Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 15, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
KF1 In 196T President John F. Kennedy set a goal for America in space. believe we should go to the moon before this decade is he said. On February 20, 1962, John Glenn became the first American and the second human being to orbit the earth. Our physical trip to the moon had begun. In the years since, America's space program has been the center of Jubilation and bragging and criticism, advances and setbacks. As America enters its second decade in space we have thoughts reaching far beyond the moon. For the future we would be wise to keep in mind that not only the joys of the past, buf the frustratlens. os will be magnified many times. MERCURY 2-20-62 Glenn 5-24-62 Carpenter 10-3-62 Schirra 5-15-63 Cooper 3 orbits (Atlas 6) 3 orbits (Atlas 7) 6 orbifs (Atlas 8) 22 orbits (Atlas 9) 6- 6- 10-11-68 12-21-68 3- 3-69 5-18-69 7-16-69 11-14-69 4-11-70 1-31-7] 7-26-71 Schirra, Cunningham, 163 orbits (7 Borman, Lovcll, Anders, 10 moon McDivitt, Scott, Schweickort, 151 orbits (9) Stafford, Ccrnon, Young, 31 moon orbits (10) Armstrong, Aldrin, Collins, moon landing (11) Conrad, Bean, Gordon, moon landing (12} Lovell, Haise, Swigert; lunar landing aborted Shepard, Roosa, Mitchell, moon landing (14) Scott, Irwin, lunar rover HIGHLIGHTS OF SPACE EXPLORATION f EARTH ORBITS Mercury-Atlas 6: Feb. 20, 7962, John Glenn is first American in orbit. Mercury-Atlas 9: Gordon Cooper mokes 22 earth orbits May 15, 7963, first McDivitt (2) long flight by American. Gemini 4: Ed White 21-minute "space walk" during 62-orbit flight with James McDmtt June Apollo 7: Walter Schirra, Donn Eisele and Walter Cunningham take first manned Apollo flight (163 orbits) Oct. 1968. TRANSLUNAR ORBITS Apollo 8: Frank Barman, James anil William Anders, first voyage around moon CIO orbiis) Dec. 21, 1963. s Apollo 11: Neil Armstrong, first man en moon July 20, 7969. Edwin Aldrin follows i white Mike Collins stays in command module, Apollo 72: Charles Conrad and Allan Bean land an moan Nov. 14, 1969. Rich- ard Gordon pilots command module. Apollo 13: Power failure en- raute cancels scheduled lunar landing April Carpenter Schirrd (3) Cooper (3) Swigerf Warden Irwin MANNED VS. UNMANNED In 1959, million was appropriated to the National Aeronautics ond Space Ad- ministration. By 1972 the fig- ure had catapulted to more than billion. However, manned flight programs have faced trouble as a result of the spectacular flight of the USSivs Luna 16 spacecraft in 1970, which landed on the moon, scooped up o few ounces of lunar ma- terial and returned to earth __all without human pilots. 'The feat raised anew the question of the merits of manned versus unmanned space flight. Luna 16 cost something over one-sixth the price of Apollo 11. Proponents of unmanned Spuce luii OFyiie iiiui a move away from manned flight would not only be eco- nomical but would also elim- inate the risk to human life. Backers of ths manned space program, however, point out that automatic ex- ploration suffers from one in- surmountable deficiency: You cannot build a machine to ob- serve the unexpected. Pro- poncnts also suggest that the relative cost of plugging a as disparate as it may op- pear, since the capability for manned flight has already been developed. Apollo 14: Alan SnoparJ, first American in space, lands on moon Jan. 31, 1971. Apollo 15: David Scoff and James Irwin explore lunar surface in "moon baggy" Jufy 26, 1971. CASUALTIES Three American astronauts vcrc killed in n sudden fire Jan. 27, 1967. Virgil I. Gris- som, 40, Air Force colonel and one of the first 7 Mercury project astronauts; Edward H. White; 2nd, 36, Air Force lieutenant colonel and the first American to "walk" in space; and Roger 8. Chaffec, 31, Navy lieutenant com- mander who had not yet made o space flight, were partici- pating in a full-scale simula- tion of the Apollo program's first launching. The astronauts were the first to be killed while en- gaged in n space test pro- gram. Earlier three American aslronauts had been killed in plane crashes. There hove been no casualties among American astronauts since.