canada's oldest working newspaperman and a member of (he press gallery at the first eonfederalion parliament, died in Charloftetown today. One of Toronto's lead- ing golf clubs, Lakeview, has decreed that no women will be allowed lo play the course. It win be strictly a metis1 It .was announced to- day from Buckingham that Princess Elizabeth is pecting her second child. announcement "Her Royal High-, ness the Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinbwgh win undertake no further public en- gagements" is the usual pro- cedure for announcing an n- pected royal birtli. UM President de Gaulta flew (o Ottawa today (o start a trip to Canada, the United States and French possessions in the West Indies, The Lethbridge Herald 504 Tth St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta JffHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 19M, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Sttnd CTM KM trgMritkn Hirr.tar Mi CwtdlM Prat OM DiUj K twuiut' AKKtatta mi M Bncm n cXaM w. Howno, MM mi THOMAS E. ADAM. GoeHl JOE BALU ailsiBJ Edilcr ROY F. MILES WILLIAM HAT Awclafe Editor IXHIOLAi K WALK El UMT HERALD SERVES THE SOOWT ;