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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 15, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Monday, April 15, THE LETHBRIDOE HERALD-5 North Africa faces catastrophe Desert rolls southward By DANA ADAMS SCHMIDT Christian Science Monitor Fifty years ago Andre Gide, the French author, wrote about traveling 70 kilometers north of Fort Lamy, Chad, under a canopy of trees. During the past winter an American diplomat had to travel 70 kilometers south from. Fort Lamy to find trees. The Sahara has been moving steadily southward for a long time, but especially during the last five years of drought, now going into the sixth. Sand dunes are creeping into what was only semidesert not long ago and into the broad grasslands where Tuareg and Fulani tribesmen and their tough scrawny zebu cattle roam. Seek refuge It drives the herdsmen, with their tents of black goat's hair, southward out of this prairieland known as the Sahel into the higher grass, sparse woodlands, and millet and sorghum fields of the savanna. Here the baobab tree grows, with mighty trunks and welcome shade. But the baobabs, too, are drying up, and the farming tribes the Hausa, the Mossi, the Kanuri, and the Fur are abandoning their field. Even the Ashanti, Yoruba, and Ibo are abandoning their villages and seeking refuge in the towns. Relief aid is flowing in to try to alleviate the drought in which an estimated Africans have perished in the Sahel. But much more aid and new approaches to dealing with the problem are needed. As estimated 30 million people live in the drought THANK YOU! The teachers of the Lethbridge Collegiate Institute's Modern Language Classes would like to extend their sincere appreciation to the following firms for their generous support: Advance Lumber Co Md Bob's Portable Welding Western Natural Gas To Ltd Oica Crib Puritv Bottling M967) Ltd. Dunlop Kord Sales Lid T Kalim To. Kllisnn Milling Elevator Co Lid Kmprrss Foods Ltd. Kpicure Fine Funds Doliralesscn K H Custom Furniture I'pholslerv Foreign Car i Lethbriduei Ltd Iliga Jewellery Ltd. Jollille Academy of Dancing Musicland Supplies Ltd. The Lethbridge Herald North Lethbndpe Mo-Tires Ltd Park-Neilson s Dry Cleaners Ltd. Parson's Electric Ltd Partsman Automotive Ltd. Pic-A-Pon PrebCo Trailer Parts Co. Ltd Duality Bakery Raewood Ltd Heithman Hudson Decorating Ltd Sehwart7. Agencies (1972) Ltd Sick's Brewerv Lid Silverwood Dairies Spic and Span Dry Cleaners Tom's House of Pizza zone. Most attention has been focused on the six countries of the Sahel, just south of the Sahara Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Upper Volta, Niger, and Chad which in March of last year declared themselves a "disaster area." But the drought is spreading to Ethiopia and its neighbors to the south. Drought problems are reported also from far to the south in Botswana. Hard hit Only in the course of the last year did it become known that the two remote northern provinces of Ethiopia, Wolo and Tigre, also have been hard hit. The population there is denser than in the sparsely populated countries to the west. According to a recent report by Monitor correspondent Henry S. Hayward, the number of Ethiopians affected now is estimated at a minimum of one million in the north, and 1.5 million in the southern provinces of Bale, Harrarge, Sidano, Goffa, and Kaffa. The U.S. government already has provided million to the Sahel and Ethiopia, according to the U.S. Agency for International Development. American voluntary organizations have raised several million dollars more. Another million is likely to be approved by Congress this spring. U.S. efforts have been criticized for red tape and mismanagement, however. Meanwhile, Western Europe is estimated to have provided some million in drought aid, through the Common Market, national relief organizations, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization and volunteer efforts. Perhaps the most useful part of the American effort, aside from food-supply airlifts, is a study being conducted by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology of the things that could be done in the long term to restore the Sahel to economic health. Study made According to Nake Kamrany, project director for MIT's "Center for Policy an interim report based on the first four of a projected nine missions to the area will include the following recommendations: To cope with the climatic risks of this region, the countries involved need to develop institutions for cooperation. They should develop joint food and water storage and distribution, weather, stations, programs for reforestation, windbreaks, soil conservation, and river- valley development. In the economies of these countries almost all of the proceeds from exports and other things go to urbanites. Almost none of it reaches the herdsmen and farmers. The great need in the area is to improve the capabilities of the people by technical assistance and training. Attention Students and Teachers! STUDENT FLIGHT Summer in Europe a new WARDAIR flight Calgary London (Gatwick) Calgary. Non-Stop June 24 to Sept. 5 Includes latett fuel increase Intervac flight with Wardair, featuring gourmet meals, open bar service, French wines, liqueurs and the very best in service. Flight departs p.m. Arrives London (Gatwick) a.m. 10% non-refundable deposit to be placed within 7 days of confirmation. Fare insurance for Name in full, address, telephone number, passport, social insurance (Security birth certificate number (any one) required at time of booking. Everyone is now able .to booklll Save Money Go this year and take advantage of the best exchange rate Book now for the Holiday of a Due to Government Regulations You must Book before......... April 23rd YOUR AGENT For further information and reservations contact: AMA WORLD TRAVEL SERVICE 606 5th Avenue South Phone 328-7921 Ample Free Parking at Rear of Building Buy cattle Herdsmen probably could produce far more meat with half their present number of cattle. The tradition of measuring a man's wealth in terms of the number of cattle he possesses contributes to retention of old and worthless animals and gross overgrazing. One of the most effective ways to help the herdsmen would therefore be a program to buy up their cattle. That would be a first step toward organizing more and more of the cattle into ranches and large-scale, inter-country range management. A recent satellite photograph of the drought region showed a large green area in Chad surrounded by desiccated rangeland. Investigation indicated the green circle was a prosperous French ranch, surrounded by fences to keep out the nomads' animals. Such ranches are capable of producing meat for export to Europe, whereas the nomads' animals, constantly on the move, produce meat so tough it can be sold only on a limited African market. Problems The French heritage of the Sahel region creates special problems. The small percentage of students who manage to reach secondary level are immersed in French language, history, and culture and tend to become alienated from their own people. Industry in the Sahel is almost entirely in the hands of Frenchmen and other outsiders. The banking system favors them rather than indigenous entrepreneurs. The currency is pegged to the People love us for number of reasons. Here's just one. Zenith 6-6O14. Call toll-free for reservations from anywhere in Alberta. Or ask your travel agent to reserve a room. Downtown Calgary. 9th Ave. 1st St., next to the Calgary Tower. o ;